PIONEER HISTORY OF John Henry Gordon (1826 – 1868) & Hannah Hudson (1826 – 1900)
Text of John Henry Gordon & Hannah Hudson
1. PIONEER HISTORY OF John Henry Gordon (1826 1868) & Hannah Hudson (1826 1900) Files of: Erma P. Gordon Anderson (additions by Joe Anderson) Joe Anderson: A great great grandson ========================================================================= John Henry Gordon Born: 11 Feb 1826, Bishopwearmouth (Sunderland), Durham, (Tyne and Wear), England Christening: 11 Mar 1827, Bishopwearmouth, Durham, England Baptized: 1 Apr 1850 Died: about mid 1868, Blackfoot, Idaho Married: 21 Mar 1848 at Witton Gilbert, Durham, England Hannah Hudson Born: 1 Aug 1826, Barlow, Durham, England Christening 31 Aug 1826, Barlow, Durham, England Baptized: 19 Apr 1852 Died: 8 May 1900, Lehi, Utah Co., Utah NORTHERN ENGLAND Bishopwearmouth is an area in Sunderland, North East England. Bishopwearmouth was one of the original three settlements on the banks of the river Wear that merged to form modern Sunderland. The settlement was formed in 930 when Athelstan of England granted the lands to the Bishop of Durham. The settlement on the opposite side of the river, Monkwearmouth, had been founded 250 years earlier. The lands on the south-side of the river became known as Bishopwearmouth, a parish that covered around twenty square miles, encompassing settlements such as Ryhope and Silksworth - now part of the modern Sunderland urban area. Within the parish was another Settlement, Sunderland, which was a small fishing port at the mouth of the river. Over the centuries, the port would grow in both importance and size and in 1719 was made into parish independent from Bishopwearmouth. In 1897, Bishopwearmouth, along with Monkwearmouth, officially became part of Sunderland during 1835. The church of Bishopwearmouth, St. Michael's, became Sunderland Minster in 1998. Bishopwearmouth, retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bishopwearmouth and http://www.sunderland.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=2212
2. Hannah Hudson Born: 1 Aug 1826, Barlow, Durham, England Barlow is a farming area located SW of Winlaton, Durham, England. Or slightly SW Newcastle upon Tyne and NW of Sunderland. Primarily a rural agricultural and coal mining area. Sunderland to Barlow 21 miles. Hannah Hudson was christened 31 Aug 1828 at Ryton On Tyne, Durham, England. Ryton is about 3 miles north of Barlow. Traditionally, Barlow, like Ryton, economy was built upon agriculture and coal mining. Some think that coal-mining was taking place in the area as early as Roman times, however it was not until 1239 when Henry III granted that coal may be mined outside the walls that mining became extensive. The agriculture industry on Ryton was mixed and included both pastoral farming and arable farming. The neighbouring village of Crawcrook is a nexus of coal mining nostalgia also. Remnants of several old pits across Ryton and Crawcrook, including Emma, Clara and Addison can still be found. Within a couple of hundred meters of both Crawcrook and Ryton main street there is rich countryside
3. John Henry Gordon and Hannah Hudson Married: 21 Mar 1848 at Witton Gilbert, Durham, England Children: Born while living in N.E. England. 1- Frances Jane, born: 12 Dec 1848 at Castle Eden, Durham, England 2- Foster, born: 27 Nov 1850 at Castle Eden, Durham, England 3- Robert, born: 14 Mar 1853 at Sacriston, Durham, England 4- John Henry, born: 23 Sep 1855 at Castle Eden, Durham, England http://www.durhamrecordsonline.com/literature/castle_eden_colliery.php Sunderland to Barlow = 21 miles Sunderland to Castle Eden = 15.5 miles Sunderland to Witton Gilbert = 16 miles Sacriston and Witton Gilbert are 0.8 miles apart John Hennry Gordon was a Pitman working in coal mines of Castle Eden and Sacriston.
4. The History of: John Henry Gordon & Hannah Hudson Files of: Erma P. Gordon Anderson John Henry was reported (family histories) to be stone mason. On the Marriage License & Birth Certificates of his children, John Henry Gordon, is shown as being a Pitman or Coal Miner and Castle Eden is referred to as Castle Eden Colliery (Coal Mine). Sacriston was also primarily a coal mining town at this time. i.e. coal miner, collier, pitman someone who works in a coal mine pitman: (Mining & Quarrying) Chiefly Scot and northern English a person who works down a mine, esp a coal miner http://www.durhamrecordsonline.com/literature/miners_lives.php Until 1872 all of the miners of Northumberland, Cumberland and Durham were employed under the hated Bond system whereby they contracted their lives away each year (or each month from 1844 to 1864) to a 'Master' in return for a 'bounty' and little else of substance. By the terms of the bond, under pain of a substantial penalty, they were obliged to submit to various fines and conditions and to work continuously at one colliery for a whole year. The system was a kind of legalized temporary serfdom. The colliery owner on his part gave no undertaking to furnish continuous employment or indeed any employment at all. After 1809 the annual Bond was usually entered into on/about April 5 when a colliery official read out the rate of pay and the conditions available at the pit to the assembled workers and would-be workers. Those who signed up were given a 'bounty' of 2s. 6d. (12.5 pence) to start work. The first few to sign up were given extra money which was usually enough incentive to cause a stampede among the poverty- stricken workforce to 'make their mark'. John Henry Gordon and family emigration Sometime between late 1855 and early 1860 John Henry, wife Hannah and 4 children; Frances, Foster, Robert and John Henry left England, crossed the Atlantic in a sailing ship. It took them six weeks to cross. They settled on a farm in Ohio, near where Columbus is now. They lived there awhile. Then went on to Florence (Omaha) Nebraska and joined Captain Murdock's (1861) ox train and came to Utah. INSERT: It is interesting to note that coal mining was a major industry in Ohio during the 1850s 1860 and on to the present day. John Henry Gordon, most likely found employment in the Ohio coal mines. NOTE: Emigration (Parents and children: Frances Jane, Foster, Robert and John Henry) Son, John Henry, was born 23 Sept. 1855 at Castle Eden, Durham, England and Son, Samuel, was born Oct 1861, Salt Lake City, Utah. Between late 1855 and early 1860 the family emigrated from England to Utah. I have been unable to officially find them aboard any ship or listed as being with any particular wagon train. Family records say they were with the Captain Murdocks company. Captain John Murdock was captain of five wagon trains between 1861 and 1868. Since their son Samuel was born Oct 1861 in Salt Lake City, Utah the family was with the 1861 Murdock wagon train. 1890 US Census Over the kitchen table, it may be hard to remember dates from 30 year before. According to 1890 Census, Son, Foster Gordon: Lists Immigration year: 1859 Son, Robert Gordon: Lists Immigration year: 1863 Their brothers were born in SLC, Utah: Samuel (born 1861) and George (born 1863)
5. Civil War activity may have been a factor in the family decision to leave Ohio and move on to Salt Lake City, Utah during 1961 CIVIL WAR November 6, 1860 - Abraham Lincoln, who had declared "Government cannot endure permanently half slave, half free..." is elected president, the first Republican, receiving 180 of 303 possible electoral votes and 40 percent of the popular vote. December 20, 1860 - South Carolina secedes from the Union. Followed within two months by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas. January, 1861 The South Secedes: Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana Kansas admitted to the Union; February 1 Texas seceded from the Union February 9, 1861 - The Confederate States of America is formed with Jefferson Davis, a West Point graduate and former U.S. Army officer, as president. March 4, 1861 - Abraham Lincoln is sworn in as 16th President of the United States of America. April 12, 1861 - At 4:30 a.m. Confederates under Gen. Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War begins. April 15, 1861 - President Lincoln issues a Proclamation calling for 75,000 militiamen, and summoning a special session of Congress for July 4. Robert E. Lee, son of a Revolutionary War hero, and a 25 year distinguished veteran of the United States Army and former Superintendent of West Point, is offered command of the Union Army. Lee declines. April 17, 1861 - Virginia secedes from the Union, followed within five weeks by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, thus forming an eleven state Confederacy with a population of 9 million, including nearly 4 million slaves. The Union will soon have 21 states and a population of over 20 million. April 19, 1861 - President Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade against Southern ports. For the duration of the war the blockade limits the ability of the rural South to stay well supplied in its war against the industrialized North. April 20, 1861 - Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army. "I cannot raise my hand against my birthplace, my home, my children." Lee then goes to Richmond, Virginia, is offered command of the military and naval forces of Virginia, and accepts. July 4, 1861 - Lincoln, in a speech to Congress, states the war is..."a People's contest...a struggle for maintaining in the world, that form, and substance of government, whose leading object is, to elevate the condition of men..." The Congress authorizes a call for 500,000 men. July 21, 1861 - The Union Army under Gen. Irvin McDowell suff