Ramstrom

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  • 1. Designing Minnesota, 1783-1858: Lessons for the Community Enterprisein the 21st Century 2007 Rural Summit: Thriving By Design Jim Ramstrom, Land Management Information Center (LMIC) MN Department of Administration May 10, 2007 a Sesquicentennial Story

2. References

  • Minnesota:The land of Sky Tinted Waters-A History of the State and its People
  • Three time Governor of Minnesota 1925-
  • 1931
  • Newspaper editor from western Minnesota
  • Wrote five volume history of the state
  • Served in U.S. House of Representatives
  • Photographs courtesy of the
  • Minnesota Historical Society, Visual
  • Resources Database
  • Maps from the Turning Points, Wisconsin Historical
  • Society
  • Maps from the American Studies Group, University of
  • Virginia

3. 10 Lessons for the Community or Business Enterprise

  • The importance of preparation -Benjamin Franklin
  • Timing makes the difference Jedidiah Morse, James Doty
  • No Room for intolerance Lewis Cass
  • Incorporate sustainability Native American Indians
  • No niche is to small - Lord Selkirk, James J. Hill, Norman Kittson
  • Build a constituency and develop a champion Henry Sibley
  • Turning a negative into a positive Henry Hastings Sibley
  • Invest in education Henry Sibley and Stephen Douglas
  • Inherent environmental conditions constrain success - Mother Nature
  • Develop a transition plan Fur Traders, The Western Outfit

4. Minnesotas Spatial History 1783 to 1858

  • Viewed as a geographic area, not a
  • territory or state.
  • Background on Minnesotas
  • geographic lineage

5. Eco-Regions: USGS, Bailey- Provinces Ecological Provinces in the Midwest, Minnesota in 3 Zones Great Plains Steppe Great Plains Dry Steppe Coniferous Forest Broadleaf Deciduous Tall Grass Prairie 6. American Studies Group. University of Virginia Major Socio-Political Zones of the U.S. 1800, -Minnesota located in three zones 7. Land Ordinance of 1775 Federal government had no power to tax Goal was to raise money by selling unmapped lands west of the original 13 colonies Establish basis for Public Land survey System (PLS) Section 16 set aside for public education Did not define how land would become states or how it would be governed 8. Northwest Ordinance 1787 Laid out the process for U.S expansion westward Established the first U.S. territory and rules of governance U.S. Expansion would proceed by admitting new states Banned slavery in the new territory Set dividing line between free and slave states 9. ASG, University of Virginia Minnesota part of Northwest Territory of Ohio, 1787 Indiana Territory, 1800 10. ASG, University of Virginia Minnesota as part of Illinois Territorycentral Minnesota part of the Louisiana Purchase 11. ASG, University of Virginia Minnesota as part of Michigan Territory and totally with the U.S. 12. ASG, University of Virginia Minnesota as part of Michigan Territory and Indian Land 13. ASG, University of Virginia Minnesota as part of Wisconsin and Iowa Territories 14. ASG, University of Virginia Minnesota as a Minnesota Territory, 1849 15. ASG, University of Virginia Minnesota as a state Minnesota Statehood, 1858 16. Minnesotas Geographic Lineage Original thirteen colonies (1609 Virginia claim) British control of the Red River Basin until 1818 French control until 1803 (Louisiana purchase) 1787 Territory Northwest of the Ohio River 1800 Indiana Territory 1809 Illinois Territory 1812 Missouri Territory 1818 Michigan Territory 1836 Wisconsin Territory 1838 Iowa Territory 1849 Minnesota Territory 1858 State of Minnesota 17. 10 Lessons for the Community or Business Enterprise

  • The importance of preparation -Benjamin Franklin
  • Timing is makes the difference Jedidiah Morse, James Doty
  • No Room for intolerance Lewis Cass
  • Incorporate sustainability Native American Indians
  • No niche is to small - Lord Selkirk, James J. Hill, Norman Kittson
  • Build a constituency and develop a champion Henry Sibley
  • Turning a negative into a positive Henry Hastings Sibley
  • Invest in education Henry Sibley and Stephen Douglas
  • Inherent environmental conditions constrain success - Mother Nature
  • Develop a transition plan Fur Traders and the Western Outfit

18. Lesson #1 The Importance of Preparation The Treaty of Paris, 1783 Benjamin Franklin

  • Established the northern boundary of the U.S with the British.
  • Created Northwest Angle in MN by accident
  • Interest in minerals led to inclusion of MNs arrowhead in the U.S.

19. U.S. Digital Map Library U.S./ Britain Proposed Boundary 20. Mitchell Mapis the common name used to refer to amapmade byJohn Mitchelland all the various reprints made during the late18th century . The Mitchell Map was used as a primary map source during theTreaty of Paris (1783)for defining the boundaries of the newly independentUnited States . The map remains important today for resolving border disputes between the United States and Canada and between states within the United States. The Mitchell Map is the most comprehensive map of eastern North America made during the colonial era. Its size is about 6.5 feet wide by 4.5 feet high. Map of British and French Dominions, John Mitchell,1757, U.S. Library of Congress Inaccuracies in Mitchells Map Lead to creation of Minnesotas Northwest Angle 21. Native American Indians mined Copper for thousands of years. Copper Arrowheads (shown above)were traded throughout the region. Jonathan Carver boasted of seeing Native American copper mines during his early trip in the region (1767).Carvers Map, 1767 22. U.S. Digital Map Library U.S. / Britain Proposed Boundary Franklins ProposalCorrected Line 23. Lesson # 2Timing Makes the Difference James Doty, Governor Wisconsin Territory Lewis Cass, GovernorMichigan Territory Jedidiah Morse, Clergyman and Geographer, 1761-1826 a proposal for an all Indian state 24. Published geographic textbooks, periodicals and atlases that were widely used in schools, colleges, libraries and homes. Foremost in the field for of geography several decades. Clergyman from New England, concerned with treatment of Native Americans Hired by the War Department in 1820 to visit Native Americans and develop an enlightened Indian policy. Report to the Secretary of War in 1822 Jedidiah Morse Father of American Geography 25. United States from Morses School Atlas, 1820 26. 1820- Cass, Doty and Schoolcraft Reconnaissance of Michigan Territory 27. Generalized Area Covering Proposed Indian Settlement 1841-1842 H.H. Sibley- Rhoda Gilman,MHS 28. Proposed Doty Treaty 1841-1842

  • Governor of Wisconsin Territory
  • put together the treaty
  • Acquisition of 30,000 acres in
  • Minnesota and Dakota
  • Establish an all Indian Territory
  • and eventually a state
  • Settled living and full
  • citizenship
  • Support from traders and
  • politicians (H.H. Sibley)

Opposition The champion and architectof westward expansion Connections to John C. Fremontand Joseph Nicollet August 29, 1842 Senate refused to ratify treaty on vote of 26-2 29. The Great American Desert an 1820s concept Concept for the area west of the Mississippi in the early 19 thCentury, devoid of wood, limited water and uninhabitable by man. The early explorers view... was Minnesota included? 30. The concept of Manifest Destiny was, advertised publicized and argued by politicians throughout the nation American Progress byJohn Gast We are the nation of human progress, and who will, what can, set limits to our onward march? John L. OSullivan on Manifest Destiny, 1839 31. Lesson #3No Room for Intolerance should [Indians] stay the march of cultivation and improvement, and hold in a state of perpetual unproductiveness, immense regions formed by Providence to support millions of human beings? Lewis Cass, Governor Michigan Territory Intoleranceis the lack of ability or willingness to tolerate something. As a social construct, it is open to interpretation. Some define intolerance as an expressed, negative or hostile attitude toward another's views, even if no action is taken against them. - Wikipedia Lewis Cass 1782-1866 32. Like the bear, the deer and the buffalo of his own forests an Indian lives as his father lived, and dies as his father died. He never attempts to imitate the arts of his civilized neighbor. Lewis Cass, Governor Michigan Territory Lesson #4Incorporate Sustainability What did Governor Cass fail to consider? 33. Man is a blind, witless, low brow, anthropocentric clod who inflicts lesions upon the earth. Ian McHarg Landscape Architect 34. Lesson #5No Niche is to Small

  • Wished to improve thelives of Scottish farmers.
  • In 1811, purchased a huge tract of land in the middle of North America.
  • An area of 116,000 sq. miles was granted from
  • the Hudson Bay Company to start an agricultural settlement.
  • A small colony of settlers struggled through starvation, hostile attacks from traders, floods, epidemics, locusts and crop failures.

Thomas Douglas, Earl of Selkirk, Scotland 35.