’ Apostrophes Simplified The Center for Academic Excellence.

  • Published on
    24-Dec-2015

  • View
    213

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

  • Slide 1
  • Apostrophes Simplified The Center for Academic Excellence
  • Slide 2
  • Uses of the Apostrophe 1.To show possession.To show possession 2.To show that a letter is missing.To show that a letter is missing 3.To show, in some cases, that a word is plural.To show, in some cases, that a word is plural
  • Slide 3
  • 1. SHOWING POSSESSION Return to contents
  • Slide 4
  • Showing Possession When it is clear that a word is possessive, then an apostrophe is required, as in the following sentences: This is Marias room. David went to a boys school. The womens department is on the second floor. Return to contents
  • Slide 5
  • Showing Possession The placement of the apostrophe is cause for much confusion. However, the principle is simple. Let us use the phrase The boys room as an example. Clearly, the room belongs to either one boy, or to two (or more) boys. Since there are no context clues, it is impossible to know precisely which. An apostrophe will clarify the meaning. If the room belongs to one boy, then the apostrophe goes after the singular word boy. If the room is shared by two or more boys, the apostrophe goes after the plural word boys. The boys room.-Belongs to just one boy. The boys room.-Belongs to at least two boys. As you can see, it is now clear whether one or more boys own the room. Return to contents
  • Slide 6
  • Showing Possession The general principle is this: Words that take an apostrophe do so after the singular or after the plural form of the word, as the case may be. Return to contents
  • Slide 7
  • I went to a boys school. I stole the boys hat. Brief Review: He stole the childrens hearts. Return to contents
  • Slide 8
  • The One Ziz Rule Plural words that end in an s or a z sound will drop the additional s in certain circumstances. I call this the one ziz rule. A word that ends ziz-ziz just sounds stupid. Jesus sandals, NOTJesuss sandals. Moses loin cloth, NOTMosess loin cloth. St. Jamess Palace, NOTSt. James Palace. Return to contents
  • Slide 9
  • Quick Quiz 1.The childrens department is upstairs. 2.My daughter attended a girls conference in New York. 3.The [one] dogs kennel is outside. 4.The Students Union is on the east side of campus. 5.My uncle is recuperating at the Veterans Hospital in Indianapolis. 6.Have you noticed Jennifers acne? 7.My grandmother attended the Worlds Fair in 1932. 8.The teams winning streak was short-lived. 9.My mother attends the Peoples Church. 10.The [two] girls room is at the end of the hall. Return to contents
  • Slide 10
  • Quick QuizAnswer Key 1.The childrens department is upstairs. 2.My daughter attended a girls conference in New York. 3.The [one] dogs kennel is outside. 4.The Students Union is on the east side of campus. 5.My uncle is recuperating at the Veterans Hospital in Indianapolis. 6.Have you noticed Jennifers acne? 7.My grandmother attended the Worlds Fair in 1932. 8.The teams winning streak was short-lived. 9.My mother attends the Peoples Church. 10.The [two] girls room is at the end of the hall. Return to contents
  • Slide 11
  • 2. Showing Missing Letters Return to contents
  • Slide 12
  • Showing Missing Letters An apostrophe indicates that letters are missing from a contraction, as follows: its-it is-i is missing from is didnt-did not -o is missing from not couldve-could have-ha is missing wont-will not-God only knows cant-cannot-no is missing een-even-v is missing and so on. Return to contents
  • Slide 13
  • 3. Showing Plurals
  • Slide 14
  • Showing Plurals Apostrophes also show that words (usually numbers of one sort or another) are plural, although this usage is falling out of fashion. It is still seen from time to time but is now considered unnecessary and in MLA Format should be omitted. During the 1960s, I lived in Ontario. Return to contents
  • Slide 15
  • Uses of the Apostrophe You now know all you need to about the uses of the apostrophe. Remember, it shows (a) possession, (b) omission in contractions, and (c) certain types of plural. The following rule of thumb is a good one where the apostrophe is concerned: If in doubt, leave it out. Return to contents
  • Slide 16
  • Painting by David Shevlino PowerPoint Presentation by Mark A. Spalding, BA, MEd, MA The End

Recommended

View more >