Amphibians of Florida. Amphibians Moist glandular skin (NO SCALES!)Moist glandular skin (NO SCALES!) Pass (aquatic) larval stage as youngPass (aquatic)

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Text of Amphibians of Florida. Amphibians Moist glandular skin (NO SCALES!)Moist glandular skin (NO SCALES!)...

  • Amphibians of Florida

  • AmphibiansMoist glandular skin (NO SCALES!)Pass (aquatic) larval stage as youngAmphibios From the Greek meaning living a double lifeToes without clawsMade up of three Orders: Anura (frogs & toads)Caudata (salamanders)Gymnophiona (caecilians)

  • Order AnuraFROGS!!!!Thick head and body with long, strong legsOften advertise presence (especially during the breeding season) with a wide range of calls

  • Family BufonidaeToads!Have dry, glandular (warty) skinHop

  • Bufo marinusEXOTIC! (South America)Huge sizeSkin gland secretions can be highly toxicMarine Toad / Giant Toad / Cane Toad

  • Bufo quercicusTiny sizeConspicuous, light middorsal stripe

    Oak ToadPhoto By: J. Jensen

  • Bufo terrestrisLarge knobs & high cranial crestsExtremely abundant

    Southern ToadPhoto By: J. JensenPhoto By: T. Blunden

  • Family HylidaeCricket Frogs, Treefrogs & Chorus Frogs!Acris HylaPseudacrisMany species have enlarged, round toepadsMostly relatively small-sizedKnown for their wide variety of vocalizations

  • Acris gryllusSmall size with slightly warty skinOften bright green Y between eyes extends down the backIn Florida, back of thigh has two dark stripes

    Southern Cricket FrogPhoto By: W. Knapp

  • Hyla avivocaGreyish overall coloration with white spot under eyeInner sides of thigh with greenish-yellowish washSimilar to but smaller than Hyla chrysoscelisBird-voiced TreefrogPhotos By: W. Knapp

  • Hyla chrysoscelisGreyish overall coloration with white spot under the eyeInner thighs with orange yellow washSimilar to but larger than Hyla avivoca

    Copes Gray TreefrogPhoto By: W. Knapp

  • Hyla cineriaLong body shapeWell defined light lateral lineMany have tiny golden spots on their backsGreen TreefrogPhoto By: T. BlundenPhoto By: T. Blunden

  • Hyla femoralis

    Very variable overall coloration (grey, green, brown, patterned, uniform etc)

    Pine Woods TreefrogPhotos By: W. KappBright yellow-orange spots on inside of thigh (femoralis.)Photo By: W. Knapp

  • Hyla gratiosaLarge round spots on backRugose skinLarge sizeLarge toepadsDependent on fishless, ephemeral ponds for breeding

    Barking TreefrogPhoto By: T. BlundenPhoto By: T. BlundenPhoto By: T. Blunden

  • Hyla squirrelaRule out other frogs first!Extremely variable overall colorationNo strong inner thigh markingsExtremely common, even in residential areas

    Squirrel TreefrogPhoto By: J. Jensen

  • Osteopilus septentrionalisIntroduced speciesLarge!!Forehead skin fused to boneUsually a yellow wash near groinOften found in urban/suburban environments, but can also invades natural areasRange is still expanding northward.

    CubanTreefrog

  • Pseudacris cruciferDark imperfect X marking on backPinkish, yellowish, brown or grey background colorEarly winter breeder

    Spring PeeperPhoto By: J. Jensen

  • Pseudacris nigritaThree dorsal stripes (tend to break up near groin)Prominent white lip line

    Southern Chorus FrogPhoto By: W. KappPhoto By: J. Jensen

  • Smallest Frog in North AmericaProminent dark line through eye (ocularis...)Usually found in small grassy wetlands

    Little Grass FrogPseudacris ocularisPhoto By: T. Blunden

  • Pseudacris ornataBlack mask-like stripe through eye

    Ornate Chorus FrogDark spots on sides & near groinPhoto By: A. Day

  • Family Leptodactylidae1,110 species including 700 in the genus Eleutherodactylus (largest vertebrate genus)

    Usually small

    Mostly Tropical

  • Eleutherodactylus planirostrusIntroduced speciesSmall terrestrial frogCall is very insect likeUndergoes metamorphosis in the egg (there is no free swimming larvae) Greenhouse FrogPhoto By: T. Blunden

  • Family MicrohylidaeNarrow-mouthed frogs(Also known as Sheepfrogs)Characterized by skin fold across back of headSpecialize on beetles, ants & ant lions

  • Gastrophryne carolinensisTiny, pointy head, fat round bodySkin fold on back of head

    Eastern Narrowmouth ToadPhoto By: W. Kapp

  • Family PelobatidaeAmerican SpadefootsUse single, bladelike spade on back feet to burrow rapidly down in loose soilExplosive breeders after heavy rains

  • Scaphiophus holbrookiiHorny black spade on hind footVertical pupilPale lyre / hourglass shape on dark back

    Eastern Spadefoot ToadPhoto By: W. KappPhoto By: A. DayPhoto By: W. Knapp

  • Family RanidaeTrue frogs!Typical frogs with long legs, narrow waists and smooth, moist skinMany have dorsolateral foldsLeapFound on all continents except AntarticaSource of culinary frog legs

  • Rana capitoShort body, pointy snoutLight background color with large dark spotsFound in xeric uplandsUsually uses Gopher Tortoise burrows as refugia

    Gopher FrogPhoto By: T. Blunden

  • Rana catesbianaMostly plain green or brown aboveNo dorsolateral ridgesSome mottling belowWebbing on 4th hind toes does not fully extend to tip

    Bull FrogPhoto By: J. JensenPhoto by T. Blunden

  • Rana clamitansPlain brown/bronzy backIncomplete dorsolateral ridgesCenter of tympanum elevated

    Green / Bronze FrogPhoto By: J. Jensen

  • Rana grylioLarge, plain frog, very sim. to R. catesbianaWebbing on 4th hind toes extends fully to tipNo dorsolateral ridges

    Pig FrogPhoto By: T. Lamb

  • Rana heckscheriLarge, greenish black frog with light spots on the lipsNo dorsolateral ridgesDark below with light markings

    River FrogPhoto By: A. Day

  • Rana sphenocephalaGreen or brown frog with darker spotsStrong dorsolateral ridges, often light coloredLight spot in center of tympanum

    Southern / Florida Leopard FrogCalled Rana utricularia in Petersons Field GuidePhoto By: D. Stevenson

  • Order CaudataSALAMANDERS!!!!The Americas have more salamanders than the rest of the world combined, and the southeastern US has more salamanders than anywhere else in North America.

  • Family AmbystomatidaeMole salamanders!FossorialTend to be stout with large heads

  • Ambystoma cingulatumMedium background color with lighter, netlike patternRare speciesInhabitant of longleaf pine-wiregrass flatwoods with cypress headsDependent on fishless ponds to breed

    Flatwoods SalamanderPhoto By: J. Jensen

  • Ambystoma talpoidiumChunky body with large headDark overall coloration with bluish-grey flecks

    Mole SalamanderPhotos By: J. Jensen

  • Family AmphiumidaeEel-likeTiny front AND back legsNo external gills

  • Amphiuma meansEel-like, LARGEFour tiny legs with two toes eachAlmost completely aquatic, but may move overland on extremely wet nights in flooded areas

    Two-toed Amphiuma, congo eel, conger eel, lamper eel, ditch eelPhoto By: J. JensenPhoto By: K. Sorenson

  • Family PlethodontidaeLungless salamanders!Respire through the skinTend to be slender with long tailsHave a nasolabial grooveFound most commonly in areas with some kind of running water (streams, seeps, springs & waterfalls)

  • Desmognathus apalachicola10-14 pairs of light, often coalescing dorsal spots w/ black fringesBelly pure white

    Apalachicola Dusky Salamander

  • Desmognathus auriculatusDark overallSeries of portholes along sides of body and tailAssociated with cypress ponds and stagnant pools

    Southern Dusky SalamanderPhoto by: B. Means

  • Eurycea cirrigeraTwo dark lines bordering yellowish middorsal stripeTail longer than bodyFive toes on hind feet

    Southern Two-lined SalamanderPhoto By: J. Jensen

  • Eurycea longicaudaThree dark stripes on yellow backgroundTail longer than bodyFive toes on hind feet

    Three-lined Salamander (listed as Eurycea longicauda guttolineatta in Petersons)Photo By: J. Jensen

  • Eurycea quadridigittataVery tiny sizeFour toes on hind feetThree dark stripes on lighter background

    Dwarf SalamanderPhoto By: D. Stevenson

  • Plethodon grobmaniLong, skinny, mostly black salamander with light flecksDistinct costal grooves

    Southeastern Slimy Salamander (part of P.glutinosus complex)

  • Pseudotriton montanusPlain rusty brown color abovePale venter with sparse dark speckles

    Eastern / Rusty Mud Salamander (listed as P. m. floridanus in guide)Photo By: W. Van Devender

  • Pseudotriton ruberReddish orange above with white flecking, esp. concentrated on headBelly pale with many small black speckles

    Red Salamander (ours listed as P. r. vioscai in guide)Photo By: J. Jensen

  • Family SalamandridaeNewts!Terrestrial stage with rough, glandular skinSome species may have complicated life cycles:Egg Larva Eft Adult AQUATIC AQUATIC TERRESTRIAL AQUATIC

  • Notopthalmus perstriatusSmall with rough skinLight colored with dark spotsRed dorsolateral stripes (faint on specimen look hard!)Dependent on fishless ponds to breed RARE

    Striped NewtPhotos By: J. Jensen

  • Notopthamus viridiscensSmall with rough skinDusky colored with lighter orange, yellow, or red spotsPale belly with many dark flecks

    Eastern Newt Photo By: R. BirkheadPhoto By: J. Jensen

  • Family SirenidaeHighly aquaticEel-like, but with substantial front legs No hind legsExternal, bushy gills

  • Siren intermediaNO HIND LIMBS Eel-like with bushy gillsLarge front limbsMedium sizeHighly aquatic

    Lesser SirenPhoto By: J. Jensen

  • Siren lacertinaEel-like with bushy gillsNO HIND LEGSLarge, well developed front limbsLarge sizeHighly aquatic

    Greater SirenPhoto By: J. Jensen

  • Questions?Pho