Ancient Indian Education System

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Ancient Indian Education SystemNAGARJUNA-Wizard Of Chemical Science

ACHARYA KANADWizard of Atomic Theory ACHARYA KANAD- Wizard of Cosmology

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Education and Ancient Hindu Civilization

Direct product of religion Education was part of religion Means of salvation and selfrealisation To open new avenues of knowledge To educate the mind It was individual in nature

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Different Classes of StudentsBrahmins

Kshatriyas

Upanayana (New Birth) thereby a new model of life

Vaishyas

Shudras

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Principle Duties of a BrahmachariVedic Study Services to the teacher Purity of body and mind The system gave emphasis on

Truthfulness Observance of duty Devotion to teacher Devotion to parents Hospitality Faith generosity

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Gautam Buddha

Click to edit Master text styles Siddhartha Gautama Second level Buddha Indian Prince of Third level Fourth level Sakya Dynasty

Fifth level

( Kapilavastu Birth Place) Was the greatest ,wisest and the best of HindusR.Davis He did not devise a plot to overthrow the Brahman priesthood.Dr.Radhakrishnan5

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Buddhist System of Education

Was based on the Buddhist philosophy of sorrow Not intended for the promotion of learning or development of intellect. Education was an agency for achieving Nirvana Conditions for admission into a Buddhist Sangha

Admission for all castes

Candidate lived as a novice under the guidance of a preceptor for at least 12 years

After 12 year he could apply for full monkhood Pupil has to consider his preceptor as his fatherNPower Charlotte Region | Proprietary and Confidential | Not for Distribution 6

Merits of Buddhist System of Education

Contributed a lot to the cause of education in Click to edit Master text styles ancient India. Second level Democratised education Third level Through Buddhist Fourth level Fifth level Universities India was able to establish relations with distant countries like KOREA, CHINA ,TIBET and JAVA.

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Merits of Buddhist System of EducationOpened doors of schools and colleges to all, irrespective of castes , creed or community. Helped the development of Hindu logic and philosophy by encouraging comparative study of these subjects.

10,000 students 2,000 staffThe ruins of NALANDA, the 2,000-year-old Buddhist University near RAJGIR in the northern part of IndiaNPower Charlotte Region | Proprietary and Confidential | Not for Distribution 8

Demerits of Buddhist System of EducationWas dominated by religion to a great degree. Engaged pupils mainly in metaphysical speculations Ignored the art of war, thereby killing the martial spirit in a large section of men. The baneful effects of this type of education was left when the country was invaded by foreigners.NPower Charlotte Region | Proprietary and Confidential | Not for Distribution 9

Aims of Ancient Indian Education SystemAncient Indian Education System refers to the ARYAN or BRAHMANICAL System of Education developed from RIGVEDIC(2500 - 600 BC) to the SUTRA(200 AD) period Infusion of piety and religiousness Formation of character Development of personality Inculcation of the civic and social duties Promotion of social efficiency and happiness Preservation and spread of national heritage and culture

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