Ancient Indian Facts

  • View
    214

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Ancient Indian Facts

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    1/21

    SIT BACK, RELAXSIT BACK, RELAX

    & ENJOY !& ENJOY !

    Facts about IndiaFacts about India

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    2/21

    India

    India never invaded any country inher last 10,000 years of history.

    It is the only society in the worldwhich has never known slavery.

    India was the richest country onEarth until the time of the British

    in the early 17th Century

    Robert Clives !ersonal wealthamassed from the blunder of Ben"al

    durin" 17#0s was estimated ataround $%01,10&

    It has been estimated that the total amount oftreasure that the British looted from India

    had already reached $1,000,000,000'$1Billion( by 1)01.

    *akin" into consideration interest rates and

    in+ation Please click to advance >

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    3/21

    edic Civili/ation

    Indus araswati Civili/ations

    Rise of 2ainism and Buddhism

    4auryan 5eriod

    6olden "e of Indian rts ciences

    4uslim Invasions*he 4u"hal Em!ire

    5ortu"uese Invasion

    *he British East-India Com!any

    *he British Em!ire

    India8s 9reedom tru""le

    Inde!endence

    4odern India &0&0 ision

    Brief :istory of *ime

    Please click to advance >

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    4/21

    India

    India invented theNumber System. Zero

    was invented byAryabhatta. The place

    value system, the

    decimal systemwas developed inIndia in 100 B.

    Aryabhatta was the !rst toe"plain spherical shape, si#e,diameter, rotation and correctspeed o$ %arth in &'' A(.

    The )orld*s !rst university was

    established in Ta+shila in 00B. Students $rom all over the)orld studied more than -0subects.

    The /niversity o$ Nalandabuilt in the &th century wasone o$ the reatestachievements o$ ancient India

    in the !eld o$ education. Sans+rit is considered the

    mother o$ all hiher lanuaes.Sans+rit is the most precise,and there$ore suitablelanuae $or computerso$tware a report in 2orbesmaa#ine, 3uly 1'4.

    Ayurveda is the earliest school o$medicine +nown to humans.hara+a, the $ather o$ medicineconsolidated Ayurveda 5600 yearsao.

    Today Ayurveda is $ast reaininits riht$ul place in civili#ation.

    hristopher olumbus wasattracted India*s wealth and wasloo+in $or route to India whenhe discovered the Americancontinent by mista+e.

    The art o$ Naviation was born inthe river Sindh -000 years ao.The word 7Naviation8 is derived$rom the Sans+rit wordNA9:ATI;. The word navy is alsoderived $rom Sans+rit *Nou*.

    In Siddhanta Siromanierential

    calculus, and the Theoryo$ ontinued

    2raction.

    Please click to advance >

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    5/21

    ;an"ua"es of India

    Hindi

    Sanskrit

    TamilGujarati

    Urdu

    PunjabiMalayalam

    BengaliMarathi

    Konkani

    Kannada

    Assamese

    Telegu

    Oriya

    Rajasthani

    Please click to advance >

    Sindhi

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    6/21

    e c oso! y *he edas are the oldest written te?nowled"e@ in anskrit.eda means >?nowled"e@ in anskrit.

    Please click to advance >

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    7/21

    anskrit was the classical lan"ua"e of India, older

    than:ebrew and ;atin.

    It is the oldest, most scienti=c, systematiclan"ua"e in the world. It became the lan"ua"e ofall cultured !eo!le in India and in the countries

    that were in+uenced by India.anskrit literally means >re=ned@ or >!erfected@Sanskrit word English meaning Sanskrit meaning

    matar

    pitar

    bhratar

    svasar

    gyaamti

    trikonamitidvaar

    ma

    naman

    smi

    eka

    mother

    papa / father

    brother

    sister

    geometry

    trigonometrydoor

    me

    name

    smile

    equal

    'measuring the earth

    'measuring triangular forms

    first person pronoun

    the same

    Please click to advance >

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    8/21

    India Theory o$ ontinued 2raction wasdiscovered by Bhas+aracharya II. Indians discovered Arithmetic and

    :eometric proression. Arithmeticproression is e"plained in ?aurveda.

    :ovindaswamin discovered Newton:auss Interpolation $ormula about1400 years be$ore Newton.

    9ateswaracharya discovered Newton:auss Bac+ward Interpolation $ormulaabout 1000 years be$ore Newton.

    @arameswaracharya discoveredhuiler8s $ormula about &00 yearsbe$ore huiler.

    Nila+anta discovered Newton8s In!nite:eometric @roression converentseries.

    @ositive and Neative numbers andtheir calculations were e"plained !rstby Brahmaupta in his boo+Brahmasputa Siddhanta.

    Aryabhatta also propounded the;eliocentric theory o$ ravitation, thuspredatin opernicus by almost one

    thousand years.

    adhavacharya discoveredTaylor series o$ Sine andosine $unction about 560years be$ore Taylor.

    adhavacharya discoveredNewton @ower

    series.

    adhavacharya discovered:reory

    eibnit# series $orthe Inverse Tanent about540 years be$ore

    :reory.

    adhavacharya discoveredeibnit#

    power series $or pi

    about C00 years be$oreeibnit#.

    Bhas+aracharya calculatedthe time ta+en by the earth toorbit the sun hundreds o$years be$ore the astronomerSmart. Time ta+en by earth to

    orbit the sunD

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    9/21

    Similarities to Greek mythology

    ;ercules

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    10/21

    Similarities to Greek mythology

    (ionysus

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    11/21

    Similarities to Biblical mythology*he ancient edic ryan :indus 'Indus araswati( s!oke

    about aseries of *en 5itris who ruled before the "lobal 9lood.

    Ancient Babylonian leend spea+s o$ a pre2lood series o$ ten +ins.

    The ancient %yptians described Ten Shinin Fnes who ruledconsecutively

    be$ore the (elue.

    The last o$ these +ins in the a$orementioned lists was the hero wholed sevenothers aboard a vessel in which they survived the lobal 2lood.

    In ancient India, the hero was 4anu who survived the "lobal-9lood

    A!ralayaA with the even Rishis.

    In ancient Babylon, the hero*s name was Zisudra who spearheadedthe survival

    on the Ar+ o$ seven other humans, the Seven Ap+allu.

    In ancient %ypt, the 2lood hero was Toth who survived the (eluePlease click to advance >

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    12/21

    Did the Vedic Aryans travel as far as aster !sland"The %aster Islands located in the@aci!c Fcean, were situated $ar away

    $rom any civili#ation.

    The cra$tsmanship o$ these islandscorresponds

    to the one o$ the ancient Incas.

    The sin script o$ the %aster Islands

    almosteGuals the ancient scripts o$ Indus

    9alley.

    Easter Island

    symbols

    Indus Saraswati

    symbols

    )ere the Ancient 9edic civilisation o$ Indus Saraswati valleyTransFceanic sea$arersHPlease click to advance >

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    13/21

    *he urya iddhanta,

    te

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    14/21

    India The value o$ pi was !rstcalculated by Boudhayana, andhe e"plained the concept o$

    what is +nown as the@ythaorean Theorem. ;e

    discovered this in the -thcentury lon be$ore the%uropean mathematicians.This was 7validated8 by Britishscholars in 1'''.

    Alebra, trionometry andcalculus came $rom India.

    Juadratic eGuations werepropounded by Sridharacharyain the 11th century.

    The larest numbers the:ree+s and the Komans used

    were 10- whereas ;indus usednumbers as bi as 106Cwithspeci!c names as early as6000 B

    durin the9edic period.

    %ventoday,

    the larestused number

    isTeraD 1015.

    aharshi Sushruta is the$ather o$ surery. 5-00 yearsao he and health scientists o$his time conductedcomplicated sureries li+ecaesareans, cataract, arti!ciallimbs, $ractures, urinarystones and even plasticsurery.

    /sae o$ anaesthesia was well+nown in ancient India. Fver

    156 surical eGuipments wereused. (etailed +nowlede o$

    anatomy, physioloy, aetioloy,embryoloy, diestion,metabolism, enetics andimmunity is also $ound in

    many te"ts. )hen many cultures were onlynomadic $orest dwellers over6000 years ao, Indiansestablished ;arappan culturein the Sindhu 9alleyivili#ation.

    Please click to advance >

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    15/21

    Kalaia"at #Oi$in o%atial ats ' ()) BC

    Eerala, South India, uardians o$ the oriins o$

    modern martialarts,

    inLuenced by ?oa and connected to the ancientIndian sciences o$ war

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    16/21

    ManipuriManipuri

    Bharata NatyamBharata Natyam

    OdisOdissisi

    Mohini AttamMohini Attam

    KuchipudiKuchipudi

    KathakaliKathakali

    ClassicalClassical

    *anc+ %os*anc+ %os

    Please click to advance >

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    17/21

    India's ancient achievements in #edical ScienceEnowlede Ancient Ke$erence odern

    Ke$erence

    Arti!cial imb Ri"ed '1-11D-1#( &0thCentury

    Number o$ hromosomes

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts

    18/21

    India's ancient achievements in $hysical Science

    Enowlede Ancient Ke$erence odernKe$erence

    9elocity o$ iht Ri"ed - ayan Bhashya '1%00

    .(

    1)thCentury

    TransSaturnean @lanets 4ahabharat '##00 BC( 17-1)thCentury

    Space Travel to another solarsystem

    hrimad Bha"wat '%000 BC( Fnder trials

    :ravitational 2orce

  • 8/9/2019 Ancient Indian Facts