Text of Appendicular Skeleton The Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limb The Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb Nestor T....
Appendicular Skeleton The Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limb The Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb Nestor T. Hilvano, M.D., M.P.H.
Learning Objectives You should be able to: 1. Identify and describe the features of the clavicle, scapula, humerus, radius, ulna, and bones of the wrist and hand, including their functions. 2. Identify and describe the features of the pelvic girdle, femur, patella, tibia, fibula, and bones of the foot, including their functions. 3. Compare the structural and functional differences between male and female pelvis. 4. Discuss common injuries of the upper and lower limbs as to structures and functions.
Pectoral (shoulder) Girdle Consists of: ___ attaches medially to the sternum. ___ articulates with the humerus. a. scapula b. clavicle Acromioclavicular joint - easily dislocated due to loose attachment
Clavicle Commonly called- __________. S-shaped bones Inferior - marked by muscle and ligament Sternoclavicular joints - only articulations between the pectoral girdle and axial skeleton.
Scapula Triangular plate, commonly called ____. Spine ends as ___ process. ___ process serves for muscle attachment. a. coracoid process c. shoulder blade b. acromion process d. collar bone Subscapular, infraspinous and supraspinous fossa The head of humerus articulates with ___ of scapula. a. glenoid cavity b. supraspinous fossa c. subscapular fossa d. infraspinous fossa
Humerus Review/study parts of humerus Intertubercular groove holds biceps tendon Surgical neck- Importance? Radial groove - path of radial n. Lateral epicondyles- attachment of forearm muscles Condyles consist of: 1. Capitulum articulates with radius. 2. Trochlea articulates with ulna. Olecranon fossa holds olecranon process of ulna.
Ulna and Radius Radius (lateral) head articulates with radial notch radial tuberosity for biceps muscle styloid process Ulna (medial) olecranon and trochlear notch radial notch styloid process Interosseous membrane fibrous sheet bony prominences of wrist on medial side, ___, and lateral side, ___. a. styloid process of radius b. styloid process of ulna
Carpal Bones Form the _____ bones; 2 rows (4 bones each) proximal row = Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform distal row = Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate Sally Left The Party To Take Charlie Home
Metacarpals and Phalanges Metacarpals are bones of the ______ base, shaft and head Phalanges are bones of the ___________ thumb or pollex has proximal and distal phalanx fingers have proximal, middle and distal phalanx a. fingers/digits b. palms
The Pelvis Pelvis = is a composite structure that consists of os coxae (hip bones), sacrum, and coccyx Pelvic Girdle = made of os coxae (hip bones) Supports trunk on the legs and protects viscera Sacroiliac joint Pubic symphysis
Hip Bones (os coxae) Composed of 3 bones: 1. Ilium iliac crest and iliac fossa greater sciatic notch contains __________ which innervates the lower limb. 2. Pubis body, superior and inferior ramus 3. Ischium ___________ bears body weight when seated. ischial spine lesser sciatic notch (passage of b.v., nerves, & small muscle) ischial ramus ___ - is hip joint socket ___ - space enclosed by collagen fibers for attachment of hip muscles. a. obturator foramen b. acetabulum
Pelvic Inlet and Outlet False and True pelvis separated at pelvic brim Pelvic inlet enclosed space of pelvic brim Pelvic outlet opening bounded by coccyx, ischial tuberosities, & inferior border of pubic symphysis
Comparison of Male and Female Female pelvis = lighter, broader pubic angle( >100 degrees), enlarged pelvic outlet, pubic inlet wider and round, less curvature on sacrum and coccyx Male pelvis = heavier, pubic angle (