Aristocratic family – father died when he was three Inherited his great uncles noble title, baron At 17, attended trinity College at Cambridge College

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Aristocratic family father died when he was three Inherited his great uncles noble title, baron At 17, attended trinity College at Cambridge College life made friends, played sports, spent money.... Pet bear? After graduating, Byron traveled to out-of- the-way corners of Europe and the Middle East. He returned home bearing two sections of a book-length poem entitled Childe Harolds Pilgrimage, which depicted a young hero not unlike himselfmoody, sensitive, and reckless. Slide 2 The work was well received, and Byron became an overnight sensation. I awoke one morning and found myself famous, he observed. For a time, Byron was the darling of London society Mad, bad, and dangerous to know was Lady Caroline Lambs famous description of Lord Byron. Because of his dark, brooding persona, or adopted personality, readers throughout the nineteenth century saw Byron as the quintessential Romantic poet. Byron continued his travels through Europe, often accompanied by the poet Percy Shelley. Slide 3 While living in Italy, however, tragedy struck: One of his daughters died, and Shelley drowned in a sailing accident. In 1823, Byron, a champion of liberty, joined a group of revolutionaries seeking to free Greece from Turkish rule. Soon after, while training Greek rebel troops, Byron died of a rheumatic fever. Reports at the time tell of a late, poignant gesture: Dazed with fever, Byron called out in broken English and Italian, Forward forwardcourage! Follow my example dont be afraid! To this day he is revered in Greece as a national hero. Slide 4 She walks in beauty, like the night Of cloudless climes and starry skies; What is Byrons poetic comparison her? Using a simile, he compares the woman to a perfect cloudless, starry night. Slide 5 One shade the more, one ray the less, Had half impaired the nameless grace Which waves in every raven tress, Or softly lightens oer her face; What is Byrons suggesting about her beauty? It is exact... One slight deviation would change everything. Slide 6 And on that cheek, and oer that brow, So soft, so calm, yet eloquent, The smiles that win, the tints that glow, But tell of days in goodness spent, A mind at peace with all below, A heart whose love is innocent! What is Byrons final characterization of her? softness, calmness, eloquence, goodness, peaceful, innocent. Slide 7 1.Respond: Do you think the speaker idealizes the subject of She Walks in Beauty? Explain. 1.Somewhat hyperbolic purity Slide 8 2. (a) Recall: To what does the speaker compare the ladys beauty? cloudless, starry night (b) Interpret: What might that tender light in line 5 be? moon and stars Slide 9 3. (a) Recall: What would have half impaired the ladys grace? any slight addition of brightness or darkness (b) Interpret: What does this claim suggest about the ladys beauty? It is exact and perfect Slide 10 4. In lines 1118, what is the womans appearance said to reveal about her character? sweet thoughts, virtuous activity, and innocence (b) How is the focus of the last six lines different from the focus of the opening lines? Womans character not physical (c) Does Byrons portrayal emphasize the spiritual or the physical aspect of the lady? Both - equally Slide 11 5. (a) Do you agree that goodness is an inherent part of beauty? evil- immorality is hopefully unattractive (b) Do you think people today put too much emphasis on physical beauty? Probably everywhere in media its all about physical beauty Slide 12 Percy Bysshe Shelley died in a boating accident at 29 At once modest and intense, Shelley was a passionate reformer who believed that his time had betrayed the ideal of a perfect society Born into the British upper classes, Shelley attended the finest schools, including the prestigious boarding school Eton and Oxford University. Shelleys rebellious nature produced the radical tract The Necessity of Atheism, and he was expelled from the university. Slide 13 The expulsion estranged Shelley from his father. Instead of going home, Shelley headed for London. He met and married Harriet Westbrook. The two traveled to Ireland, where Shelley tried unsuccessfully to deliver the Irish people from tyranny. In 1813, he had completed Queen Mab, his first important poem. The work explored ideas of social justice that Shelley had encountered in the philosopher William Godwins Political Justice - government and other institutions should be reshaped to conform to the will of the people. Slide 14 Shelleys marriage, meanwhile, was in trouble. Harriet felt that she could not keep up with her husband, and she had come to question his political ideals. Meanwhile, continuing his travels in radical intellectual circles, Shelley fell in love with Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, daughter of William Godwin and the feminist Mary Wollstonecraft. After Harriets tragic death in 1816, Shelley and his beloved Mary Godwin married. Slide 15 His radical politics, his tract about atheism, his separation from his first wife, his elopementall helped make Shelley an outcast from his homeland. He and Mary eventually settled in Italy, where Byron, another famous exile, also lived. The friendship nourished the literary ambitions of all three. It was during a storytelling session with Shelley, Byron, and another friend that Mary Shelley was inspired to begin work on her famous novel Frankenstein. Shelley never lived to see whether his dreams of social progress came true. Today, he is often referred to as the perfect poet of the Romantic Era. Slide 16 _____ is descriptive language that re-creates sensory experience. It has these characteristics: 1.It appeals to any or all of the five senses. 2.It often creates patterns supporting a poems theme. Slide 17 ___Imagery__ is descriptive language that re- creates sensory experience. It has these characteristics: 1.It appeals to any or all of the five senses. 2.It often creates patterns supporting a poems theme. In Ode to the West Wind, for example, Shelley uses wind images that appeal to sight, sound, and touch. Slide 18 O wild West Wind, thou breath of Autumns being, Thou, from whose unseen presence the leaves dead Are driven, like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing, Yellow, and black, and pale, and hectic red, Pestilence-stricken multitudes: How is nature personified? breath of Autumn and the leaves die and are driven like ghosts What is the Imagery here? How the wind feels and the color of the dying leaves Slide 19 O thou, Who chariotest to their dark and wintry bed The wingd seeds, where they lie cold and low, Each like a corpse within its grave, until Thine azure sister of the Spring shall blow Her clarion oer the dreaming earth, and fill (Driving sweet buds like flocks to feed in air) With loving hues and odors plain and hill: To what is winter compared? a dark bed.... A grave What is the personification of the Spring?? The West Winds sister blows her trumpet to call Nature to life again. Slide 20 Wild Spirit, which art moving everywhere; Destroyer and preserver; hear, oh, hear! What is the paradox here the wild spirit of the wind is both destroyer and preserver. How is this a Romantic idea? The fusion of opposites (unity in polarity) Slide 21 Angels of rain and lightning: there are spread On the blue surface of thine aery surge, Like the bright hair uplifted from the head Of some fierce Maenad,even from the dim verge Of the horizon to the zeniths height, The locks of the approaching storm. To what senses does the Imagery of this passage most appeal to? The sight of the aery (airy/lofty) surge of the ocean The power sound of the ocean surging Slide 22 Thou dirge Of the dying year, to which this closing night Will be the dome of a vast sepulcher, Vaulted with all thy congregated might Of vapors, from whose solid atmosphere Black rain, and fire, and hail will burst: oh, hear! The sound imagery here suggests that the west wind is a metaphor for.... A funeral hymn marking the end/death of the dying year Slide 23 Thou who didst waken from his summer dreams The blue Mediterranean, where he lay, Lulled by the coil of his crystalline streams, Beside a pumice isle in Baiaes bay What is personified here? The wind and the Mediterranean as the wind wakes it from its sleep. Slide 24 Thou For whose path the Atlantics level powers Cleave themselves into chasms, while far below The sea-blooms and the oozy woods which wear The sapless foliage of the ocean, know Thy voice, and suddenly grow gray with fear, And tremble and despoil themselves: oh, hear! Within the imagery of the personified west wind, how does the rest of nature react to the wind? Nature trembles in fear of the wind and its power. Slide 25 If I were a dead leaf thou mightest bear; If I were a swift cloud to fly with thee; A wave to pant beneath thy power, and share The impulse of thy strength, only less free Than thou, O uncontrollable! What romantic notion does the poet suggest here? Oh if he could be that wind blown leaf, or a swift cloud, or a surging wave and feel natures power of the west wind.... The Romantic ideal of being one with nature Slide 26 If even I were as in my boyhood, and could be The comrade of thy wanderings over Heaven, As then, when to outstrip thy skyey speed Scarce seemed a vision; Again, what romantic notion does the poet suggest here? If I could return to my childhood and commune with you, west wind, like I did as a boy.... A return to the more simple days of the past. Slide 27 Oh, lift me as a wave, a leaf, a cloud! I fall upon the thorns of life! I bleed! A heavy weight of hours has chained and bowed One too like thee: tameless, and swift, and proud. How does the poet relate to the west wind?? Like the wind, the Romantic Poet is tameless, and swift, and proud Slide 28 Make me thy lyre, even as the forest is: What if my leaves are falling like its own! The tumult of thy mighty harmonies Will take from both a deep, autumnal tone, Sweet though in sadness. What does the poet wish to be in the