Art Neoclassicism, Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism
Neoclassicism Neoclassicism is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw upon Western classical art and culture (usually that of Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome). These movements were dominant during the mid-18th to the end of the 19th century.Used bold colors, heroic images, Greco-Roman themes.
The Death of Socrates  - Jacques-Louis David
Jean-Auguste-Dominique IngresNapoleon I on the Imperial Throne, 1806Jacques-Louis DavidThe Death of Marat (1793)
Art of the EnlightenmentPortraits of Denis Diderot
The Ploughing Lessonby Vincent Franois Andr
The Romantics change art & literature styles ~1750The ideas of romanticism included the feelings and emotions of the individual. Romantics also focused on nature as an alternative to just studying books.Artists used color, lines, and facial expression
Ideas of RomanticismInner feelings, imaginationMysterious & supernaturalsometimes the odd, exotic and/or grotesqueThe beauty of untamed nature Idealized the past as a simpler & nobler timeGlorified heroes & heroic actionRevival of folk traditions, stories, musicValue on the common peoplePromoted radical change & democracy
Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People
Execution of the Defenders of Madrid
Cloister Graveyard in the Snow
Napoleon Crossing the Alps
Romantic writersGrimm brothersGerman fairy talesEmily BronteWuthering HeightsWilliam BlakeEnglish poetVictor HugoFrenchLes Misrables, The Hunchback of Norte Dame (struggles of individual against a hostile society)Mary Shelley--Frankenstein
Romantic composersBeethoven--early years wrote music of the Enlightenment, but his 9th Symphony is an example of Romanticism.Romantic musicians made music a popular art formmusic became part of middle-class life.Ludwig von Beethoven
Realism response to the Industrial RevolutionTried to show life as it is, not as it should be.Life becomes grim for industrial workers who live in dirty, crowded cities and work dangerous jobs for long hours.By showing the harsh side of urban life they hoped to improve society.
Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist
Caspar David Friedrich
PhotographyFrench inventor Louis Daguerre
Mathew Brady photographed the US Civil War and factory and urban slum life
Impressionists vs. Realists1860sa group of painters in Paris reacted against the realist styleInstead of showing life as it really is they tried giving their personal impression of a moment in time.Edouard Manet, Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, and Pierre-Auguste Renoir.Showed a more positive view of the new urban society.They glorified the pastimes of the life of middle class people.
Monets version of the urban landscape
Monets Paris Festival of 1878
Vincent Van Gogh, post-impressionist painter
QuestionsWhat cultural events were classicism, romanticism, realism, & impressionism a reflection of?What characterized each art period?Which is your personal favorite and why?