Assisting Municipalities in Implementing NPDES Phase II Stormwater ProgramsWendi Hartup & Mitch WoodwardArea Environmental Agents
Phase II:Burden for Small CommunitiesNPDES Phase IIs - 80% < 20,000 (40 < 5,000)Difficult for small municipalities to provide the expertise and resources116 Phase II jurisdictions have nearly identical permit requirements
Needs of Phase IIsSeeking input at the beginningTurn Key Training Needed for StaffWorkshops / Tours in convenient locations Providing how-to guidance and specific examplesShowcasing examples of effective stormwater ordinancesEncouraging partnershipsIncluding Phase Is in training
Improving Field Staff Understanding - Why did our city start this program?Because we have to! (Comply with federal & state rules.)To protect local water quality.To present a positive image to the community.www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
Development Impactson the Water CyclePhotos: NEMO
Photo: Forest History Society
Phase II Six Minimum MeasuresGoal: reduce pollutants in urban stormwater compared to existing levels in a cost-effective manner.Public Education and Outreach Public participation/Involvement Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination Construction Site Runoff Control Post-Construction Runoff Control Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping
Pollution Prevention & Good Housekeeping: What is it?Keeping our own local government facilities clean to reduce pollution to our streams and rivers.www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
Federal and state rules require that stormwater staff inspect each city facility annually and correct any pollution prevention and good housekeeping problems right away. Photo: EPAwww.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
Fueling, washing and maintaining vehiclesStoring materialsHandling garbageMaintaining streets, rights-of-way and parking lotsMaintaining landscaping and open spacePreventing and responding to spillsIllicit Discharge Detection and EliminationThis program covers. . . www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
Where do these activities occur?Fleet Maintenance Transfer Station Animal Shelters Wastewater Treatment PlantWater Treatment PlantConstruction Debris Site Transit Authority Vehicle Wash Operations AirportPublic Works Operations Prisons Emergency Service Facilities Fire Stations Landfills Schools Parks Waste Recycling CentersPump Stationswww.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
Fueling, washing and maintaining vehicles
Store used fluids properly.
Be aware of leaks nears drains!Look for and correct leaks on or around equipment.
What are the differences between these two fueling stations?
What can you do to reduce pollution here?www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
Have spill kits readily available and use them!
Avoid Situations Like This!
Used and Bulk Oil Storage: Well Maintained and Neat!
Neatly organized materials.
Moisture + Iron + Temps above 32F = RUST !!!
Maintain curb and gutters free of soil and trash.
Keep trash dumpster lids closed.Keep liquid and hazardous wastes out of dumpsters.
Good Bad Uglyx
Maintaining streets, rights of way and parking lots
Maintain curb and gutters free of soil and trash. Minimize the use of fertilizers and pesticides in and adjacent to curbs.Photo: NCSU TurfFiles Center
If youve got it, use it!
Landscaping and open spaceImage: Cumberland Co. Cooperative Extension Center
Round-Up Gone Wild!Maintain a buffer zone of grasses or natural vegetation between maintained turf and waterways.
A broom doesnt always mean good housekeeping!Dont sweep or blow fertilizer or yard waste into the storm drain.
Keep emergency contacts and dry clean up materials in vehicles.Photo: HMHTTC
Main goal: Keep spills out of the storm drain.Photo: Spill Containment Inc.
Keep spill response kits near potential spill areas.
For more information on Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping, see:http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/topic/phase2/measure6.htm
The web site contains sample inspection forms for different types of facilities (all approved by DWQ). www.ncsu.bae.edu/stormwater
Discharges into storm drainage systems (pipes, streams, ditches, water bodies) which are not composed entirely of stormwater and have not been permitted. Illicit Discharges (IDs)
Best Conditions for Finding IDs:Prolonged dry periodsNon-growing season: fall winter early springLow ground water levelsStop during rainfall
Key: No runoff event for the last 48 - 72 hours
Eyes / Nose / Ears:
Use your eyes- Materials dumped illegally into storm drains?- Small pipes draining and it hasnt rained? - Spilled oil or paint, colored water, foam, floatables?Use your nose- Unusual odors- Sewer smell- Detergent clean smell- Fuel / oilUse your ears - Small pipes draining and it hasnt rained?
Note Stream-side Activities -Construction Activity?Wastewater from sewers and septic systems?Vehicle maintenance activities?Industrial areas commercial sites?Direct dumpinginto storm drains or streams?
What if you find something?
Fill Out Data Collection SheetInform Municipal Stormwater staff
Where to Report Possible IDs:
Local Municipal Stormwater Contact - listDENR Stormwater Page -http://www.ncstormwater.org/
Violation? Yes, this is an illicit dischargeWhat is it? Paint SpillCharge? Company owner was notifiedAction taken? Paint was cleaned that day!
Violation? Yes, this is an illicit dischargeWhat is it? Antifreeze dripping and flowing across the parking lotCharge? Multiple offences, met with district managersAction taken? Managers will send letter biannually to all shops about Illicit Discharge Ordinance.
Violation? NoWhat is it? Air Conditioning Condensation
Violation? Yes, this is an illicit connectionWhat is it? Discharge from residential washing machineCharge? First Offense, Letter of violation requiring cease dischargeAction taken? Property owner capped the pipes and discontinued use of washing machine
Violation? NoWhat is it? Bacterial Growth in almost Stagnant Water
Violation Yes, this is an illicit connectionWhat is it? Disconnection of sewer serviceCharge? First Offense, Letter of violation requiring property owner to fix the connectionAction taken? Public Utilities worked with property owner to repair the connection
Violations? Yes, this is an illicit discharge, but better to educate rather than fine.What is it? Fertilizer and Lawn waste
Good Rules of ThumbIf anything looks suspicious or out of place, its worth investigating Call Public Works!If you see a pipe draining water but it hasnt rained for a few days, this may be an illicit connection Call Public Works!Help be an extra set of eyes in the field!
DeliverablesThe How to Do Phase II web site: (http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/topic/phase2) 25 How to Do Phase II workshops Four train the trainer workshops Time Cost: 40 hours a piece to advertise, travel, plan, make site visits, make slides and teach each workshop / tour.
Outcomes18 workshops 522 participants Participants included: public utilities, town operations, stormwater, landscaping, facilities management, police, and fire. 5 illegal vehicle wash areas eliminatedAdditional spill stations Fuel dispensing standard operating procedures (SOPs) developedImproved site cleanup frequencyImproved stormwater BMP maintenanceNew drain guardsRe-designed their solid waste transfer stationNew vehicle wash baysTraining value - $25-30 per participant
Partners How to Do Phase IIBill Hunt - Assistant Professor and Extension SpecialistAnnette Lucas - Extension AssociateMitch Woodward - Area Environmental AgentWendi Hartup - Area Environmental AgentChristy Perrin and Patrick Beggs - Watershed Education for Communities and Officials Mike Randall - NC DENR Division of Water Quality Stormwater Unit Chrystal Bartlett - NC DENR Stormwater Education and Outreach Coordinator
Wendi Hartup Natural Resources Extension Agent email@example.comForsyth County 1450 FairchildRd, Winston-Salem, NC 27105 Phone: 336-703-2850, Fax: 336-767-3557 http://forsyth.ces.ncsu.edu When rain falls on a natural environment it can either soak into the soil or it can runoff into the surface water. The remaining percent of rainfall is intercepted by trees, crops, grass, and other ground cover that serves to dissipate much of the energy contained within each raindrop. The water can then re-evaporate back into the atmosphere, or slowly infiltrate into the ground. The infiltrated water eventually reaches groundwater, which slowly travels through the soil back into local waterbodies. As the water infiltrates and flows, it is cleaned of any pollutants it may have collected along its journey from the atmosphere into the ground. Unfortunately, with increased urbanization, the rain encounters more and more concrete and other hardened surfaces which do not allow for infiltration of water into the soil.Staying on top of pollution problems will help avoid costly clean ups. Proper inspection and tracking will identify areas that need maintenance, improvement, or correction. Extension can help with correcting problems by providing the latest, scientifically based informa