What it takes to be an effective teacher in the year 2010 and beyond
What it takes to be an effective teacher in the year 2010 and beyond
Audience: undergraduate Students: Orientation Day for future teachers1Study after study shows the single most important factor determining the quality of the education a child receives is the quality of his teacher
http://www.greatschools.net/improvement/quality-teaching/what-makes-a-great-teacher.gs?content=792overview This presentation will investigate and discuss concepts and ideas that enable us to determine what will make an effective teacher from 2010 onwards.
These ideas will focus on a range of concepts such as:Professionalism and EthicsBalanceTeachers committed to lifelong learningThe use of Technology to enhance classroom learning Behavioural ManagementClassroom ManagementStudent Motivation and Creating a Sense of Belonging for studentsCognitive Learning
an effective teacher 2010 and beyond. What does it mean to be Effective? Merriam-Webster online dictionary describe it as producing a decided, decisive or desired effect. When looking beyond 2010 there will be no room for the passive teacher who is willing to hash out the same lessons year after year. In these ever changing times, teachers must be prepared to be continually learn and grow while maintaining professionalism whilst supporting and guiding their students through an entirely new era in teaching and learning.
4AN EFFECTIVE TEACHER5Essential Teaching skillsBasic abilities that all teachers, including those in their first year of teaching, should possess to maximize student learning.
Review & Closure
6PROFESSIONLISM AND ETHICSTeachers are role modelsTeachers need to be tolerant and acceptingTeachers are fair and impartial; they would not discriminate on the basis of race and culture, sex or ageTeachers need to create a classroom that has a balance of acceptance and disciplineTeachers need to be fair and engaging
Professionalism in teaching in broad terms relates to the standard, whether it is a formal or informal understanding, which defines the process and status of the teaching fraternity and the individual teacher (Whitton, Sinclair, Barker, Nanlohy, Nosworthy, 2004, p45).7
BALANCEAn effective teacher in 2010 and beyond creates a classroom that has a balance of acceptance and discipline. An effective teacher is tolerant and accepting. They are fair and impartial; they would not discriminate on the basis of race and culture, sex or age.Effective teachers lead by example to create unity and equity within the classroom. A balanced classroom needs to be fair and engaging.
Embrace A SENSE OF BELONGING
Students who feel like they belong also become motivated to participate in the classroom activities.
A lack of student progress is usually caused by a student who does not have motivation in the classroom.
Teachers need to develop and encourage students to ensure that the work they are giving is engaging enough to keep students motivated.
10GET STUDENTS INVOLVED Ensuring that students feel involved and creating a sense of belonging in the class a key to effective classroom management When students feel like they have a sense of belonging they are more committed behave appropriately and sociallythe level of self management increases as they rely on the teacher less.
11CLEAR WRITTEN GOALS AND OBJECTIVESSet clear goals individually and as a whole classEach activity or lesson should have a goal or purposeCommunicate goals, objectives and expectationsUse Goals in assessment planningUse goals to motivate and create focus for students
12BEHAVIOURAL MANAGEMENT Educational psychology: windows into classrooms states; The six principals for successful interventions are:
Demonstrate withitnessPreserve student dignityBe consistentFollow throughKeep interventions briefAvoid arguments
13CLASSROOM MANAGEMENTEffective teachers in 2010 and beyond need to understand the value of:
Well managed classrooms
Planning the most effective classroom management plan
Communication with parents and carers
Knowing when to intervene
Dealing effectively on violent or aggressive behaviour.
TRADITIONAL VS constructivist classroomTraditionalStudents work aloneKnowledge is seen as InertAssessment focuses on testing with correct answersTeacher portrays a directive and authoritative roleLearning is based on repetitionClassroom materials are based on textbooks and workbooksCurriculum emphasises basic skills
ConstructivistUse of wide source of materials incorporated into learningLearning is interactiveTeachers role is interactiveStudents work in groupsAssessment includes student work, observations, testing etc with the process being just as important as the final product. Continue to learn throughout their career, update knowledge and teaching practicesThe role of effective teaching is diverse and challenging. It requires a commitment to lifelong learning and willingness to concede when things are not working.
An effective teacher in the year 2010 and beyond understands this commitment to learning and the developing technological needs of their students.
16USING THE INTERNET TO ENHANCE LEARNING The internet allows teachers to share knowledge not only with their students but also with their peers.
Through the sharing of ideas schools will improve their teaching practices.
The sharing of ideas is not limited to internal school sharing but can be taken to a global level. Teachers are now able to share :Lesson PlansWorksheetsLinks to site RubricsLearning GamesWeb QuestsNewslettersCurriculum Information
17Lesson plansA lesson plan -should be able to be taught by any other teacher, with the details given should be clearly identifying exactly what is to occur in the classroom at a given time.
A lesson plan guides class instruction.
A lesson plan developed by an effective teacher will ensure that the lesson plan looks at the states curriculum standards and develops the lesson to match those criteria.A lesson plan well developed will reflect the interests and needs of students.
A lesson plan is an effective communicate.
A lesson plan example.
18rubrics Teachers are now able to share ideas and information in the form of a Rubric. Heidi Goodrich Andrade (2003) states that a Rubric is a tool used to score an assessment or a piece of work under a certain criteria. For example, students completing a project will figure out what is expected of them and how their project will be evaluated under certain guidelines.
A rubric enables students to pay attention, judge and revise the work that is to be handed in.
Example of a rubric19Learning games and web questsLearning games allow students to familiarise themselves with technology and how they work.
Interactive activities can now be incorporated by teachers into their lesson plans.
The teacher engages students in the kinds of thinking that the 21st Century requires.
A Web Quest allows teachers to give students an assignment where they can access the internet and research their given subject within the given guidelines.
20NEWSLETTERSNewsletters can enable teachers to send valuable information and news out to the school community and parents.This sort of media is now becoming paperless with schools now choosing to forward them off via email. Target a wide range of audiences and allows teachers to maintain that level of communication with parents. An effective teacher can now send valuable information off to parents directly through email without the concern of children leaving it in the bottom of their bags. Emailing is a cost effective method- both environmentally and financially towards the school.
Benefits of Teacher-Parent CommunicationEffective teacher-parent communication :
Teachers need to be a partner with parentsEnsure parents feel comfortable within the school and towards you as the teacher Teachers need to make communication with parents as early as possible and to communicate with them oftenEnsure that what was agreed upon during the initial point of communication is followed through.
Teachers can now send text messages to parents.
Students benefit from home school cooperation in several ways.
Higher long-term achievementGreater willingness to do homeworkMore positive attitudes and behavioursBetter attendance and graduation ratesHigher levels of responsibilities and self-reflection Increased enrolment in postsecondary education
UNDERSTANDING THE VALUE OF COGNITIVE LEARNINGCognitive learning creates a classroom where learners can,be engaged and active in their learning. allow students to set goals and evaluate need for goals action plans.take the information they have been given, remold and research until they have a full understanding, testing and applying their knowledge. Allow students the opportunity to not simply memories but construct their own knowledge of the topic.
National Curriculum The Australian Curriculum Assessing and Reporting Authority
ACARA is responsible for:
A national curriculum from Kindergarten to Year 12 in specified learning areas.
A national assessment program aligned to the national curriculum that measures students progress.
A national data collection and reporting program that supports: analysis, evaluation, research and resource allocation; and accountability and reporting on schools and broader national achievement.
Valuable sites for curriculum development and teacher resource include:
Curriculum Corporationhttp://www.curriculum.edu.au/ccsite/Le@rning Federationwww.thelearningfederation.edu.au
Australian School Innovation in Science, Technology and Mathematics (ASISTM)www.asistm.edu.au
Each state also has their own websites to aid teachers in new curriculum development, sample works, resources and lesson plans
ACARA: what benefits does the future hold for a national curriculum?
A united face in the education system Fresh and updated curriculum with the valuable research being made Benefits to students moving interstate New resources
Things to keep in mind28
As a Future teacher you need to question:
What sort of world will you be teaching in?What skills will your students need to learn?What technology and resources are available to you?What skills will you need to be the best teacher you can be?What will your students expect and need from you?What sort of curriculum will exist?
Embrace a passion for your role as a teacher and take the challenge of continuing to learn and update you own knowledge so you can offer the best to your students.29Authors:
30ReferencesBennett, B., & Smilanich, P. (2008). Classroom Management: a thinking and caring approach. Toronto: Bookation Inc Harden, R.M, & Crosby, J. (2000). The good teacher is more then a lecturer The twelve roles. 22 (4)Kounin, J. (1970). Discipline and group management in classrooms. New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston.Marsh, Colin. (2008) Learner motivation and developing self esteem: Becoming a teacher, knowledge, skills and issues ch 4, p34Wesley, Donald C. (1998) 11 ways to be a Great Teacher. Education leadership 55 (5), 80-81Whitton, D (2009) Behaviour Management: Who wears the pants? Extract 9, Chapter 19, As cited by Chris Hurst for Curtin University of Technology Bentley Professional Practice in Primary Education, 1st Edition