Baines Camp Okavango Delta

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    04-Jun-2018

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    The physical planning of Baines Camp started in August 2003.

    All design work for this project was done in-house in terms of architectural andinterior design. (Sanctuary Lodges & Camps project team under the guidance of

    Jorie Butler-Kent)Electrical and water reticulation was designed in conjunction with the SanctuaryLodges development team and Nordin Environmental Services.

    Nordin Environmental Services were contracted to carry out all skilled and unskilledlabour as well as site supervision.

    Sanctuary Lodges & Camps project team carried out all procurement and logistics ofbuilding material, furnishings, fittings and equipment.

    Site establishment took place in February 2004. The month of February was used todeliver the majority of the bulk materials to site.

    2004 Botswana recorded very high rainfalls as well as the highest flood levels in 10years. These issues created major logistical problems with regard to thetransportation of material to site as well as caused delays in the final completion.

    The camp was opened August 2004 as a five unit 10 bedded luxury camp.

    BAINES CAMP

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    2003 a entry road was cut to the site which would allow for ease of access and operation onsite establishment

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    February 2004Four wheel drive trucks delivering bulk material to site bogged down on flooded roads

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    Greenfield site for accommodation units pegged out based on set floor plans. Allowance and

    provisions were made for each units link bridge from bedroom to bathroom compensating forterrain and trees.

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    Greenfield site for main building

    The building was designed and marked out to retain central feature of trees and termite mind

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    Public Area base pole work

    Front deck pole work installed on reinforced pad which would allow for deck to sit in waterduring flood season

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    Beginnings of Baines walling

    The concept for the dry walling was taken from a regional method of building of mud

    and wattle replacing the wattle branches with discarded aluminum beverage cans.This allows for lightweight walling as well as good insulation.

    Method of wall construction

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    Collection of beverage cans

    A total of 140 000 beverage canswere collected for this project.The collection of the cans was

    carried out as a communityproject whereby local schoolchildren in Maun were incentivisedto collect bags of cans,remuneration was given for eachbag and the remuneration waspresented to the relevant schoolsthat the children attended.

    This project not only helped toraise money for the schools but

    also went a long way to clean upthe streets of Maun

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    A gum pole frame structure was created from floor to ring beam allowing for panels of 1.8to 2 metres. This slide shows a full panel

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    Half wall panel allowing for open window

    Each panel was built using:- layer of chicken mesh- layer of hessian- layer of beverage cans

    - layer of hessian- layer of chicken mesh

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    Once panels have been completed the panels were then plastered using a mix of cement, local

    soil, lime and elephant dung.

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    The internal plaster wasplastered to a even finish but amixture of grass and elephant

    dung still gave a rough texture.

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    External plaster was plastered tocreate a mud packed finish givingthe sense of a hand packed

    adobe finish

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    In order to maintain the rustic feel of the plaster a natural paint was used which is a sandbased paint which in turn accentuates the plaster finish.

    A number of different paint colours and options were tested before final selection.

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    Roofing

    The roofs were designed tomake use of regionalthatching methods with amore rustic and local feel.

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    Roof pole work was acombination of king posts,support posts and thatching

    laths

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    Main Area Roof Laths prior to thatching

    Roofing lines made allowance that all existing trees would remain

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    Thatching work at main area

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    Thatching work at Main area

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    Final thatch finish

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    Flooring

    The concept of the camp was to raise all buildings a minimum of two metres above groundlevel. This would allow for the flooding regime of the area and to improve on views.

    All floors started with upright pole work connected by bearers.

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    Joists were laid on bearerstaking into account the

    pattern of the final deckingand flooring onto which thetimber was laid.

    Flooring materail used isSeligna which is acommercially grown timberand thereforeenvironmentally sound.

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    Completed decking of Main Areashowing different flooringpatterns

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    Sanding and Sealing of

    Main Deck

    On completion of thedecking work all decks

    were stained and sealedto the required finish

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    Back of house buildingssuch as the kitchen wereconstructed in a similarmethod to the main area

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    Raised walkways constructed to give the impression of rope and timber swing bridges

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    Raised walkways, poles and beams

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    Link bridge decking

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    SewageWithin the Okavango Delta there is no stone or rocks therefore all materials have to beimported. Therefore when designing sewage systems in the Delta we look at alternativemethods of constructions of soak-aways with an alternative to rock and stone for thispurpose we make use of old tyres.

    The other advantage of the tyres are at the end of the camps lifespan, these can beremoved out of the ground and the soak-aways can then be rehabilitated

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    Soak aways are connected to pre-moulded septic tanks.

    The tyres are laid in a channel andwrapped in a gortex biddem cloth to

    assist with the permutation of thegrey water from the septic tank.

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    Due to the high flood levels the ground water levels in 2004 rose above normal levels andtherefore all excavations for septic tanks had to take place by pumping the holes of its water

    contents

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    Power generation

    The camp was designed to be powered

    by a combination of stand by generatorwith battery and invertor system

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    Greenfield site of swimming pool

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    Due to environmental constraints the swimming pool had to be a fibreglass insert. However we still wanted to havean infinity style swimming pool. This was achieved by moulding into the pool collection troughs as well as pumpingtanks.

    The pool shell was delivered to site as a complete moulded unit and due to its size could not be trucked to its finallocation it was therefore dropped off 2km upstream from the camp and had to floated down river to its site.

    The finished level of the pool had to be raised to a point that it could not be accessed by elephants

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    Completed swimming pool with twoindividual rest salas.

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    Baines Camp was opened

    in August 2004

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