Bengal Tiger “ The silent killer”

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Gabriela Sympson Ms. Confer Biology July 8,2011. Bengal Tiger The silent killer. Part of the Animalia Kingdom 2 nd Largest and heaviest cat in the cat family Lives in the forest of India Solitary animals Males cover 20 square miles of land Women cover 17 square miles of land - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Bengal Tiger The silent killer

Bengal Tiger The silent killerGabriela SympsonMs. ConferBiologyJuly 8,2011

HabitatPart of the Animalia Kingdom2nd Largest and heaviest cat in the cat familyLives in the forest of IndiaSolitary animalsMales cover 20 square miles of landWomen cover 17 square miles of landHas many dens and use which ever is most convenient at the time

Lets take a lookThe Bengal tiger is the classic orange and black but some are black and whiteAlthought tigers are black and white they are not albino they have blue eyesNo other tiger has the same stripe patternHeight from head to body is 6-8 ft. tall, tail 2-3 ft.Weight 240-500 poundsLoves to be in waterThis picture show the detail of the tiger and its stripes

AdaptationThe tigers have stripes to help them blend into their surroundingsThe tigers hearing is very sharp they can hear sound waves below the range of normal soundThis picture shows how well the tigers can blend into the grass using their stripes to get prey

Female TigersA female tigers gestation period is three and a half monthsIts difficult to see a pregnant tiger because the dont show until their last 10- 12 daysSpends last few days of pregnancy looking for a safe place to birth her cubs and a place that has and adequate amount of preyDevelopment Females give birth to litters about 2-6 cubsSelf raised by the mom.By one year the babies go out with their mother to hunt.Babies stay with their mom until their 2 years old and then go out on their own to find their own territory.By age five the tigers gave reach full maturityHave white spots on the back of their head to identify each other

CUBS Tiger cubs are normally born blindAnd average cub weighs 785 pounds at birthAfter six to twelve days the cubs eyes start to open but they dont have their full vision for after a few weeksFooooooooood!!!!!!Bengal tiger are carnivores( they eat meat)Such as BuffaloDeer& wild pigsThe average Bengal tiger can eat up to to 60 pounds of food in one nightUsually get sick when prey is low in an area

Life SpanTigers can live to about 15 years in the wild and about 16-18 years in a controlled environmentMost tigers from lack of food

ExtinctionTigers are rapidly becoming extinct due to humansHumans use tigers for medicine to cure ulcers, bites, and burnsHumans also use the tiger for foodWild dogs are always on the hunt for tigersIts Time To HuntHunt mostly at dusk and dawn to help them hide.When done with prey or full they leave the pray for other mammals to eat After the kill their prey they eat it by the water

How do tigers see at night?Have long horizontal nerves near the eye which allows them to have a better peripheral vision They have structure behind the eye called the tapetum lucidum it allows them to have better night visionHave large lenses and pupils to increase the amount the of light let in. This is what gives them night vision.ACTION here is a video that I found that show a Bengal Tiger in its habitathttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oer57tcW0D4&feature=player_detailpage

This is my territoryAggressiveness between tigers depends on how many tigers are in the areaFemale tigers have smaller territories but are safer for raising childrenFemale tigers normally have territories next to or take over their mothers territoryThis picture shows the tiger marking its territory using scent and by scraping the tree

Everyday LivingTigers or mostly active at night this pattern may change due to seasons or prey activity.Tigers constantly groom themselves to keep their coats in tip top shape and to moisturize using the oils that are given of by their glands.They spend most of their day in waterThey constantly patrol their territory

Scent & Visual CommunicationMale and female tigers communicate through marking territoriesDefine boundaries by using urine because of the smell and sometimes fecesAll tigers have a signature scent to mark territories, for cubs to find their mother, and to identify each other.This scent is located in the toesTigers communicate by using their tales. If the tail is loosely hanging the tiger is relaxed; if the tail is moving from side to side rapidly it is showing aggression

Did You Know.The Bengal tigers roar can be heard from 2 miles awayTigers purr only when they breathe out while domestic cats purr when breathing in or outAfter killing its prey it starts eating from the hind area first

BibliographyEmanoil, Mary. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species , Detroit: Gale Research Co. 1994Worrall, Mary. Oxford Children's Encyclopedia volume 5. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1991"The Tiger Page",http://www.mtsu.edu/~jpurcell/Walker/Wildlife/tigers.html, (October, 2000)

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