Building a CNC router

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AN instructable on how to build your very own CNC Router

Text of Building a CNC router

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    MiniLaserInfo.com/MiniLaserEngravingMachine

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    DMS3&5AxisCNCRouter

    AboutThisInstructable

    Posted:Oct21,2013

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  • ThisinstructablewillshowyouhowIbuiltmyCNCrouter.Ihopeyoucandrawsomeinspirationfrommybuildandthatthisinstructablewillbehelpfulforyourfutureprojects.ThisinstructableshowsallthestepsIwentthroughindesigningandbuildingthisCNCrouter.

    ThemainthingIlikeaboutaCNCrouter,isthatitissoversatile.Youcanuseitasadrillingmachine,arouter,asaw,amillandevenasalathe.Becausemyworkshopisverysmall(itsmorelikeashed),Ididnthavetheroomforallofthesetools,butIstillwantedtobeabletomakeveryprecisepartsfordifferentprojects.ThatswhyIstartedtothinkaboutbuildingaCNCrouter.

    AfterdoingsomeresearchIdecidedtodesignandbuildmyownmachine.Ittookmyalmost6monthstobuildanddesignthemachinefromstarttofinish.Beforestartingtheactualdesigningofthemachine,Ididalotofresearchontheweb.Irecommendtakingalookatthefollowingwebsites:cncroutersource.com(http://cncroutersource.com)andcnczone.com(http://cnczone.com).ThesewebsiteswillprovideyouwithatonofinformationandanswermostofyourquestionsonCNCrelatedtopics.

    Pleasenote:IbuiltthisCNCrouterasfinalprojectforschool(alsocalled'profielwerkstuk'intheNetherlands).WhenIstartedthebuild,Iwas16yearsoldandIfinisheditwhenIwas17.AlthoughIhavedoneacoupleoflargerprojectsinthepastandhavebeendoingFTCrobotics(http://USfirst.org)forthelastfewyears,IdidnthavethatmuchexperiencewithbuildingCNCmachines.ThismachineactuallyisthesecondCNCmachineIbuilt.Thefirstonewasawoodentestmachine,whichIbuilttogainsomeexperienceandlearnmoreaboutCNCmachines.Itriedtobuiltthismachineasgoodaspossible,withthetools,theknowledgeandthebudgetIhadatthetime.IthinkthemachinecameoutprettyniceandIhopeyouenjoyreadingaboutit.

    Step1:Thedesign

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  • Beforestartingtobuildamachine,youwillalwayshavetomakesomesortofadesign.Sometimesitonlyhastobesomesketchesonapieceofpaper,butforthismachineamoreprecisethreedimensionaldrawingwasrequired.Imademydesignusinggooglesketchup(http://www.sketchup.com/).Googlesketchupisafreecadprogram,whichyoucandownloadfromtheweb.Ifounditwasveryeasytoworkwith,althoughIhadneverworkedwithacadprogrambefore.Youwontbeabletodrawascomplicateddesignsasyoucan,byusingotherprogramslikeAutocad(http://www.autodesk.nl/products/autodeskautocadlt/overview),butformypurposesitworkedjustfine.Mymaingoalwastogetalloftheproperdimensionsformyparts,sothatIcouldorderthemonline.Iwantedtoseeifallofmypartsweregoingtofittogether.Becausethemachineconsistsofalotofmovingparts,Iwantedtomakesurethatnothingwouldhitoneanotherwhilerunningthemachine.WhenIstarteddesigningthemachineIalreadyhadsomepartslikethelinearrailsandtheballscrews.Iboughtthesefromsomeonewhohadbuiltatestmachineforhiswebshop.Iusedthesameelectronicsforthismachine,asIusedforthewoodentestmachineIhadbuiltearlier.

    Thesearethebasicdimensionsandpartsusedforthemachine:OveralldimensionsX:1050mmY:840mmZ:400mmTravel

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