Career Management

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Fundamentals of Human Resource ManagementEighth Edition

DeCenzo and Robbins

Chapter 9Managing Careers

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

Introductiony

y

Traditionally, career development is referred to programs offered by organizations to help employees advance within the organization. Today, each individual must take responsibility for his or her career.

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

Introductiony Organizations now focus on matching the

career needs of employees with the requirements of the organization. y While many organizations still invest in their employees, they dont offer career security and they cant meet the needs of everyone in a diverse workforce.

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

What is a Career?y Definition y Pattern of work-related experiences that span the course of a persons life. y Reflects any work, paid or unpaid. y Broad definition helpful in todays work environment where employees and organizations have diverse needs.

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

What is a Career?Individual versus Organizational Perspectivey Organizational career planning

Developing career ladders, tracking careers, providing opportunities for development. y Individual career development Helping employees identify their goals and steps to achieve them.

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

What is a Career?y Career Development versus Employee

Developmenty Career development looks at the long-term career

effectiveness and success of organizational personnel. y Employee training and development focuses on performance in the immediate or intermediate time frames.

?Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

What is a Career?Value for the Individual y Individuals external career success is measured by criteria such as:y progression up the hierarchy, type of

occupation, long-term commitment, and income.

y Internal career success is

measured by the meaningfulness of ones work and achievement of personal life goals.Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

What is a Career?Mentoring and Coaching y Effective coaches give guidance through direction, advice, criticism, and suggestion in an attempt to aid the employees growth. y Mentors are typically senior-level employees who:y y y y

support younger employees by vouching for them answering for them in the highest circles introducing them to others advising and guiding them through the corporate systemFundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

What is a Career?Mentoring and Coaching y Disadvantages include:y tendencies to perpetuate current styles and practices y reliance on the coachs ability to be a good teacher

y Considerations for organizations:y coaching between employees who do not have a

reporting relationship

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

Traditional Career Stages

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

Traditional Career StagesExploration y Includes school and early work experiences, such as internships. y Involves:y trying out different fields y discovering likes and dislikes y forming attitudes toward work and

social relationship patterns

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

Traditional Career StagesEstablishment y Includes:y search for work y getting first job y getting evidence of success or failure

y Takes time and energy to find a niche and to make

your mark.

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

Traditional Career StagesMid-Career y Challenged to remain productive at work. y Employee may:y continue to grow y plateau (stay competent but not

ambitious) y deteriorate

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

Traditional Career StagesLate careery Successful elder states persons can enjoy

being respected for their judgment. Good resource for teaching others. y Those who have declined may experience job insecurity. y Plateauing is expected; life off the job increases in importance.

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

Traditional Career StagesDecline (Late Stage) y May be most difficult for those who were most successful at earlier stages. y Todays longer life spans and legal protections for older workers open the possibility for continued work contributions, either paid or volunteer.

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins

Enhancing Your CareerThe individual holds primary responsibility for his/her career. Suggestions on how to do that are:

Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins