CELLULAR RESPIRATION includes: ______________________ _______________________  Warm-up 10/27 GLYCOLYSIS ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN KREBS CYCLE.

  • Published on
    16-Jan-2016

  • View
    212

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

  • CELLULAR RESPIRATION includes:

    ______________________

    ______________________

    _______________________Warm-up 10/27GLYCOLYSISELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAINKREBS CYCLE

  • Cellular Respiration ReviewFermentation

    HW: pp. 12-14, p.18PRE-STANDARD p. 19-21 Due WednesdayStandard 3A Thursday

  • CYTOPLASMSPLIT Glucose into 2 Pyruvate2 ATPMATRIXUSE PYRUVATEYIELDS CO2FILLS ELECTRON CARRIERS2 ATPCRISTAEINNER MEMBRANE32 ATPCONVERT ELECTRONS TO ATP, O2 accepts electrons = WATER

    Summary of Cellular Respiration p.16ReactionLocationPurposeATP YIELDGlycolysis

    Kreb Cycle

    Electron Transport Chain

  • GlucoseGlycolysisCytoplasmPyruvic acidElectrons carried in NADHKrebs CycleElectrons carried in NADH and FADH2Electron Transport ChainMitochondrionWHATS THE BIG PICTURE?2232Total 36

  • GLYCOLYSISHappens in ___________

    Breaks down ________into ________________

    Produces

    _______ __________2CYTOPLASM outside mitochondria1 glucose22 pyruvic acid (pyruvate)

  • KREBS CYCLEhappens in ________________

    Breaks down _________________

    Produces: ____ ____

    ___ ___ MATRIXinside mitochondria2 pyruvic acid2682

  • ELECTRON TRANSPORT

    Enzymes found in _____________

    Uses high energy electrons and H+ ions donated by ______ and _______

    Makes ___________

    ________ acts a final electron acceptor to produce _______ cristae inner membraneNADH FADH2OXYGEN H2O32 (net) ATP

  • GlucoseGlycolysisCytoplasmPyruvic acidElectrons carried in NADHKrebs CycleElectrons carried in NADH and FADH2Electron Transport ChainMitochondrionWHATS THE BIG PICTURE?2232Total 36

  • CELLULAR RESPIRATION(aerobic/ with oxygen):

    1 glucose _______________

    FERMENTATION (anaerobic/ without oxygen):

    1 glucose ________________36 ATP2 ATP

  • PYRUVIC ACID MOVES TO NEXT STEP

    IF THERE IS NO OXYGEN (______________)

    IF THERE IS OXYGEN (_____________)= ANAEROBIC= AEROBIC

  • PYRUVIC ACID _________ OXYGEN

    2 kinds of fermentation _________________ & __________________ANAEROBICAlcoholic Lactic acidWITHOUT

  • _______ +_______ ______________ + ________ LACTIC ACID FERMENTATIONPYRUVIC ACIDLACTIC ACIDHappens in ________ during ________ when body cant get oxygen to tissues fast enough.

    Lactic acid builds up in muscles causing sorenessNAD+http://www.miranda.com/library.en/Images/Pictures/girls-runners.jpgexercisemuscles

  • ________ +_______ ______________ + ________ LACTIC ACID FERMENTATIONPYRUVIC ACIDLACTIC ACIDHappens when bacteria are used to make ______ and _______ _____ like: Yogurt, buttermilk, sauerkraut, pickles, cheesesour cream, & kimchiNAD+http://chronicle.augusta.com/images/headlines/032200/DANNON_YOGURT.jpghttp://www.reillydairy.com/natural_cheese.htmlfood beverages

  • Lactic Acid FermentationProduced by muscles for short bursts of energyUsed to make cheese, yogurt, sauerkraut

  • _______ +_____ __________ + _______ + _________ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATIONPYRUVIC ACIDALCOHOLHappens when yeast makes bread dough Rise CO2 bubbles make _________ in bread

    Alcohol _________ during cooking

    CO2NAD+http://www.deliciousdelicious.com/archives/herb%20bread%201.jpgair spacesevaporates

  • _______ +_________ __________ + _______ + ________ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATIONPYRUVIC ACIDALCOHOLHappens when_______ make _____

    or _______ make ______CO2NAD+http://www.firstpath.com/images/alcohol.jpgyeastbeerbacteriawine

  • Alcoholic FermentationProduced by bacteria and yeast when no O2Used to make beer and wine

  • WHY DO FERMENTATION?WHY NOT JUST KEEP MAKING ATP USING GLYCOLYSIS?builds upNAD+NAD+WITHOUT OXYGEN, PYRUVIC ACID _________ and all the _______ carriers get full.

    Eventually glycolysis will

  • ______ +_____ __________ + ____ + _____FERMENTATION HAPPENS so cells can ___________________ needed to keep glycolysis goingPYRUVIC ACIDALCOHOLCO2NAD+REGENERATE the NAD+LACTIC ACIDNAD+You get the NAD+ carriers back______

  • 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Animation: Fermentation OverviewRight click on animation / Click play

  • Crash Coursehttp://youtu.be/00jbG_cfGuQBozemanhttp://youtu.be/Gh2P5CmCC0M

  • Pp.12-14P.18Pre-Standard pp. 121 Due WednesdayStandard 3A Thursday

  • How do organisms get energy in environments that do have oxygen?

    How do organisms get energy in environments that do not have oxygen?

    What are the two different pathways in 2?Cellular Respiration (glycolysis only if no mitochondria)FermentationAlcoholic and Lactic Acid

  • What are the equations for photosynthesis and cellular respiration?

    Where does photosynthesis take place?ChloroplastWhere does cellular respiration take place?Mitochonria

  • Compare Photosynthesis & Cellular RespirationPictionary/TabooHand in Pre-Standard

  • Team AOne Player DrawsOthers GuessKeep cards that are guessedReturn cards not guessed to pileTeam BKeep time 3 minutesMake sure no talking or gesturing from drawerCan participate on All play words

  • Team AOne reader Rest of team guessesKeep score of how many cards are guessedSwitch TurnsTeam BKeep time (2 minutes)Object when Taboo word is usedSwitch Turns

  • Stay in your table teamsSwitch Games when toldKeep tally of total # of words guessed for both games

  • Fermentation LabHand-in Pre-Standard

  • Yeast + Sucrose = ?Will use up O2 first then ..

    What is the effect of different concentrations of sucrose on rate of fermentation?

    What are the bubbles?

    DO NOT THROW AWAY BALLOONS!!!!

  • _______ +_________ __________ + _______ + ________ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATIONPYRUVIC ACIDALCOHOLHappens when_______ make _____

    or _______ make ______CO2NAD+http://www.firstpath.com/images/alcohol.jpgyeastbeerbacteriawine

  • ___________ + _________ + ___________ _______________ + __________6 CO26 H2OC6H12O6 6O2_____________ + _________ ________ + __________ + __________

    ______________________________________________________________ CELLULAR RESPIRATIONC6H12O66O26 CO26 H2OThe two equations are exact opposites!

  • Label reactants and products for photosynthesis:#1 = ___________________#2 = ___________________#3 = ___________________#4 = ___________________#5 = ___________________Carbon dioxideWATEROXYGENSUGARLight energy

  • Fermentation Lab3A Standard Thursday 10/30HW: PRE-STANDARD pp.19-21 DUE WednesdayTo be handed in

  • 26CarbonDioxide7

  • Light-Dependent ReactionLight-Independent ReactionsCarbonDioxideGlucoseSugar

  • LIGHT DEPENDENT REACTIONRequires ______________Molecules are part of ________________Made up of __________________ connected by ______________________ & ___________________Uses light energy to changeADP + P _______NADP+ + 2e- + H + _________Breaks apart ______ molecules and releases _____________LIGHTATPTHYLAKOID membranesPHOTOSYSTEMS II & I ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAINNADPHH20oxygenATP SYNTHASE

  • CALVIN CYCLE (also called _________________________) ____________ require ____________Happens in _________ between thylakoidsNADPH donates _______________ ATP donates ____________CO2 donates ______________ to make __________ LIGHTLIGHT INDEPENDENTENERGYSTROMAHydrogen + electronsCarbon & oxygenGLUCOSEhttp://www.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookCHEM2.htmlDOES NOT

  • Spinach disks float when they photosynthesize What gas are they producing?Summarize what this graph is showing regarding the rate of photosynthesis.

  • Standard 3AIntro to 4A DNA and Protein Synthesis

    *Student Misconceptions and ConcernsStudents may expect that fermentation will produce alcohol and maybe even carbon dioxide. Take the time to clarify the different possible products of fermentation and correct this general misconception.Teaching Tips1. The text notes that some microbes are useful in the dairy industry because they produce lactic acid. However, the impact of acids on milk may not be obvious to many students. Consider a simple demonstration mixing about equal portions of milk (skim or 2%) with some acid (vinegar will work). Notice the accumulation of strands of milk curd (protein) on the side of the container and stirring device.2. Dry wines are produced when the yeast cells use up all or most of the sugar available. Sweet wines result when the alcohol accumulates enough to inhibit fermentation before the sugar is depleted.3. Exposing fermenting yeast to oxygen will slow or stop the process, because the yeast will switch back to aerobic respiration. When fermentation is rapid, the carbon dioxide produced drives away the oxygen immediately above the wine. However, as fermentation slows down, the wine must be sealed to prevent oxygen exposure and permit the fermentation process to finish.

Recommended

View more >