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  • CK-12 Chemistry -Intermediate Workbook

    Donald Calbreath, Ph.D.

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    Printed: June 22, 2015

    AUTHORDonald Calbreath, Ph.D.

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  • Contents www.ck12.org

    Contents

    1 Introduction to Chemistry Worksheets 11.1 What is Chemistry? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.2 The Scientific Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    2 Matter and Change Worksheets 82.1 Properties of Matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92.2 Classification Of Matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132.3 Changes in Matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

    3 Introduction to Chemistry Worksheets - 1 193.1 The International System of Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203.2 Unit Conversions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233.3 Uncertainty in Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

    4 Atomic Structure Worksheets 284.1 Atoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294.2 The Nuclear Model of the Atom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324.3 Isotopes and Atomic Mass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

    5 Electrons in Atoms Worksheets 385.1 Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395.2 The Quantum Mechanical Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425.3 Electron Arrangements in Atoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

    6 The Periodic Table Worksheets 486.1 History of the Periodic Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496.2 Electron Configuration and the Periodic Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526.3 Periodic Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

    7 Chemical Nomenclature Worksheets 587.1 Ionic Compounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 597.2 Molecular Compounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 637.3 Acids and Bases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

    8 Ionic and Metallic Bonding Worksheets 688.1 Ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 698.2 Ionic Bonds and Ionic Compounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728.3 Metallic Bonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

    9 Covalent Bonding Worksheets 789.1 Lewis Electron Dot Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 799.2 Molecular Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 829.3 Polarity and Intermolecular Forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

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    9.4 Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

    10 The Mole Worksheets 9210.1 The Mole Concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9310.2 Mass, Volume and the Mole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9510.3 Chemical Formulas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

    11 Chemical Reactions Worksheets 10011.1 Chemical Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10111.2 Types of Chemical Reactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

    12 Stoichiometry Worksheets 10712.1 Mole Ratios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10812.2 Stoichiometric Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11012.3 Limiting Reactant and Percent Yield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

    13 States of Matter Worksheets 11413.1 Kinetic - Molecular Theory and Gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11513.2 Liquids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11813.3 Solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12113.4 Changes of State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

    14 The Behavior of Gases Worksheets 12714.1 Gas Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12814.2 Gas Laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13114.3 Ideal Gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13414.4 Gas Mixtures and Molecular Speeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

    15 Water Worksheets 14015.1 Properties of Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14115.2 Aqueous Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14315.3 Colloids and Suspensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146

    16 Solutions Worksheets 14916.1 Solubility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15016.2 Solution Concentration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15316.3 Colligative Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15616.4 Net Ionic Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

    17 Thermochemistry Worksheets 16217.1 Heat Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16317.2 Thermochemical Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16617.3 Heat and Changes of State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16917.4 Hesss Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172

    18 Kinetics Worksheets 17518.1 Rates of Reactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17618.2 Rate Laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17918.3 Reaction Mechanisms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182

    19 Equilibrium Worksheets 18519.1 The Nature of Equilibrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18619.2 Le Chteliers Principle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189

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    19.3 Solubility Equilibrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

    20 Entropy and Free Energy Worksheets 19520.1 Entropy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19620.2 Spontaneous Reactions and Free Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19920.3 Free Energy and Equilibrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202

    21 Acids and Bases Worksheets 20521.1 Acid-Base Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .