Commissioning of Nuclear Power Plants

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  • IAEA Nuclear Energy Series

    Guides

    Commissioning of Nuclear Power Plants: Training and Human Resource Considerations

    No. NG-T-2.2

  • IAEA NUCLEAR ENERGY SERIES No. NG-T-2.2

    COMMISSIONING OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS:

    TRAINING AND HUMAN RESOURCE CONSIDERATIONS

  • AFGHANISTANALBANIAALGERIAANGOLAARGENTINAARMENIAAUSTRALIAAUSTRIAAZERBAIJANBANGLADESHBELARUSBELGIUMBELIZEBENINBOLIVIABOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINABOTSWANABRAZILBULGARIABURKINA FASOCAMEROONCANADACENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLICCHADCHILECHINACOLOMBIACOSTA RICACTE DIVOIRECROATIACUBACYPRUSCZECH REPUBLICDEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGODENMARKDOMINICAN REPUBLICECUADOREGYPTEL SALVADORERITREAESTONIAETHIOPIAFINLANDFRANCEGABONGEORGIAGERMANYGHANA

    GREECEGUATEMALAHAITIHOLY SEEHONDURASHUNGARYICELANDINDIAINDONESIAIRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAQIRELANDISRAELITALYJAMAICAJAPANJORDANKAZAKHSTANKENYAKOREA, REPUBLIC OFKUWAITKYRGYZSTANLATVIALEBANONLIBERIALIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYALIECHTENSTEINLITHUANIALUXEMBOURGMADAGASCARMALAWIMALAYSIAMALIMALTAMARSHALL ISLANDSMAURITANIAMAURITIUSMEXICOMONACOMONGOLIAMONTENEGROMOROCCOMOZAMBIQUEMYANMARNAMIBIANETHERLANDSNEW ZEALANDNICARAGUANIGERNIGERIA

    NORWAYPAKISTANPALAUPANAMAPARAGUAYPERUPHILIPPINESPOLANDPORTUGALQATARREPUBLIC OF MOLDOVAROMANIARUSSIAN FEDERATIONSAUDI ARABIASENEGALSERBIASEYCHELLESSIERRA LEONESINGAPORESLOVAKIASLOVENIASOUTH AFRICASPAINSRI LANKASUDANSWEDENSWITZERLANDSYRIAN ARAB REPUBLICTAJIKISTANTHAILANDTHE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIATUNISIATURKEYUGANDAUKRAINEUNITED ARAB EMIRATESUNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELANDUNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIAUNITED STATES OF AMERICAURUGUAYUZBEKISTANVENEZUELAVIETNAMYEMENZAMBIAZIMBABWE

    The Agencys Statute was approved on 23 October 1956 by the Conference on the Statute of the IAEAheld at United Nations Headquarters, New York; it entered into force on 29 July 1957. The Headquarters of theAgency are situated in Vienna. Its principal objective is to accelerate and enlarge the contribution of atomicenergy to peace, health and prosperity throughout the world

    The following States are Members of the International Atomic Energy Agency:

  • NUCLEAR ENERGY SERIES

    Commissioning of Nuclear Power Plants:

    Training and Human Resource Considerations

    INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY

    VIENNA 2008

  • COPYRIGHT NOTICE

    All IAEA scientific and technical publications are protected by the terms of the Universal Copyright Convention as adopted in 1952 (Berne) and as revised in 1972 (Paris). The copyright has since been extended by the World Intellectual Property Organization (Geneva) to include electronic and virtual intellectual property. Permission to use whole or parts of texts contained in IAEA publications in printed or electronic form must be obtained and is usually subject to royalty agreements. Proposals for non-commercial reproductions and translations are welcomed and will be considered on a case by case basis. Enquiries should be addressed by email to the Publishing Section, IAEA, at sales.publications@iaea.org or by post to: Sales and Promotion Unit, Publishing Section International Atomic Energy Agency Wagramer Strasse 5 P.O. Box 100 A1400 Vienna Austria Fax: +43 1 2600 29302 Tel: +43 1 2600 22417 http://www.iaea.org/books

    IAEA, 2008

    Printed by the IAEA in Austria April 2008

    STI/PUB/1334

    ISBN 9789201036087 ISSN 19957807

    IAEA Nuclear Energy Series

    No. NG-T-2.2

    The originating Section of this publication in the IAEA was:

    Nuclear Power Engineering Section International Atomic Energy Agency

    Wagramer Strasse 5 P.O. Box 100

    A-1400 Vienna, Austria

  • FOREWORD

    This publication is primarily intended for use by nuclear power plant (NPP) operating organizations and project organizations that are responsible for the construction and commissioning of NPP projects. However, it should also be of value to design and technical support organizations, research institutes, and regulatory bodies. It is expected that Member State organizations will use this information to improve their training programmes and other aspects of human resource management for commissioning of NPPs. This publication was developed through one of the activities under a Project in the IAEAs 2006-7 Programme entitled, Achieving Excellence in the Performance of Nuclear Power Plant Personnel. The principal objectives of this project are:

    To enhance the capability of Member States to utilize proven practices accumulated, developed and transferred by the Agency for improving personnel performance and maintaining high standards, and

    To demonstrate how positive attitudes and professionalism, appropriate performance management, adherence to a systematic approach to training, quality management and the use of effective information and knowledge management technologies contribute to the success in achieving organization objectives in a challenging business environment.

    The IAEA wishes to thank the participants and their Member States who contributed examples for this report and for their valuable review and critique of this publication. Additional thanks to the organizations in the Member States that participated in the survey regarding training and human resource experiences for commissioning of NPPs. The information provided in this survey was an invaluable input to this publication. The IAEA officer responsible for this publication was T. Mazour of the Division of Nuclear Power.

  • EDITORIAL NOTE

    The use of particular designations of countries or territories does not imply any judgement by the publisher, the IAEA, as to the legal status of such countries or territories, of their authorities and institutions or of the delimitation of their boundaries.

    The mention of names of specific companies or products (whether or not indicated as registered) does not imply any intention to infringe proprietary rights, nor should it be construed as an endorsement or recommendation on the part of the IAEA.

  • CONTENTS

    1. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 1

    1.1. Background ............................................................................................................. 1 1.2. Scope ....................................................................................................................... 1 1.3. Users ........................................................................................................................ 2 1.4. How to use this publication ..................................................................................... 2

    2. OVERALL TRAINING AND HUMAN RESOURCE ISSUES FOR COMMISSIONING................................................................................................. 2

    2.1. Terminology and background ................................................................................. 2 2.2. Types of NPP projects and their structures ............................................................. 6 2.3. Considerations regarding training and HRM issues for turnkey

    and split-package contracts ..................................................................................... 7 2.4. Staffing plans for the commissioning phase............................................................ 7 2.5. Training programmes and plans .............................................................................. 8 2.6. Training materials for commissioning .................................................................... 9 2.7. Control room simulator training............................................................................ 10 2.8. Training organization for commissioning ............................................................. 11 2.9. Use of system engineers ........................................................................................ 12 2.10. Training of maintenance staff, and other plant personnel

    during commissioning ........................................................................................... 12

    3. TRAINING AND HUMAN RESOURCE ISSUES FOR SPECIFIC SITUATIONS............................................................................................... 13

    3.1. Issues for the first NPP in a country or organization ............................................ 13 3.2. Specials issues for the FOAK Plant added to an existing fleet ............................. 15 3.3. Special issues for rapid expansion of an existing NPP fleet ................................. 16

    4. SUMMARY.................................................................................................................... 18

    APPENDIX I IAEA PUBLICATIONS RELATED TO TRAINING AND HUMAN RESOURCE CONSIDERATIONS FOR COMMISSIONING OF NPPS.................................................................. 19

    APPENDIX II TRAINING OF PERSONNEL FOR THE COMMISSIONING OF CERNAVODA NPP UNIT 2 (ROMANIA) ............................................. 21

    APPENDIX III OLKILUOTO 3 NUCLEAR POWER PLANT TRAINING AND HR ISSUES FROM THE NPP OPERATING ORGANIZATION PERSPECTIVE (FINLAND).................................................................... 27

    APPENDIX IV TRAINING OF MANPOWER FOR COMMISSIONING PROJECTS TAPP-3&4 A CASE STUDY (INDIA) ............................. 33

    APPENDIX V SHIN WOLSONG CONSTRUCTION AND COMMISSIONING, TRAINING IN KHNP (ROK)................................................................... 41

    APPENDIX VI KHNP STAFFING PLAN OF CONSTRUCTION SITE OFFICE: ULCHIN 5&6 CONSTRUCTION PROJECT (ROK) .............................. 49

  • APPENDIX VII COOPERATION BETWEEN KALININ NPP AND UNIVERSITIES (RUSSIAN FEDERATION) ..................................................................... 55

    APPENDIX VIII EXPERIENCE GAINED FROM EARLIER PLANTS IN COMMISSIONING TRAINING AND HUMAN RESOURCE FOR MOCHOVCE NPP (SLOVAKIA) ................................................... 59

    APPENDIX IX COMMISSIONING TRAINING ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH NEW NUCLEAR PLANT STARTS: A FUTURE VIEW FROM A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA) ........................................................ 67

    APPENDIX X LING AO NPP COMMISSIONING (CHINA) ........................................ 81

    CONTRIBUTORS TO DRAFTING AND REVIEW ............................................................. 93

  • 1. INTRODUCTION The purpose of this publication is to disseminate lessons learned information regarding training and human resource considerations for commissioning of nuclear power plants (NPPs).

    1.1. Background The IAEA Technical Working Group on Training and Qualification of Nuclear Power Plant Personnel (TWG-T&Q) recommended that the Agency develop a publication on experiences gained regarding commissioning training for nuclear power plant projects This recommendation was made in recognition that in many of the Member States with operating nuclear power plants it has been some years since an NPP has been commissioned, and most of the staff with experience in commissioning have since retired. Additionally, in a number of Member States serious consideration is being given to initiating new nuclear power programmes. This publication is intended to provide useful information for both of these situations. 1.2. Scope This publication is intended to apply to commissioning of NPP projects in Member States that are initiating their nuclear power programmes, as well as in those Member States with established nuclear power programmes. This publication addresses training and human resource issues for: The personnel that will operate and maintain the plant, both during the commissioning

    phase and also once it is in service (all positions in the operating organization) All personnel in the commissioning organization (e.g., startup/test engineers, test

    development engineers, planners, quality management, personnel, and managers/supervisors of these staff, who collectively, are responsible to ensure that the plant has been properly designed and constructed and is ready for safe and reliable operation)

    While other personnel may also benefit from and participate in this training, such as regulatory body personnel, vendors and suppliers, the training and human resource considerations for these personnel are not specifically addressed in this publication. This publication also does not specifically address the training and human resource considerations for construction/erection personnel, such as welders, carpenters, pipe fitters, electricians, and other technicians. In addition to information that has general applicability, training and human resource considerations for the following situations are specifically addressed in this publication: (1) The first NPP in a country or an organization (2) The first of a kind (FOAK) NPP for an existing NPP fleet (3) Rapid expansion of an existing NPP fleet

    1

  • 1.3. Users This publication is primarily intended for use by NPP operating organizations and commissioning organizations that are together responsible for planning and conducting commissioning tests, as well as the training organizations established to support these organizations. This publication is intended for use by managers in these organizations, as well as training specialists. However, it should also be of value to design and technical support organizations, research institutes, and regulatory bodies. 1.4. How to use this publication This publication is intended to be used as a tool to assist those who are faced with responsibilities to acquire and develop the human resources needed to support commissioning of an NPP project. Such users will find, in Section 2 of the publication, training and human resources information that applies to all NPP projects, in areas such as: Staffing plans for commissioning Commissioning training plan development and implementation Content of and methods for training for commissioning Training materials for commissioning Control room simulator training to support commissioning The organization of training for commissioning Additionally, separate sections are provided to specifically address these situations: (1) The first NPP in a country or an organization (Section 3.1). (2) The first of a kind (FOAK) NPP for an existing NPP fleet (Section 3.2). (3) Rapid expansion of an existing NPP fleet (Section 3.3). To supplement this information, appendices are included at the end of the publication providing more detailed information regarding training and human resource considerations for selected NPP commissioning projects.

    2. OVERALL TRAINING AND HUMAN RESOURCE ISSUES FOR COMMISSIONING

    2.1. Terminology and background Before a nuclear power plant is put into commercial operation, the functional adequacy of the installed components and systems, as well as the competencies of operating organization personnel must be tested to demonstrate that the plant can be operated safely and reliably. The main objective of commissioning is to confirm that the design...

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