Deep Borehole Field Test Laboratory and Borehole Testing ... The characterization borehole (CB) is the

  • View
    0

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Deep Borehole Field Test Laboratory and Borehole Testing ... The characterization borehole (CB) is...

  • Deep Borehole Field Test Laboratory and Borehole Testing Strategy

    Prepared for US Department of Energy

    Used Fuel Disposition Campaign

    Sandia National Laboratories

    September 19, 2016 FCRD-UFD-2016-000072

    SAND2016-XXXX

    SAND2016-9235R

  • Revision History

    Document Number/Revision Date Description

    FCRD-UFD-2016-000072 Aug 25, 2016 Not yet approved for Unlimited Release

    Satisfies UFD milestone M2FT-16SN080308071 (WBS 1.02.08.03.08)

    FCRD-UFD-2016-000072 SAND2016-XXXX Sep 19, 2016

    Approved for Unlimited Release Addresses DOE-NE comments.

    Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the US Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

    DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trade mark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the U.S. Government or any agency thereof.

  • Deep Borehole Field Test: Laboratory and Borehole Testing Strategy September 2016 iii

    CONTENTS

    CONTENTS ................................................................................................................................................. iii

    1. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................. 1 1.1 DBFT in Relation to DBD Concept ......................................................................................... 2 1.2 DBFT Drivers .......................................................................................................................... 2 1.3 CB DBFT Objectives ............................................................................................................... 4 1.4 DBFT Characterization Targets and CB Testing Activities ..................................................... 5

    1.4.1 Crystalline basement faults and fractures ................................................................... 5 1.4.2 Lithology and stratigraphy .......................................................................................... 6 1.4.3 Physical, chemical, and transport parameters ............................................................. 7 1.4.4 Fluid geochemistry ...................................................................................................... 8 1.4.5 Geomechanical parameters ......................................................................................... 9

    2. RELEVANT PROJECTS AND RESEARCH TO DBFT .......................................................... 12 2.1 Relevant Deep (>3 km) Borehole Drilling and Testing ......................................................... 12

    2.1.1 Kola ........................................................................................................................... 12 2.1.2 Fenton Hill ................................................................................................................ 12 2.1.3 Urach ......................................................................................................................... 13 2.1.4 Gravberg ................................................................................................................... 13 2.1.5 Cajon Pass ................................................................................................................. 13 2.1.6 KTB ........................................................................................................................... 13 2.1.7 Soultz ........................................................................................................................ 14 2.1.8 SAFOD ..................................................................................................................... 14 2.1.9 Basel .......................................................................................................................... 14 2.1.10 CCSD ........................................................................................................................ 15

    2.2 General Properties of the Deep Continental Crust ................................................................. 15 2.2.1 Fluid pressure and stress with depth ......................................................................... 16 2.2.2 Rock permeability with depth and scale ................................................................... 16

    3. CHARACTERIZATION BOREHOLE CASING DESIGN ........................................................ 18

    4. CHARACTERIZATION BOREHOLE CONSTRUCTION ........................................................ 21 4.1 Drilling Method ...................................................................................................................... 21 4.2 Directional Control ................................................................................................................ 21 4.3 Drill Bit .................................................................................................................................. 22 4.4 Drilling Fluid.......................................................................................................................... 23 4.5 DBFT Drilling and Completion Design Discussion .............................................................. 24

    5. DRILLING AND TESTING SEQUENCE .................................................................................... 26 5.1 Characterization Borehole Construction and Testing ............................................................ 26

    5.1.1 CB drilling, logging, and completion sequence ........................................................ 26 5.1.2 CB workover testing sequence .................................................................................. 30 5.1.3 CB data required for FTB decisions.......................................................................... 32

    6. CHARACTERIZATION BOREHOLE DRILLING AND TESTING STRATEGY .................. 34 6.1 Drilling Characterization ........................................................................................................ 34

  • Deep Borehole Field Test: Laboratory and Borehole Testing Strategy iv September 2016

    6.1.1 Drilling parameters logging ...................................................................................... 34 6.1.2 Drilling fluid logging, sampling and analysis at the surface ..................................... 34 6.1.3 Downhole monitoring while drilling ......................................................................... 40

    6.2 Downhole Sampling and Testing during Drilling .................................................................. 40 6.2.1 Coring procedures ..................................................................................................... 41

    6.3 Laboratory Testing of Fluids Extracted from Cores .............................................................. 44 6.4 Laboratory Testing of Cores .................................................................................................. 46

    6.4.1 Geologic characterization of cores ............................................................................ 46 6.4.2 Geochemical analyses of cores ................................................................................. 47 6.4.3 Geomechanical and hydraulic analyses of cores ....................................................... 49 6.4.4 Hydrologic and thermal analyses of cores ................................................................ 51

    6.5 Wireline-Based Packer Testing .............................................................................................. 52 6.5.1 Shut-in testing ........................................................................................................... 53 6.5.2 Hydraulic testing ....................................................................................................... 53 6.5.3 Fluid sampling .......................................................................................................... 54

    6.6 Hydraulic Fracture Stress Measurements ............................................................................... 54 6.7 Borehole Geophysics ............................................................................................................. 55

    6.7.1 Spectral gamma-ray .................................................................................................. 57 6.7.2 Resistivity ................................................................................................................. 58 6.7.3 Spontaneous potential ............................................................................................... 58 6.7.4 Induced polarization ..............................................