Did Jesus Really Exist

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)

Text of Did Jesus Really Exist

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Copyright 2007 Powerpoint Paradise. All Rights Reserved

    New King James Version



    Did Jesus ChristReally Exist?

    Or Are Jesus & the Biblea Myth & a Hoax?

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Heard the latest news?A new movement is leaving their leaders

    name card all over the world, whosemembers are willing to die for him,

    but the leader himself

    never even existed!

    Can you believe that?Well, thatsjustwhat militant critics would

    have you believe about Jesus Christ!

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    First Question:

    Is the Bible Historical?In other words:

    IS the Bible actuallya factual history book

    or just a myth?

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    An Amazing Clay Tablet

    In the summer of 2007visiting professor Michael

    Jursa, an Assyriologist, was

    searching through themuseums collection ofthousands of cuneiformtablets, when he came

    across a name Nabu Sharussu Ukin

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Who Was Nabu Sharussu Ukin?

    This small clay tablet isa bill of receipt

    recording Nabus

    payment of 0.75 kg ofgold to a Babylon


    Then Michael Jursa remembered

    that name from somewhere

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Nebo SarsekimMichael checked the Old Testament and found

    the same name rendered as

    Nebo Sarsekim

    ,who according to chapter 39 of the book ofJeremiah, was chief officer to NebuchadnezzarII, and present at the siege of Jerusalem in 587BC, when Daniel the prophet was captured also.

    Dr. Irving Finkel of theBritish Museum summedup the significance:Afantastic discovery, aworld-class find,itmeans the whole of thenarrative[of Jeremiah]takes on new power.

    In other words, the Bible is an accurate history book!

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Are there any more proofs

    of the Bibles veracity?

    Well yes there are plenty!

    Here are a couple more!

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Paul Emile Botta,in 1843, discovered Sargons palace(above) at Khorsabad in Iraq. 90 yrs. later, archeologists

    found the above event recorded on its palace walls.

    Example: Historians long disputed the existenceofKing Sargon of Assyria mentioned in Isaiah20:1 who fought against Ashdod and took it,


  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    In 1970 the archives of the ancient city Eblain Northern Syria were discovered. The clay

    tablets confirmed the Biblical patriarchs!

    Documents written on clay tablets fromaround 2300 B.C. demonstrate thatpersonal and place names in the accountsof the Hebrew Bible patriarchsAbraham,

    Isaac, and Jacob, are genuine!The name Canaanwas in use in Ebla,a name critics once said was not used atthat time and was used incorrectly in theearly chapters of the Bible.The word tehom (meaning the deep)in Genesis 1:2, was said to be a late worddemonstrating the late writing of thecreation story. But Tehomwaspartofthe vocabulary at Ebla, in use some 800years before Moses!Ancient Bible customs reflected in thestories of the Patriarchs were also foundinclay tablets from the cities Nuzi and Mari.

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Second Question:

    Is Jesus Historical?

    Note that historians never doubtthe existence for example of,

    Alexander the Great!

    The historicity of Alexander the Great and his military conquests isdrawn from five ancient sources, none of whom were eyewitnesses.Although only written 400yearsafter Alexander, Plutarchs Life ofAlexanderis the primary account of his life.Jesushistorical Gospels were written by eyewitnessesand/or

    contemporaries, and shouldbe considered historybooks, but are not!And they were written within 60 yearsafter his resurrection!


  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    So Was Jesus Historical?Dozens of ancient non-biblical

    manuscripts confirm that Jesus wasa genuine historical figurewho lived in Palestine in theearly

    part of the first century.

    The Encyclopedia Brittanicastates:These independent accounts prove thatin ancient times even the opponents of

    Christianity never doubtedthehistoricity ofJesus, which was disputedfor the first time, on inadequate grounds,by several authors during the 19th and at

    the beginning of the 20th centuries.

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    For instance the Roman HistorianGaius Cornelius Tacitus mentions

    Christus in his 115 AD annals.

    Nero fastened the guilt andinflicted the most exquisitetortures on a class hated bytheir abominations, calledChristians by the populace.

    Christus, from whom thename had its origin, sufferedthe extreme penalty during thereign of Tiberius at the handsof our procurators, Pontius



    Neros bust

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Gaius Suetonius Tranquillas,chief secretary of Emperor

    Hadrian (117-138 AD) stated:

    Because the Jews of Rome causedcontinous disturbances at the

    instigation ofChrestus,[Emperor Claudius] expelled themfrom the city.

    After the great fire at Rome [duringNero's reign] Punishments were

    also inflicted on the Christians, a sectprofessing a new and mischievous

    religious belief.

    Nero & Agrippina before he married Jewish Poppeia

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Flavius Josephus (37-97 AD), Jewishcourt historian for Emperor Vespasian:

    "At this time there was a wise man who wascalled Jesus. And his conduct was good and he

    was known to be virtuous. And many people

    from among the Jews and other nations became

    his disciples. Pilate condemned him to becrucified and to die. And those who had become

    his disciples did not abandon his discipleship.

    They reported that he had appeared to them

    three days after his crucifixion and that he was

    alive; accordingly, he was perhaps the messiah

    concerning whom the prophets have recounted

    wonders." (From Arabic translation)

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    The Apocryphon of John, probably bySaturninus, around 120-130 AD:

    "It happened one day when John, thebrother of James,--who are the sons ofZebedee--went up and came to the temple,

    that a Pharisee named Arimaniusapproached him and said to him, `Where is

    your master whom you followed?' And hesaid to him, 'He has gone to the place fromwhich he came.' The Pharisee said to him,

    'This Nazarene deceived you with deceptionand filled your ears with lies and closedyour hearts and turned you from the

    traditions of your fathers.'"

    Also the Gospel of Thomas, probably from140-200 AD contains many references to

    and alleged quotations of Jesus.

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Even the darkness that covered the land duringJesus' crucifixion was recorded in secular history

    Africanus wrote:"Thallus, in the third book of hishistories, explains away the darkness as an eclipse

    of the sun--unreasonably, as it seems to me."

    [Unreasonably, because a solar eclipse cannot take place

    during a full moon, as was the case during Passover season.]

    Julius Africanus, writing in 221 AD, found a

    reference in the writings of SamaritanHistorian C. Thallus, (c. 50-75AD)who wrote a history of the Eastern

    Mediterranean dealing with the darknessthat covered the land during Jesus'


  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Also Origen States that Phlegon ConfirmsJesus' story & The Darkness at Noon:

    Phlegon was a historian who lived in the first century. There are

    two books credited to his name: Chronicles and the Olympiads.Little is known about Phlegon but he made reference to Christ.The first two quotes are unique to Origen and the last quote

    below is recorded by Origen and Philopon.

    "Now Phlegon, in the thirteenth or fourteenth book, I think, ofhis Chronicles, not only ascribed to Jesus a knowledge of future

    events . . . but also testified that the result corresponded to Hispredictions."-- Origen Against Celsus

    "And with regard to the eclipse in the time of Tiberius Caesar, inwhose reign Jesus appears to have been crucified, and the greatearthquakes which then took place"-- Origen Against Celsus

    "Phlegon mentioned the eclipse which took place during thecrucifixion of the Lord Jesus and no other (eclipse); it is clearthat he did not know from his sources about any (similar) eclipsein previous times . . . and this is shown by the historical account

    of Tiberius Caesar." -- De. opif. mund. II21


  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Pliny the Younger, Roman governor ofBithynia in Asia Minor around 112 AD:

    "[The Christians] were in the habit of meetingon a certain fixed day before it was light, when

    they sang in alternate verses a hymn toChrist, as to a god, and bound themselvesby a solemn oath, not to any wicked deeds,

    but never to commit any fraud, theft or

    adultery, never to falsify their word, nor denya trust when they should be called upon todeliver it up; after which it was their custom toseparate, and then reassemble to partake offood--but food of an ordinary and innocent

    kind."Pliny added that Christianity attracted personsof all societal ranks, all ages, both sexes, and

    from both the city and the country. Later in hisletter to Emperor Trajan, Pliny refers to the

    teachings of Jesus and his followers asexcessive and contagious superstition.

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    "The method you have pursued, my dearPliny, in sifting the cases of those

    denounced to you as Christians isextremely proper. It is not possible to lay

    down any general rule which can beapplied as the fixed standard in all cases ofthis nature. No search should be made forthese people; when they are denounced

    and found guilty they must be punished;with the restriction, however, that when

    the party denies himself to be a Christian,and shall give proof that he is not (that is,by adoring our gods) he shall be pardonedon the ground of repentance, even thoughhe may have formerly incurred suspicion.Informations without the accuser's name

    subscribed must not be admitted inevidence against anyone, as it is

    introducing a very dangerous precedent,and by no means agreeable to the spirit of

    the age."

    Emperor Trajan, in reply to Pliny:

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Emporer Hadrian (117-138 AD), in a letterto Asian proconsul Minucius Fundanus:

    "I do not wish, therefore, that the matter should be

    passed by without examination, so that these menmay neither be harassed, nor opportunity of

    malicious proceedings be offered to informers.If, therefore, the provincials can clearly

    evince their charges against the Christians,

    so as to answer before the tribunal, let thempursue this course only, but not by merepetitions, and mere outcries against the

    Christians.For it is far more proper, if anyone would bring an

    accusation, that you should examine it."Hadrian further explained that if Christians werefound guilty they should be judged "according to

    the heinousness of the crime." If the accusers wereonly slandering the believers, then those who

    inaccurately made the charges were to be



  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    EVEN HIS ENEMIES DID NOT DENY HIMThe Jewish Talmud, compiled

    between 70 and 200 AD, states:

    "On the eve of the Passover Yeshu washanged. For forty days before the executiontook place, a herald went forth and cried,'He is going forth to be stoned because hehas practised sorcery and enticed Israel to

    apostacy. Anyone who can say anything inhis favour, let him come forward and pleadon his behalf.' But since nothing wasbrought forward in his favour he washanged on the eve of the Passover."

    [Another early reference in the Talmudspeaks of five of Jesus' disciples and

    recounts their standing before judges whomake individual decisions about each one,

    deciding that they should be executed.However, no actual deaths are recorded.]


  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Lucian, a 2nd century Greek satirist:

    "The Christians you know worship a man tothis day the distinguished personagewho

    introduced their novel rites, and was crucifiedon that account. ... You see, these misguidedcreatures start with the general conviction that

    they are immortal for all time, which explains thecontempt of death and voluntary self-devotionwhich are so common among them; and then it

    was impressed on them by their original lawgiverthat they are all brothers, from the moment thatthey are converted, and deny the gods of Greece,and worship the crucified sage, and live after

    his laws. All this they take quite on faith, with the

    result that they despise all worldly goods alike,regarding them merely as common property. Lucian also reported that the Christians had"sacred writings" which were frequently read.

    When something affected them, "they spare no

    trouble, no expense."

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    "What advantage did the Athenians gain fromputting Socrates to death? Famine and plaguecame upon them as a judgment for their crime.

    What advantage did the men of Samos gainfrom burying Pythagoras? In a moment their

    land was covered with sand.What advantage did the Jews gain from

    executing their wise king? It was justafter that that their kingdom wasabolished.

    God justly avenged these three wise men:The Athenians died of hunger;

    the Samians were overwhelmed by the sea;the Jews, ruined and driven from their land,

    live in complete dispersion.But Socrates did not die for good; he lived on

    in the teaching of Plato. Pythagoras did not diefor good; he lived on in the statue of Hera.Nor did the wise king die for good; helived on in the teaching which he had


    Mara Bar-Serapion of Syria, writing fromprison @ 70-200 AD, to motivate his son

    to emulate wise teachers of the past:

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    The Apocryphon of John, probably bySaturninus, around 120-130 AD:

    "It happened one day when John, thebrother of James,--who are the sons ofZebedee--went up and came to the temple,

    that a Pharisee named Arimaniusapproached him and said to him, `Where isyour master whom you followed?' And he

    said to him, 'He has gone to the place fromwhich he came.' The Pharisee said to him,

    'This Nazarene deceived you with deceptionand filled your ears with lies and closedyour hearts and turned you from the

    traditions of your fathers.'"

    Also the Gospel of Thomas, probably from140-200 AD contains many references to

    and alleged quotations of Jesus.

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    Have you heard the latest?

    Millions of people are still leavingthe name card of their leader all

    over the world! And He himself?

    He Still Lives Today!Can you believe it?

    If you do? You have eternal Life in His Name!

  • 7/31/2019 Did Jesus Really Exist


    For God so loved the world that He gave His onlybegotten Son that whosoever believes in Himshould not perish, but have Everlasting Life!

    -- John 3:16

    As many as received Him, to them Hegave the right to become the children ofGod, even to them that believe on His

    Name! -- John 1:12

    For MORE Meaningful Power Points



    Powerpointparadise com