ÉVALUATION S

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VALUATIONSINTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES VALUATION

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INTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES VALUATIONQue sont les valuations psychosociales? Pourquoi sont-elle ncessaires?Quels sont les diffrents types dvaluation? Quand ralise-t-on des valuations? Comment procde-t-on une valuation?Qui les ralise?Qui fournit les informations?

Axe de travail de cette session d'atelier2

INTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES VALUATIONQue sont les valuations psychosociales? Des outils permettant : de dgager des faits sur le bien-tre psychosocial et sur les besoins psychosociauxDe mesurer et de rendre compte de l'impact d'une catastrophe / crise sur une population (ractions, besoins et ressources) notamment l'impact sur le bien-tre psychosocial et sur l'adaptationD'identifier les sous-groupes vulnrablesD'orienter les questions o, quand, quoi, comment de la planification et de la mise en uvre d'une intervention psychosociale

3The most obvious explanation of assessments is that they are tools that help up to find out the facts. Ask the participants if they know what the difference is between facts and data? If they do not know, explain: Data is the raw material that is collected, such as numbers of people who were counted as homeless, or number of schools that were destroyed. Data is collected and analysed to produce facts/informationWhat assessments do is collect measurable data that is used to analyse and report the impact of a disaster or a crisis on a population. The impact is not only the physical destruction or how many people have died, but also includes looking at the reactions of the population, their needs, and the resources they have to cope with the impact. When working with psychosocial responses, the focus is obviously on the impact on psychosocial wellbeing, and how the population are coping with this. Assessments also help us to identify if there are some groups of people that are more vulnerable than others. Finally, the results of assessments are what we use to guide us when planning and implementing psychosocial responses. They guide us on who to target with the responses, where they are and what kind of assistance they need.

INTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES VALUATIONPourquoi les valuation psychosociales sont-elles ncessaires? Information du partenaire et rflexion dans le groupe

Pourquoi les valuations psychosociales sont-elles ncessaires aprs chaque nouvelle catastrophe naturelle ou dans chaque nouvelle situation de crise?

4Ask the participants to buzz with their partners whom they are sitting next to. If there is an uneven number of participants, make one group of three. Ask them to discuss the question on the slide for 5 minutes, and then you will ask them to contribute to a brainstorm on the topic in the big group. Only present the next slide after they have finished sharing their ideas.

INTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES valuationPourquoi les valuations sont-elles ncessaires? Chaque catastrophe, chaque crise est unique Impact humain (physique, social, motionnel), environnemental, infrastructure, conomique, politique, culturel Population touche nombre, ge, sexe Ractions des personnes, gouvernement, ONG (locales / internationales), autres organismes d'aide Besoins besoins fondamentaux, psychosociaux, mdicaux, ducatifs Ressources disponibles humaines, conomiques, politiques, aide locale et internationale, etc. Opportunits d'interventions

5When you present the list of reasons for why assessments are needed, ask the participants what additional things were listed in the brainstorm that are not on this list. Write these on a flip chart. Please add these additional listed reasons to your workshop evaluation form.

INTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES VALUATIONPourquoi les valuations sont-elles ncessaires?

Interventionspsychosociales irralistesinappropries hypothtiquesInterventions psychosocialesbien planifiesappropriesralistesvaluations psychosociales6Successful assessments prevent us from making assumptions about peoples reactions, resources and needs. Making incorrect assumptions can lead to inappropriate and unrealistic interventions that risk doing more harm than good. Instead, well-done assessments guide us on how to plan and implement well-planned and realistic responses, that provide the affected populations with the appropriate responses to improve and strengthen their well-being.

INTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES VALUATION

Deux types dvaluationsvaluations des besoins: tudie l'impact d'un vnement, les ractions, les besoins et les ressources des populations touchesExemples

valuations rapidesvaluations approfondies et dtailles (prcises) valuations en continu (suivi)

There are two main categories of assessments. The first is needs assessments. These focus on the impact of the event and how people have reacted and are affected. Examples of these are rapid assessments, in-depth detailed assessments, and the continuous assessments that take place throughout a program implementation period.

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INTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES VALUATION

Types dvaluationsvaluations d'impact: recueille les donnes pouvant servir mesurer l'impact d'une intervention / rponse psychosociale

tude de base valuations continues (suivi)valuations intermdiaires valuations finales

The second category of assessments are impact assessment, which measure the impact of an intervention. Examples of such assessments include Baseline studies, continuous assessments (which are also known as monitoring activities), and mid-term and final evaluations.

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INTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES VALUATION

Axes valuatifs des besoins psychosociauxDmographie: qui, o, caractristiques de la populationImpact de l'vnement: physique, social, motionnelProblmes: prsents et futursRessources et capacits: s'aider soi-mme et s'aider les uns les autres (mcanismes d'adaptation) Aide ncessaire

Psychosocial needs assessments investigate the physical, social, emotional impact on the population, as well as the impact on the environment and infrastructure, as these directly impact how the population are affected.Initial needs assessments, immediately after a disaster event, or at the beginning of a response to an on-going crisis, also typically include a situational analysis. A situational analysis does not focus directly on needs, but focuses on the context of the affected population, such as the social, economic, political and cultural situation which all influence the populations wellbeing, needs and the opportunities there are to respond to these. A very important focus of a psychosocial needs assessment is not only looking at what problems the population is facing NOW, but also what problems are expected to arise. This is critical information when planning the appropriate response. As important as the above is exploring what resources and capacities are already available from the population themselves, and from the different organizations or other bodies that are already present in the affected area. When working with psychosocial support, it is necessary to explore how the population are currently coping with the situation, or how they have coped in the past and what are common coping mechanisms to this population. For example, if it is a very religious population, identifying religious leaders and groups who can support their followers might be an appropriate way of strengthening existing coping mechanisms. Finally, needs assessments naturally look at what assistance a population needs to recover and gain strength and wellbeing. Ideally psychosocial needs assessments should be part of larger holistic needs assessments that also focus on basic needs, as well as medical, safety and educational needs as all of these factors also influence psychosocial wellbeing.

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INTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES VALUATION

Axes valuatifs de l'impact psychosocialDmographie: qui, o, caractristiques de la populationImpact de l'vnement: physique, social, motionnel (pass et prsent)Problmes: passs, prsents et futursRessources et capacits: s'aider soi-mme et saider les uns les autres (mcanismes d'adaptation) avant et maintenantAide dj fournie et restant fournir

Psychosocial impact assessments typically include many, if not all of the same focus areas, as a psychosocial needs assessment, but has additional points of enquiry, as shown here in the red text. They usually compare data that was collected earlier, with data collected at the given time of the impact assessment, and it is the comparison that helps to determine if the given intervention or response is having the desired impact. 10

INTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES VALUATION

Les valuations d'impact nous aident dterminerSi limpact de l'intervention psychosociale=impact dsir

Si le bien-tre psychosocial sest amlior

Sil y a besoin d'ajustement de l'intervention/rponse psychosociale

Impact assessments help us to determine if the intervention or response is having the desired impact which in the case of psychosocial interventions is improved psychosocial well-being of the targeted populationAnd they also help us to determine if there is a need to adapt the intervention. Adaptation may be needed because the intervention is NOT resulting in a positive change in the lives of the affected population or it may be that the needs of the population have changed BECAUSE the intervention has been successful so far, and therefore the focus of the intervention may need to be adapted. 11

INTERVENTIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES VALUATION

Quand ralise-t-on les valuations? First - ask the participants if they know when assessments are done? Wait for them to give some answers before moving to the next slide with the gra