FIELD SURVEYS PLAT & FIELD NOTES GUIDELINES ... FIELD SURVEYS PLAT & FIELD NOTES GUIDELINES INTRODUCTORY

  • View
    0

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of FIELD SURVEYS PLAT & FIELD NOTES GUIDELINES ... FIELD SURVEYS PLAT & FIELD NOTES GUIDELINES...

  • FIELD SURVEYS PLAT & FIELD NOTES GUIDELINES

    INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT

    May 1, 2012

    This book is for internal use only and is geared toward the “entry level” Land Surveyor in

    Alaska.

    These guidelines provide detailed instructions necessary to carry out the specific and the

    not-so-specific direction outlined in the Manual of Surveying Instructions (2009), (hereinafter

    referred to as the Manual) and other written and unwritten policies and procedures. These

    guidelines are not intended and do NOT replace or supersede the Manual.

    As many of you are aware, there is a relatively new Manual of Surveying Instructions. If you

    have a survey that you are conducting which references the 1973 Manual of Surveying

    Instructions or an older one, then you are to abide by that particular Manual, even though it is

    year(s) beyond 2009 that you are conducting the survey.

    These Guidelines are subject to revision, usually annually. Feedback from all users is invited

    in order to keep this guide as accurate, up to date, and as useful as possible.

  • vii

    FIELD SURVEYS PLAT AND FIELD NOTES GUIDELINES

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Chapter I. FIELD SURVEY PROCEDURES PAGE

    A. Prior to the Field Survey

    1. Special Instructions and Plan of Survey ............................................................... I-1

    2. Pre-Field Survey Conference................................................................................ I-1

    3. Survey Notification .............................................................................................. I-1

    4. Responsibilities .................................................................................................... I-2

    5. Soda or Hot Springs ............................................................................................. I-2

    6. Master Title Plats (MTP’s) ................................................................................... I-3

    7. Survey Records ..................................................................................................... I-3

    8. Private/ State Surveys ........................................................................................... I-9

    B. Protraction Diagrams/U.S.-Canadian Border

    1. Protraction Diagrams .......................................................................................... I-11

    2. U.S.- Canadian Border ....................................................................................... I-11

    C. Title Recovery Surveys

    1. General ............................................................................................................... I-12

    2. Procedures .......................................................................................................... I-12

    D. Surveying “Patented” Lands

    1. Surveying “Patented” Lands ............................................................................... I-13

    2. Monumenting Patented Lands ............................................................................ I-13

    3. “Aguilar Surveys” ............................................................................................. I-14

    E. Survey Procedures

    1. Closure ............................................................................................................... I-15

    2. Precision ............................................................................................................. I-15

    3. Adjustments ........................................................................................................ I-16

    4. Accuracy ............................................................................................................. I-16

    5. Global Positioning System (GPS) ...................................................................... I-16

    F. Original Rectangular Surveys

    1. General ............................................................................................................... I-17

    2. Original Rectangular Surveys ............................................................................. I-17

    3. Extension Surveys .............................................................................................. I-19

    4. Township Completion Surveys (ANCSA only) ................................................. I-19

    5. Unmonumented “Paper platted” Survys ............................................................. I-19

  • vii

    G. Subdivision

    1. Types of Subdivision .......................................................................................... I-20

    2. Subdividing Previously Surveyed Townships .................................................... I-21

    3. Section Subdivision ............................................................................................ I-23

    4. U.S. Survey Subdivision .................................................................................... I-24

    H. True line, Topography, Curves

    1. True line & Blazing ............................................................................................ I-25

    2. Topographic Items .............................................................................................. I-25

    3. Curves ................................................................................................................. I-27

    I. Corner Monuments, Accessories, and Reference Monuments

    1. Monument Characteristics .................................................................................. I-28

    2. Monument Installation ....................................................................................... I-30

    3. Monument Intervals & Requirements ................................................................ I-31

    4. Monument Markings .......................................................................................... I-33

    5. Accessories ......................................................................................................... I-40

    6. Reference Monuments ........................................................................................ I-45

    J. Meanders

    1. General ............................................................................................................... I-46

    2. Non-meanderable and Non-navigable Water Bodies ......................................... I-47

    3. Braided Streams ................................................................................................. I-47

    4. Navigable Streams .............................................................................................. I-49

    5. Tidal Water ......................................................................................................... I-49

    6. Anabranches ....................................................................................................... I-49

    7. Discrepancies Between Inholding and Rectangular Meander Records .............. I-50

    8. Partition Lines .................................................................................................... I-52

    9. Shorespace .......................................................................................................... I-52

    K. Islands

    1. General ............................................................................................................... I-53

    2. Monumentation Criteria ..................................................................................... I-54

    L.Control Stations

    1. Recovery ............................................................................................................. I-55

    2. Datum ................................................................................................................. I-55

    M. Ties

    1. Ties in General ................................................................................................... I-56

    2. Ties to Control (for position or location) ........................................................... I-56

    3. Ties to Location Markers.................................................................................... I-58

    4. Ties to Improvements ......................................................................................... I-58

    5. Ties to Historical and Cultural Items ................................................................. I-58

  • vii

    N. Dependent Resurveys/Retracements

    1. Field Investigations .......................................................................................... I-59

    2. Retracement (& “Holding the Record”) ........................................................... I-60

    3. Dependent Resurvey ......................................................................................... I-62

    4. Grant Boundary Adjustment ............................................................................. I-63

    5. Corner Recoveries & Monumentation ............................................................. I-64

    6. General Corner recovery (& Set) Checklist ..................................................... I-66

    7. Distant Accessories/ Electronic Control Stations (E.C.’s) ..............