Florida Airports Stormwater Best Management Practices to the Airport ... The Florida Airports Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual ... The Florida Airports Stormwater Best Management

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  • Florida Airports Stormwater

    Best Management Practices Manual

    Florida Department of Transportation

    Clean Water Safe Airports

    June 30, 2005

  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This project was jointly funded by the Florida Department of Transportation and the Federal Aviation Administration. The Florida Department of Environmental Protection and the Water Management Districts provided vital technical guidance throughout the study. A partial listing of the project participants and their roles follows. The Department gratefully acknowledges the contribution of all participants, whether specifically listed or not, in performing this study. SPONSOR:

    Florida Department of Transportation Chuck Arnold, Program Administrator Abdul Hatim, Ph.D., Project Manager Larry McGlothlin, Project Consultant CONSULTANT TEAM:

    MEA Group, Inc. Prime Consultant Scott Brady, P.E. Project Manager Gloria Brady, P.E. System Construction James Parish, P.E. System Construction Ed Waters Field Management Ron Ridenour Data Management Dave Sands Field Installation Nancy Simmers Writer Ed Barber & Associates, Inc. Ed Barber Lead Scientist Dean Mades, P.E. Project Engineer Sam Johnston Project Scientist Ray Roberts, Ph.D Project Scientist Don Lee, P.G., Field Installation URS Corporation Steve Lienhart, P.E. Project Engineer Jay Maze, P.E. Hydraulic Design Storm Water Resources of Florida, LC C. Lynn Miller, P.E. Quality Assurance Consultant Advanced Environmental Laboratories, Inc. Project Laboratory

  • STEERING COMMITTEE:

    Federal Aviation Administration Jack Reynolds Project Scope Bonnie Baskin Project Review Florida Department of Environmental Protection Eric Livingston Project Scope and Review St. Johns River Water Management District Carla Palmer, P.E. Project Scope Joan Budzynski, P.E. Project Review Marjorie Cook, P.E. Project Review South Florida Water Management District Tony Waterhouse, P.E. Project Scope Ed Yaun Project Review Kevin Dickson Project Review Southwest Florida Water Management District John Heurer, P.G. Project Scope Paul ONeil, P.E. Project Scope and Review Robin McGill, P.E. Project Review Bill Copeland Project Review Betty Rushton, Ph.D. Experiment Design Information Suwannee River Water Management District David Still Project Scope

  • FLORIDA STATEWIDE AIRPORT STORMWATER STUDY BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES MANUAL

    CONTENTS

    Page SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................. 1 101. Purpose and Intent................................................................................................ 1 102. Introduction to the Airport Environment ............................................................. 1 103. Limitations ........................................................................................................... 6 SECTION 2 BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES 201. Overview.............................................................................................................. 7 202. Structural Best Management Practices ................................................................ 7 a. Overland Flow................................................................................................. 7 b. Dry Retention.................................................................................................. 9 c. Swales .............................................................................................................21 d. Wet Ponds .......................................................................................................23 e. Other Treatment Methods ...............................................................................30 f. Off-site Equivalent Treatment .........................................................................30 203. Procedural Best Management Practices...............................................................32 a. Aircraft Fuel Sumping Control .......................................................................32 b. Turf Management............................................................................................36 c. Sweeping .........................................................................................................38 d. System Maintenance .......................................................................................38 APPENDICIES: APPENDIX A References APPENDIX B Glossary APPENDIX C Event Mean Concentration for Airside Land use and Best Management Practices APPENDIX D Event Mean Concentration for Select Landside Land Use and Best Practices APPENDIX E Graphic Comparison of EMC from Various Lane Uses APPENDIX F Pollutant Load Calculation APPENDIX G Wildlife Hazards and Airport Safety APPENDIX H Memorandum of Agreement APPENDIX I Site Evaluation Checklist APPENDIX J Jurisdictional Agencies APPENDIX K Aircraft Washing

  • FLORIDA STATEWIDE AIRPORT STORMWATER STUDY BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES MANUAL

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 202-1 Concentration Reduction of Typical Airside Pollutants from 25 feet of Overland Flow ....................................................................................................... 9 Table 202-2 Daily Rainfall Characteristics at Select Florida Airports ......................................20 Table 202-3 Erosion Velocity Limits.........................................................................................22 Table 202-4 Concentration Reduction of Typical Airside Pollutants from 15 Minutes of Swale Flow.............................................................................................................23 Table 202-5 Concentration Reduction of Typical Airside Pollutants from Dry Detention .......29 Table 203-1 Expected Concentration Reduction from Sweeping with Collecting Vacuum and Broom Sweepers .............................................................................................38

  • FLORIDA STATEWIDE AIRPORT STORMWATER STUDY BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES MANUAL

    LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure 102-1 Typical Airport Airside and Transitional Facilities ............................................. 3 Figure 102-2 Illustration of Airside and Landside Areas .......................................................... 5 Figure 202-1 Typical Runway/Taxiway Infield Area for Small, General Aviation Airplanes .11 Figure 202-2 Typical Runway/Taxiway Infield Area for Large, General Aviation and Regional Air Carrier Airplanes............................................................................12 Figure 202-3 Typical Runway/Taxiway Infield Area for Large Airliners ................................13 Figure 202-4 Typical Runway/Taxiway Infield Cross Section for Large Airliners ..................14 Figure 202-5 Recommended Placement of Ditch Bottom Inlets...............................................15 Figure 202-6 Recommended Placement of Underdrain Systems ..............................................16 Figure 202-7 Retention/Swale Placement .................................................................................17 Figure 202-8 Retention Underdrains .........................................................................................19 Figure 202-9 Dry Swale Profile.................................................................................................24 Figure 202-10 Control Structures to Avoid in Dry Swales .........................................................25 Figure 202-11 Wet Swale or Pond Profile...................................................................................26 Figure 202-12 Wet Pond and Swale Siting to Avoid ..................................................................27 Figure 202-13 Preferred Siting for Wet Ponds and Swales If Used ............................................28 Figure 202-14 Hazard Zones for Wildlife Attractants Around Airports .....................................31 Figure 203-1 Sumping Procedure for Typical Small Airplane..................................................33 Figure 203-2 Screening Jar for Reuse of Fuel ...........................................................................34 Figure 203-3 Reusing Screened Fuel.........................................................................................34 Figure 203-4 General Aviation Fixed Base Operator No-Dumping Signs Adjacent to Apron/Ramp.........................................................................................................35 Figure 203-5 Mowing Buffer Around Inlets .............................................................................37

  • FLORIDA AIRPORTS STORMWATER BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES MANUAL

    Page 1

    Section 1 INTRODUCTION 101. PURPOSE AND INTENT The Florida Airports Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual and the companion Technical Report for the Florida Statewide Airport Stormwater Study are intended for use by consultants, regulators and airport sponsors charged with design, permitting and operation of airside water management facilities. The goals of airside water management are two-fold. From a regulatory perspective, the water management system must meet statutory and rule requirements intended to protect water quality, limit or prevent flooding and promote healthy ecosystems. From a public transportation perspective, the water management system must be consistent with safe and efficient air transportation. Ultimately, from all perspectives, the public is the intended beneficiary of both water management and transportation system efforts. This manual was assembled because aircraft and airport operations diff