of 108 /108
9mm STRIKERS 4 SIG P320 4 HK VP9 DOWN BUT NOT OUT 10 CASE REPORTS VESTED K9s Bulletproof Enforcers FNS-9 9mm PATROL CARBINE 5.56mm PATROL DUO FN AMERICA Display Until May 18, 2015 TOP 12 WEAPON LIGHTS 4 44 ROCK RIVER ARMS .458 SOCOM BEAST PWS 5.56mm MODERN MUSKET SHEPHERD 5.56mm ELITE FN Patrol Carbine 5.56mm shown with Bushnell AR 3-9x40mm scope (above). FNS-9 9mm pistol (below). Ashbury Precision Ordnance SPR-308K1 Saber 7.62mm Heckler & Koch VP9 9mm 4 PWS DI-14 5.56mm 4 Sig Sauer P320 9mm MOSSBERG MAGPUL 12 GA $5.99 Printed in USA tactical-life.com APRIL/MAY 2015 GUN TESTS GUNFIGHT BASICS Rip, Draw, Shoot! TACTICAL GEAR BUYER’S GUIDE + 7 . 62 ASHBURY 3000' SURESHOT

Guns & Weapons for Law Enforcement - 2015 04-05 (April - May)

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  • 9mm STRIKERS 4SIG P320 4HK VP9


    VESTED K9sBulletproof Enforcers


    FN AMERICADisplay Until May 18, 2015





    SHEPHERD 5.56mm


    FN Patrol Carbine 5.56mm shown with Bushnell AR 3-9x40mm scope (above). FNS-9 9mm pistol (below).

    Ashbury Precision Ordnance SPR-308K1 Saber 7.62mm Heckler & Koch VP9 9mm4PWS DI-14 5.56mm4Sig Sauer P320 9mm



    Printed in USA


    APRIL/MAY 2015


    GUNFIGHT BASICS Rip, Draw, Shoot!


    +7.62 ASHBURY 3000' SURESHOT

    IMGB TX5 CX3

  • The Quality Goes In Before The Rifle Goes OutMade In

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    MSRP: $1680.00


    PublisherStanley R. Harris

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    ContributorsSara Ahrens, Jorge Amselle, Massad Ayoob, David Bahde, Matt Berger, Richard Johnson, Doug Larson, Fred Mastison, Richard Mann, Donald J. Mihalek, D.K. Pridgen, Tim Stetzer, Sean Utley, Scott W. Wagner, Steve Woods

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    TO THE READERS: Be advised that there may be products represented in this magazine as to which sale, possession or interstate transportation thereof may be restricted, prohibited or subject to special licensing requirements. Prospective purchas-ers should consult the local law enforcement authorities in their areas. All of the information in this magazine is based upon the personal experience of individuals who may be using specific tools, products, equipment and components under particular conditions and circumstances, some or all of which may not be reported in the particular article and which this magazine has not otherwise verified. Nothing herein is intended to constitute a manual for the use of any product or the carrying out of any procedure or process. This magazine and its officers and employees accept no responsibility for any liability, injuries or damages arising out of any persons attempt to rely upon any information contained herein.

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    Body cameras, with the proper understanding, have some distinct advantages. However, Eric Garners mother, Gwen Carr, stated that the body camera program was a waste of money and said to Trash that. Theyre in control of the body cameras, referring to the police. The video camera didnt make a difference to the grand jury. What do we need body cameras for?

    Once upon a time, when a law enforcement officer gave a lawful command, people listened. These days, when that doesnt happen and there are question, everyone wants to run to the video tape. Even the ACLU supports this, saying, Cameras have the potential to be a win-win, helping protect the public against police misconduct, and at the same time helping protect police against false accusations of abuse.

    Now almost every police department in the nation is actively pursuing body cameras for their officers. But the Force Science Institute (FSI), perhaps the nations leading institution on law enforce-ment use of force, recommends caution. Dr. Bill Lewinksi, the founder of FSI, pointed out 10 things every agency or grand jury should consider:

    1. A camera doesnt follow your eyes or see as they see. Currently, a body camera is not an eye-tracker and doesnt see everything an officer may see. A camera also doesnt capture physiological factors such as stress and the various well-documented phenomena (tunnel vision, time slowing down, etc.) that occur in a use-of-force incident.

    2. Some important danger cues cant be recorded. Tactile cues that are often impor-tant to officers in deciding to use force are difficult for cameras to capture, Lewinski said. Resistive tension is a prime example. You can usually tell when you touch a suspect whether he or she is going to resist but that isnt recorded on the camera. Suspect behavior that may appear innocuous on film to a naive civilian can convey the risk of mortal danger to you as a streetwise officer, Lewinski said.

    3. Camera speed differs from the speed of life. Although body cameras record at a much faster rate than other cameras, Lewinski said, Because of the reactionary curve, an officer can be half a second or more behind the action as it unfolds on the screen, which may not translate on film.

    4. Cameras can see better in low light and pick up more detail then the human eye. On the other hand, cameras do not always deal well with lighting transitions. Going suddenly from bright to dim light or vice versa, a camera may briefly blank out images altogether, Dr. Lewinski said.

    5. Your body may block the view. If youre firing a gun or a Taser, for example, a camera on your chest may not record much more than your extended arms and hands. Critical moments within a scenario that you can see may be missed entirely by your body camera because of these dynamics, ultimately masking what a reviewer may need to see to make a fair judgment.

    6. A camera only records in 2D. Because cameras dont record depth of fieldthe third dimen-sion thats perceived by the human eyeaccurately judging distances on their footage can be difficult.

    7. The absence of sophisticated time-stamping may prove critical. Use-of-force incidents occur in seconds or less. Most cameras time stamp in gross numbers. Lewinski said, To fully analyze and explain an officers perceptionit may be critical to break the action down to units of one-hundredths of a second or even less.

    8. One camera may not be enough. Lewinski said, What looks like an egregious action from one angle may seem perfectly justified from another.

    9. A camera encourages second-guessing. In Graham v. Connor, the Supreme Court ruled that an officers decisions in tense, uncertain and rapidly evolving situations are not to be judged with the 20/20 vision of hindsight. As Lewinski noted, In the real-world aftermath of a shooting, cam-era footage provides an almost irresistible temptation for reviewers to play the coulda-shoulda game.

    10. A camera can never replace a thorough investigation. The public may have unreasonable expectations and camera recordings will be given undue, if not exclusive, weight in judging their actions, Dr. Lewinki said. Cameras are a tool of an investigation, but they cant replace a full investigation.

    In sum, Dr. Bill Lewinksi stated, Rushing to condemn an officer for inappropriate behavior based solely on body-camera evidence can be a dicey proposition. Certainly, a camera can provide more information about what happened on the street. But it cant necessarily provide all the information needed to make a fair and impartial final judgment. There still may be influential human factors involved apart from what the camera sees.


    By Donald J. Mihalek


    Photo courtesy VIEVU


    BODY CAMERA LIMITATIONSWhy grand juries cant decide cases on just video evidence alone!


    4 Guest Editorial body camera limitations

    8 First Responder wounded officer responses10 case reports

    14 Basic Training Krytac airsoft

    34 SWAT Talk surround and call out

    68 Law Dogs vested K9s

    78 Lifesavers backup gun survival

    84 Everyday Heroes Officer Traci Shaw

    90 Cutting Edge Koenig Atrox enforcer

    98 Police Stories shots fired, officer needs help

    104 Classified Ads products and services of interest

    18 FN 15 PATROL CARBINE By David Bahde Forged in war, FN Americas 5.56mm comes home to lay down the law!

    26 CARBINE BATTLE RIFLE By D.K. Pridgen CMMGs Mk3 CBR brings 7.62mm power and accuracy to stop threats!

    38 SIG SAUER P320 9mm By David Bahde Sigs striker-fired powerhouse easily adapts to conquer any threat!

    46 ROCK RIVER ARMS LAR-458 By Matt Berger Heavy-hitting .458 SOCOM rifle brings power for punching through barriers!

    52 PRIMARY WEAPONS SYSTEMS DI-14 5.56mm By D.K. Pridgen Modern Musket brings the precision and reliability that todays officers need!

    62 ASHBURY PRECISION ORDNANCE SPR-308K1 SABER By David Bahde Modular long-range dominator offers pinpoint precision and hard-hitting 7.62mm power!

    80 HECKLER & KOCH VP9 By Richard Johnson Elite striker-fired 9mm sets a new standard for law enforcement duty pistols!

    86 MOSSBERG 590A1 MAGPUL By Doug Larson Fight-stopping 12 gauge firepower with Magpul enhancements!

    92 SHEPHERD ELITE 5.56mm By Scott W. Wagner Multi-mission carbine leads the pack with top-notch accuracy and reliability!



    CONTENTSApril/May 2015 /// Volume 27 Number 3 tactical-life.com /// guns-weapons.com

    ON THE COVER FN 15 Patrol Carbine 5.56mm and FNS-9 9mm by Steve Woods


    SIG SAUER P320 9mm




    FN 15 Patrol Carbine 5.56mm and FNS-9 9mm by Steve Woods





    and Fred Mastison

    72 NEW LE GEAR FOR 2015




    Get into law enforcement in 1972, stay involved thereafter, and youll see a lot. Long ago, in a police training setting, the topic under discussion was teaching officers how to return fire even if theyd been wounded and had one or another arm taken out of action. A big city police lieutenant waved his hand dismissively and said, Aw, if youre wounded, just roll over and play dead and collect your disability pension. The rest of us in the room looked at each other, not believing what wed just heardbecause history showed otherwise.

    There is an excellent chance that the person who shot and wounded you will, in his homicidal rage, simply move in closer and execute you with a coup de grace. Most cops by now have seen the dash-cam video of the mur-der of Deputy Kyle Dinkheller in Georgia in 1998, which well consider Case One. His killer shot him nine times with a .30 caliber M1 Carbine, then walked up to him and executed him with one more bullet through the eye.

    NYPD officers can explain it to you as well. I doubt that any of even their young-est got through their academy without learning their departments institutional history in that regard. Case Two: Ninth Precinct Officers Gregory Foster and Rocco Laurie were walking a beat when

    when they were ambushed by three or four members of a radical group who shot them down from behind. The assassins took their service revolvers from their holsters, stood over them and shot them several times more until they were dead.

    Case Three also occurred in New York City. In fact, it also involved perpe-

    trators from the same gang. Officers Joseph Piagentini and Waverly Jones were shot down from behind. Piagentini begged for his life. The merciless executioners shot him 22 times and left him and his partner dead in the street.

    Heres one of lifes basic truths: When your hand has been burned in a fire, you have to pull the hand out of the flames before you treat the burns. When people are shoot-ing at you and have already

    wounded you, the first priority is to keep from being shot again.

    FIGHTING BACKThis principle is nothing new.

    Lets go back to the 19th century and the famous gunfight at the OK

    Corral in Tombstone, Arizona, and call it Case Four. This single case offers us

    two examples. Virgil Earp, chief of police in Tombstone, was shot in the leg early in the fight and fell to the ground. However, he sprang back up and returned fire, and according to many historians, delivered a bullet that crumpled an opponent who was shooting at him, Billy Clanton.

    His younger brother, Morgan Earp, a part-time special deputy, was dropped to the ground with a serious gunshot wound believed to have been inflicted by one of the McLaury brothers. The bullet entered his shoulder area and tracked across his back, chipping his spine. Unable to rise, the younger Earp pushed himself up off the ground with his left hand and, with his right


    down... but not out!BY MASSAD AYOOB


    Ten real-life cases stress the importance of officers finishing the fight.

    If youre wounded and cannot use your primary firearm,

    immediately draw your backup weapon and

    stay in the fight.


    hand, fired what is generally believed to have been the last shot of the gun battle. His bullet struck Tom McLaury in the head and killed him instantly.

    Lets fast-forward some 35 years, to 1916, in Sweetwater, Texas. In Case Five, legendary Texas Ranger Frank Hamer pulled up near the courthouse where he had come to give testimony in a case he had investigated. Assassins moved in and pulled their guns. Hamers brother participated in the melee that followed, and so did Hamers pregnant wife, who sent some shots the bad guys way from her Colt Pocket Model pistol. (Theres a lesson for wives of todays of-ficers, by the way) Mrs. Hamer was able to pin down a shotgun-armed would-be cop-killer, saving her husbands life.

    But it was Frank Hamer who was the focus of the action. He was shot in the leg and in the shoulder of his dominant arm by the first of the assassins. Unable to draw his favorite Colt .45 with his dominant hand, Hamer used his weak hand to draw his backup gun, a Smith & Wesson Triple Lock, and drive a .44 Special bullet through the heart of the gunman, killing him instantly.

    Fast-forward again, to the middle of the 20th century. My old mentor Bill Jor-dan once told me of Case Six, where a Western lawman he knew was am-

    bushed in a phone booth by a gunman who stood outside the booth and shot him several times. Instead of folding up and letting the booth become a vertical coffin, Bill said, his friend exploded out of there with his own Smith & Wesson .357 Mag blazing. The man who wanted to kill a cop, didnt; thanks to the officers swift and deadly response, the gunman died on the sidewalk instead. The man he intended to die, didnt; though Bill

    When people are shooting at you and have already wounded you, the first priority is to keep from being shot again.

    Straight 8 photo


    said he was shot to doll rags, none of his many wounds were mortal, and because he fought back before his attacker could inflict any more trauma, the determined lawman recovered to live a long life.

    MODERN TIMESLessons of the past continue today. In

    Case Seven, FBI Agent Edmundo Mireles sustained a rifle wound early in the famed 1986 Miami shootout early in the firefight with two heavily armed robbers that left two agents dead and three, including Mireles, permanently injured. Instead of rolling over and collecting a disability pension, Mireles gritted his teeth and re-entered the fight.

    He wounded both of his deadly opponents, emptying his 12 gauge 870 pump gun one-handed, then drew his service revolver and staggered toward the cop-killers, firing as he went, and killed them both. He survived to win the law enforcement officer of the year award, and to become a role-model instructor for many years until his retirement.

    I recently attended the annual conference of the Illinois Tactical Officers Association (ITOA), where Alaska State Trooper Jeff Hall gave his famous lecture, Finish the Fight. Jeff told us of Case Eight, in which a traffic

    stop turned into a deadly ambush of an officer in the Pacific Northwest. The suspect got off the first shot, which struck the cop in the hip. As pelvic hits often do, this wound dropped the of-ficer to the ground. However, he reacted instantly: He drew his Glock and, firing from prone, emptied it at his aggressor. Multiple hits put the attempted murderer down forever. Having thus prevented further injury to himself, the officer prevailed

    and survived. Finish the Fight is one of the best training programs out there for police.

    Jared Reston, a cop in Jacksonville, Florida, has won multiple gunfights, but the one he is most famous for is Case Nine. Shot by surprise after pursuing a fleeing shoplifting suspect on foot, Jared was hit by seven 230-grain .45 ACP slugs from a stolen semi-auto. The first one caught him right in the face. His Safariland vest stopped multiple other hits that might have killed him, but some of the bullets missed the vest. Down on his back, Jared drew his own Glock, a G22, and


    down... but not out!

    Texas Ranger Frank

    Hamer used an S&W Triple

    Lock (left), his backup gun, to halt an ambush. The

    author (right) supervises a wounded-officer return-fire training course.


    pumped seven Winchester .40 caliber hollow points into the assailant, killing him. Jared recovered to work the streets today. He now teaches on the side, and his training should not be missed.

    Even if you think your wound is mortal, keep fighting. In Case Ten, the LAPDs Stacy Lim, the intended victim of a carjack-ing attempt while off duty, was shot through and through the chest with a .357 Mag at the opening of the fight, the bullet striking her heart. When I asked her what it felt like, she replied that it was like a red-hot javelin being run through her chest. I asked her what went through her mind at that moment, and she said, I got really pissed!

    Stacy immediately returned fire with her issued Beretta 92, pumping four 9mm hollow points through her assailants thorax, effecting a quick and permanent stop. In less than a year, thanks to great physical shape and su-perb medical care, she was back on full patrol duty. Last I knew she was still teaching at the LAPD academy, one of our great role models for law enforcement officers today.

    The list goes on, but my space here does not. Suffice it to say that we cannot overestimate the importance of the wounded officer staying in the fight and making the neutralization of the threat his or her first priority.

    Even if youve started behind the curve, history tells us that your swift and skilled response is the most likely path to surviving a firefight.



    y ph



    Until recently, weapon-mounted lights were rarely seen on police firearms, and then were often reserved for tactical teams.The lights were expensive and relatively fragile. The current crop of weapon lights use advanced LED technology to produce very bright light in a compact, rugged platform. LED-based lights are also very efficient on power use, so a run time of one hour or longer is typical.

    Fortunately for todays officer, there are plenty of lighting options available for his or her weapons. From backup guns to rifles, there are options for nearly every firearm carried by law enforcement of-ficers. Here is a look at some of the most popular weapon-mounted lights available on the market.




    Todays best rifle- and handgun-ready lights to own the darkness!

    The new LaserMax CenterFire miniaturized weapon light is a streamlined tactical lighting module that mounts on a Glock 42 or Smith & Wesson J-frame compact revolvers. The Cen-terfire weighs less than an ounce, produces 115+ lumens of pure white light, and sports both constant-on as well as disorienting strobe functions. This compact light is easily user installed and serviced. For more informa-tion, visit lasermax.com or call 800-527-3703.

    INFORCE APLDurable and lightweight, the Inforce APL throws 200 lumens and will run for 90 minutes on a single CR123A battery. This pistol-mounted light has an ambidextrous paddle switch for activation as well as momentary and constant-on options. Light bodies can be had in black and Flat Dark Earth. For more information, visit inforce-mil.com or call 401-294-2030.

    STREAMLIGHT TLR-2 IRWCombining a bright white light with an infrared aiming laser, the TLR-2 IRW offers the ability to illuminate an area or to engage a threat in darkness. This flexibility can be a major tactical advantage for a SWAT team in a high-risk warrant service or hostage rescue incident. The 300-lu-men light is rated at 2.5 hours of run time, while the eye-safe laser will run for more than 45 hours. For more information, visit streamlight.com or call 800-523-7488.

    INFORCE WMLxDesigned for rifle use, the Inforce WMLx weighs only 4 ounces with batteries, is waterproof to 66 feet and will put up with the abuse of frequent shooting. The light puts out 500 lumens and will run for two hours at that level on a single set of CR123A batteries. For more informa-tion, visit inforce-mil.com or call 401-294-2030.

    Photos Courtesy Manufacturers

    CRIMSON TRACE LIGHTGUARDBest known for making laser-aiming devices, Crimson Trace developed an Instinctive Activation pad switch that it carried over to a line of weapon lights. These illumination products give an officer the ability to instantly activate the light without moving fingers around the triggerguard. Lightguard products are available for full-sized Glock, Springfield XDM and Smith & Wesson M&P pistols. A version of the light is also available for certain 1911 pistols without an accessory rail. For more information, visit crimsontrace.com or call 800-442-2406.

    CRIMSON TRACE RAIL MASTER PROFurther expanding the companys line of weapon lights, the Rail Master Pro is a white light and laser-aiming unit designed to mount to virtually any gun with an accessory rail. There is a tap switch to activate the unit, and it can be operated as a light only, a laser only or with the light and laser both activated. Additionally, the light can be

    set to strobe if desired. For more informa-tion, visit crimsontrace.com or

    call 800-442-2406.




    VIRIDIAN RTLIf a white light makes sense for your duty weapon, it should also make sense for your backup and off-duty carry guns. Viridian offers the Reactor Tactical Lights (RTLs) for several popular backup guns, including the Smith & Wesson M&P Shield, the Ruger LCP and the Ruger LC9. These tiny units pump out 140 lumens of light and offer both constant and strobe modes. For more information, visit viridiangreenlaser.com or call 800-990-9390.

    STREAMLIGHT TLR-4 GDeveloped for smaller handguns, the TLR-4 G combines a 115-lumen, white light with a green aiming laser. The unit will attach to virtually any handgun accessory rail without the need for tools. An ambidextrous switch allows for any combination of light and laser with both momentary and constant-on modes. Its run time on a single 3V CR2 battery is 1.25 hours with both the laser and light activated. For more information, visit streamlight.com or call 800-523-7488.

    SUREFIRE M600P FURY SCOUTWith 600 lumens, the new M600P Fury Scout light will be of interest to officers looking for a rifle-mountable light that casts a wide beam. The unit attaches to any Picatinny rail and comes with both a tailcap switch and a remote tape switch. A pair of CR123A batteries powers the light for ap-proximately 90 minutes. For more information, visit

    surefire.com or call 800-828-8809.

    VIRIDIAN CTLClaiming to be the smallest weapon-mounted tacti-cal light in the world, the Viridian CTL is a 100-lumen light that mounts to the accessory rail of most pis-tols. Its diminutive size allows it to be carried easily off duty and by plainclothes officers on compact handguns. Even with the small size, it puts out 100 lumens of light and can strobe at 140 lumens. Its run time is 60 to 80 minutes depending on the mode. When used with a Viridian holster, the light can instantly turn on when drawn. For more information, visit viridiangreenlaser.com or call 800-990-9390.

    VIRIDIAN X5L Designed to mount to the accessory rail of most handguns, the X5L from Viridian combines a bright tactical light with a green aiming laser. In constant-on mode, the light throws 178 lumens, while the strobe cranks the output to 224 lumens. A single CR123 battery will power the light and laser for 60 minutes. Only using the laser or light will extend battery life up to 10 hours depending on the mode. For more information, call 800-990-9390 or visit viridiangreenlaser.com.

    SUREFIRE X400 ULTRAOne of the newest offerings from SureFire is the X400 Ultra WeaponLight with a built-in green laser sight. The high-performance LED throws 500 lumens of white light and is de-signed to withstand heavy recoil. More visible than red, the green laser offers the shooter a supplemental aiming tool. For more informa-tion, visit surefire.com or call 800-828-8809.


    A light zipping sound was the only warning I had before feeling a sharp sting on the top of my hand. I had failed to check a corner of a room during a training exercise, and I was now paying for it as a fellow cop playing a bad guy tattooed the left side of my body with plastic BBs. The pain was temporary, but the lesson was permanent: Dont advance past an unchecked area. On the street, those BBs could be 9mm bullets.

    Airsoft guns have a growing popularity in law enforcement training. The guns are typically gas- or electric-powered replicas of actual firearms. The guns throw a small plastic BB at velocities around 300 to 400 fps, and are considered non-lethal. Getting hitespecially at close rangeswill get your attention.

    Departments can use airsoft guns to assist with force-on-force scenarios as well as some aspects of firearms training. While the guns lack the recoil and noise of an actual firearm, good airsoft guns are one-to-one replicas for the real thing with identical controls. This allows for training at a reduced cost and in areas where shooting a firearm would be unsafe.

    KRYTAC TRIDENTSKrytac is a brand named after the

    research and design team with the KRISS firearms group. The team designs high-end airsoft guns for training and recreational uses, and the guns bear the Krytac name. Two of the Krytac guns well suited for airsoft training are the Trident CRB and the Trident SPR.

    The Trident CRB is an AR-style gun that

    uses many of the same controls as its center-fire cousin. It has a functioning selector switch, magazine release and charging handle that all work in the same way an as AR-15 patrol rifles. The selector switch is also ambidextrous.

    A KeyMod handguard and removable sights are standard on the CRB. The rear sight has both small and large apertures. A red-dot sight or other optic can be fitted onto the gun through the standard Picatinny rail. Krytac also includes a single-point sling attachment with the gun.

    The Trident SPR is very similar, but with a longer barrel. A 10.5-inch barrel is used on the CRB, and a 16-inch barrel is used on the SPR. The longer-barreled SPR adds a little more velocity to the BBabout 400 fps at the muzzle compared to about 365 fps in the shorter CRB.




    KRYTAC AIRSOFTTrident airguns replicate real ARs for advanced force-on-force training!

    The use of airsoft guns can allow for much needed force-on-force training while minimizing the chance of serious injury to officers.


    Both Trident airsoft rifles use a battery pack to power the system. The battery pack does not come with the guns and needs to be purchased separately. Battery packs ride inside the buttstock.

    The internal components are high qual-ity and should stand up to a lot of abuse. The Krytac rifles use metal gearboxes, high-torque motors and integrated MOS-FET technology to help provide a long ser-vice life. Some airsoft guns are not made for a long service life; the Krytac rifles are. Overall, the guns feel like any AR-15. The weight and quality are very similar.

    AIRSOFT TRAININGTraining with live ammunition is not

    cheap. Every press of the trigger has a substantial cost

    The Krytac Trident SPR is a high-quality, battery-powered training tool for departments needing an AR-style airsoft rifle.



    attached to it. Even with bulk purchases and gov-ernment discounts, a single round will cost at least $0.20. At full retail, I picked up a 2,000-count bottle of airsoft BBs for about $5 at a local store.

    During the ammunition shortage of 2013, more than a few police departments adopted or expanded an existing airsoft training program to counter the rapidly increasing costs of ammunition. While not ideal, the officers were able to stay fresh with their skills even though they were not able to hit the range with live ammunition.

    While no one would argue that training with airsoft BBs is the same as with live ammunition, there are some situations where firearms training can be supplemented with airsoft. For example, airsoft could be used in teaching new shooters the basics of drawing from a holster, introducing of-ficers to movement techniques and keeping officers fresh with basic shooting techniques when a proper range is not available.

    Location independence is a significant benefit to training with airsoft guns. Trainers do not have to schedule time at a rangea task that can be very difficult in regions with few available shooting locations. Training can safely be done virtually anywhere from a squad room to a parking lot.

    Force-on-force trainingpitting officers against role-players with simulated firearmscan be extremely valuable for teaching officers how to perform tasks such as building clearing, responding to crimes in progress and safely conducting traffic stops. Force-on-force training is one of the key uses for airsoft in law enforcement training today.

    Airsoft guns can have an important place in law enforcement training. However, departments must be clear on how the airsoft training will be used to teach and enhance officer skills. Quality guns that duplicate the function and controls of the actual weapons carried by officers must be used. For that, the Krytac Trident CRB and SPR deserve a close look by any law enforcement agency needing AR-style airsoft guns. For more information, call 855-574-7787 or visit krytac.com.

    With airsoft rifles, officers can practice in and around patrol cars without worrying about live rounds damaging the vehicles.


    The U.S. counterpart of FN Herstal, FN America, has earned its reputation as one of the finest builders of battle-tested and proven rifles for our military. The FN SCAR series remains a favorite among many military

    and police operators. FN America also has secured the latest

    contract for providing complete M16 rifles to the U.S. Army,

    and supplying the latest M4A1 brought the company to the

    forefront when it comes to mil-spec rifles.

    It was only a matter of time before FN America began

    offering these rifles in semi-auto form to the civilian market,

    including law enforcement agencies. Last year, FN introduced

    the 5.56mm FN 15 in both Carbine and Rifle versions with 16-

    and 20-inch barrels, respectively. Since then, FN has released

    several new models, including Tactical, Sporting and DMR

    variants. The companys latest is the Patrol Carbine, which

    is designed specifically to meet the needs of police depart-

    ments and individual officers.

    GUN DETAILSThe FN 15 Patrol Carbine is made using high-quality forg-

    ings built to the same standards required by the U.S. military.

    At the heart of the carbine is its 16-inch, M4-profile, button-

    broached, chrome-lined, 1-in-7-inch-twist barrel. Ready to

    withstand the rigors of fully automatic fire, the chromed cham-

    ber and bore are made for accuracy, reliability and ease of

    cleaning. The upper also features M4 feed ramps to assist with

    feeding in the harshest conditions. The barrel is capped with an

    A2-style flash suppressor. Similar to an M4A1, the FN 15 Patrol

    Carbine ships with an A2-style front sight and a Samson flip-up

    rear sight that should work well with most reflex sights.

    FN is now offering true mil-spec quality to civilians and LEOs with the FN 15 Patrol Carbine. Shown with a Bushnell AR Optics 3-9x40mm scope and a SureFire M600 Ultra light.


    In essence, the FN 15 Patrol Carbine is designed

    as a simple police rifle that is simple and reliable yet

    provides the minimum number of accessories for proper

    street use. Surrounding the barrel and gas system is a

    7-inch, quad-rail handguard made by Midwest Industries

    that makes it easy to add lights or other accessories.

    The lower receiver features a pistol grip and a collapsible

    buttstock that can be adjusted to six different length-of-pull

    positions to accommodate officers of various heights or

    those wearing body armor. The controls are all standard AR.

    OPTICS & SIGHTSRed-dot and reflex sights are quickly becoming common

    on patrol rifles. For most of the testing, I used an EOTech

    EXPS2-2 or Trijicon SRS. EOTechs holographic weapon

    sights are a favorite among LEOs for duty rifles, especially

    ARs. The EXPS2-2 includes a built-in mount for easy instal-


    FORGED IN WAR, FN Americas new 5.56mm

    comes home to lay down the law!


    By David Bahde Photos by Steve Woods


    lation. Patrol rifles see use from CQB dis-tances out to as much as 100 yards, mak-ing the holographic reticle incredibly versa-tile. It works in any condition and allows for numerous aiming points, even at extended ranges. The EXPS2-2 is fast and well suit-ed to threat-focused fire.

    Trijicons SRS is a state-of-the-art reflex sight built to withstand the harshest pos-sible use. Its 1.75-MOA red dot is powered by a solar cell that is assisted by an AA battery. Waterproof to 165 feet, the SRS is practically impervious to most duty con-ditions. Its unique structure uses a larger aperture to provide one of the least ob-structed views of any similar sight.

    In order to measure the FN 15 Patrol Carbines inherent accuracy during group shooting, I mounted U.S. Optics SR6 1.5-6x scope. Ive used this scope on several rifles, and its very consistent.

    LIGHTS & SUPPRESSORTactical lights should be mandatory on

    patrol rifles, as identifying your threat is im-perative in low- and failing-light conditions. SureFire makes some of the most well-built and proven weapons light on the mar-ket. The companys Scout series encom-


    The FN 15 Patrol Carbine boast an A2-style front sight and a Midwest Industries quad-rail handguard.

    The lower receiver features standard AR controls, a hinged triggerguard and an A2-style pistol grip with checkering.


    passes a number of sizes ranging in power from 120 to 300 lumens. Slim yet powerful, they are also easy to install. For testing, I added a SureFire M600 Ultra with a KM2 (both white and infrared) head for use with night vision. Its operation is controlled us-ing an SR dual switch. I mounted it in a LaRue Offset Scout mount so it sat close to the handguard, at 1 oclock.

    Finally, I added a sound suppressor to the threaded barrel: EliteIrons .30-caliber

    BattleDog. New this year, the BattleDog is relatively short yet provides excellent sound, flash and muzzle blast suppres-sion. EliteIrons Bravo 1 muzzle attachment device and cover are also effective. On its own, the Bravo 1 muzzle device works like a typical brake. If you add the cover, it sends flash and blast forward and away from your partner. With the BattleDog sup-pressor attached, the setup is very quiet with no adverse affects on operation. Pos-

    sibly one of the most solidly built suppres-sors Ive tested recently, the BattleDog has clean lines, stainless steel construction and weighs in at 16 ounces. Its also full-auto rated, and Ive used it to great effect on my select-fire M16 weapons.

    RANGE TIMEThe barrel is one of the most important

    aspects of the M4A1. Designed to offer more accuracy and a longer service life, I


    Caliber: 5.56mm NATO Barrel: 16 inches OA Length: 31.9-35.2 inches Weight: 6 poundsSights: A2 front, flip-up rearAction: Direct impingement semi-autoFinish: Matte black Stock: CollapsibleCapacity: 30+1 MSRP: $1,219

    Load Velocity Accuracy

    Black Hills 77 TMK 2,750 0.90Hornady 60 TAP A-MAX 2,653 1.20Hornady 75 TAP BTHP 2,590 1.25Silver State Armory 77 OTM 2,675 1.15

    Bullet weight measured in grains, velocity in fps by chronograph, and accuracy in inches

    for best five-shot groups at 100 yards.



    was curious to see how accurate the FN 15 Patrol Carbines barrel was. My early M4-style carbines that were truly mil-spec were anything but tack drivers. Hold-ing anything under 3 inches or so at 100 yards was considered stellar. They worked, but they werent exactly precise. Granted, scopes on carbines were rare to nonexis-tent back then, but given FNs reputation for making high-quality barrels, I expected the FN 15 Patrol Carbine to be very accu-rate, and it delivered.

    Fired from prone using a bag and the U.S. Optics scope, my best groups, mea-suring just under an inch at 100 yards, were produced with Black Hills new 77-grain

    load featuring the new Sierra Tipped MatchKing (TMK) bullet. Ive tested this load in another rifle and it was equally as impressive. Sier-ra has done a great job with

    this bullet, improving upon an already excellent design. Silver

    State Armorys 77-grain OTM ammo was also very accurate. Everything else produced groups in the 1- to 1.5-inch range, which is more than acceptable for a police carbine.

    Moving out to 300 yards, the 77-grain Black Hills TMK load remained impressive. I also used this range time as a chance to prepare for an upcoming training course that would involve quite a bit of running to get our heart rates up along with shooting out to extended ranges. Running or sprint-ing from 50 to 150 yards and engaging steel 300 yards away, there was a notice-able difference in the wind hold. A storm was coming in and winds were gusting to 20-plus mphanything but ideal for such a small bullet. Using three different heavy bullets, the Black Hills ammo produced the most hits and the FN 15 Patrol Carbine performed incredibly well.

    This rifle was 100-percent reliable throughout the test. The Bravo 1 muzzle brake worked wellit was just loud and the muzzle blast, as usual, was harsh. Its not something for purposeful use in a duty ap-plication, but it works well in a pinch. Adding the cover cap made no difference in feel, but the blast was all sent forward, making things much more acceptable for duty or entry use. Adding the BattleDog visibly altered brass ejection from a very consistent 4 oclock


    The threaded, 16-inch, M4-profile, chrome-lined barrel comes with an A2-style flash suppressor installed.

    The flattop upper and lower receivers are hardcoat anodized per military specifications for enhanced durability.


    THE STRIKER-FIRED FNS-9THE 9MM FNS-9 IS A STRIKER-FIRED, POLYMER-FRAMED COMBAT PISTOL DESIGNED FROM THE GROUND UP FOR DUTY USE. FN America offers it an optional manual safety, and its controls are completely ambidextrous, including the magazine re-lease. The pistol comes with dovetailed, tritium, snag-free sights or fixed combat sights. The slide has front and rear ser-rations, and the external extractor also serves as a loaded-chamber indicator.

    I recently got my hands on this pistol for testing, and the trigger was a predictable 7 pounds. The take-up was minimal with no overtravel and a distinct and tactile reset. Three 17-round, metal magazines with polymer basepads were provided. Shipped in a polymer case molded to fit the gun, magazines and spare backstrap, the FNS-9 comes with everything you need, except for a holster.

    PERFORMANCE: At the range, the FNS-9s accuracy was excellent, with groups under 2 inches at 25 yards with several duty rounds. The recoil was mini-mal, and it was easy to control the pistol. It also functioned flawlessly. The FNS-9s fully ambidextrous controls allowed it to be used in every unconventional position with either hand. The trigger is one of the nicer striker-fired mechanisms, with a crisp and predictable pull and a clear reset. In short, this gun is just about perfect for departments or officers looking for a duty weapon.David Bahde

    The standard FNS-9 holds 17+1 rounds

    of 9mm ammo in its polymer frame.


    to an equally consistent 2 oclock position. Even though the bolt speed was clearly al-tered, reliability was never compromised, even during very fast strings of fire.

    Donning my tactical gear, it was time to put the FN 15 Patrol Carbine through its paces on the square range and in a shoot-house. Mounting the Trijicon SRS, I used the FN 15 to work around corners, through rooms and down hallways. It worked fine, even with the suppressor added. It was certainly easier to maneuver with the brake and cover cap, and the sound was com-mensurate with similar rifles. Again, it was definitely loud, but not any louder than us-ing a rifle with an A2-style flash suppressor installed. I also like running with the SRS in the shoothouse. After a few runs, every-thing but the red dot seems to disappearI dont feel like I am shooting through a tube. Even with the suppressor, the FN 15 was really fast on target and ran without a hitch. It reminded me of days I spent running an M4, only the FN 15 is a ton more accurate.

    Moving back to the range, I wore some active-shooter response gear and installed the EOTech EXPS2-2. The carbine worked well around barricades and various terrain features. Its accuracy was excellent, and it remained pretty easy to maneuver in and around my truck and other obstacles. With a 3x magnifier attached, it was downright precise. If I owned this rifle and could dedi-cate it to patrol use, the EOTech EXPS2-2 and magnifier would stay attached. They kept things pretty light, well balanced and allowed for accuracy at range and some very fast operation at closer distances.

    FINAL NOTESWithin the police community there is a

    need for solid, simple and affordable car-bines with only the necessary upgrades to get the job done. Many armorers want weapons with chrome-lined bores and oth-er features as close to the original military specifications as possible. Many major man-ufacturers abandoned these requirements years ago, either to keep costs down or to meet demand, but FN America has done a nice job with the FN 15 Patrol Carbine, adhering to very high quality standards.

    Many police agencies require guns that are built in America, and the FN 15 Patrol Carbine meets that need as well. If you are an agency looking for a patrol rifle, or an officer looking to deploy with a personally owned rifle, the FN 15 Patrol Carbine is an excellent choice. For more information, visit fnhusa.com or call 703-288-3500.


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    By D.K. Pridgen Photos by Alex Landeen

    There is no doubt that the day of the AR is solidly here, especially in law enforcement, and there is no turning back. LEOs are buying them by the truckload, outfitting vehicles with patrol carbines, SWAT units with the latest and greatest, and maybe even a few for the brass. Of course, non-commissioned citizens have been buying ARs at a rate that overshadows LE purchases. The bulk of those ARs are chambered in 5.56mm NATO, but the abundance of ARs has also yielded an increase in the .308/7.62mm NATO-chambered AR family.

    This is good news because the 7.62mm NATO is superior to the 5.56mm NATO in every

    category except ammunition weight and control with fully automatic fire. Its effec-tive against adversaries, with superior pen-etration and usability at extended ranges.

    How do these traits translate into the world of law enforcement? Given that the

    ever-present handgun round is not too effective and the 5.56mm

    NATO does not seem to have garnered a great reputation based upon military feedback,

    anything im-proving

    on it is a plus. I have no data on how many LEO armed confrontations involve suspects using some sort of cover, but Im sure a lot of these situations do. The 7.62mm NATO does a job on quite a few common and uncommon barricade materi-als that the 5.56mm NATO would fail against.


  • CMMGs Mk3 CBR brings

    7.62mm power and accuracy


    The CBR offers plenty of power and

    precision. Shown with an Aimpoint CompM4, a Brite-Strike BD-198-

    HLS, Diamondhead sights, a Blue Force

    Gear SOC-C sling and a ZeroBravo hand stop.



    The areas where some believe 5.56mm NATO carbines might outshine 7.62mm NATO versions are really moot in the LE arena. Officers arriving with a 7.62mm AR version wont have humped the rifle, extra ammunition and three days worth of sup-plies in a backpacktheyll arrive in air-conditioned vehicles. As for recoil control during full-auto shooting, in todays litigious society and with the stout emphasis on ac-countability for every round fired, I suspect virtually none of the long guns arriving on a call actually have a fun switch.

    Established in 2002 to market AR parts and accessories online, CMMG has grown into a well-known, highly regarded name in the manufacturing of a large variety of completed ARs. The company has not for-gotten its roots and still offers AR parts and accessories, along with .22 LR conversion kits and even AR pistols. CMMGs 7.62mm NATO line of ARs, the Mk3 series, now in-cludes the Carbine Battle Rifle, or CBR.

    GUN DETAILSAs its name implies, the CBR carries

    enough power to qualify as a true battle rifle thanks to its 7.62mm chambering.


    The author tested the CBR with Diamond-head backup sights for fast targeting. Note the rear sights diamond-shaped aperture.

    Made from extruded 6061-T6 aluminum alloy, the RKM15 handguard features a long top rail that mates with the uppers.


    The CBR wears a collapsible stock and carries a short enough barrel (16 inches long), as do two other models in the Mk3 series, to qualify as a carbine. The two final other Mk3 models features 18-inch barrels. The difference between working in close confines with a carbines shorter overall length, thanks to an abbreviated barrel and collapsible stock, as compared to longer barrels and fixed stocks cannot be over-em-phasized. (Notice the overall length of the militarys M4, the long gun that has cleared uncountable houses.)

    The Mk3 family is built on milled billet 6061-T6 aluminum upper and lower re-ceivers, providing a tighter fit for improved accuracy. The lower receivers include flared magazine wells and integral trigger-guards. The Mk3 barrels have 1-in-10-inch twist rates and M4 feed ramps, with most using 416 stainless steel, except the 12.5-inch barrel of the NFA-regulated Mk3 K, an SBR using nitrided 4140 chrome-moly steel.

    Of those four models using stainless steel, only the Mk3 3GRs barrel is not treat-

    CMMG MK3 CBRSPECIFICATIONSCaliber: 7.62mm NATOBarrel: 16 inches OA Length: 36 inchesWeight: 8.7 pounds Stock: Magpul ACS-L Sights: NoneAction: Direct impingement semi-autoFinish: Matte blackCapacity: 20+1 MSRP: $1,999.95

    Load Velocity Accuracy

    Barnes 150 VOR-TX TSX 2,760 0.85Federal 165 Bonded SP Tactical 2,629 0.71Remington 168 MatchKing BTHP 2,623 0.78

    Bullet weight measured in grains, velocity in fps, and accuracy in inches for best five-shot groups at 100 yards.


    The Mk3 CBR produced sub-MOA results at

    the range, showing its true counter-

    sniping potential.

    D.K. Pridgen photo


    ed with durable, metal-hardening salt bath nitriding inside and out. The nitride treatment penetrates the barrels interior and exterior to a depth of around 0.040 inches, elevating the Rockwell hardness and providing corro-sion resistance. Because nothing is added to the bores surface, worries about chrome plating affecting accuracy are negated.

    The bolts are machined from 9310 steel with 8620 steel in the carriers and ex-tractors of hardened S7 tool steel. The interiors of the bolts are chrome lined, and the gas keys are properly staked. None of the Mk3 series rifles include sights. The muzzles feature 5/8x24 threading for adding suppres-sors or other muzzle devices.

    The RKM15 KeyMod hand- guard is machined from ex-truded 6061-T6 aluminum alloy, with a long top rail and KeyMod interfaces at 3, 6 and 9 oclock rather than Picatinny rails. The Key-Mod system resulted from a collaboration between Vltor and Noveske with the goal of creating something easier to accessorize than traditional rail-less systems and trim-mer and lighter than quad-rail handguards. All Mk3s have A3 flattop uppers, with nicely engraved indexing marks sans white letters.

    With all of these desirable traits as the base with which to work, what else does a rifle described as one of CMMGs pre-

    mier rifles have to of-fer? The CBR is designed

    from the get-go as a tactical rifle with the overall length and power for that mission. Its carbine-length barrel has a tapered, medi-um-weight profile. The RKM15 handguard mates perfectly with the flattop, extending 15 inches forward and over the low-profile gas block. Though a lightweight handguard, it still adds some weight toward the front, as does the barrel profile, which is always a plus with 7.62mm-chambered rifles.

    All of the alloy parts have a hardcoat anodized finish that blends well with the ni-trided barrel and muzzle brake. The highly effective SV muzzle brake is a CMMG design that permits faster follow-up shots and less muzzle climb.


    The CMMG CBR is an excellent package, set up perfectly for bursting barricades, CQB work and taking extended-distance shots.

    The handguard

    features KeyMod slots along

    the 3, 6 and 9 oclock postions for adding tactical accessories.


    Another great enhancement is the Geissele 2-Stage trigger. Every day, these non-adjustable Geissele triggers are trust-ed by good guys in bad places to work ev-ery time and provide the kind of pull weight and feel mil-spec triggers could never reach. Each CBR has a crisp, predictable trigger on board.

    Finally, every CBR is furnished with Magpuls MOE pistol grip, PMAG and ACS-L buttstock. The ACS-L is a noticeable en-hancement, with an improved cheekweld and an enhanced friction-locking mecha-nism. The son of Magpuls ACS, the ACS-L eliminates the ACS battery compartment, shaving about 0.1 pounds. The weight dif-ference increases as batteries are loaded into the ACS stock.

    RANGE TIMECMMGs RKM15 KeyMod handguard is

    a pleasure to work with. It handles nicely and makes it easy to attach accessories. My first exposure to the KeyMod system, the CMMG rail has sold me on the design.

    Before testing I settled on Diamond-head polymer backup sights, Vortexs new SPARC II 2-MOA reflex sight and a U. S.

    Optics SR-8C 1-8x28mm scope for use at the appropriate distances. To a CMMG KeyMod rail, I added GG&Gs QD bipod adapter, which incorporates a sling swivel to allow for the attachment of Tac Shields pivoting bipod with 6- to 9-inch legs. This way the quality bipod can be removed until needed and instantly reattached.

    Using an Impact Weapons Components KeyMod QD rotation-limited sling mount, I attached a Blue Force Gear SOC-C padded sling, which ran to the ACS-L stock. Adding a trim, minimalistic and effective ZeroBravo KeyMod Reversible Hand Stop provided a repeatable hand location to interface with the RKM15 and accessories. I also added an effective Brite-Strike BD-198-HLS flash-light to a CMMG-furnished rail.

    Admittedly, 7.62mm rifles are thump-ers, but so are 12 gauge shotguns, and I enjoy shooting both! If an LEO can handle

    The CBR was not abusive and handled quite

    well, regardless of my shooting position.


    12 gauges, the 7.62mm will be no problem. The CBR was not abusive and handled quite well, regardless of my shooting po-sition. Tracking targets up close or tagging partial targets, the CBR performed excel-lently, thanks in part to the optics I chose for the testing. The U.S. Optics scope was crisp and clear, enhancing the long-range shots. Close in, the Sparc II 2 MOA Red Dot was all I have come to expect of Vortex!

    Accuracy wise, the CBR produced a 0.68-inch average of the three best groups, and there wasnt a bad group in the bunch. Tac Shields bipod did everything expected of it and contributed to the groups on and off the bench. Shooting groups from prone popped my shoulder a tad more, but not enough to be uncomfortable.

    FINAL NOTESI believe a 7.62mm NATO-chambered

    rifle should be on the scene any time the suspect goes behind a barricadewhich includes being inside of an automobile. It may require a few rounds, but the 7.62mm NATO can defeat many barricade material, saving innocent lives.

    With a design similar to most patrol carbines, officers should have no trouble making the transition. CMMGs Carbine Battle Rifle is an excellent choice for LEOsits compact, rugged, dependable, fast handling, Magpul enhanced and ac-curate thanks to its great trigger. CMMGs certainly CBR lives up to its name! For more information, visit cmmginc.com or call 660-248-2293.


    CMMG equips the Mk3 CBR with a Magpul MOE pistol grip featuring an internal storage compartment to hold spare parts.

  • When police departments started forming tactical teams, they did so to deal with violent, dangerous situations requiring a swift, overwhelming response. In the early days of SWAT the A actually stood for Attack, as in Special Weapons Attack Teams. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, these teams took the fight to criminals who chose to commit crimes. Teams responded to a location, formed up, locked and loaded, and moved in. It wasnt the perfect solution to all problems, but it was often the right solution for many.

    As time progressed, it became apparent that some situations could be resolved through less aggressive means. Negotiators could be used to talk down some agitated suspects and get them to surrender peacefully. Gas could be used to flush some suspects out, thus avoid-ing a violent encounter. Over time, a partnership evolved between tactical teams,

    negotiators and the use of less-lethal means to resolve some tactical problems where suspects dont want to shoot it out.When I first

    got on the SWAT

    team about a dozen years ago, we resolved most tactical situations through forcing entry, clearing rooms and calling it a day. Our hostage negotiation team (HNT) was in place primarily for dealing with barricaded subjects, but for the most part, the tactical team resolved most situ-ations without assistance. We never considered the HNT for high-risk warrants unless it some-how evolved into a barricaded-subject situation that could potentially have a peaceful outcome.

    SWAT EVOLUTIONTodays SWAT is very different from the

    attack teams of old and even from what I was initially exposed to. Now the preferred method for dealing with most tactical events is the surround and call out. For the unfamiliar, it looks some-

    thing like this. A tactical team deploys to a target location, sets up a perim-eter, closes off any potential

    avenues of escapeand stops. Negotiators at-tempt to contact suspects and get them to come out and surrender. If all goes smoothly, the crook comes out and the SWAT team generally makes an entry to conduct a protective sweep.

    Sounds perfect, right? No one gets hurt, the bad guys are arrested and everyone makes a little overtime. What else can you ask for? The perfect solution for every tactical problem. Or is it?

    In 2005, my SWAT team was deployed to deal with a mentally disturbed suspect who had barricaded himself in a bedroom after making threats to his family. Over about an eight-hour period, my department deployed just about every non-lethal tool available at the time. Ne-gotiators, OC spray, Tasers and 37mm rounds

    were all deployed, all with no effect.SWAT was eventually called. Shortly

    after their arrival, the suspect jumped out the front window and tried to attack

    SWAT officers with a machete and a homemade spear.

    Operators had no choice but to engage him

    with lethal force,

    In a surround and call out, SWAT forms a tight perimeter and waits for the suspects surrender.




    Weighing the pros and cons of this modern SWAT technique!


    Sean Utley photo



    striking him multiple times with handguns and M4s, mortally wounding him.

    Overall, this operation was a success. No officers were hurt and the suspect was sub-dued. But it points out some of the shortcom-ings of the surround and call out. All means other than lethal force failed. The subject ultimately required a lethal use of force. For-tunately, he was only armed with a machete. What if he had a gun? What if he had broken through the perimeter and attacked a civilian?

    This highlights some of the deficiencies of the surround and call out. Some suspects, no matter how long you surround them and call them out, will not come out and surrender peacefully. A 2010 callout in Sacramento is a good example. Over a 56-hour period, of-ficers from two SWAT teams took turns trying to get the suspect to come out with an infant hostage. The suspect repeatedly shot at officers throughout the ordeal. The subject never sur-rendereddespite saying numerous times that he was going toand operators were forced to eventually make an entry and kill him to save the infant after the suspect shot at them once again.

    PROPER TIME & PLACEObviously the surround-and-call-out

    technique has many advantages. However, it needs to be applied at the proper place and time, including when there is good intelligence about whether the suspect is armed and what his intentions are. Many suspects will surren-der peacefully when facing an overwhelming tactical presence.

    Another good opportunity for the surround and call out is when it doesnt benefit the bad guy. Im referring to the tactical situation here, not giving the crook an advantage by giving him time to plan and gather intelligence if he intends to harm civilians or law enforcement.

    Finally, this tactic works when there is no advantage to making an entry and surprise isnt a benefit to tactical teams. There are many mis-sions that fall into this category. For example,

    Obviously the surround-and- call-out technique has many advantages. However, it needs to be applied at the proper place and time, including when there is good intelligence


    a search warrant where the primary concern for investigators is the preservation of evidence.

    DISADVANTAGESAs weve seen, there are a few disadvantages

    of the surround-and-call-out technique. First, you lose the element of surprise. SWAT teams rely on the shock-and-awe effect of deploying diversion-ary devices and breaking and raking windows followed by aggressive entry techniquestactics that generally overwhelm suspects. In many instances, the first time the suspect realizes that the cops are at his house is when his door comes off the hinges and he is being arrested.

    Surround-and-call-out techniques also negate the crucial violence of action element in dynamic tactical scenarios. This goes hand in hand with the surprise factor. An aggressive entry needs to be done when a suspect isnt expecting it to be suc-cessful. A surround and call out can cause a loss of tactical momentum. It can also give a suspect time to plan, create barricades and conduct coun-terintelligence. With up-to-the-minute news reports on TV and social media, a suspect can obtain information on the opposing force.

    Surround-and-call-out tactics are also predict-able. We all know crooks adapt to our tactics. If we use this technique routinely, the bad guys will come up with countermeasures to negate its

    advantages. In this same sense, the surround and call out has become the default approach for many SWAT teams for many different types of operations. Every mission (high-risk warrants, bar-ricaded subjects, hostage situations, active shoot-ers, etc.) requires a different tactical response.

    WORKING SMARTERThe surround-and-call-out technique definitely

    has a use in tactical operations. It is the optimal method with suspects who arent totally com-mitted to killing cops or themselves and/or have something to gain from surrendering. But its not

    the answer to every tactical problem and can give suspects an unfair advantage by taking away or negating SWATs true advantages.

    About The Author: Nick Perna is an officer with the Redwood City Police Department in Northern California. He has spent much of his career as a gang and narcotics investigator. He has been a member of a multi-jurisdictional SWAT team since 2001 and is currently a team leader. He previously served as a paratrooper in the U.S. Army and is a veteran of Operation Iraqi Freedom. He has a masters degree from the University Of San Francisco.

    Sean Utley photo

    SWAT operators lose the element of surprise in a surround-and-call-out situation.


    For your convenience, all our products are now just one call or click away.









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    Sigs STRIKER-FIRED POWERHOUSE easily adapts to conquer any threat!

    By David Bahde Photos by Sean Utley

    SIG SAUER P320 9mm

    Officers can quickly change the striker-

    fired Sig Sauer P320s barrel, slide, grip and chambering

    to suit their hand sizes and missions.


    IT is common these days to lump the needs of law enforcement

    into everyone elses, especially with guns. The truth is, police officers use

    their weapons differently. Specifi-

    cally, I am referring to how the guns

    are used, and how they may be con-

    figured to facilitate that use. This also

    applies to maintenance and how agen-

    cies issue them. Police officers may be

    able to buy their own pistols, but in most

    cases that is not true. Pistols are often

    chosen based on a departments needs,

    and it can apply to thousands of officers.

    They are chosen based upon policy

    considerations, ease of training and sim-

    plicity of supply and maintenance.

    Weapons are passed down to officers

    in some cases over decades. They must

    accommodate officers ranging from the

    short to very tall, with hands ranging

    from tiny to, in my case, bear paws.

    Officers come in all kinds of shapes and

    sizes with various abilities to control

    recoil, or properly hold and

    control various calibers. Of

    course, officers are also tasked

    with maintaining their pistols, as

    few agencies will clean or maintain

    every single weaponnor should

    they. Experience and aptitude be-

    tween officers can range from truly

    expert to barely capable. So duty

    pistols become the very definition

    of compromise, with systems that

    provide the most versatility being the

    most desirable. The days of Here is

    your pistol, now deal with it are just

    about over. As a department trainer or

    armorer, it is your job to ensure every

    officers competence, and that means

    flexibility. The better the weapon system

    the P320 was as accurate as a combat pistol gets, cutting one large hole

    from off-hand at 7 and 10 yards.

    Photo courtesy Sig Sauer


    facilitates that, the easier your job will be.Most officers will carry their issued pis-

    tol on- and off-duty. It will spend 10 to 12 hours a day in the elements, exposed in a duty holster. The pistol is also immediately observable by the public, becoming a com-mon target for dedicated criminal preda-tors. Depending on policy, the sidearm will be carried all the time when off-duty, or at least be readily available, meaning con-cealed carry in every weather condition. Some agencies will issue two pistols, but that is pretty rare, and most officers cant afford a dedicated off-duty pistol. In many cases, policy simply wont allow it, making individual preference all but a pipe dream.

    So, considering all of this, its very dif-ficult for manufacturers to meet the needs of the law enforcement market. It also means they will build weapons around those needs, with consideration outside the police world becoming secondary. Be-lieve me, its not personal; it is just the way the market works. If you are a large com-pany having spent decades supplying pis-tols to the police market, it is a must. There may be no better example than striker-fired pistols, which are extremely popular in law enforcement in general, especially

    SIG SAUER P320 9mm

    Sig Sauer offers the P320 with or without a safety toggle in the face of the trigger. Either way, the pistol will pass a drop test.

    The Full-Size model features a 4.7-inch barrel as well as a long picatinny accessory rail molded into the dust cover.


    among larger departments. If you intend to supply pistols in any large number, you are going to need to make one. And Sig Sauer has stepped up to the plate with its own striker-fired pistol, the P320.

    GUN DETAILSSig Sauer has supplied pistols to the po-

    lice and military worlds for decades, but is is kind of late to the striker-fired pistol party. For those agencies requiring a decocking pistol, Sig Sauer remains a leader in the field. The companys double-action-only, hammer-fired pistols bridge a gap, but Sig Sauer needed a striker-fired pistol. Many of its clients were clamoring for one, so it took all of their requests into account and devel-oped the P320, which is geared towards the needs of a police department and those that issue and maintain them.

    Sig Sauer built the P320 from the ground up based on requests from the police and military worlds. Rather than provide a molded-in fire control system, the company opted to make it removable. Remove the slide, turn the takedown lever and it comes right outno tools are nec-

    essary. This allows the same serialized fire control system to be placed in several grip frames. Frames are available in small, medium and large grip sizes. Currently, Sig is offering Full-Size, Carry, Compact

    and Subcompact models of the P320 with 4.7-, 3.9- and 3.7-inch barrels.

    While an officer probably wont swap their grips or slides when going off-duty, this modularity does mean an officer be-

    SIG SAUER P320SPECIFICATIONSCaliber: 9mm Barrel: 4.7 inchesOA Length: 8 inchesWeight: 29.4 ounces Grips: Interchangeable polymerSights: SIGLITE Action: Striker-firedFinish: Black NitronCapacity: 17+1 MSRP: $713

    Load Velocity Accuracy

    Barnes 115 TAC-XP 1,124 1.25Black Hills 115 TAC-XP +P 1,342 1.00DoubleTap 115 Bonded Defense +P JHP 1,355 1.18Hornady 124 CQC 1,128 1.50

    Bullet weight measured in grains, velocity in fps, and accuracy in inches for best five-shot groups at 25 yards.


    The stylish slide features front and rear cocking serrations.

    Photo courtesy Sig Sauer

  • coming a detective can just change their P320s grip and slide, for example, saving a lot of money for the department. Sig is cur-rently offering the P320 in 9mm, .40 S&W and .357 SIG, with .45 ACP coming later. Some officers find the .40 S&W harder to handle; an armorer could just swap the P320s slides and magazines for a different chambering, all of it at the range if needed. Conceivably one officer could maintain the same serial number throughout their entire career. At the macro level, this could be a nice feature for agency armors.

    P320s can be configured with safety configurations to meet most agency needs. The fire control system passes drop tests with or without a trigger-mounted safety toggle. Agencies that require trigger safe-ties can get them installed, while others can leave them off, providing a smooth, metal trigger. The trigger has a distinct re-set, with little take-up and a crisp break at around 6 pounds. The P320 also has an ambidextrous slide release, and the maga-zine release can be switched easily to ei-ther side. For those requiring a magazine disconnect safety (i.e., the pistol will not

    fire without a magazine inserted) that is also available. You can even get a thumb safety if your agency requires an external mechanical safety.

    Sighting is accomplished using Sigs excellent set of SIGLITE night sights. Along with tritium inserts, the dots are large and easy to see. A pronounced ledge on the

    rear sight facilitates unconven-tional reloads. The P320s mag-

    azines are metal, and a cut-out in the grip allows you to pull downward on a loaded magazine in case of a mal-

    function or to make sure its properly seated. A Picatinny

    rail molded into the dust cover accommodates lights and lasers.There is no need to press the trig-

    ger to disassemble the pistol for cleaning, a feature critical to many agencies. Remove the magazine and lock the slide back. Turn the takedown lever completely, and the slide comes right off. Repeat in reverse to reassemble the pistol. You cannot turn the takedown lever with a magazine in the pistol (loaded or not), making it one of the safest and easiest-to-maintain striker-fired pistols yet in my opinion.

    Sig Sauer sent me a first-production, 9mm Full-Size P320 and three 17-round magazines. I added my SureFire X300 Ultra tactical light with the DG switch that fit my P226 SAO, since it fit in the same holster. In the end, I ended up testing the

    SIG SAUER P320 9mm

    The grip, textured for a secure hold, has cutouts at the bottom on both sides that make it easy to remove magazines.



    Police agencies are built around the concept of strong teamwork. Police departments work hard to build a sense of camaraderie, teamwork and pride within their agency. Everyone, from the small-est unit to major divisions, will implement programs and events building a sense of belonging within the department. Patches, badges and creeds are developed with that goal in mind. Our SWAT team prizes its patch and team creed, something I continue to wear proudly to this day. Over the course of my career, I have purchased badges of various ranks commemorated by anniversaries, the Olympics and other special events.

    There is a long tradi-tion of agencies marking their firearms with department logos and badges. They are prized possessions of retired officers. Some of the most valuable collectors guns wear a logo from a local department or federal agency. It is a great tradition, one Sig Sauer is continuing with its new commemorative program.

    EARN THE MARK: Agencies purchasing a minimum of 15 pistols or 10 rifles can have their logo, badge or creed etched or engraved onto their Sig Sauer firearms. Laser-engraving is completed at Sig Sauer and includes one graphic and a line of text. Silver level includes true engraving at a selected vendor. Gold includes having your logo cast in beautiful gold plating. Platinum is heirloom-level engravingperfect for weapons provided to retired officers, or for special occasions and awards. Pricing is commensurate with the level of engraving and complexity of the artwork, and all of it is expertly done. David Bahde

    The Gold package includes floral-

    pattern scroll work and a logo on top.

    Sig Sauer engraving can help

    you mark an occasion or distinguish your gear.


    os c


    sy S

    ig S



    P320 with several lights, including those from Streamlight, along with a couple of lasers.

    Off-duty holsters are available in ge-neric leather and Kydex; most made for the P250 will work. Duty holsters specifi-cally made for the P320 are in the works. Equipped with the X300, the P320 dropped into my G21 Safariland ALS holster, but it would just not lock in. So I grabbed a G22 SLS holster; it fit perfectly with a gentle nudge from my heat gun. This is what I used for all of the testing, most of which was completed in full kit.

    RANGE TIMEStarting by engaging multiple targets,

    the P320 was pretty darn fast. The trigger reset is just a tad longer than my usual single-action pistols, but once I was ac-customed to it, it was very controllable on multiple-shot strings. The recoil was manageablea bit more pronounced than a steel pistol, but better than most polymer-framed pistols. The grip is stippled about right for most. Id prefer a bit more aggres-sive texturing, but that is a personal prefer-ence. The P320s beavertail is somewhere between the Elite frames and standard Sig pistols. Long a fan of Sigs slide release placement, this (Please turn to page 103)

    SIG SAUER P320 9mm

    The slide stop is in a position similar to Sigs other pistols, making it easy to charge the P320 with just one hand.

    The P320 may be the most versatile system

    on the market, allowing users to swap out the

    frame, slide and barrel in multiple calibers.

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    A few years ago, I was chatting with a good friend, Mike, who was a distributor in

    the Southwest for Rock River Arms, about the fact that I was interested in an AR rifle with plenty of penetration and stopping power on tap. Of course, what makes for good stopping

    power often becomes less science than

    voodoo in many debates heard around

    the gun shop, but most would agree that

    high-energy rounds with deep penetration

    capabilities are desired.

    As we discussed the topic, I mentioned

    a .50-caliber rifle in which Id taken a keen

    interest, but alas, after Id reviewed the gun

    and all was said and done, a deal for pur-

    chase of the weapon that was agreeable

    to my terms hadnt materialized; it was

    just the way that things worked out. Mike

    then suggested I take a look at the .458

    SOCOM offered by Illinois manufacturer

    Rock River Arms (RRA), as he felt the

    round was quite suitable for my needs. He

    mentioned that the .458 uppers were top

    sellers for his outfit, and he sold a ton of

    them. I had positive interactions with RRA

    in the past, writing up both 1911 pistols

    and LAR rifles alike, and found them to be

    well made, so testing the LAR-458 CAR

    A4 rifle seemed a perfect proposition.

    SOCOM ORIGINSThe .458 SOCOM had its genesis in

    casual discussions among special opera-

    tions troops about the relatively dismal

    performance of 5.56mm NATO rounds



    Heavy-hitting .458 SOCOM rifle brings extra power for

    punching through barriers!

    from M4s and M16s during Operation

    Gothic Serpent in Mogadishu.

    In 2000, Marty Ter Weeme of Teppo

    Jutsu contacted Tony Rumore of Tromix

    in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma, and the two

    discussed the possibility of the concep-

    tual big bore round and an AR delivery

    platform. Early conversations started with

    a load based on a stretched .50 AE case,

    and a case with a .308 head was finally

    settled upon, resulting in the .458 SOCOM.

    Starline was going to make the brass,

    and Ter Weeme reached out to Dave

    Davison at

    CH4D to make

    the dies and David

    Manson at Manson Reamers

    for the chamber reamer.

    On February 16, 2001, Rumore began

    work on the upper receiver, and, working

    into the early evening, finished at around

    8:00pm. He test-fired the first gun in his

    shop that night, and it functioned perfectly.

    The prototype was sent to Ter Weeme for

    testing, and Tony made a couple more to run

    himself. Tromix began offering rifles, uppers

    By Matt Berger

    Rock River Arms LAR-458 Mid A4, with its 16-inch bull barrel, fires

    the powerful .458 SOCOM without being much larger than a standard

    5.56mm AR-style rifle. Shown with a Trijicon ACOG sight.

    Steve Woods photo


    and ammo in April of 2001. When Rumore contacted Peter Pi at CorBon, he didnt hesitate and agreed to come on board in commercially manufacturing the ammo.

    The guns sold slowly, and Rumore eventually abandoned the project. Today, only a handful of manufacturers build .458 SOCOM rifles, including Teppo Jut-su, SSK Industries, Castle Arms and, of course, Rock River Arms, all licens-ing the design from Ter Weeme.

    GUN DETAILSThe LAR-458 MID A4s most

    prominent and unique feature is its larger-diameter, 16-inch, 416R chrome-moly, bull barrel. These barrels are Wilson air-gauged units button-broached with eight lands and grooves in a 1-in-14-inch twist rate. The crown is re-cessed and cut at 11 degrees, and an A2 birdcage-style flash suppressor is attached. The gas block is RRAs 6061 aluminum Varmint unit with an integral sight rail and a smooth bot-tom. Three large holes cut into both sides of the gas block appear to be there to lighten the unit. Just behind the gas block is the hand-guard, a mid-length, fluted and knurled, free-floating aluminum tube. There is a stud under the handguard for the attachment of a sling swivel or bipod.

    The charging handle looks like that of a stan-dard AR-15 and oper-ates the same. Remov-ing the bolt (Carpenter 158 steel) and its carrier (8620 steel) reveals components that look just like the small-er LAR-15s. The rifles mid-length gas system re-duces the amount of wear and tear on the gun, and it runs cooler than a car-bine-length system.

    The upper and low-er receivers are CNC-

    machined from aircraft-grade 7075-T6 aluminum forgings, the former being an A4 configuration with a flattop Picatinny rail. The controls are standard AR-15 fare, beyond an indicator notch visible on the right side of the selector lever and the .458 SOCOM markings above the ejec-tion port with dust cover. The RRA logo and the roll marks, Colona, IL, LAR-458 are pressed into the left side of the mag-azine well, along with the serial number just below. The upper and lower receiv-ers are secured by captured crosspins, and there was no play between the two halves of my test sample whatsoever.

    The buttstock is a standard, solid, high-impact composite, A2-style unit

    with a trapdoor in the butt itself capable of containing a cleaning kit or other small items. The buttstock also houses the buf-fer and spring. The pistol grip is mil-spec LAR-15 fare. The LAR-458 is also set up with a two-stage trigger.

    The LAR-458s fit and finish were out-standing. The aluminum components are hardcoat anodized black, while the barrel is matte black. The machine work was excep-tional with clean, straight cuts and an ab-sence of machine markseven inside the

    receivers. Last-ly, RRA ships the LAR-458 in a hard case with one mag.

    RANGE TIMETo index my fire, I mounted an

    Aimpoint CompM4 reflex sight cou-pled with a 3x magnifier onto the

    LAR-458. I also set up a police silhouette, which I used to dial in the dope on the Aimpoint sight before aiming in on the bullseyes.

    My initial range test

    was cut short just as I dialed the rifle in at 100 yards; one of the casings broke, lodg-ing partway in the chamber. All of my ef-forts to remove it were futile, so I had to ship the upper back to RRA for removal. (Its not like I had a .458 SOCOM broken shell extractor lying around.) Once I got the upper back, I headed back to the range to test the .458 SOCOMs inh