Handbook of Parenting

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Handbook of Parenting

Text of Handbook of Parenting

Family Issues in the 21st Century Series

HANDBOOK OF PARENTING: STYLES, STRESSES AND STRATEGIESNo part of this digital document may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means. The publisher has taken reasonable care in the preparation of this digital document, but makes no expressed or implied warranty of any kind and assumes no responsibility for any errors or omissions. No liability is assumed for incidental or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of information contained herein. This digital document is sold with the clear understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, medical or any other professional services.

FAMILY ISSUES IN THE 21ST CENTURY SERIESHandbook of Parenting: Styles, Stresses and Strategies Pacey H. Krause and Tahlia M. Dailey (Editors) ISBN: 978-1-60741-766-8

Family Issues in the 21st Century Series

HANDBOOK OF PARENTING: STYLES, STRESSES AND STRATEGIES

PACEY H. KRAUSEAND

TAHLIA M. DAILEYEDITORS

Nova Science Publishers, Inc.New York

Copyright 2009 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc.All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means: electronic, electrostatic, magnetic, tape, mechanical photocopying, recording or otherwise without the written permission of the Publisher. For permission to use material from this book please contact us: Telephone 631-231-7269; Fax 631-231-8175 Web Site: http://www.novapublishers.com NOTICE TO THE READER The Publisher has taken reasonable care in the preparation of this book, but makes no expressed or implied warranty of any kind and assumes no responsibility for any errors or omissions. No liability is assumed for incidental or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of information contained in this book. The Publisher shall not be liable for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting, in whole or in part, from the readers use of, or reliance upon, this material. Any parts of this book based on government reports are so indicated and copyright is claimed for those parts to the extent applicable to compilations of such works. Independent verification should be sought for any data, advice or recommendations contained in this book. In addition, no responsibility is assumed by the publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or property arising from any methods, products, instructions, ideas or otherwise contained in this publication. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information with regard to the subject matter covered herein. It is sold with the clear understanding that the Publisher is not engaged in rendering legal or any other professional services. If legal or any other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent person should be sought. FROM A DECLARATION OF PARTICIPANTS JOINTLY ADOPTED BY A COMMITTEE OF THE AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION AND A COMMITTEE OF PUBLISHERS. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA Handbook of parenting styles, stresses, and strategies / [edited by] Pacey H. Krause and Tahlia M. Dailey. p. cm. Includes index. ISBN 978-1-61668-575-1 (E-Book) 1. Parenting--Handbooks, manuals, etc. 2. Parenting--Psychological aspects--Handbooks, manuals, etc. 3. Parent and child--Handbooks, manuals, etc. 4. Parent and child--Psychological aspects--Handbooks, manuals, etc. I. Krause, Pacey H. II. Dailey, Tahlia M. HQ755.8.H3336 2009 155.6'46--dc22 2009025479Published by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. New York

CONTENTSPreface Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Parenting Practices and Child Mental Health Outcomes Ippolyti Vassi, Alexandra Veltsista and Chryssa Bakoula The Importance of Brain and Physiological Systems Research in the Study of Parenting Behaviors Susan B. Perlman and Linda A. Camras Parental Monitoring: Overview and the Development of Two Retrospective Scales Lisa Thomson Ross and Maribeth L. Veal Parenting in the Context of Marginalization: Moving towards a Comprehensive Framework Kelly E. McShane and Nicole Schaefer-McDaniel Addressing Attrition Rates: New Directions in Administering Parent Training Shannon S.C. Bert and Jaelyn R. Farris Antenatal Education: Preparing For Parenthood Jane Svensson Goodness of Fit between Parenting Style and Child Temperament: Special Challenges with Slow-to-Warm-Up Infants Jessica Stoltzfus and Katherine Karraker Maternal Emotional Availability and Infant Smiling and Crying at 5 Months of Age G. Esposito, P. Venuti, S. de Falco and M. H. Bornstein Working Class Mothering: Exploring Strengths and Values Val Gillies Child-Parent Relations as a Mutual Opportunity for a Significant Developmental Encounter with the Other Esther Cohen and Neta Ofer-Ziv 141 vii 1

15

Chapter 3

19

Chapter 4

37

Chapter 5

53 63

Chapter 6 Chapter 7

87

Chapter 8

111

Chapter 9 Chapter 10

vi Chapter 11

Contents Amount of Time in Extracurricular Activities Impact on Parenting and Adolescent Behavior Problems Andrea D. Mata, Katherine C. Schinka and Manfred H.M. van Dulmen Strategy and Practice of Support for Multiple Birth Families: Evidence-Based Care and Population Approach with Human Network Syuichi Ooki The Effect of Familial Factors on the Management of Childhood Obesity Moria Golan, Roni S. Enten and Danit R. Shahar The Role of the Family in Autistic Spectrum Conditions: Theory and Practical Implications Lisa A. Osborne & Phil Reed Parenting in the Context of Domestic Violence: Unique Stresses and Outcomes Erin Gallagher, Alissa Huth-Bocks and Alytia Levendosky Parenting Practices around Learning within Latino Communities: Diversity and Associations with Childrens Outcomes Nikki Aikens, Margaret Caspe, Sally Atkins-Burnett, Susan Sprachman and Yange Xue Parenting Styles in Adolescence: The Role of Warmth, Strictness, and Psychological Autonomy Granting in Influencing Collective Self-Esteem and Expectations for the Future Silvia Moscatelli and Monica Rubini Predictors of Maternal and Paternal Parenting Stress in Central American Refugee Families with Adolescent Offspring Noorfarah Merali Immigration Effects on Parenting, Stress, and Risky Sex among Hispanic Immigrant Youth Elizabeth Trejos-Castillo & Alexander T. Vazsonyi

165

Chapter 12

175

Chapter 13

241

Chapter 14

259

Chapter 15

291

Chapter 16

315

Chapter 17

341

Chapter 18

351

Chapter 19

371 397

Index

PREFACEFamilies and parents have the most central and enduring influence on children's lives. Parenthood is not instinctive, but is rather an evolutionary procedure throughout the child's life-course. This book looks at the pattern of family structures, which has evolved as a result of social, cultural and economic changes. An overview of parental monitoring and the development of two new retrospective monitoring scales is examined. This book also focuses on certain parenting styles, stressors, and practices which promote positive and negative child behaviors. The goodness-of-fit concept is emphasized, which concentrates specifically on how a poor fit between the temperament behaviors of infants and young children and parents' expectations and parenting skills can stress and challenges the parent-child relationship and potentially lead to poor child outcomes. Among other issues, this book addresses the relations of maternal emotional availability with infant smiling and crying, the importance of measuring parental brain and physiological systems, the effect of working class mothers on their emotional availability to their children, and the variety of patterns that a parent must adopt in daily life to cope with situations of conflict to promote processes of emotional and social adaptation in their children. Chapter 1 - Families and parents have the most central and enduring influence on childrens lives. Parenthood is not instinctive, but is rather an evolutionary procedure throughout the childs life. In most settings parents are not prepared to raise children just after childbirth. In order to become effective at their tasks they follow advice given by expert professionals such as paediatricians, teachers, or even psychologists and psychiatrists; through books, articles, and interviews; or by seeking their friends or familys advice. In addition, the parenting role is improved by increasingly receiving love and pleasure from their children, their creation. This reciprocal relation and affection develops over time. Chapter 2 - Efforts to understand the socialization of adaptive emotional functioning in children have largely focused upon both laboratory observations and parents self-report of their emotion socialization strategies. While some studies have also taken biological mechanisms into account, these have focused on childrens physiological responding (e.g., cardiac vagal tone ). However, parental biological state and the manner by which this may impact their childrens functioning have only begun to be examined. In this commentary, the importance of measuring parental brain and physiological systems is examined. This gap in the research literature may shed light on the indirect mechanisms by which parenting behaviors may affect childrens emotional development.

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Pacey H. Krause and Tahlia M. Daile

Chapter 3 - This chapter presents an overview of parental monitoring and describes the development of two new retrospective monitoring scales. Parental monitoring has been defined as a concern for the regulation, supervision, and management of behavior, such that parents are aware of and regulatory of their childrens whereabouts, companions, and activities (Pettit, Laird, Dodge, Bates