Heine in der Romaniaby Gerhart Hoffmeister

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<ul><li><p>Heine in der Romania by Gerhart HoffmeisterReview by: Ingrid G. DaemmrichNineteenth-Century French Studies, Vol. 32, No. 1/2 (FALLWINTER 2003-2004), pp. 150-151Published by: University of Nebraska PressStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23538160 .Accessed: 14/06/2014 15:50</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>University of Nebraska Press is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access toNineteenth-Century French Studies.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 185.44.77.34 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 15:50:18 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=unphttp://www.jstor.org/stable/23538160?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>survivors spent their remaining years in exile, or prison. Harsin concludes her book </p><p>by retracing the fate of a few of these individuals. Even those such as Blanqui who </p><p>survived the Commune never saw their dream realized, for the Third Republic, which </p><p>finally emerged after the Commune was repressed, was founded on bourgeois </p><p>consensus, not on personal courage, self-sacrifice and victory on the barricades. </p><p>Hoffmeister, Gerhart. Heine in der Romania. Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag, 2002. </p><p>Pp. 208. ISBN 3-503-96127-4 </p><p>Ingrid G. Daemmrich, Drexel University </p><p>With this study, Gerhart Hoffmeister joins a long succession of literary critics who </p><p>have investigated the impact of the nineteenth-century German-Jewish writer on the </p><p>literature of the Romance languages. Hoffmeister carefully balances summarizing the </p><p>interpretations of his predecessors with his own clearly enunciated perception of </p><p>Heine's poetry as pivotal to the development of poetry from Romanticism to </p><p>Symbolism. He attributes Heine's influence to two sources: Nerval's "rhythmically </p><p>lyrical" translations of excerpts from Heine's Buch der Lieder {Le Livre des chants), </p><p>Lyrisches Intermezzo, Die Nordsee {La Mer du nord), and Atta Troll and the role of the </p><p>Revue des Deux Mondes in making Heine's poetry, as well as articles by and about him, </p><p>accessible to speakers of Romance languages. </p><p>Hoffmeister devotes nearly half of his study to Heine's fluctuating career and </p><p>fortune in Paris. Heine emigrated to Paris in 1831 to escape Prussian censorship of his </p><p>political writings. Warmly welcomed into Parisian literary circles because of his wit </p><p>and charm, he soon became acquainted with Hugo, Dumas-pre, Musset, Marie </p><p>d'Argoult, Caroline Jaubert, George Sand, Nodier, Vigny, and most importantly, </p><p>Nerval and Gautier. He also conceived several contradictory goals: first to study </p><p>Saint-Simonism, then to become part of the contemporary life of Paris, to achieve </p><p>financial stability by selling his work in the Parisian literary marketplace, and to </p><p>correct the false image of Germany as a land of mystic enchantment propagated </p><p>twenty years earlier by Madame de Stal's De l'Allemagne. Hoffmeister delineates how </p><p>all these projects failed. A quarrel with Victor Cousin led to isolation from the </p><p>political-philosophical scene. Heine's inability to write French as fluently and wittily </p><p>as he spoke it restricted his ability to earn a living by writing in Paris. And the French </p><p>remained obstinately devoted to Madame de Stal's image of Germany. Despite the </p><p>publication of eight sections in Victor Bohain's newly launched L'Europe littraire, his </p><p>De l'Allemagne received little attention and garnered few sales. Heine's self </p><p>characterization as "ce pauvre rossignol allemand qui a fait son nid dans la perruque </p><p>de M. de Voltaire" in a letter to Sainte Ren Taillandier a year before his death </p><p>demonstrates the poet's acute awareness of his inability to gain recognition for his </p><p>philosophical and political ideas. </p><p>Hoffmeister convincingly traces the far greater success of Heine's poetry in </p><p>challenging the traditional French romantic image of Germany as the land of poetic </p><p>dreamers and in influencing the development of French poetry. The partial </p><p>translation of Reisebilder as Tableaux de Voyage by Renduel in 1832 won Heine praise </p><p>150 Reviews </p><p>This content downloaded from 185.44.77.34 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 15:50:18 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>for its satirical-ironic tone. It became Heine's most popular book in France. Nerval's </p><p>lyrical translations of excerpts from Heine's poetry in the Revue des Deux Mondes in </p><p>1844 and his rhythmic prose poem translations of sixteen poems from Heine's </p><p>masterpiece, Buch der Lieder (Le Livre des chants), in the 15 September 1848 issue of </p><p>the Revue des Deux Mondes introduced the French to Heine's peculiar combination of </p><p>musical lyricism with witty sarcasm. The publication of his uvres compltes by </p><p>Michel Lvy-frres in 1855, followed by a second edition in 1857, sealed Heine's </p><p>reputation in France as the poet who could masterfully interplay lyrical songs about </p><p>unrequited love with mocking irony. According to critics cited by Hoffmeister, in </p><p>particular, Boeck (1972), Hhn (1994), Weinberg (1954), and Werner (1978, 1991). </p><p>Heine's coupling of romantic longing and mystery with wit and irony inspired </p><p>numerous imitations by both Romantic and post-Romantic French poets ranging </p><p>from Nerval and Gautier to Baudelaire, Mallarm, Banville, and Laforgue and </p><p>extending to the twentieth-century writers Apollinaire and Gide. Hoffmeister </p><p>concludes with a section on Andr Suars's image of Heine as a fellow exile and victim </p><p>of anti-Semitism. </p><p>In the second half of his study, Hoffmeister demonstrates the central role played </p><p>by both Nerval's translations and the Revue des Deux Mondes in introducing Heine's </p><p>work to writers, critics, academics, and the reading public in other romance </p><p>languages, particularly in Italy, Spain, and South America. The two French sources </p><p>accounted for the rapid spread of the cult of Heinismo, starting in 1831 and continuing </p><p>into the twentieth century. But they also facilitated the first impression of Heine as a </p><p>sentimental lyricist. Once poets and critics had access to Heine's political and ironic, </p><p>witty writings through translations into their own tongues, Heine's influence on the </p><p>evolution of poetry from Romanticism to modern movements became evident. </p><p>Hoffmeister concludes his study by citing Suars's 1946 affirmation that Heine's </p><p>lasting contribution is the compact song form which compresses many conflicting </p><p>moods and thoughts into a few lines. The book includes an extensive bibliography of </p><p>Heine editions, translations, and secondary literature but unfortunately lacks an </p><p>index. </p><p>Although Hoffmeister's presentation of Heine's general influence on French and </p><p>Romanic poetry is convincing, scholars will likely question whether it is possible to </p><p>ascertain this influence for specific poems. Nevertheless, this meticulously researched </p><p>and succinctly presented study should interest all students of nineteenth-century </p><p>French and European literature and culture. Specialists in the development of poetry </p><p>and the role of the literary magazine in the diffusion of poetry will want to pay special </p><p>attention to this book. </p><p>Nineteenth-Century French Studies 32, Nos. 1 8 2 Fall-Winter 2003-2004 </p><p>This content downloaded from 185.44.77.34 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 15:50:18 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p>Article Contentsp. 150p. 151</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsNineteenth-Century French Studies, Vol. 32, No. 1/2 (FALLWINTER 2003-2004), pp. 1-196Front MatterAlfred de Musset, ou l'univers de la discontinuit [pp. 9-22]Baudelaire and Auguste Lacaussade: A New Look [pp. 23-40]La Tunisie dans l'imaginaire politique de Flaubert [pp. 41-57]"Le Spectacle de la rue": Edmond de Goncourt and the Siege of Paris [pp. 58-68]Rimbaud's Ruin of French Verse: Verse Spatiality and the Paris Commune Ruins [pp. 69-82]The Language of Hair in the Nineteenth-Century Novel [pp. 83-103]La Revue du "Centaure": Textes et contextes d'une uvre esthtique et littraire [pp. 104-120]Emigrations of "l'Art pour l'Art" to America [pp. 121-133]NOTESAdle Hugo: A Sojourn in Barbados From the Memoirs of Amelia Fielding Culpeper [pp. 134-137]Adle Hugo: A Bibliographical Note [pp. 138-143]</p><p>ReviewsART, CULTURE, HISTORYReview: untitled [pp. 144-146]Review: untitled [pp. 146-148]Review: untitled [pp. 148-150]Review: untitled [pp. 150-151]Review: untitled [pp. 152-154]Review: untitled [pp. 154-156]Review: untitled [pp. 156-157]Review: untitled [pp. 158-159]</p><p>BALZAC STUDIESReview: untitled [pp. 159-161]Review: untitled [pp. 161-164]</p><p>BARBEY STUDIESReview: untitled [pp. 164-166]</p><p>BAUDELAIRE STUDIESReview: untitled [pp. 167-169]Review: untitled [pp. 169-172]Review: untitled [pp. 173-174]</p><p>CHATEAUBRIAND STUDIESReview: untitled [pp. 174-176]</p><p>CONSTANT STUDIESReview: untitled [pp. 176-177]</p><p>FLAUBERT STUDIESReview: untitled [pp. 177-180]Review: untitled [pp. 180-181]</p><p>GAUTIER STUDIESReview: untitled [pp. 181-182]</p><p>MALLARM STUDIESReview: untitled [pp. 183-184]Review: untitled [pp. 184-186]Review: untitled [pp. 187-189]</p><p>NERVAL STUDIESReview: untitled [pp. 189-190]</p><p>ZOLA STUDIESReview: untitled [pp. 190-192]</p><p>Abstracts [pp. 193-196]Back Matter</p></li></ul>

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