How to Teach Teachers to Teach with New Media

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How to Teach Teachers to Teach with New Media. Initial and Further Teacher Education in a Collaborative Learning Environment. 2nd National Conference POSKOLE 2003 on Computers in Education Lazne Sedmihorky, 23 25 April 2003. Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • How to Teach Teachers to Teach with New MediaInitial and Further Teacher Educationin a Collaborative Learning EnvironmentPeter GornyCarl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg2nd National Conference POSKOLE 2003 on Computers in EducationLazne Sedmihorky, 23 25 April 2003Projekt eL3 eLernen und eLehren in Lehrer-Aus- und Weiterbildung

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    ContentsThe situation in 2000 (when proposing the project)The project concepts content and methodologyThe project realizationFirst evaluation results and participants` opinions

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The situation in 2000 (when proposing the project)

    Approximately 75 % of all teachers in Germany (> 700,000) do not use a computer for teaching or preparation of teaching material.Only 5 % use computers in the classroom.Only 2 % use the internet in the classroom (Estimated by Federal educational administrations, 2000)The Federal organisation of the school system leads to a great diversity and little influence for the Federal government.But singular Federally funded projects might help a little ....

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The eL3 Project ConsortiumFriedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-NuernbergFIM-NeuesLernenDr. Walter Kugemann (Chair of Consortium and of subproject Erlangen) Carl von Ossietzky University of OldenburgLearning Lab for Multimedia-supported Learning within the Center for DidacticsProf. Dr. Peter Gorny, Informatics (Chair of subproject Oldenburg)Prof. Dr. Hilke Guenther-Arndt, History The project is funded by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) Program New Media in Eduaction Financial volume 2,3 Mio Euro (approx. 72 Mio CSK)Jan 2001 Dec 2003www.eL3.de

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The objectivesDevelopment of a system of distance education courses for teacher education pre-service = teacher studentsin-service = professional teachersfor all school subjectsfor all school typesgeneral schoolsspecial schoolsvocational schoolsFor all school levelsPrimary (grades 1 - 4 age: 6 - 10 yrs.)Lower Secondary (grades 5 - 10 age: 11 - 16 yrs.)Upper Secondary (grades 11 - 13 age: 17 - 19 yrs)

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The pedagogical conceptAwareness of New Media (media competence)Learning by DoingDirect application of New Media in each school subjectTechnical skills not presented separately and in advance, but embedded in the classroom content (method: training modules for those who lack some technical skills)Methodological competence (media didactics)The web-based material to be completed with other material to be retrieved from the internet or other sourcesOne task for a small group (max. 5)to be solved cooperately in each team at the end of each content module

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The methodological concept (1)Web-based learning material hypertext structureembedded applets for simulations and animationsTutorial guidance max. 15 persons preferably in one school district form a team with online communication and regular F2F-meetingsDirect online contact to peersDiscussion forum (newsgroup) for each team and for each courseChatrooms for each team and additional focus groupsDatabase with glossary, bibliography, expert addresses etc.

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The methodological concept (2) Support functions

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The methodological concept (3)Face-to-face group work real plenary discussions in a team (max 15) or meetings of small groups (max 5)

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The methodological concept (4)Forms of learning and associated media self organized learning, mostly online-learning, including the possibility to annotate web pages for exchange of ideas within a team. Request for help from a tutor: per E-mailDiscussions via newsgroups (Forum) or via ChatExercises: Learning by Doing with tutorial feedback on request per E-mailTasks: sent to the tutor, graded and detailed feedback per E-MailWork in small (local) groups, espec. for exercises and cooperative tasks (online or F2F)Creating cooperative environments: F2F team meetings

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The technical basisThe course material embedded in the learning platform Hyperwave eLearning Suite, which offers the necessary functionality, especially also the groupware functions.

    The content is authored with the scripting language XLML (XML-based Logical Markup Language), developed for eL3.

    Internet access provided by the universities Erlangen and Oldenburg and by regional school networks.

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The course content (1)The course material consists of problem-oriented case studies from school subjects, presents technical advice and methodological solutions.

    Concrete methodolical problems or class room scenarios analysis selection of an appropriate medium derivation of an methodological approach and its mapping on technical fucntionsproblem-based exercises to enhance the necessary technical skills and competences

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The content (2)The content is organized in three levels Basic Level with main focus: How to teach with the help ICT in the classroom (specialized for each school subject),2nd Level with main focus: How to organize students' ICT-supported learning (specialized for each school subject),3rd Level for in-depth courses (in planning) production of eLearning material (e.g., database applications, digital video / audio, simulations, animations),"Beyound the classroom walls: The Global village, computer-supported student projects,evaluation methods.

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The Content (3)Course modules ( e.g. for the subject History )Introduction: Teaching and learning with the computerCollecting and organizing educational material with the computerComputer-based communication and cooperationInformation retrieval with new mediaDesigning work sheets with the computerPreparing digital images for the lessons

    Presentations in the classroomAnimations and simulationsCollecting and analyzing dataDesigning interactive work sheetsApplying data bases and designing own data basesLeveI ILevel II

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    The practical realizationStaff 11 full-time developers 15 teachers on part-time basis

    Development time3 years

    Course system development phaseTest phase: Summer term 2002 (5 courses, max. 15 participants per course)Prototype system: Winter term 2002/2003 (9 courses, max. 45 participants per course)

    Course system full access starting Summer term 2003for min 50,000 teachers (distributed over several years)organized by U Erlangen-Nrnberg and U Oldenburgor organized via other institutions (franchise-model)

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    First evaluation results and participants` opinions (1)Course platform

    The performance of our course platform Hyperwave eLearning Suite is extremely bad: very long responce time for the users. (This is caused by a poor cordination of several systems: OS Solaris / Oracle / HIS / eLS). Solution: New hardware for Redhat-Linux / Oracle / HIS / eLS.The participations complained over inadequate communication functions of the platform. Partial solution: Customization of the user interface.The participants preferred to work offline with the course material. eLS was only activated for communication purposes. Solution: a download version and tutorial support for triggering online communication.

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    First evaluation results and participants` opinions (2)Didactical concept and course contentsThe participants approved the strong school subject orientation of the course material especially as didactical motivation for exercising the software functions.The participants disliked, that the lecturers and tutors synchronized the participants` work with the course modules by giving late access to the exercises and tasksand by strict deadlines for sending in the task results.An evaluation of the content quality of our course material is not yet available. (To be performed in Fall 2003.)

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    First evaluation results and participants` opinions (3)Communication and cooperationThe amount of communication amoung participants and between participants and tutor or lecturer was surprisingly poor due to several causes:Our course authors have not given sufficient incentives for online communication in the teams. (The material is still very similar to common textbooks.) The participants were not willing (or able) to start online cooperation or collaboration in small virtual groups. The possibility to discuss module texts with the help of cascadable annotations (a function of eLS) was rarely used.

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    First evaluation results and participants` opinions SUMMARYLimits of virtual learningAn online identity does not produce the necessary confidence as a face-to-face meeting.Participants rejected to cooperate with strangers. Participants are reluctant to spontaneously ask stupid questions online.Individual learning required much self discipline and high competence for self-organized learning.

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    Thank you for your attention !

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    Analysis

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    Analysis

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    Selection

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    Concrete Examples

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    Concrete Examples

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    Exercises

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    Exercises II:Evaluation

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    Exercises II:Evaluation of students

    2003 Peter Gorny Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg*

    Exercises II:Evaluation of teachers