Howard Zinn

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"Rey Ty" "Howard Zinn"

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  • 1. Howard Zinn. (2007).A Young Peoples History of the United States. Vols. 1 & 2. Adapted by Rebecca Stefoff. New York: Seven Stories Press. 2010 Rey Ty

2. PART I

  • Howard Zinns Framework of Analysis

2010 Rey Ty 3. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Patriotism, in my view, does not mean unquestioning acceptance of whatever the government does (Vol. 1, p. viii).

2010 Rey Ty 4. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • To go along with whatever the government is not a characteristic of democracy (Vol. 1, p. viii).

2010 Rey Ty 5. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • I remember in my own early education we were taught that it was a sign of a totalitarian state, of a dictatorship, when people did not question what their government did (Vol. 1, p. viii).

2010 Rey Ty 6. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • If you live in a democratic state, it means you have the right to criticize your governments policies (Vol. 1, p. viii).

2010 Rey Ty 7. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • The basic principles of democracy are laid out in the Declaration of Independence, which was adopted in 1776 to explain why the colonies were no longer willing to accept British rule (Vol. 1, p. ix).

2010 Rey Ty 8. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • The Declaration makes it clear that governments are not holy, not beyond criticism, because they are artificial creations, set up by the people to protect the equal rights of everyone to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness (Vol. 1, p. ix).

2010 Rey Ty 9. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • And when governments do not fulfill this obligation, the Declaration says that it is the right of the people to alter or abolish the government. (Vol. 1, p. ix).

2010 Rey Ty 10. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • And, if it is the right of the people to alter or abolish the government, then surely it is their right to criticize it. (Vol. 1, p. ix).

2010 Rey Ty 11. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Over the years, some people have asked me: (Vol. 1, p. vii).

2010 Rey Ty 12. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Do you think that your history, which is radically different than the usual histories of the United States, is suitable for young people?... (Vol. 1, p. vii).

2010 Rey Ty 13. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Wont it create disillusionment with our country? (Vol. 1, p. vii).

2010 Rey Ty 14. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Is it right to be so critical of the governments policies? (Vol. 1, p. vii).

2010 Rey Ty 15. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Is it right to take down the traditional heroes of the nation, like Christopher Columbus, Andrew Jackson, Theodore Roosevelt?... (Vol. 1, p. vii).

2010 Rey Ty 16. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Isnt it unpatriotic to emphasize slavery and racism, the massacres of Indians, the exploitation of working people, the ruthless expansion of the United States at the expense of the Indians and people in other countries? (Vol. 1, pp. vii-viii).

2010 Rey Ty 17. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • I am not worried about disillusioning young people by pointing out to the flaws in the traditional heroes (Vol. 1, p. ix).

2010 Rey Ty 18. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • We should be able to tell the truth about people whom we have been taught to look upon as heroes, but who really dont deserve that admiration (Vol. 1, p. ix).

2010 Rey Ty 19. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Why should we think it heroic to do as Columbus did, arrive in this hemisphere and carry on a rampage of violence, in order to find gold (Vol. 1, p. ix).

2010 Rey Ty 20. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Why should we think it heroic for Andrew Jackson to drive Indians out of their lands (Vol. 1, p. ix).

2010 Rey Ty 21. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Why should we think of Theodore Roosevelt as a hero because he fought in the Spanish-American War, driving Spain out of Cuba, but also paving the way for the United States to take control of Cuba (Vol. 1, pp. ix-x).

2010 Rey Ty 22. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Yes, we all need heroes, people to admire, to see as example of how human beings should live (Vol. 1, p. x).

2010 Rey Ty 23. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • But I prefer to see Bartolom de Las Casas as a hero, for exposing Columbuss violent behavior against the Indians he encountered in the Bahamas (Vol. 1, p. x).

2010 Rey Ty 24. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • I prefer to see the Cherokee Indians as heroes, for resisting their removal from the lands on which they lived (Vol. 1, p. x).

2010 Rey Ty 25. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Tom me, it is Mark Twain who is a hero, because he denounced President Theodore Roosevelt after Roosevelt had praised an American general who had massacred hundreds of people in the Philippines (Vol. 1, p. x).

2010 Rey Ty 26. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • I consider Helen Keller a hero because she protested against President Woodrow Wilsons decision to send young Americans into the slaughterhouse of the First World War (Vol. 1, p. x).

2010 Rey Ty 27. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • My point of view, which is critical of war, racism, and economic injustice, carries over to the situation we face in the United States today (Vol. 1, p. x).

2010 Rey Ty 28. PART II

  • Howard Zinn on the Philippines

2010 Rey Ty 29. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • President McKinley told a visiting group of ministers how he had come to the decision to annex the Philippines (Vol. 1, p. 187).

2010 Rey Ty 30. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • As he [President McKinley] prayed for guidance, he became convinced that there was nothing left for us to do but to take them all and to educate the Filipinos, and uplift and civilize and Christianize them And then I went to bed and went to sleep and slept soundly (Vol. 1, p. 187).

2010 Rey Ty 31. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • The Filipinos, however, did not get a message from God telling them to accept American rule (Vol. 1, p. 187).

2010 Rey Ty 32. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Instead, in February 1899, they [the Filipinos] rose up in revolt against the United States, just as they had revolted several times against Spain (Vol. 1, p. 187).

2010 Rey Ty 33. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • The taste of empire was on the lips of politicians and businessmen throughout the United States, and they agreed that the United States must keep control of its new territory (Vol. 1, p. 189).

2010 Rey Ty 34. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Talk of money mingled with talk of destiny and civilization (Vol. 1, p. 189).

2010 Rey Ty 35. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • The Philippines are ours forever, Senator Beveridge told the U.S. Senate (Vol. 1, p. 189).

2010 Rey Ty 36. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • And just beyond the Philippines are Chinas illimitable markets We will not retreat from either (Vol. 1, p. 189).

2010 Rey Ty 37. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • It took the United States three years to crush the Filipino rebellion. It was a harsh war (Vol. 1, p. 189).

2010 Rey Ty 38. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Americans lost many more troops [in the Philippines] than in Cuba (Vol. 1, p. 189).

2010 Rey Ty 39. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • For the Filipinos the death rate was enormous, from battle and from disease (Vol. 1, p. 189).

2010 Rey Ty 40. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • McKinley said the fighting with the rebels started when the rebels attacked American forces (Vol. 1, p. 189).

2010 Rey Ty 41. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Later, American soldiers testified that the United States had fired the first shot (Vol. 1, p. 189).

2010 Rey Ty 42. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • The famous American author Mark Twain summed up the Philippine war with disgust, saying (Vol. 1, p. 189).

2010 Rey Ty 43. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Mark Twain said: We have pacified some thousands of the islanders and buried them; destroyed their fields; burned their villages, and turned their widows and orphans out-of-doors And so, by these Providences of Godthe phrase is the governments, not minewe are a World Power (Vol. 1, p. 189).

2010 Rey Ty 44. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • The Anti-Imperialist League worked to educate the American public about the horrors of the Philippine war and the evils of imperialism, or empire building (Vol. 1, p. 190).

2010 Rey Ty 45. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • The Anti-Imperialist League published letters from soldiers on duty in the Philippines (Vol. 1, p. 190).

2010 Rey Ty 46. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • There were reports of soldiers killing women, children, and prisoners of war (Vol. 1, p. 190).

2010 Rey Ty 47. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • A black soldier named William Fulbright wrote from Manila, the capital of the Philippines, This struggle on the islands has been naught but a gigantic scheme of robbery and oppression (Vol. 1, p. 190).

2010 Rey Ty 48. Howard Zinn. (2007).

  • Race as an issue in the Philippines, as it had been in Cuba (Vol. 1, p. 190).

2010 Rey Ty 49. Howard Zi