HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN FOOD-RELATED RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN FOOD-RELATED AREA IN MALAYSIA ... International Institute of Plantation Management ... Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)-4

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  • HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN

    FOOD-RELATED AREA IN MALAYSIA

    PROF. DR. ABDUL SHUKOR JURAIMI

    DEAN

    FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE

    UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA

    21-22 JANUARY 2014 JAKARTA, INDONESIA

  • Presentation Outline

    Background of Agriculture Sector in Malaysia

    Higher Learning In Food Related Area

    Research and Development In Food Related Area

    Issues/Problems

    UPMs role in spearheading Malaysian agriculture

    Conclusion

  • Background

    Agriculture contributes about 10% of countrys GDP.

    12% of population are engaged in agriculture.

    About 24% of Malaysia's land area (7,605,000 ha) for

    agriculture (arable and permanent cropland).

    Only 5% cropland is actually irrigated.

    Huge plantations viz. rubber were planted since 1876, Palm

    oil (1917), and Cocoa (1950).

    Other crops grown are rice, maize, vegetable and fruits.

  • 5

    Malaysia - returns to agriculture remains low, with the exception of large scale enterprises, palm oil and

    agro-based industries

    Supply sector constraints limit growth Small scale farms

    The strong pull of the industrial and services sector

    Limited government and private sector investment

    Resource constraints and lack of appropriate technology

    All the above lead to LOW productivity

    Demand sector is bright Income increase

    Population increase

    The retail revolution

    Growing concern of food security and safety

    5

    THE ISSUE at hand: Agriculture is back on the agenda, BUT return to agriculture remains low

  • 6

    UNIVERSITY EDUCATION IN FOOD-RELATED AREA

  • UNIVERSITY EDUCATION IN FOOD-RELATED AREA

    1 No of Univ. Related to Food and Agriculture in Malaysia

    19

    2 No of Institutes/Colleges Related to Food and Agriculture

    9

    3 No of Academic Programs 59

    4 No of Enrolments Per Year 11,000-12,000 students (~2000 students intake Per year)

    5 No of Graduates Per Year 1,900-2,200 graduates

  • Major Universities (6) Other Universities (10) Private Universities (3) Uni. Putra Malaysia (UPM) Uni. Malaya (UM) Uni. Selangor (UNISEL)

    Uni. Malaysia Sabah (UMS) Uni. Utara Malaysia (UUM) Uni. Nottingham Kampus Malaysia (NOTTG)

    Uni. Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)

    Uni. Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)

    Uni. Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR)

    Uni. Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)

    Uni. Sains Malaysia (USM)

    Uni. Teknologi Mara (UiTM) Uni. Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

    Uni. Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)

    Uni. Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) Uni. Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI) Uni. Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) Uni. Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) Uni. Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP)

    List of Universities in Malaysia related to Agriculture/Food Production

  • Institutes / Colleges (9)

    Poly-technical Institutes

    MARA Professional College

    RISDA College

    National Agriculture Training College-NATC (MOA)

    MOA (Department of Agriculture)

    MOA (Department of Veterinary Services)

    College of Agriculture Malaysia

    Skill-Tech Institute

    International Institute of Plantation Management

    List of Colleges and Training Institutes in Malaysia related to Agriculture/Food Production (Non-degree Programs)

  • List of Programs in University

    University Program

    Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)-21

    Bachelor-15 Bachelor of Agriculture (Aquaculture)

    Bachelor of Agriculture (Animal Science)

    Bachelor of Science (Agribusiness)

    Bachelor of Science (Bioindustry)

    Bachelor of Horticultural Science

    Bachelor of Agricultural Science

    Bachelor of Education (Agricultural Science)

    Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

    Bachelor of Engineering (Agriculture and Biosystem)

    Bachelor of Science (Food Education

    Bachelor of Science Food Technology

    Bachelor Engineering (Process and Food)

    Bachelor of Education (Agricultural Sciences)

    Bachelor of Science (Food Services )

    Bachelor of Science Bioindustry

  • List of Programs in University

    University Program

    Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)-21

    Diploma-6 Diploma in Animal Health and Production

    Diploma in Food Plantation Management

    Diploma in Agriculture

    Diploma in Fisheries

    Diploma in Agribusiness

    Diploma in Agricultural Engineering

    Diploma in Fisheries

    Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)-4

    Bachelor

    Bachelor of Agricultural Science (Crop Production)

    Bachelor of Agricultural Science (Horticulture and Landscape)

    Bachelor of Agricultural Science (Livestock Production)

    Bachelor of Aquacultural Science

  • List of Programs in University

    University Program

    Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)-6

    Bachelor

    Bachelor Agrotechnology (Post-Harvest Technology)

    Bachelor of Applied (Fisheries)

    Bachelor of Agrotechnoloy (Aquaculture)

    Bachelor of Food (Food Technology)

    Bachelor of Food (Food Services and Nutrition)

    Diploma

    Diploma in Fisheries

    Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)-4

    Bachelor

    Bachelor of Agricultural Technology Entrepreneurship

    Bachelor of Bioindustrial Technology

    Bachelor of Animal Production

    Bachelor of Product Development Technology

    Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM)-2

    Bachelor

    Bachelor of Science Technology and Plantation Management

    Diploma

    Diploma Plantation Industries and Management

    Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM)-1

    Bachelor

    Bachelor of Agribusiness

    Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI)-1

    Bachelor

    Bachelor of Education (Agricultural Science) with Honoured

    Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR)-1

    Bachelor

    Bachelor (Agriculture)

  • List of Programs in Institutes and College Institutes / Colleges Program Polytechnical Institutes-4

    Diploma Diploma in Mechanical Engineering (Agriculture) Diploma in Agrotechnology Diploma in Aquaculture Diploma in Landscape Horticulture Certificate Certificate of Mechanical Engineering (Agriculture)

    MARA Professional College-1

    Diploma Diploma In Agro-Business (DAB)

    RISDA College-2

    Diploma Diploma in Agriculture Diploma in Platation Management Certificate Certificate of Agricultural Science

    National Agriculture Training College (MOA)-1

    Diploma Diploma in Malaysian Skill Certificate Certificate of Malaysian Skill

    MOA (Department of Agriculture)-1

    Certificate Certificate of Agriculture Malaysia

    MOA (Department of Veterinary Services)-1

    Certificate Certificate of Veterinary Malaysia

    College of Agriculture Malaysia-1

    Certificate Certificate of Agriculture of Peninsular Malaysia Agriculture Institute (IPSM)

    Skill-Tech Institute-9

    Certificate Certificate of Aquaculture Certificate of Fruits Certificate of Plantation Certificate of Landscape Certificate of Vegetable Certificate of Marketing Certificate of Processing Certificate of Ruminant Certificate of Biotechnology

  • Number of enrolment, 2003-2012

    Undergraduate Enrolment Trend, 2003-2012

    Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Average

    Enrolment / Year

    Number of enrolment

    3,448 4,023 5,701 6,549 6,867 7,192 10,097 11,263 11,205 12,597 7,894

    % Growth 16.7 41.7 14.9 4.9 4.7 40.4 11.5 -0.5 12.4 16.3

    Enrolment

    0

    2,000

    4,000

    6,000

    8,000

    10,000

    12,000

    14,000

    16,000

    2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Un

    der

    grad

    uat

    e En

    rolm

    ent

    Year

    Total

  • Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Average Graduates

    / Year

    Number of Graduates

    390 423 735 791 1,122 1,579 3,055 2,028 2,237 1,909 1,427

    % Growth 8.5 73.8 7.6 41.8 40.7 93.5 -33.6 10.3 -14.7 25

    Trend of Number of Graduates in Agriculture from 2003 - 2012

    Graduates in Agriculture

    0

    500

    1,000

    1,500

    2,000

    2,500

    3,000

    3,500

    2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Un

    der

    grad

    uat

    e G

    rad

    uat

    ed

    Year

    Total

    Number of Graduates, 2003-2012

  • Trend of Number of Graduates in Agriculture (different categories), 2003-2012

    -400

    -200

    0

    200

    400

    600

    800

    1000

    1200

    1400

    1600

    1800

    2000

    2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Nu

    mb

    er o

    f G

    rad

    uat

    es

    Year

    (Bachelor)

    (Diploma )

    (Certificate)

  • -

    200

    400

    600

    800

    1,000

    1,200

    1,400

    1,600

    1,800

    Nu

    mb

    er

    of

    Gra

    du

    ate

    s

    Universities

    2003

    2004

    2005

    2006

    2007

    2008

    2009

    2010

    2011

    2012

    Number of Graduates by Universities Related to Agriculture in Malaysia, 2003-2012

  • Number of Graduate Employed (Different Field) 2003 - 2013

    Research and Innovation

    ( 2517)

    Plantation (4518)

    Planning and Economic (76)

    Agricultural Extension (7433)

    Veterinary (1169)

    Marketing (2471)

    Food Crop (62)

    Total: 18,246

    Graduate Employed

  • Level of Education

    UPM UMT UMS UUM POLY KPMARA RISDA IST IIPM KPM Total %

    Bachelor 355 346 93 45 0 0 0 0 0 0 839 32

    Diploma 194 102 0 0 84 115 231 0 0 0 726 27

    Certificate 0 0 0 0 87 0 11 695 251 46 1090 41

    Total 549 448 93 45 171 115 242 695 251 46 2655 100

    Number of Graduates in Agriculture in Different Level of Education, 2012

  • 20

    RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

  • Number and Average Annual Growth Rate of Research Grants, Publications, Patents and Agricultural Products For All Higher Education Institutions, 2006 - 2012

    174

    284

    190

    245

    241

    313 327

    312

    256

    496

    746

    741

    1048

    942

    10 15

    15

    16

    47 62

    44 10

    6 9

    18

    19 22

    35

    0

    200

    400

    600

    800

    1000

    1200

    2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Nu

    mb

    er

    Year

    RESEARCHGRANT

    PUBLICATION

    PATENT

    PRODUCT

    26.1 %

    31.7 %

    42.2 %

    15.3 %

    Growth Rate / Year

  • Area Research Grants Publication Patent Product

    No. % No. % No. % No. % Food Crops 439 24.7 1315 29.0 39 18.7 46 38.7 Commodity crops 273 15.4 804 17.7 43 20.6 13 10.9 Livestock 199 11.2 335 7.4 29 13.9 15 12.6 Marine Fisheries 40 2.3 87 1.9 1 0.5 0 0.0 Aquaculture Fisheries 156 8.8 320 7.0 9 4.3 0 0.0 Agricultural Engineering 214 12.1 275 6.1 50 23.9 6 5.0 Agricultural Economics 65 3.7 131 2.9 0 0.0 0 0.0 Agricultural Extension 50 2.8 61 1.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 Food Science & Technology

    137 7.7 627 13.8 16 7.7 14 11.8

    Herb 163 9.2 378 8.3 21 10.0 20 16.8 Floriculture 38 2.1 208 4.6 1 0.5 5 4.2

    Total 1774 100 4541 100 209 100 119 100

    Share (%) and Number of Research Grants, Publications, Patents and Agricultural Products by Area, 2006-2012

  • University 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total % UPM 130 224 152 200 165 226 238 1335 75.25 UMS 2 12 8 3 11 18 13 67 3.78 UMT 0 0 0 9 14 19 12 54 3.04 UniSZA 0 0 1 1 8 3 5 18 1.01 UiTM 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 8 0.45 UMK 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 7 0.39 UM 21 15 6 2 0 1 2 47 2.65 USM 8 18 4 5 13 7 6 61 3.44 UTM 1 2 0 2 1 4 7 17 0.96 UUM 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 3 0.17 UNIMAS 1 2 5 0 0 0 2 10 0.56 UPSI 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0.06 USIM 1 2 0 1 1 5 1 11 0.62 UniMAP 8 6 9 14 18 15 12 82 4.62 UNISEL 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 0.23 NOTTG 1 2 3 0 4 3 3 16 0.90 UTAR 0 0 2 8 5 12 6 33 1.86

    Total 174 284 190 245 241 313 327 1774 100.00

    Total of Number of Research Grant by University, 2006-2012

  • Area UPM UMS UMT UniSZA UiTM UMK

    No. % No. % No. % No. % No. % No. %

    Food Crops 313 23.4 26 38.8 12 22.2 9 50.0 5 62.5 2 28.6

    Commodity Crops 230 17.2 13 19.4 0 0.0 1 5.6 3 37.5 0 0.0

    Livestock 166 12.4 2 3.0 7 13.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0

    Marine Fisheries 19 1.4 3 4.5 4 7.4 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0

    Aquaculture Fisheries

    91 6.8 2 3.0 18 33.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 14.3

    Agricultural Engineering

    173 13.0 5 7.5 2 3.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 14.3

    Agricultural Economics

    56 4.2 3 4.5 1 1.9 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0

    Agricultural Extension

    47 3.5 1 1.5 0 0.0 2 11.1 0 0.0 0 0.0

    Food Science & Technology

    96 7.2 8 11.9 9 16.7 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 14.3

    Herb 115 8.6 3 4.5 1 1.9 4 22.2 0 0.0 2 28.6

    Floriculture 29 2.2 1 1.5 0 0.0 2 11.1 0 0.0 0 0.0

    Jumlah 1335 100 67 100 54 100 18 100 8 100 7 100

    Number and percentage (%) Research Grant by Higher Education Institutions, 2006-2012

  • Lack of interest among school leavers to apply for studies in agriculture/food production

    Lack of infrastructure/equipment among new universities to provide practical knowledge to students

    Opportunities for industrial training in food related activities are limited. 75% of agriculture devoted to oil palm and rubber plantations

    Upstream food production activities dominated by small farmers e.g. rice, fruit and vegetable production. Limited opportunity for students to develop practical skills.

    Issues/Problems

  • Expectation Future Cooperation HRD

    International internship for students to learn new technology in food production with countries that are advanced in food production.

    Research activities with food producing countries to develop Malaysian expertise in food production technology especially rice and ruminant production.

    Cooperative research in seed production studies to overcome problem of local seed production in Malaysia.

  • 27

    What can UPM do to spearhead Malaysian agriculture? Bridging the technological gap..

    UPM could spearhead agriculture through bridging the technological gap between the university labs and the farms and university labs and industry to improve productivity, efficiency and towards sustainable development. Areas of contributions are:

    Human resource development UPM is the leading IHL that produce agricultural leaders and highly trained agricultural personnel in

    the country and will continue to do so

    Technological transfer UPM has a number of technologies to be transferred that will help improve productivity and

    efficiency

    Building entrepreneurship UPM has the capacity to train agro-entrepreneurs who are competent in technology and business

    Policy labs Malaysian government embarks on transformation plan through their policy labs. UPM is capable

    to mobilise their policy labs to analyse agricultural policies.

    27

  • 28

    UPMs role in spearheading Malaysian agriculture: Mobilising our core competencies, academic, research and professional services

    UPM has the institutional capacity to churn out knowledge, technology and innovation to advance agriculture through academic programmes, research and professional services.

    Academic programmes Provide programmes that are complete encompassing farm to table and whole value chain

    (production, post-harvest, processing, biotecnology, veterinary, environment, agribusiness, engineering and forestry)

    Strong graduate programmes

    Research Research are current addressing issues such as production, processing, biotechnology, green

    technology, sustainable resource management, port-harvest losses, food safety and traceability

    Received high research grants in agriculture

    Strong in research publication in the international arena

    Professional service Training, extension and outreach programmes

    28

  • 29

    TerimaTerima KasihKasih

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