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Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) Ministry of Shipping, Govt. of India Stakeholder Conference, Kolkata, 17-Dec-2019 1 In Picture - Upcoming Multi Modal Terminal at Haldia

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

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Page 1: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI)

Ministry of Shipping, Govt. of India

Stakeholder Conference,Kolkata, 17-Dec-2019

1In Picture - Upcoming Multi Modal Terminal at Haldia

Page 2: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

IWAI-Overview

2

*Map not to scale

West Coast Canal,

Udyogmandal &

Champakara Canals

Mahanadi, Brahmani

& East coast canal

Godavari, Krishna rivers and

Kakinada-Puducherry Canal

NW-1

NW-2

NW-3

NW-4

NW-5

BrahmaputraGanga, Bhagirathi,

Hooghly river system

IWAI History

Declaration of NW 4 (River

Krishna, Godavari and

Buckingham Canal system) and

NW 5 (East Coast Canal and

Mahanadi Delta Rivers)

Establishment of Inland

Waterways Authority of

India on 27th October

1986

1986*

Declaration of Ganga-

Bhagirathi-Hooghly river

system as National Waterway 1

1986

Declaration of West Coast Canal

(Kottapuram- Kollam),

Champakkara & Udyogamandal

canals as National Waterway 3

Declaration of 891 km of

Brahmaputra river as National

Waterway 2

1988

2005

1993

Declaration of 106 new

National Waterways under

The National Waterways

Act, 2016)

2016

* Pre-1986: Sector was under IWT Directorate (Ministry of Surface Transport)

Page 3: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Key functions of IWAI

1 2 3 4 5

IWT Infrastructure

development &

maintenance – fairway,

terminal & allied infra,

navigational locks, aids to

navigation etc.

Infrastructure

DevelopmentRegulation

Technical

Studies

Advise &

AssistanceTraining &

Development

Inland Vessels Act 1917

provides rules for vessel

registration, training,

manning, navigation, safety

and signals, insurance and

penalties

Carrying out techno-

economic feasibility

studies

Advise Central

Government on IWT

matters;

Assistance to states in

IWT sector development

Training and

development programs

under National Inland

Navigation Institute (NINI)

established by IWAI

Objective: Develop a self-sustainable, economical, safe & environment friendly supplementary mode of transport for

the overall economic growth of the country, simultaneously contributing to de-congestion of already congested modes

viz. roadways & railways

FUNCTIONS

3

Page 4: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Inland Waterways in India are under-utilized…

Modal share of Inland

Water Transport

globally

India

2%

Germany

11%

Vietnam 18%

China 14%

USA7.5%

Source: World Bank 2017, http://vietnamsupplychain.com/assets/files/530ef9a17e47adone_1_Blancas_IWT.pdf, IWT share for India derived based on cargo traffic data in Niti Aayog report Strategy for New India@75

Netherlands

45%

4

Page 5: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Key interventions undertaken for development of inland waterways…

In Picture: (Top to bottom) Sahibganj MMT, Cargo Vessel plying through Farakka Lock Gate

Fairway Development:

Dredging, River training and conservancy works,

bandalling, river marking, bank protection works

Navigational Aids:

Installation of navigational aids like buoys, River

Information System (RIS), Digital Global Positioning Systems (DGPS), Beacon

Lights etc.

Terminal Development:

Development of Multi-modal terminals (MMTs), Inter Modal Terminals (IMTs) and Ro-Ro

Terminals

Other Riverine Structures:

Construction of navigational locks, ship repair facilities,

bunkering stations etc.

Vessel operations:

Vessel designs and pilot runs

5

Page 6: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Ashuganj

Sirajganj

Rajshahi

Aricha

Sultanganj

Sonamura

Gumti river

NW-1

NW-2

NW-97

Dhubri

Pandu

NW-16

Narayanganj

IBP Route

Tribeni

Haldia

KolkataKolaghat

Silghat

Khulna

Mongla

Chilmari

Badarpur

Pangaon

Ghorasal

NEPAL

BHUTAN

MYANMAR

Biratnagar

Birgunj

Bhairahwa

NW-58

NW-37

Sahibganj

Varanasi

Phuentsholing

Sittwe

Jogighopa

NW-1

Sadiya

Towards east coast Ports

Patna

Chattogram

NW-86

Aizawl

Paletwa

Lawngtlai

Existing ports of call under PIWT&T

Agreed ports of call under PIWT&T

Land Custom Station

River route in India

Sea route

Multimodal Terminal

River route in Myanmar

Road Connectivity

Jogbani

Raxaul

Nautanwa

Kaladan river

Maia

Daudkandi

Muktarpur

KarimganjSilchar

Sea Port

Dhulian

River route in Bangladesh

Bahadurabad

Jaigaon

Kolkata- The

focal point for

integrated

waterways

development

Integrated

waterways

connectivity

between India

and Bangladesh

also opens up

opportunities to

explore

waterways

based trade

routes with

Nepal and

Bhutan

Benapole

Petrapole

Page 7: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

PIWT&T: Revival of historical river linkages between India and Bangladesh

IBP route connects Indian rivers Ganga (NW-1), Brahmaputra (NW-2)

and Barak (NW-16) with Bangladesh’s rivers Jamuna, Padma, Gumti,

Meghna and Kushiara and provides an integrated connectivity.

Waterways used for transporting tea to

nearby ports in North-East India prior

independence

A passenger vessel plying on

Brahmaputra as a mode of transportation

in eastern states of NEF and Bengal

Pre-1947The trade and

commerce in the

integrated region

used to be

significantly

dependent on rivers.

Traffic continued

until 1965 before

suspension.

1972The India-

Bangladesh

Protocol on

Inland Water

Transit and

Trade

(PIWTT)was first

signed in 1972 to

restore trade and

transit through

River

2015In April 2015, the

two countries

decided to renew

the Protocol

automatically

after every five

years. 2018SoP of MoU on

Passenger and

Cruise

Services on

Coastal and

Protocol routes

signed in Oct

2018

2019Inaugural cruise

services

commenced from

both the countries

in March 2019

Inaugural Cruise service from Kolkata to

Dhaka

Inaugural Cruise service from Dhaka to

Kolkata

7

Page 8: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

The Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWT&T) plays a key role to promote trade between India and Bangladesh

6 existing Ports of call on each side

Inland Waterways provide an alternate route for India-Bangladesh trade which has been heavily dependent on congested road routes passing

through Land Customs Stations (LCS)

India Ports of

Call

Bangladesh Ports of

Call

Kolkata,

Haldia,

Dhubri,

Pandu,

Silghat,

Karimganj

Narayanganj,

Khulna,

Mongla,

Sirajganj,

Ashuganj,

Pangaon

Agreed Routes 1-way

Distance (km)

Kolkata – Silghat and return ~1,720

Kolkata – Karmiganj and

return

~1,318

Rajshahi – Dhulian and

return

~78

Karimganj – Silghat and

return

~1,416

IBP route and connectivity to NWs

Benapole

Petrapole

Page 9: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

New Ports of Call will facilitate deeper penetration of cargo movements through Inland Waterways

India Bangladesh

Agreed

Ports of

call

Kolaghat,

Dhulian,

Maia, Sonamura,

Jogighopa

Chilmari, Rajshahi,

Sultanganj,

Daudkhandi,

Bahadurabad

Extended

ports of

call

Badarpur

(Karimganj),

Tribeni (Kolkata)

Ghorasal

(Narayanganj),

Muktarpur (Pangaon)

The following routes are agreed to be

extended/ included under PIWT&T

▪ Protocol route no.5 & 6 i.e. Rajshahi-Godagari-

Dhulian (length: 78 km) to be extended upto

Aricha (Bangladesh) (Dhulian - Aricha: 270 km)

▪ Inclusion of Daudkhandi-Sonamura stretch (98

km) on Gumti river as new route no. 9 & 10

Agreed ports of call (5 nos. on each side) and

extended ports of call (2 nos. on each side)

Towards India’s East Coast Ports

Benapole

Petrapole

Page 10: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Access to Chattogram and Mongla for India’s transit cargo opens up synergistic opportunities for businesses in both countries

Use of Chattogram/ Mongla for

India’s transit cargo❑ Agreement on the use of Chattogram and Mongla Ports in

Bangladesh for transit cargo of India signed on 25th Oct’

2018

❑ SoP signed on 5th October 2019

❑ North East India based trade to benefit with faster access

to Sea Ports

❑ Bangladesh will benefit with increase in demand for

logistics services

*Map not to scale

Agreed Routes

Chattogram port/ Mongla port to Agartala via Akhaura and return

Chattogram port/ Mongla port to Dawki via Tamabil and return

Chattogram port/ Mongla port to Sutarkandi via Sheola and return

Chattogram port/ Mongla port to Srimantapur via Bibirbazar and return

Kolkata port

Haldia Dock

Mongla portChattogram port

Akhaura Agartala

Dawki

SheolaTamabil

Srimantapur

Bibir Bazar

Sutarkandi

10

Page 11: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Indo-Myanmar Connectivity - Kaladan project

BANGLADESH

MYANMAR

Kolkata

Sittwe

Paletwa

I-M Border

❑ Connectivity to Mizoram (India) via Myanmar

❑ Project funded by MEA

❑ IWAI -PDC for IWT & Port Component

❑ Phase I completed. Handing over in progress

❑ Stakeholder conference held on 15th May 2019 in Kolkata.

Origin Destination Distance (km) Mode

Kolkata Sittwe 539 Sea

Sittwe Paletwa 158 IWT

Paletwa I-M Border 110 Road

I-M Border NH 54 (India) 100 Road

Site Visuals of

Kaladan

Project

11

Kolkata

Page 12: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Indo-Nepal connectivity

❑ Connectivity with Nepal via IWT Mode

❑ Kalughat terminal

▪ Capacity: 77000 TEU

❑ Sahibganj terminal

▪ Capacity: 3.03 MTPA

▪ Inaugurated by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 12th

September 2019

❑ Varanasi terminal

▪ Capacity: 1.26 MTPA

▪ Inaugurated by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 12th

November 2018

❑ Inclusion of National Waterways in Indo-Nepal Protocol Treaty,

1991 under consideration.

12

NEPAL

Ganga

(NW-1)

Gandak

(NW-37)

Kalughat

container

terminal

Kosi

(NW-58)

Sahibganj

MMT

Raxaul/

Birgunj

Jogbani/

Biratnagar

Varanasi MMT

Patna

Nautanwa/

Bhairahwa

Haldia

Kolkata

Modification of the Indo-Nepal Protocol to the Treaty of Transit,

1991 to specifically include inland waterways amongst the list of

‘mutually agreed routes’ under consideration

Page 13: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Bhutan – Bangladesh connectivity through India

▪ The agreement on Trade, Commerce

and Transit signed in July 2017

between Govt. of India and Royal

Govt. of Bhutan, declares Dhubri on

NW-2 as an agreed exit/ entry point

in India for EXIM movement of

Bhutan

▪ SoP for the MoU on use of Inland

waterways for transportation of

bilateral trade and transit cargoes

between Govt. of Bangladesh and

the Royal Govt. of Bhutan signed in

April 2019

13

NW-1

NW-2

Dhubri

Sadiya

Haldia

Pandu

NW-16

IBP route and connectivity to NWs

Gumti river

PHUENTSHOLING

(BHUTAN)/

JAIGAON (INDIA)

Narayanganj

Jogighopa

▪ 1,005 tonne of Bhutan’s

stone aggregates

originating from

Phuentsholing (Bhutan)

transported from Dhubri

(NW-2) to Narayanganj

(Bangladesh) using the

IBP route in July 2019

Page 14: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

River based cruise services have commenced between India and Bangladesh

SOP of MoU on Passenger

and Cruise service on

Protocol route between India

& Bangladesh signed on

25th October 2018

Benefits

• Enhance bilateral movement

of passenger, tourist and

cruise

• Enhance credibility, accuracy,

efficiency & transparency

• Minimize hindrance in service

and operation

14

▪ MoU on Passenger and Cruise Services on Coastal and

Protocol routes signed in April 2017

▪ SOP on Passenger and Cruise services on the Coastal and

Protocol route signed in October 2018

▪ Four river cruise movements successfully completed

since March 2019:

1. Indian vessel RV Bengal Ganga: Kolkata to Dhaka

2. Bangladesh vessel MV Madhumoti: Dhaka to

Kolkata

3. Indian vessel MV Mahabaahu: Guwahati to

Kolkata

4. Indian vessel MV Mahabaahu: Kolkata to

Guwahati

Waterways pass through places of cultural, ancient and wild life importance. River based cruise services can

increase tourism in the region and generate employment.

Page 15: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Operational challenges in sector and initiatives undertaken

- IWAI has developed modern and efficient vessel designs through M/s DST, Germany. Higher

Cargo Carrying Capacity at low draft, better manoeuvrability & speed characteristics in Indian

river conditions

Seasonal River

Depth

- Various interventions for fairway development are undertaken like Dredging (Assured Depth

Dredging contracts in NW1), River training and conservancy works, bandalling etc.

Limited Return

Cargo

- Marketing initiatives and industry awareness to promote modal shift of cargo towards Inland

Water Transport sector

First/Last Mile

Connectivity

- Development of freight villages and logistic parks near MMTs at Varanasi and Sahibganj have

been undertaken by IWAI to bring cargo centers closer to waterway.

Shortage of

Inland Vessels

- IWAI has developed courses and training of personnel through the National Inland Navigation

Institute (NINI) based at PatnaLack of Skilled

Manpower

Page 16: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Challenges faced by industry pertaining to Inland Water Transport sector andinitiatives taken for resolution

- IWAI has developed MMTs on NW-1 and is in the process of handing over existing and new

terminals on different NWs to private operators for O&M

Access to

information

- IWAI is developing a comprehensive digital platform which will host information for navigational

use by operators. This will help in better planning and safe IWT operations

- Stakeholder conferences to increase industry’s awareness on development of IWT sector

Customs

Procedure

- IWAI is in consultation with Customs to address challenges linked with current procedures. Ease

of procedures will allow ease of doing business using inland waterways and attract industry

Terminal

infrastructure

on NWs

Infrastructure

for Cruise

Tourism

- IWAI is working with Ministry of Tourism for collaborative development of required infrastructure

for cruise tourism on National Waterways

Page 17: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Inland Waterways: Emerging opportunities

Emerging Opportunities The development of different National Waterways is expected to generate

multiple opportunities

Fairway Development and maintenance

Ship Building and Repair facilities – Cargo/ Cruise/ Dredger/ Survey vessels etc.

Terminal Operations – Opportunity for private players for O&M of terminals

River Cruise Tourism – Boost to tourism and hospitality industry

▪ Traffic on NWs is expected to

increase from 72 million

tonnes (FY 18-19) to 100

million tonnes (FY21-22)

▪ Traffic on NW-1 is projected to

increased from 6.79 million

tonnes (FY 18-19) to 27 million

tonnes (FY22-23)

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Page 18: Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) · 2020-03-05 · The agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit signed in July 2017 between Govt. of India and Royal Govt. of Bhutan, declares

Thank you

18