Introduction to Safe Working for Scientific Research Workers and Post Graduate Students Sarah Watson Assistant Safety Officer University Safety Officer

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Slide 2 Introduction to Safe Working for Scientific Research Workers and Post Graduate Students Sarah Watson Assistant Safety Officer University Safety Officer. Ext 13301 http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/safety/docs/SB-PG-Safety.ppt Complete the attendance sheets that will circulate PRINT NAME SIGN SCHOOL & DIVISION University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 3 Programme 1. Safety - Why bother ? 2. General Precautions 3. Specific Hazards 4. Emergency Procedures University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 4 Safety why bother? University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Legal Duty Moral Duty Reputation Slide 5 Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 n Section 2 & 3 - Duties towards employees & others n Ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, health, safety and welfare at work University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 6 Legal Duties upon the University Duties towards employees AND people affected by undertaking (students/visitors): Workplace access, egress, circulation Equipment, tools, substances Procedures Training and supervision Welfare - toilets, washing facilities So far as is reasonably practicable University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 7 A lot of legislation applies to research at the University just a few examples n General n First aid n Fire n Noise n Lead n Asbestos n Highly flammable liq n Ionising Radiations n COSHH n Genetic modification n Electricity n Pressure systems n Work equipment n PPE n Manual Handling n (DSE) Computers University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 8 University Organisation University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 9 Responsibilities n PIs / Academic Supervisors Identify hazards & risks Written procedures Ensure effective supervision & training to full competency n Demonstrators (employees - paid!) Understand the practical Know the hazards/precautions Be ready to intervene Action in case of accidents University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 10 Responsibilities INDIVIDUALS whether staff or student so that includes YOU - Work safely - Follow instructions & rules - Dont endanger others - Dont misuse safety equipment - Report problems /unsafe situations /incidents University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 11 WHEN SOMETHING GOES WRONG! University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14 Chemistry, UoN - Incompatible Chemicals in Waste Solvent Slide 15 Accidents cost money COST OF ACCIDENTS & WORK RELATED Ill HEALTH IN EDUCATION SECTOR ILL HEALTH 110 - 170 M] INJURY 50M]total 220 - 480M Non Injury Accidents 70-260 M] University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 16 Postgraduates Incidents n Typically 30 - 40 accidents reported each year n 50% handling sharps n Others chemical exposure slips and knocks hot/cold contact animals manual handling University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 17 General Lab / Workshop Safety n Risk Assessment n Training Needs / Competency n Specific Hazards n Miscellaneous Glassware Safety Housekeeping Late Working Unattended Experiments Emergency Procedures University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 18 Risk Assessment Legal Requirement Carried out before work starts n Identify hazards n Look at controls in place n Evaluate the risk (likelihood) n What improvements are needed? Incorporate precautions in SOPs See School Procedures University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Hi, Im David and Im invincible Slide 19 Risk Assessment University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk n HAZARD the potential of something to cause harm n RISK the likelihood of an event occurring which will allow the hazard to occur Think of an activity outside of the University 1. List the hazards 2. List the control measures that reduce the risk Slide 20 Training vs Competence n Attending training is one thing, being competent to carry out an activity is another. n You should have evidence of both training and achieving competence Some schools use postgraduate supervisory requirements form (PSRF) - personal to you and confirms what supervision you require Keep a record of all External courses University courses Lab-specific training (procedures and/or equipment) Records should show who has trained you and when University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 21 Accidents and First Aid n Report all incidents whether injuries or ill- health (to your line manager/safety officer) n Know how to call a first aider n Know how to call for an ambulance 8888 or 0115 9518888 n It may be you, it may be a friend, it may be nothing to do with the work know how to help University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 22 Fire Safety What you should know Evacuation Procedure Call point location Escape route(s) Assembly point University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 23 Fire Procedure If you discover a fire Raise the alarm Dial 8888 (0115 951 8888) Leave the building by nearest exit Close doors and windows behind you Report to assembly point Only use extinguisher if: Small, contained fire Confident Clear exit route University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 24 Fire Procedure On hearing alarm - leave building by nearest exit - closing doors/widows - go to assembly n Notify if known false alarm 8888 n (Mobile 0115 9518888) University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 25 Fire Extinguishers University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Water all red Dry Powder blue band Foam cream band CO 2 black band Slide 26 Video n Practicing Safe Science University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 27 Typical Hazards in the Research Environment n substances toxic/ carcinogens flammable biological material allergens n noise n vibration n radiation n electricity n machinery n pressure systems n display screen equip n manual handling n mech. handling n transport n falls, falling objects n slips, trips n fire n Lasers n nanoparticles University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk The following slides give a summary of the key precautions expected to be in place. Further detail, specific to your research, must be obtained locally Slide 28 Substances related hazards n Chemicals n Flammables n Carcinogens n Nanoparticles n Poisons University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 29 Hazardous Substances n Chemicals n Biological Agents n Dusts n Gases n COSHH Control of Substances Hazardous to Health University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 30 COSHH Regulations n Look at the nature of hazard - harm that can be caused Properties [toxicity, flammability] Quantity to be used Form (solid, liquid, gas) Duration and frequency of use University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 31 Routes of exposure n Exposure Routes - how can harm be caused Inhalation Ingestion Skin Contact/penetration- Absorption, Sharps Defective skin barrier University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 32 Hazardous propertyExample Irritant, Harmful,Ammonia, SensitisingGlutaraldehyde, isocyanates, animal allergens, latex Toxic/carcinogenic, Mutagenic, Teratogenic Acrylamide, MNU, EthBr, cytotoxic drugs CorrosiveString acids & bases InfectiousBacteria, virus FlammableAlcohol, acetone ExplosiveHexane, hydrogen Oxidising Potassium permanganate, Hydrogen peroxide Ecotoxic Mercury University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 33 Slide 34 Workplace Exposure Limits University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Set for some hazardous substances Must not be exceeded Limits given in ppm and mg/m3 Time averaged concentration in air Long term (8 hours) Short term (15 minutes) - STEL Slide 35 Examples of Substances with WELs [mg/m 3 ] [mg/m 3 ] 8hr 15mins Formaldehyde2.5 2.5 Acrylamide0.3 - Benzene1.0 - Bromine0.66 2 Methanol266 333 Toluene191 574 Xylene220 441 Acetone12103620 If substance does not have WEL it does not mean it is safe - check MSDS/seek advice University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 36 COSHH Assessment Decide on control measures Eliminate or substitute, justify use. Engineering - contain, extract (FCs/MSCs) Personal protection Training, supervision Health surveillance/screening/vaccination Other considerations - Storage - Transport - Disposal - Emergencies leaks, spills - Nanoparticles University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 37 Nanoparticles One or more external dimensions in the order of 100 nm or less ie: < 0.1 micrometre / micron University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk MSDS for micron-sized particles of a substance does not necessarily apply to nanoparticles we MUST take the precautionary approach and avoid exposure Slide 38 A means of containing or extracting hazardous fumes/vapours/aerosols away from the operator, to be safely discharged to the atmosphere. SAFE WORKING Check it is working Position of Equipment Safe working area Control air movement /external forces Avoid heat sources Minimise sash opening Unattended experiments leave information Clean after use! Animated demonstration (3 minutes): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A4AHxLnByts Fume Cupboards University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 39 THE GOOD University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 40 THE BAD University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 41 THE UGLY Slide 42 Is this good practice??? University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 43 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Last resort not first line of defense Lab Coats- must be worn in lab, remove before entering offices/clean areas Hand - gloves - correct type for the work Protection Eye/ face- glasses, goggles, visors depending Protectionon hazard Respiratory - half masks, full masks, powered Protectionhoods - fit critical to protection Foot- no open toe/canvas shoes in Protectionlabs/risk areas. Safety footwear depending on hazards University Safety Office - New Researchers Talk Slide 44 Regul