Latin American Artists. Map of Mexico Diego Rivera

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Text of Latin American Artists. Map of Mexico Diego Rivera

  • Slide 1
  • Latin American Artists
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  • Map of Mexico
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  • Diego Rivera
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  • *Born in Guanajuato, Mexico 1886 *Well-off family Mothers side Jewish Mothers side Jewish Fathers side Spanish nobility Fathers side Spanish nobility
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  • Diego Rivera *Studied at Academy of San Carlos in Mexico City at age 10 in Mexico City at age 10 *Sponsored to study in Europe by governor of State of Veracruz 1907 *Studied in France, Spain and Italy *Returned to Mexico in 1920
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  • Diego Rivera *1922 founded Revolutionary Union of Technical Workers, Painters & of Technical Workers, Painters & Sculptors Sculptors *1922 joined the Mexican Communist Party
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  • Diego Rivera *Believed art was for everyone, especially the poor & working class *Often painted revolutionary themes *Depicted social issues and hardships of everyday life *Championed the causes of oppressed
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  • Diego Rivera *Believed communism would better the life of the poor the life of the poor *Believed communism was crucial change needed to rid Mexico of desperate poverty *Housed Leon Trotsky & family
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  • Diego Rivera *1909-1921 Angelina Belhoff (common law wife) Son 1916 ~ Diego Son 1916 ~ Diego Daughter 1918 ~ (from affair) Daughter 1918 ~ (from affair)
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  • Diego Rivera *1922 1929 Guadalupe Marin (wife) Two daughters Two daughters *1929-1939, 1940-1954 Frida Kahlo (wife) (wife)
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  • Diego Rivera *1955-1957 Emma Hurtado (wife) agent since 1946 (wife) agent since 1946 *Died November 24, 1957 of heart failure
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  • Diego Rivera *Painted many murals in Mexico --Secretariat of Public Education --Secretariat of Public Education --National School of Architecture --National School of Architecture --Cortes Palace in Cuernavaca --Cortes Palace in Cuernavaca --National Palace in Mexico City --National Palace in Mexico City
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  • Diego Rivera *1930 traveled to United States --Stock Exchange --Stock Exchange --California School of Fine Art --California School of Fine Art --DIA (1932-1933) --DIA (1932-1933)
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  • Flower Festival Feast of Santa
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  • El Vendedor de Alcatraces
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  • Peasants
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  • The Flower Carrier
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  • Retrato de Ignacio
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  • In the Arsenal
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  • Dream of Sunday in Alameda Park
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  • Detroit Industry
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  • Frida Kahlo
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  • *Born in Coyoacan, Mexico 1907 * Mexican Revolution 1910 * Blended family Mothers side indigenous Mothers side indigenous Fathers side German Fathers side German
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  • Frida Kahlo
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  • *Age 6 contracted polio, left right leg thinner than left *Wanted to study medicine *Fell in love with gang leader in high school (Alejandro Gomez Arias) (Alejandro Gomez Arias)
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  • Frida Kahlo *September 17, 1925 bus accident *broken spinal column, collarbone, ribs, pelvis, 11 fractures in right leg, ribs, pelvis, 11 fractures in right leg, crushed & dislocated foot and crushed & dislocated foot and dislocated shoulder dislocated shoulder *Handrail pierced abdomen & uterus
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  • Frida Kahlo *Gave up study of medicine *Taught herself to paint while recuperating *Used mirror & painted flat on her back
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  • Frida Kahlo I never painted dreams, I painted my own reality --Frida my own reality --Frida *stark portrayals of pain *symbolic monkey (lust)
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  • Frida Kahlo *approached Diego Rivera for artistic advice *1929-1939 married 1940-1954 The Elephant & the Dove The Elephant & the Dove *Tumultuous relationship & firey temperaments temperaments
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  • Frida Kahlo
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  • *Frida in the US --art was not popular --art was not popular --disgusted by American customs --disgusted by American customs --was in Diegos shadow --was in Diegos shadow --Americans thought she was --Americans thought she was outrageous. outrageous.
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  • Frida Kahlo *Died July 13, 1954 officially pulmonary embolism officially pulmonary embolism possibly overdose possibly overdose I hope the exit is joyful and I hope to never return --Frida
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  • Self Portrait w/Monkey
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  • Self Portrait Dedicated to Leon Trotsky
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  • Diego en mi Pensamiento
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  • Las Dos Fridas
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  • Diego and Frida
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  • Self-Portrait w/Flowers
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  • Jose Clemente Orozco
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  • *Born in Jalisco, Mexico 1883 *Inspired as young boy by illustrator Jose Guadalupe Posada to become artist *Attended Academia de San Carlos 1890-1903 (agriculture) 1906-1910 1890-1903 (agriculture) 1906-1910
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  • Jose Clemente Orozco *1911-1924 worked as political cartoonist for local newspapers *1922 started to paint murals (human tragedy of revolution) (human tragedy of revolution) *1927-1934 lived in USA mechanization & dehumanization of life mechanization & dehumanization of life
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  • Jose Clemente Orozco *1935 returned to Mexico --Guadalajaras Hospicio Cabanas --Guadalajaras Hospicio Cabanas --Gabino Ortiz Library --Gabino Ortiz Library --Government Palace --Government Palace --National Preparatory School --National Preparatory School
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  • Jose Clemente Orozco *Left hand blown off in gunpowder accident ~ hands big deal in his works *1923 Margarita Valladares (wife) 3 children 3 children
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  • Jose Clemente Orozco *Mexican social realist painter *most complex of Mexican muralists *painted human suffering & political views but less realistic than Rivera
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  • Jose Clemente Orozco *1948 raided del Prado Hotel w/Rivera, Kahlo & Siquieros to add does not exist to mural *September 7, 1949 died
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  • Mural of Hidalgo at City Hall
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  • Dartmouth Mural
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  • Departure of Quetzalcoatl
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  • The Coming of Quetzalcoatl
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  • Mural at Hospicio Cabanas
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  • Mural at Government Palace
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  • Mural at University of Guadalajara
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  • Mural at Chamber of Deputies
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  • David Alfaro Siqueiros
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  • * Born in Chihuahua, Mexico 1896 *Well-off family Mothers side musicians Mothers side musicians Fathers side Portuguese Fathers side Portuguese
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  • David Alfaro Siqueiros *Older sister & brother *Mother died when he was two *Raised by grandparents 9 years *Father a devout Catholic
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  • David Alfaro Siqueiros *Attended a religious primary school *Attended National Academy of Fine Arts --1911(15yrs) involved in student --1911(15yrs) involved in student protest regarding teaching methods protest regarding teaching methods & demanded removal of director & demanded removal of director
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  • David Alfaro Siqueiros *1914 joined Carranzas Constitutional Army against Huerta government *Exposed to indigenous Mexican culture & struggles of rural poor
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  • David Alfaro Siqueiros *1919 left to study in Europe --fresco, cubisim, use of intense --fresco, cubisim, use of intense colors colors *1922 returned to Mexico --muralist for Obregons --muralist for Obregons revolutionary government revolutionary government
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  • David Alfaro Siqueiros *1923 founded Syndicate of Revolutionary Mexican Painters --National Prepatory School & other --National Prepatory School & other prominent buildings prominent buildings *Deeply entrenched in labor activities, unions & Mexican Communist Party
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  • David Alfaro Siqueiros *1930s jailed and internal exiled --politically themed lithographs --politically themed lithographs *1936-1939 commanded several brigades during Spanish Civil War --rose to lieutenant colonel --rose to lieutenant colonel
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  • David Alfaro Siqueiros *1940 led an assassination attack on Leon Trotskys house *1947 exhibited 70 easel paintings at Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico
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  • David Alfaro Siqueiros Trotskyhouse
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  • *1948-1956 painted most famous murals *1959 jailed by President Adolfo Lopez Mateos for su