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  • Lesson learned? Challenges due to the transformation of the train and railway infrastructure towards a sustainable European

    transport system

    Research funded under the European Budgetline

    04 03 03 03

    Authors:

    Pierre-Yves Bour

    Jean-Jacques Paris

    Nicolas Rode

    Winfried Wolf

    This report was carried out with the financial support of the European Commission

  • Final Report Train and Railway Infrastructure Network (TRAIN)

    2

    Content 1. Foreword by IndustriAll........................................................................................................................ 3

    2. Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 4

    3. The creation of an European internal transport area- issues and challenges ..................................... 5

    4. The EU White Paper on Transport 2011 A critical review .............................................................. 16

    Character and collection of EU White Papers on the subject of transport ....................................... 16

    Six errors in the White and Green Papers .......................................................................................... 18

    5. The crisis in the rail industry - more European than global ............................................................... 22

    A long-term industry limited by the European financial and economic crisis ................................... 22

    Increased competition between industrial players ........................................................................... 23

    The impact of the financial crisis ....................................................................................................... 25

    Evolution by zone ............................................................................................................................... 26

    6. The challenges of the sector from the European employer perspective .......................................... 29

    Further challenges taken into consideration ..................................................................................... 30

    Rail investment in Central and Eastern Europe is limited .................................................................. 30

    International trade is disordered ....................................................................................................... 31

    Employment ....................................................................................................................................... 31

    The European rail industry joins forces by launching the SHIFTRAIL initiative ................................ 31

    7. Listening Employees representatives faced with the challenges ..................................................... 35

    The global challenges for employee representatives in Europe ........................................................ 35

    Tendering and competition................................................................................................................ 39

    The difficulties faced by subcontractors ............................................................................................ 39

    Evaluation of the TRAIN survey.......................................................................................................... 40

    8. Conclusion .......................................................................................................................................... 55

    9. Recommendations ............................................................................................................................. 57

    10. Final Declaration .............................................................................................................................. 61

    11. References........................................................................................................................................ 64

  • Final Report Train and Railway Infrastructure Network (TRAIN)

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    1. Foreword by IndustriAll European Trade Union

    In the series of sector projects initiated by the former EMF within the larger Mechanical Engineering sector, I now have the

    pleasure to present the outcome of one year of activity in connection with the railway equipment sector.

    Initiated by our previous organisation, the EMF, it is part of its heritage. Even though the railway equipment sector is very

    much centred on metalworking activities, the advantages of now having one single European trade union federation covering

    all of industry is starting to pay off.

    Especially when facing our partners in Brussels - be it the industrial associations or the European institutions - there is just

    one interlocutor for manufacturing industry. This was felt in particular in relation to the debate on transport and mobility

    issues. With the exception of service activities - covered by our sister organization ETF - the entire value and supply chain is

    now represented by industriAll Europe.

    Much of the debate during this project dealt with the issues of transport and mobility policies and we in fact entered into an

    intensive exchange of views and cooperation with ETF on this topic. We must not neglect the aspect of the way the material

    we produce is actually used which in the present sector is a rather long life-time (30 years) - but also not neglect the fact

    that he railway equipment built in our sector becomes the workplace of transport workers. Therefore we need to discuss the

    issues surrounding the health and safety and working conditions for service staff. We look forward to continuing this

    cooperation.

    The issues on mobility showed that regrouping the sectors directly involved (automotive, aerospace and shipbuilding) with

    the present sector clearly demonstrated that there are some common interests but diverging views as well. As a result of the

    discussions organised within the framework of this project, industriAll Europe is now holding a debate with all the sectors

    concerned about a coherent approach to mobility and transport policies. We intend to feed the output back into the EU

    Commission policies where manufacturing aspects are almost entirely absent in this context.

    The other outcome of this project is that we need to pay more attention to public procurement questions. The lowering of

    public budgets certainly does have an impact on the order books of railway equipment manufacturers in Europe. And public

    calls for tender too often focus on simply the cost of purchase. This has consequences for the users of the equipment -

    transport workers among others - but also on manufacturing in Europe and, in the longer term, on the image and the

    attractiveness of the European railway transport offer of services.

    Obviously, from a trade union perspective, one cannot limit oneself to a sectoral approach alone, but we will develop

    cooperation with other European federations to make sure we cover all aspects of our members needs, and that we do so in

    a coherent manner.

    If there was any need to prove this requirement, then this project certainly delivered it very convincingly.

    As a young European trade union federation, we are looking forward to taking part in this debate.

    Ulrich Eckelmann,

    General Secretary, industriAll European Trade Union

  • Final Report Train and Railway Infrastructure Network (TRAIN)

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    2. Introduction

    The European rail industry, where direct employment accounts for around 400.000 jobs1, is of structural importance. But it is time to discuss the issue of industrial change in the European train and railway sector for several reasons. On the one hand, train and railway production is hardly hit by the ongoing financial and economic crisis in terms of production and employment. On the other hand the sector is crucial in terms of employment (1), sustainability (2) and industrial competitiveness (3) on European level. In fact IndustriAll - the European Trade Union - argues that it represents an often underestimated key sector for the sustainable industrial development of Europe and is as well crucial to reach the important climate policy objectives in combination with the requirements on mobility of European citizens and the economy.

    This report reflects on and takes into account the discussions and results of three workshops and the final conference organized by IndustriAll in 2011/2012.2 First this report deals with the ambitions of the European Commission to establish the European Internal Transport Area in order to set this project and report into a larger context. Second Mr. Winfried Wolf discusses critically the current EU white paper and we will analyse the impact of the crisis on the rail industry. In a third step, the perspective of the employers will be discussed and afterwards the challenges and positions of the employee representatives (being part of this project) will be analysed. Over the project period of one year the employee representatives explored their challenges within the workshops and specific country reports and within an anonymous survey consultingeuropa realized during the running time of the project.

    1 According to information presented by UNIFE - This amount does not include employment within the value chain.

    2 These events took place on the 30rd of November 2011, 12th of January 2012, 29th of March and 5th / 6th November

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