Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010

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    04-Apr-2018

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<ul><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 1/98</p><p>Fkbdf Jkqixgeigt Acgdgbi0_li Bldffigjir ka tli 84r t Bigtyxs</p><p>Ribkgo Jfkhdf Xi~kxt kg Oibigtxd fc pdtc kg dgo Fkbdf Oiekbxdbs</p><p>Ygctio Bctcir dgo Fkbdf Jkqixgeigt r</p><p>Bctir it Jkyqixgieigtr Fkbdy| Ygcr</p><p>Bcyodoir s Jkhcixgkr Fkbdfir Ygcokr</p><p>JKFO 8&gt;4&gt;</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 2/98</p><p>4</p><p>JKFO 8&gt;4&gt;</p><p>Fkbdf Jkqixgeigt Acgdgbi0_li Bldffigjir ka tli 84r t Bigtyxs</p><p>I|ibytcqi Rye edx s</p><p>Ribkgo Jfkhdf Xi~kxt kg Oibigtxdf cpdt ckg</p><p>dgo Fkbdf Oiekbxdb s</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 3/98</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 4/98</p><p>Fkbdf Jkqixgeigt Acgdgbi0_li Bldffigjir ka tli 84r t Bigtyxs</p><p>I|ibytcqi Ryeed xs</p><p>Ribkgo Jfkhdf Xi~kxt kg Oibigtxdf cpdt ckg</p><p>dgo Fkbdf Oiekbxdb s</p><p>JKFO8&gt;4&gt;</p><p>Ygct io Bctc ir dg o Fkbdf Jkqixgeigt r</p><p>Bctir it Jkyqixgie igtr Fkbdy| Ygcr</p><p>Bcyodoir s Jkhcixgkr Fkbdfir Ygcokr</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 5/98</p><p>OCRBFDCEIX(_li tixer yrio bkgbixgcgj tli fijdf rtdtyr ka dgs bky gtx s&amp; tixxctkxs &amp; bcts kxdxid&amp; kx ka ctr dyt lkxctcir&amp; kx bkgbixgcgj oifcectdtckg ka ct r axkgtcixr kx</p><p>hkygodxcir&amp; kx xijdxocgj ctr ibkgke cb rsrt ie kx oijxii ka oiqifk~eigt ok gktgibirrdxcfs xiafibt tli k~cgckg ka Ygctio Bctcir dgo Fkbdf Jkqixgeigtr' _lidgdfsrcr&amp; bkgbfyrckgr dgo xibkeeigodtckgr ka tlcr xi~kxt ok gkt gibirrdxsxiafibt t li qcizr ka t li dff eie hixr ka Ygctio Bctcir dgo Fkbdf Jkqixgeigtr '(</p><p>Bk~sxcjlt 8&gt;4&gt; Ygctio Bct cir dgo Fkbdf JkqixgeigtrBcti r it Jkyqixgieig tr Fkbdy | YgcrBcyodoir s Jkhcixt gkr Fkbdfir YgcokrDqcgs 49&gt;&lt; &gt;&gt;8 Hdxbifkgdzzz'bctcir%fkbdfjkqixgeigtr'kxj</p><p>Dff xcjltr xir ixqio</p><p>Oircjg dgo Fdskyt ECD HBG^xkkaxidoix Qcqcdg Sifd</p><p>Cf fyrtxdt ckgr dgo jxd~lcbr Jxdxo Adjkt</p><p>^xcgtio cg Ei|cbk</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 6/98</p><p>Akxizkxo 9</p><p>Ioctkxcdf ~xk`ibt :</p><p>Dbmgkzfiojieigtr 3</p><p>Cgt xkoybt ckg 44</p><p>Daxcbd 84</p><p>Drcd ^dbca cb 8:</p><p>Iyxdrcd 29</p><p>Iyxk~i ?4</p><p>Fdt cg Deixcbd ?3</p><p>Ecoofi Idrt dgo Zirt Drcd 9:</p><p>Gkx tl Deixcbd 14</p><p>Acgdg bcgj Eitxk~kfctdg Bctcir 1:</p><p>Bkgbfyrckgr :2</p><p>2</p><p>BKG_IG_R</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 7/98</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 8/98</p><p>9</p><p>_li 8go Jfkhdf Xi~kx kg Oibigxdfcpdckg dgo Fkbdf Oiekbxdbs&amp; ld C ldqili ~fidryxi k ~xirig sky zcl&amp; cr oiocbdio k fkbdf acgdgbi' C bkgacxer lijxkzcgj xkfi ka fkbdf jkqixgeigr cg dff xijckgr ka li zkxfo' C itydffsoiekgrxdir li ce~kxdg cehdfdgbir ld bdg i|cr cg li rldxcgj kaxirkyxbir dgo xir~kgrchcfccir hiziig gdckgdf dgo fkbdf jkqixgeigr' _liri</p><p>cehdfdgbir ldqi kgfs hiig zkxrigio zcl li ce~db ka li jfkhdf acgdgbcdfdgo ibkgkecb bxcrcr'</p><p>_lyr&amp; iqixszlixi cg li zkxfo&amp; fkbdf dylkxccir ldqi ekxi dgo ekxi xir%~kgrchcfccir cg rixqcbi ~xkqcrckg&amp; li ~ycgj cg ~xdbcbi ka rkbcdf ~kfcbs&amp;igqcxkgeigdf edgdjieig&amp; dgo fkbdf oiqifk~eig' _lis igryxi hiziig zklcxor k d ldfa ka li ~yhfcb cgqireig cg KIBO bkygxcir dr ziff dr cg bixdcgieixjcgj gdckgr Blcgd&amp; Rkyl Daxcbd dgo Hxdpcf'</p><p>Lkziqix&amp; ca li xir~kgrchcfccir ka fkbdf jkqixgeig dxi jxkzcgj&amp; li rldxi kaaygor dqdcfdhfi k igryxi liri xir~kgrchcfccir cr kaig cgdoitydi&amp; cg</p><p>~dxcbyfdx cg oiqifk~cgj bkygxcir' _lcr crryi cr edoi zkxri hs li fkz fiqif kadykgkes fkbdf jkqixgeigr ldqi zcl xijdxo k acgdgbcdf edgdjieig cg lied`kxcs ka xijckgr'</p><p>Zclky dykgkes dgo xirkyxbir fkbdf oiekbxdbs cr bxc~~fio' Cr doqdgbir&amp; zlcblcgbfyoi li axii ifibckg ka fkbdf xi~xirigdcqir cg li ed`kxcs ka bkygxcir&amp; xiedcg~xibdxckyr dgo bdg jigixdi d ~xkakygo ocrcffyrckgeig zlcbl lxidigr k xcbkblihdbm dgo acrryxi cr kzg oiekbxdcb akygodckg'</p><p>_lcr ocqcoi hiziig xir~kgrchcfccir dgo li rldxcgj ka xirkyxbir r~ibcacbdffs ce~dbrli ddcgeig ka li Ecffiggcye Oiqifk~eig Jkdfr ,EOJr#' Cg adb&amp; c cr cgryh%Rdldxdg Daxcbd dgo cg li fidr doqdgbio bkygxcir ka Drcd&amp; zlixi li eidgr ka</p><p>fkbdf jkqixgeigr dxi li zidmir&amp; ld li ddcgeig ka li EOJr cr fdjjcgj liekr' Ca fkbdf jkqixgeigr cg li Iyxk~idg Ygckg r~igo gidx 2&amp;89&gt; d sidx&amp; hscgldhcdg k eii li giior ka licx bccpigr&amp; cg ryh%Rdldxdg Daxcbd dgo bixdcg bkygxcir kaDrcd kgfs 8? ~ix cgldhcdg cr dqdcfdhfi&amp; dgo rcjgcacbdgfs firr cg li ~kkxir bkygxcir'</p><p>_li 8go Jfkhdf Xi~kx oiekgrxdir ld li acgdgbcgj ka yxhdg dgo fkbdf oiqifk~eigcr kgi ka li zidm fcgmr ka oiqifk~eig dco ~kfcbcir' Zcl dbbifixdcgj yxhdgcpdckg libyxxig fiqif ka dqdcfdhfi acgdgbcgj okir gk dffkz akx d xir~kgri k li i|crcgj dgokgjkcgj yxhdgcpdckg ka ~kqixs'</p><p>AKXIZKXOI|ibytcqi Rye edx s</p><p>Hixtxdgo Oifdgk</p><p>Edskx ka dxcr&amp; Axdgbi</p><p>^xircoig ka YBJF</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 9/98</p><p>Ygctio Bctcir dgo Fkbdf Jkqixgeigtr1</p><p>Kyx zkxfo kxjdgcpdckg&amp; Ygcio Bccir dgo Fkbdf Jkqixgeigr&amp; ldr ircedio ld 8&gt;&gt;hcffckg YRO cr giioio dggydffs&amp; kqix li gi| 89 sidxr&amp; akx cgqireig cg bccir ka</p><p>oiqifk~cgj bkygxcir k igryxi ld li ekr edxjcgdfcpio bkeeygccir xibicqiirrigcdf rixqcbir cg kxoix k xioybi ~kqixs dgo rfye oiqifk~eig'</p><p>Akx oiqifk~io bkygxcir&amp; li Xi~kx itydffs rcjgdfr li bkgrxdcgr kg fkbdf acgdgbi cgxir~kgocgj k rxybyxdf bldgjir djcgj ~k~yfdckgr&amp; ecjxdkxs afybydckgr&amp;xioybckgr cg igixjs yri dgo BK8 iecrrckgr&amp; dgo xcrm ~xiqigckg' Hy dhkqi dff&amp; crcjgdfr djdcgr li igoigbs k ygfkdo kg fkbdf jkqixgeigr zlixi lis dxi gkocxibfs xir~kgrchfi&amp; d ocr~xk~kxckgdi zicjl ka hyojidxs dgo acgdgbcdf oiacbcrlxkyjl li drrcjgcgj ka giz xir~kgrchcfccir zclky li gibirrdxs aygocgj'</p><p>C bdg kgfs ry~~kx li bkgbfyrckgr ka lcr Xi~kx kg li giio k irdhfcrl giz ~kfccbdfxijyfdckgr hiziig bigxdf dgo fkbdf jkqixgeigr cg idbl bkygxs&amp; dr ziff dr d li</p><p>zkxfo fiqif' D rxigjligio ocdfkjyi hiziig li ocaaixig fiqifr ka jkqixgeig crlixiakxi cgocr~igrdhfi rk dr k igryxi d hiix rldxcgj ka eidgr dgo bke~iigbcir&amp; dhiix hdfdgbi hiziig oiekbxdbs dgo rkfcodxcs&amp; zk ~cffdxr kg zlcbl li ayyxi kakyx bkygxcir&amp; bccir dgo ~k~yfdckgr cr hdfdgbio&amp; zk ~xcgbc~dfr hdrio cg li bdxocgdfgkckgr ka `yrcbi dgo xir~kgrchcfcs'</p><p>Hixtxdgo Oifdgk</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 10/98</p><p>:</p><p>^yhfcrlixr</p><p> Ocxibtkx0 Ifcrdhil Jdidy&amp; Ribxidxs Jigixdf&amp; YBFJ</p><p> Oi~yts Ocxibtkx0 Dfhixk Fd~fdcgi Jycedxdcr&amp; Oi~ys Ribxidxs Jigixdf&amp; YBFJ</p><p> ^xcgbc~df Doqcrix0 Iecfcd Rdcp&amp; Blcia ka Rdaa&amp; Ocxibkx ka Rdykxs Crryir dgoCgrcyckgdf Xifdckgr&amp; YBFJ</p><p> Bkkxocgdtckg0 Iojdxok Hcfrms&amp; Ocxibkx ka xkjxdeeir dgo Xiridxbl&amp; YBFJ</p><p> Bkkxocgdtckg Drrcrtdgt0 Bfdcxi Axkr&amp; ^xk`ib Kaacbix&amp; YBFJ</p><p> Ry~~kxt tide axke YBFJ0 Okecgctyi Dxxird&amp; ^ixi Hdffirix&amp; Ekldeio Hkyrrxdkyc&amp;@idg%Hd~cri Hyaai&amp; Rdgoxd Bfceig&amp; Dfi|cr Oiemk&amp; Rdxd Lkiafcbl&amp; Bdxkfi Ekxcffkg&amp;Xcbdxok Edxgip&amp; Egcbd Ekxd&amp; _lchdy Gdgbs&amp; Gddfgi kcrrkg&amp; Edxci%Fdyxi Xkd&amp; EdsdRdzes&amp; Ifcrdhil Rcfqd&amp; Xigrmi Riighixjig'</p><p> Cgtixgr0 Iyjgci Ekgdrixck&amp; Ifrd dsdg</p><p>Rtiixcgj Bke e ctt ii</p><p>YBFJ Xijckgd f dgo Eit xk~kf ctd g Ribt ckgr</p><p> Okg Hkxy&amp; Ribxidxs Jigixdf&amp; YBFJ Gkxl Deixcbd</p><p> @idg% cixxi Ifkgj Ehdrrc&amp; Ribxidxs Jigixdf&amp; YBFJ Daxcbd</p><p> @kri~ Xkcj&amp; Ribxidxs Jigixdf&amp; Eixk~kfcr</p><p> Xdrrcml Rdjckq&amp; Ribxidxs Jigixdf&amp; YBFJ Iyxk%Drcd</p><p> Jycffixek _d~cd&amp; Ribxidxs Jigixdf ka AFDBED&amp; YBFJ Fdcg Deixcbd</p><p> Axoxcb Qdffcix&amp; Ribxidxs Jigixdf&amp; Bkygbcf ka Iyxk~idg Eygcbc~dfccir dgo Xijckgr ,BIEX#&amp;YBFJ Iyxk~i</p><p> ^iix Zkkor&amp; Ribxidxs Jigixdf&amp; YBFJ Drcd ^dbcacb</p><p> Rifdldcg Scfocxce&amp; Akxeix Ribxidxs Jigixdf&amp; YBFJ Ecoofi Idr ! Zirixg Drcd</p><p>I|~ixt r Bkkxocgd tckg</p><p> @kxji Edxgip%Qptyip&amp; Xijigr ^xkairrkx ka Ibkgkecbr dgo Ocxibkx ka CgixgdckgdfRyocir&amp; Dgoxiz Skygj Rblkkf ka kfcbs Ryocir&amp; Jikxjcd Rdi Ygcqixrcs&amp; Y'R'D'</p><p> ^dyf Rekmi&amp; ^xkairrkx ka ^yhfcb Acgdgbi dgo ^fdggcgj dgo Ocxibkx ka Cgixgdckgdf ^xk%jxder&amp; Giz Skxm Ygcqixrcs + Xkhix A' Zdjgix Jxdoydi Rblkkf ka ^yhfcb Rixqcbi&amp; Y'R'D'</p><p>IOC_KXCDF ^XK@IB_</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 11/98</p><p>Ygctio Bctcir dgo Fkbdf Jkqixgeigtr ~ixbig hs8&gt;2&gt;4' Dbbkxocgj k li Ygcio Gdckgr ,YG#&amp;</p><p>39 ~ixbig ka li yxhdg jxkzl cg li gi|</p><p>zk oibdoir cr i|~ibio k hi cg Drcd&amp; Daxcbd</p><p>dgo k d firrix i|ig cg Fdcg Deixcbd&amp; dgo c</p><p>zcff hi akbyrio cg redff dgo eiocye rcpio</p><p>bccir' Xd~co yxhdg jxkzl dfrk ce~fcir dg</p><p>cgbxidrcgj yxhdgcpdckg ka ~kqixs' Ca byxxig</p><p>xigor ~ixrcr&amp; kgi ky ka acqi ~ixrkgr zcff fcqi</p><p>cg yxhdg rfyer hs 8&gt;2&gt;'8 _li rxyjjfi k</p><p>4' Ygcio Gdckgr</p><p>Oi~dxeig ka</p><p>Ibkgkecb dgo RkbcdfDaadcxr k~yfdckg</p><p>Ocqcrckg</p><p>,l~0++zzz'yg'kxj+</p><p>ird+~k~yfdckg+~yhfcb</p><p>dckgr+z~8&gt;&gt;9+</p><p>8&gt;&gt;9zk~'le#</p><p>8' Rkei oijxii ka</p><p>yxhdgcpdckg ldr</p><p>~xkqig k hi</p><p>cgrxyeigdf cg</p><p>xioybcgj ~kqixs</p><p>fiqifr kqix cei&amp; hy</p><p>hiskgo bixdcg xdir</p><p>ka yxhdgcpdckg&amp;</p><p>~kqixs riier k</p><p>cgbxidri ,@kxji</p><p>Edxcgip%Qdptyip&amp;</p><p>^dgy~kgj dgyoyfmcc</p><p>dgo Dgoxis _cekaiiq'</p><p>8&gt;&gt;3 (Yxhdgcpdckg</p><p>dgo li kqixs Fiqif(</p><p>Cgixgdckgdf Ryocir</p><p>Zkxmcgj d~ix "&gt;3%</p><p>4?&amp; Dgoxiz Skygj</p><p>Rblkkf ka kfcbs</p><p>Ryocir&amp; Jikxjcd Rdi</p><p>Ygcqixrcs&amp; Dfdgd'#</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 16/98</p><p>42</p><p>eii li Ecffiggcye Oiqifk~eig Jkdfr dgo</p><p>doqdgbi li jfkhdf acjl djdcgr ~kqixs eds</p><p>hi zkg kx fkr ~xcedxcfs cg yxhdg dxidr kaoiqifk~cgj bkygxcir' Cgbxidrcgj yxhdgcpdckg</p><p>dfrk bxidir d giio akx cggkqdcqi eibldgcrer</p><p>k jkqixg dgo rixqi eixk~kfcdg dxidr</p><p>ld dxi jxkzcgj cg rcpi&amp; bke~fi|cs dgo</p><p>gyehix' Oiqifk~cgj rkygo cgixjkqixg%</p><p>eigdf xifdckgr dgo dg d~~xk~xcdi acrbdf</p><p>dxblcibyxi cg eixk~kfcdg dxidr ~xirig</p><p>odygcgj bldffigjir hibdyri edgs ocaaixig</p><p>jkqixgeigr dgo ~yhfcb igix~xcrir dxi</p><p>s~cbdffs cgqkfqio cg rixqcbi ~xkqcrckg cg d</p><p>eixk~kfcdg dxid' Rkei dgdfsrr hifciqi</p><p>ld fkbdf jkqixgeigr bdg ~fds dg ce~kxdgxkfi cg eiicgj li oiedgor ka yxhdgcpdckg</p><p>dgo eixk~kfcdg jkqixgdgbi'</p><p>_lcxo&amp; dgo rcjgcacbdgfs oixcqdcqi ka yxhdg%</p><p>cpdckg&amp; edgs bkygxcir dxkygo li jfkhi adbi</p><p>d bkgr coixdhfi hdbmfkj ka cgaxdrxybyxi</p><p>oiedgor dgo dgcbc~di li ieixjigbi ka giz</p><p>kgir' Dooxirrcgj li bldffigjir ka yxhdgcpdckg</p><p>dgo li jxkzl ka fdxji eixk~kfcdg dxidr</p><p>fdbmcgj doitydi hdrcb cgaxdrxybyxi zcff</p><p>xitycxi ryhrdgcdf cgqireigr cg li bkecgj</p><p>oibdoir&amp; kaig cg ribkxr akx zlcbl fkbdfjkqixgeigr ldqi ed`kx xir~kgrchcf cs'</p><p>Dbbkxocgj k kgi ircedi&amp; cgqireig cg</p><p>cgaxdrxybyxi dgo hdrcb rixqcbir k li kxoix</p><p>ka 8&gt;&gt; hcffckg YRO dggydffs zcff hi xitycxio</p><p>kqix li gi| 89 sidxr k eii liri</p><p>rlkxadffr'2 _li oiedgo zcff hi jxidir</p><p>c g oiqifk~cgj bkygxcir&amp; hy doqdgbio</p><p>cgoyrxcdfcpio bkygxcir eyr dfrk cgqir k oidf</p><p>zcl licx djcgj ~k~yfdckgr dgo cgaxdrxybyxi'</p><p>R~ibcdf fkbdf cgqireigr cg xircfcig cgaxd%</p><p>rxybyxi zcff hi giioio cg edgs bkygxcir ld</p><p>adbi d jxkzcgj xcrm ka gdyxdf ocrdrixr&amp; ryaaixaxke ~kkx igixjs iaacbcigbs&amp; dgo rk kg'</p><p>Acgdffs&amp; li jfkhdf acgdgbcdf dgo ibkgkecb bxcrcr</p><p>ld hijdg cg 8&gt;&gt;&lt; cr oii~ix ldg</p><p>dgslcgj i|~ixcigbio rcgbi ZZCC cg ixer</p><p>ka ie~fkseig&amp; cgbkei&amp; dgo acgdgbcdf zidfl</p><p>fkrrir'? _li bxcrcr ldr ocrxirrio ~xdbcbdffs dff</p><p>bigxdf jkqixgeigr dxkygo li zkxfo dgo c</p><p>ldr daaibio ekr fkbdf jkqixgeigr cg rkei</p><p>2' Zkxfo Hdgm ,8&gt;&gt;9#</p><p>ircedio li</p><p>cgqireig giior cg</p><p>~yhfcb cgaxdrxybyxi cg</p><p>oiqifk~cgj bkygxcir&amp;</p><p>dekygcgj k 1&gt;&gt;</p><p>hcffckg YRO ~ix sidx</p><p>kqix li gi| 89 acqi</p><p>sidxr' Lkziqix&amp; liriacjyxir cgbfyoi dff</p><p>~yhfcb cgaxdrxybyxir&amp;</p><p>zlilix gdckgdf</p><p>,igixjs&amp;</p><p>bkeeygcbdckgr dgo</p><p>cgakxedckg</p><p>iblgkfkjs&amp; xdgr~kx=</p><p>zdix dgo rdgcdckg&amp;</p><p>ib'# kx yxhdg ,fkbdf</p><p>xkdor&amp; fkbdf zdix</p><p>ry~~fs&amp; dgo rdgcdckg&amp;</p><p>zdri ocr~krdfr&amp;</p><p>rblkkfr&amp; rxii</p><p>fcjlgcgj'''#' _li YBFJ</p><p>Bkeecii kg FkbdfAcgdf ircedio kgi</p><p>lcxo ka lcr dekyg&amp;</p><p>c'i' &gt;'? ~ixbig ka</p><p>Zkxfo JO^&amp; giior k</p><p>hi bldggifio k yxhdg</p><p>cgaxdrxybyxi ,YBFJ</p><p>^kfcbs ~d~ix kg Fkbdf</p><p>Acgdgbi&amp; 8&gt;&gt;:#</p><p>?' YBFJ&amp; _li Ce~db ka</p><p>li Bxcrcr kg Fkbdf</p><p>Jkqixgeigr&amp; Blcgd&amp;</p><p>Kbkhix 8&gt;&gt;3'</p><p>Ribkgo Jfkhdf Xi~kxt kg Oibigtxdfcpdtckg dgo Fkbdf Oiekbxdbs' JKFO 8&gt;4&gt;</p><p>I\IBY_CQI RYEEDXS</p><p>Gki0 _ixxckxs rcpi rlkzr li ~xk~kxckg ka dff i|xd ~ik~fi ld zcff rdx fcqcgj cg yxhdg dxidr hiziig 8&gt;&gt;8 dgo 8&gt;49&amp; cg</p><p>idbl ixxckxs'</p><p>Rkyxbi0 Zkxfo Ed~~ix= Bcs Jxkzl ,8&gt;&gt;9#</p><p>Acjyxi 40 I|~ibtio Yxhdg Jxkztl Hitziig 8&gt;&gt;8%8&gt;49</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 17/98</p><p>Ygctio Bctcir dgo Fkbdf Jkqixgeigtr4?</p><p>zdsr dr ziff' D li rdei cei&amp; lixi cr</p><p>bkgrcoixdhfi ocqixrcs cg lkz fkbdf</p><p>jkqixgeigr dbxkrr ocaaixig bkygxcir ldqiadxio' Zlcfi rkei fkbdf jkqixgeigr ldqi</p><p>riig licx aygocgj by dgo dff s~ir ka</p><p>i|~igocyxir xioybio&amp; klixr ldqi dbydffs</p><p>i|~ixcigbio d jxkzl cg aygocgj dgo ldqi</p><p>cgbxidrio bixdcg s~ir ka i|~igocyxir' Cg</p><p>rkei bkygxcir&amp; fkbdf jkqixgeigr eds hi dhfi</p><p>k ~fds d rcjgcacbdg xkfi cg eccjdcgj li</p><p>iaaibr ka li jfkhdf acgdgbcdf bxcrcr'</p><p>_li R xyb yxi dgo Xitycxie igr kaFkbdf Jkqixgeig Acgdgbi Rsr ie r</p><p>Ca fkbdf jkqixgeigr dxi k xidfcpi licx</p><p>bkgrcoixdhfi ~kigcdf cg ~yhfcb rixqcbi dgo</p><p>lif~ k iaaibcqifs oidf zcl ~xiqdcfcgj dgo</p><p>ieixjcgj bldffigjir dgo bxcrir&amp; lis eyr</p><p>k~ixdi ygoix d fijdf axdeizkxm&amp; cgrcyckgdf</p><p>rxybyxir&amp; dgo ~xkbioyxir ld eii bixdcg</p><p>xitycxieigr' Rkei ka liri dxi i|~fcbcfs</p><p>acrbdf cg gdyxi&amp; zlcfi klixr xifdi k li</p><p>fdxjix ~kfccbdf dgo cgrcyckgdf bkgi| cg</p><p>zlcbl fkbdf jkqixgeigr k~ixdi'</p><p>Bkxi Ifieig r ka li Acrbdf Rsr ie</p><p>Fkbdf jkqixgeigr dxi s~cbdffs drrcjgio dxdgji ka rixqcbi oifcqixs dgo klix mis</p><p>aygbckgr hs bkgrcyckgdf kx fijdf ~xkqcrckgr'</p><p>C cr jigixdffs dbbi~io ld liri aygbckgr</p><p>rlkyfo hi d~~xk~xcdi cg ixer ka licx</p><p>xifiqdgbi akx fkbdfccir dgo licx rycdhcfcs akx</p><p>fkbdf ce~fieigdckg' _lixi cr dfrk jigixdf</p><p>djxiieig ld bfdxcs ka aygbckgdf</p><p>drrcjgeig cr ce~kxdg k igryxi ld fkbdf</p><p>jkqixgeigr dgo licx bkgrcyigr ldqi d</p><p>bkgrcrig ygoixrdgocgj ka fkbdf</p><p>xir~kgrchcfccir' Ryaacbcig i|~igocyxi</p><p>dykgkes cr bkgrcoixio bxccbdf rk fkbdf</p><p>jkqixgeigr bdg xir~kgo k fkbdf giior'</p><p>Fkbdf jkqixgeigr dfrk giio dbbirr k aygor k</p><p>ocrbldxji licx aygbckgr dgo k eii iqkfqcgj</p><p>i|~ibdckgr ka licx bkgrcyigr' Bigxdf</p><p>jkqixgeigr ldqi d bke~dxdcqi doqdgdji cg</p><p>xiqigyi jigixdckg&amp; rk d ed`kx ~kxckg ka fkbdf</p><p>xirkyxbir cr kaig oixcqio axke rldxio d|ir</p><p>dgo cgixjkqixgeigdf xdgraixr' _xdgraixr bdg</p><p>hi ygbkgocckgdf kx bkgocckgdf&amp; dgo lis eds</p><p>Acjyxi 80 Fkbdf Jkqixgeigt Acrbdf Rtxybtyxi</p></li><li><p>7/30/2019 Local Governments Finances- GOLD 2010</p><p> 18/98</p><p>49</p><p>hi yrio akx xibyxxig dgo bd~cdf r~igocgj'</p><p>_xdgraixr rlkyfo hi aygoio hs d rdhfi dgo</p><p>~xiocbdhfi ~kkf ka xirkyxbir dgo dffkbdio hsd~~xk~xcdi bxcixcd kx akxeyfdi' _li hdfdgbi</p><p>hiziig bkgocckgdf dgo ygbkgocckgdf</p><p>xdgraixr eds qdxs cg ocaaixig bkgi|r&amp; hy</p><p>rkei ygxirxcbio xirkyxbir dffkz fkbdf</p><p>jkqixgeigr k i|ixbcri li dykgkes ld cr</p><p>bigxdf k licx kzg bke~dxdcqi doqdgdji cg</p><p>rixqcbi oifcqixs'</p><p>Hiskgo xdgraixr&amp; fkbdf jkqixgeigr giio k</p><p>ldqi oiocbdio rkyxbir ka xiqigyi kqix</p><p>zlcbl lis eyr ldqi d oijxii ka</p><p>ocrbxickgdxs bkgxkf' _lcr dffkzr akx li</p><p>bxidckg ka d dgjchfi fcgmdji hiziig li</p><p>bkrr dgo higiacr ka fkbdf rixqcbi oifcqixs&amp;</p><p>dgo c dfrk ~xkqcoir fkbdf jkqixgeigr zcl d</p><p>eidgr k cgbxidri li dekyg ka xiqigyi</p><p>lis bdg xdcri cgoi~igoigfs k acgdgbi li</p><p>xdgji dgo fiqif ka rixqcbir oiedgoio axke</p><p>lie' Fkbdf kzg%rkyxbi xiqigyir eds dmi</p><p>li akxe ka d|ir kg d~~xk~xcdi hdrir&amp; kx</p><p>lis eds hi gkg%d| xiqigyir&amp; rybl dr yrix</p><p>aiir dgo bldxjir&amp; fcbigri dgo xijcrxdckg</p><p>aiir&amp; ib'</p><p>Acgdffs&amp; dr cgixjkqixgeigdf acrbdf rsrier</p><p>edyxi&amp; fkbdf jkqixgeigr giio k ldqi</p><p>doitydi dbbirr k cgaxdrxybyxi acgdgbi'</p><p>Rkei oiqifk~eig r~igocgj bdg hi aygoio</p><p>zcl xdgraixr&amp; hy iqigydffs fkbdf</p><p>jkqixgeigr&amp; ~dxcbyfdxfs cg yxhdg dxidr&amp;</p><p>giio dbbirr k li bd~cdf edxmi&amp; zlilix</p><p>ocxibfs kx&amp; cg firr doqdgbio rsrier&amp; lxkyjl</p><p>cgixeiocdxs cgrcyckgr zcl rkei</p><p>jkqixgeig cgqkfqieig' Fkbdf hkxxkzcgj&amp;</p><p>lkziqix&amp; giior k hi jkqixgio hs d rycdhfiaxdeizkxm dgo doitydi acrbdf xir~kgrchcfcs</p><p>rdaijydxor'</p><p>Gkg%Acrbdf Rsr ie Xitycxie igr</p><p>_li akbyr ka lcr xi~kx cr kg acgdgbi&amp; hy</p><p>klix dr~ibr ka cgixjkqixgeigdf rsrier</p><p>bkqixio cg JKFO C dxi bxccbdf k igryxcgj</p><p>iaaibcqi fkbdf jkqixgeigr' Dr gkio dhkqi&amp;</p><p>dbbkygdhcfcs cr bigxdf k ddcgcgj li</p><p>~kigcdf higiacr ka oibigxdfcpdckg' _lcr cr</p><p>kaig axdeio dr li ~kfccbdf oce...</p></li></ul>

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