Mdg Achievements in India

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    3/21/12

    MDG ACHIEVEMENTS IN INDIA

    PRESENTED BY:GULFASHAN AMBARIN-11202044

    SANISHA DASH-11202064JAGDISH BADAPANDA-11202011SOURABH ARNIKAR KUNDU-11202005SOURAV DEY-11202050

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    GOALS AND ACHIEVEMENTS

    MDG 1: Eradicate extreme poverty andhunger;

    Achievement-

    2015-India must reduce the proportion ofpeople below poverty line from nearly37.5 percent in 1990 to about 18.75percent.

    1999-2000- the poverty headcount ratiois 26.1 percent with poverty gap ratio of5.2 ercent.

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    MDG 2: Achieve universal primary

    education

    2015-India should increase the primary school enrolment rateto 100 percent and wipe out the drop-outs against 41.96

    percent in 1991-92

    .2002-2003 - The drop-out rate for primary education is 34.89

    percent.The literacy rate (7 years and above) has alsoincreased from 52.2 percent in 1992-93 to 65.4 percent in

    2000-01.

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    MDG 3: Promote gender equality andempower women

    2015- India will have to promotefemale participation at all levels toreach a female male proportion ofequal level

    The female male proportion in respect of primaryeducation was 71:100 in 1990-91 which has increasedto 78:100 in 2000-01. During the same period, the

    proportion has increased from 49:100 to 63:100 incase of secondary education

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    Goal 4 aims at reducing under fivemortality rate (U5MR) from 125 deathsper thousand live births in 1988-92 to

    42 in 2015. The U5MR has decreasedduring the period 1998-2002 to 98 perthousand live births. The infant

    mortality rate (IMR) has also comedown from 80 per thousand live birthsin 1990 to 60 per thousand in 2003 andthe proportion of 1 year old childrenimmunised against measles has

    MDG 4: Reduce childmortality

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    MDG 5: Improve maternal health

    2015-India should reduce maternalmortality (MMR) from 437 deaths per100,000 live births in 1991 to 109 .

    The value of MMR for 1998 is 407. Theproportion of births attended by skilledhealth personnel has been continuously

    increasing, (from 25.5 percent in 1992-93 to 39.8 percent in 2002-03) therebyreducing the chances of occurrence of

    maternal deaths.

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    MDG 6: Combat HIV/ AIDS, malariaand other diseases

    the prevalence rate of HIV hasincreased from 0.74 per thousandpregnant women in 2002 to 0.86 in

    2003. The prevalence and death rates

    associated with malaria are

    consistently coming down. The death rate associated with TB has

    come down from 67 deaths per

    100.000 population in 1990 to 33 per

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    MDG 7: Ensure environmentalsustainability

    As per assessment made in 2003, totalland area covered under differentforests has been 20.64% due to

    Governments persistent efforts topreserve the natural resources.

    The reserved and protected forests

    together account for 19% of the totalland area to maintain biologicaldiversity.

    The energy use has declined

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    MDG 8: Develop a global partnershipfor development

    To deal with the problems of debt, theHeavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC)Initiative was launched by the World

    Bank and IMF and endorsed by 180governments. In regard to the HIPCInitiative, India is of the view that the

    Initiative should be met by additionalfunding from the developed countriesand the flow of concessional assistanceto other countries should not be

    reduced

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