Memorandum dac peer review

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  • 1 Dipco speciale, supplemento al n. 23/2009

    Ministry of Foreign AffairsRome, Italy

    DAC Peer Review 2009Memorandum

    March 2009

    Table of contentsExecutive Summary1. Chapter 1 Strategic orientation

    1.1. General orientations1.2. The Italian Cooperation System (IC)1.3. The legal foundations1.4. Sector priorities

    1.4.1. Agriculture and food security1.4.2. Environment, management of natural resources1.4.3. Health1.4.4. Education1.4.5. Governance and civil society (ICT and e-government)1.4.6. Support to small and medium enterprises1.4.7. Gender and women empowerment1.4.8. Protection and enhancement of cultural heritage1.4.9. Other cross-cutting issues

    1.5. Geographic priorities1.5.1. Sub-Saharan Africa1.5.2. Balkans, Mediterranean and Middle East countries1.5.3. Latin America, Caribbean, Asia and Pacific

    1.6. Communication to the Parliament and to the wider public

    2. Chapter 2 Policy coherence2.1. General orientations2.2. Coordination and dialogue mechanisms2.3. Policy coherence themes

    3. Chapter 3 ODA volume, channels and allocations3.1. Overall ODA volume3.2. Bilateral Channel3.3. Multilateral channel

    4. Chapter 4 Organization and management4.1. General orientations4.2. Organization

    4.2.1. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs: DGCS, UTC and the UTLs4.2.2. The Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF)4.2.3. The Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea (IMELS)4.2.4. Other relevant ministries involved4.2.5. The Italian Department of Civil Protection4.2.6. NGOs4.2.7. Decentralized cooperation

    4.3. Management4.3.1. Coordination4.3.2. Budgeting procedures and human resources

    4.4. Monitoring and evaluation

    5. Chapter 5 Aid Effectiveness5.1. General orientations5.2. Ownership5.3. Alignment5.4. Harmonisation

    6. Chapter 6 Special issues6.1. Capacity development

    6.1.1. General orientations6.1.2. Capacity development priority areas

    6.2. Agriculture, high food prices and donor response6.2.1. General orientations6.2.2. The Italian action in the field of agricultural development

    7. Chapter 7 Humanitarian Assistance7.1. General orientations7.2. Financial mechanisms7.3. Managing humanitarian action7.4. Cross-cutting issues

    Annex 1: ODA by region

    Annex 2: Progress against 2004 OECD/DAC Peer Review Recommendations

    Annex 3: Italian Cooperation 2009-2011 Programming Guidelines and Directions (*)

    (*) Annex 3 is not included here since it has already been published in the special supplement to Dipco n. 13 of 9 April 2009.

  • 2Dipco speciale, supplemento al n. 23/2009


    AAA Accra Agenda for ActionACP African Caribbean PacificAIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency SyndromeAMC Advanced Market CommitmentsCAP Consolidated Appeals ProcessCD Capacity DevelopmentCERF Central Emergency Response FundCGIAR Consultative Group on International

    Agricultural ResearchCHAPs Common Humanitarian Action PlansCSO Civil Society OrganisationDAC Development Assistance CommitteeDC Document CentreDGCS Directorate General for Development

    Cooperation (Direzione Generale per laCooperazione allo Sviluppo)

    DG Director GeneralDoL Division of LabourDPC Department of Civil Protection

    (Dipartimento della Protezione Civile)EC European CommissionECHO European Commission Humanitarian Aid

    OfficeEDF European Development FundEFA Education for AllEIB European Investment BankEU European UnionFAO Food and Agriculture OrganizationFDI Foreign Direct InvestmentFTI Fast Track InitiativeFYROM Former Yugoslav Republic Of MacedoniaGAVI Global Alliance Vaccine InitiativeGBS General Budget SupportGBV Gender Based ViolenceGFATM Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis

    and MalariaGNI Gross National IncomeGOVNET OECD/DACs Governance NetworkGPAFSN Global Partnership for Agriculture, Food

    Security and NutritionHIPC Highly Indebted Poor CountriesHIV Human Immunodeficiency VirusHQ HeadquartersIBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and

    DevelopmentIC Italian CooperationICRC International Committee of the Red CrossICT Information and Communication

    TechnologyIDA International Development AssociationIFAD International Fund for Agricultural

    DevelopmentIFC International Finance OrganizationIFF-Im International Finance Facility for

    ImmunizationIFIs International Financial InstitutionsIFRC International Federation of Red Cross and

    Red Crescent SocietiesIFRD International Financial Relations Directorate

    of the Treasury DepartmentILO International Labour OrganizationIIOO International OrganizationsIMELS Ministry for the Environment, Land and SeaIOM International Organization for MigrationIUCN International Union for the Conservation of


    GNP Gross National ProductLDCs Least Developed CountriesMAFFP Ministry for Agriculture Food and Forestry

    PoliciesMDBs Multilateral Development BanksMDGs Millennium Development GoalsM&E Monitoring and EvaluationMEF Ministry of Economy and FinanceMFA Ministry of Foreign AffairsMIGA Multilateral Investment Guarantee AgencyMLHW-HS Ministry of Labour Health and Welfare

    Health SectorMSME Micro, Small and Medium EnterpriseNGO Non-Governmental OrganisationODA Official Development AssistanceOECD/DAC Organisation for Economic Cooperation

    and Development/Development AssistanceCommittee

    PCD Policy Coherence for DevelopmentPIU Project Implementation UnitPR Peer ReviewPRT Provisional Reconstruction TeamSME Small and Medium EnterpriseTA Technical AssistanceUN United NationsUNCCD United Nations Convention to Combat

    DesertificationUNDAC United Nations Disaster Assessment

    CoordinationUNDP United Nations Development ProgrammeUNEP United Nations Environment ProgrammeUNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and

    Cultural OrganizationUNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on

    Climate ChangeUNFF United Nations Forum on ForestsUNFPA United Nations Population FundUNHCR Office of the United Nations High

    Commissioner for RefugeesUNHRD United Nations Humanitarian Response

    DepotUNICEF United Nations Childrens FundUNICRI United Nations Interregional Crime and

    Justice ResearchUNIDO/IPO United Nations Industrial Development

    Organization/Industrial Promotion OfficeUNIFEM United Nations Development Fund for

    WomenUNIFIL United Nations Interim Force in LebanonUNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and

    ResearchUN-OCHA United Nations Office for the Coordination

    of Humanitarian AffairsUNOPS United Nations Organization for Project

    ServiceUNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency

    for Palestine RefugeesUN/SC United Nations Security CouncilUTC Central Technical Unit (Unit Tecnica

    Centrale)UTL Local Technical Unit (Unit Tecnica Locale)WB World BankWFP World Food ProgrammeWGAE Working Group on Aid EffectivenessWHO World Health OrganisationWTO World Trade Organization

  • 3 Dipco speciale, supplemento al n. 23/2009

    Executive Summary

    General orientations and organization

    Italy is firmly committed to continue mobilizing, with a renewed dynamism, its cooperation systemat large, the Sistema Italia, which engages many actors from local and central public administrationbodies, the civil society and the entrepreneurial world, to whom a more solid institutional support will beguaranteed. Overall, Italy is convinced that the implications and potentials of the developmentcooperation policy cannot only be limited to the issue of ODA financial flows: rather, development andits financial modalities have to be considered in a more comprehensive view, coherently with thefinancing for development holistic agenda and with an approach that fosters the utmost sharing ofresponsibilities with partner countries.

    As far as Aid Effectiveness is concerned, Italy confirms its commitment to implement the principlesset in the 2005 Paris Declaration and renovated in the 2008 Accra Agenda for Action. As one of thefounding members of the European Union, it is greatly involved also in the related EU processes, asshown by its commitment to implement the European Consensus for Development, agreed in 2006.Likewise, the Italian action will continue to be inspired in particular by those MDGs directly linked topoverty reduction, health and sustainable development issues.

    As regards ODA volume, though Italy renews its commitment to progressively increase it towardsthe final objective of 2015 agreed in Monterrey, its quantitative development will inevitably be affected byItalys serious, specific budgetary constraints.

    In the EU context, as well as in the domain of the OECD-DAC, Italy is increasingly paying attentionto the issue of policy coherence for development (PCD), as emerged also among the priorities of the G82009 Italian Presidency. To date, the main PCD coordination mechanisms in place in Italy are the Inter-ministerial Committee for Economic Planning - CIPE, the Steering Committee for DevelopmentCooperation and the State - Regions Consultation (Conferenza Stato-Regioni). With regard to PCDthemes, Italy is engaged mainly in the fields of environment/climate change and of migration.

    Following the multi-annual 2007-2009 strategic note, and upon the 2004 OECD Peer Reviewrecommendation of better defining a national vision, recently, the DGCS elaborated the 2009-2011Programming Guidelines and Directions, which set a roadmap of the development aid policies andactivities for the next three years. Moreover, the document identifies sector priorities and, for the firsttime, it divides countries into Priority 1 and Priority 2. Communication to the Parliament is madeessentially through the Annual Report to the Parliament on the implementation of the developmentcooperation policy. In addition, IC communicates its strategies and activities to the wider public throughits Official Website (created in 2007) and throu