MLA Format and Citation Style Guide

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  • 7/30/2019 MLA Format and Citation Style Guide


    Style Guides MLA FormatT




    Psychology of Codes 1

    Running head: THE PSY CHOLOGY OF CODES

    The Psychology of Western Military Codes

    John Q. Cipher

    Utah Valley State College

    Dr. Simon Gilmore

    Psychology 4890

    Jones 1Davy Jones

    Professor Mills

    English 2010

    7 July 2004

    Understanding Whitmans Poetry

    By examining sectional divisions in Walt WhitmansSong of

    Myself, we can show that 1891 revisions underscore the function of

    each section as a unit of meaning governed by its own rhythm

    (Strauch 64). Fred Mitchell calls this group size pattern:

    Whitman is doing more than simply distributing a pattern of

    groups in some sensible fashion over the lines of a poem,

    creating what some critics are callinga group/line pattern.

    Whitman is also conscious of the size of his groups and of

    their progression in terms of size pattern. (16)

    Such an analysis demonstrates the method governing Whitmans

    formation of stanzas and the meter governing the lines and verses of


    Double space, and use a

    standard typeface and type size,such as 12-point Times New


    BLOCK QUOTATIONSBlock quotations are

    quotations longer than fourlines. Indent 1 from the setmargin when using a block

    quotation. Do not usequotation marks, and put the

    period before the citation.

    TITLEThe title should be 12-point font

    and centered, but not underlined,italicized, bolded, or put in

    quotation marks.


    To cite information that your

    source has taken from adifferent source, put theoriginal author of theinformation in the text andwrite qtd. in in your in-textcitation followed by the authorand page number of the workyou found the material in.Example: (qtd. in Asay 352).


    In-text citations should be usedafter quoting, paraphrasing, orsummarizing. State theauthors last name and thepage number in parentheseswithout a comma. If theauthor is named in the text,

    only cite the page number. Ifthe author is unknown, use thefirst few words from the title.The period is placed after thecitation. If there is no pagenumber, include the authorand title within the text ratherthan using a parentheticalnotation.

    Jones 8

    Works Cited

    Asay, Ronald. How the Americans Made Transcendentalism.

    J ournal of American History23 (1978): 345-357.

    Frank, Sarah.The Man Who Invented Poetry. New York: Nerd

    Press, 2001.

    Harvard, Neil and Allen Gregory.The Literary Executioners.

    London: Oxford UP, 1954.

    Mitchell, Fred. Understanding Poetry. Daily News5 May 1987,

    late ed.: F1, F9.

    Strauch, Ronald. Leaving Cambridge. Whitman: The Man. Ed.

    Taylor Roger. New York: Harcourt and Brace, 1998. 123-134.

    TITLEThe title Works Cited shouldbe centered, but not underlined

    or punctuated.


    Alphabetically arrange workscited entries according to the

    first word in the entry,ignoring a, an, and the.

    MARGINSUse 1-inch margins on all 4

    sides of each page.

    SOURCESList only the works you used,

    not everything you read.


    Use a hanging indent for entrieslonger than one line. Indent 1/2

    from the set margins after thefirst line of each entry. QUOTATIONS

    If you need to make additions

    a quotation, put your own worin square brackets [ ]. To omitwords, use ellipses (threeperiods, with a space after eachExample: She was . . .unhappy.

    ABBREVIATIONSAbbreviations in works citedentries are acceptable if they arclear (University Press=UP).


    A page header includes the lasname of the papers author andthe page number. Headers

    should appear in thetoprightcorner of everypage.

  • 7/30/2019 MLA Format and Citation Style Guide


    Style Guides MLA FormatThe following list includes some of the most common sources included in a Works Cited page. For moreinformation, see pages 144-235 of theMLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th edition.

    BOOK BY A SINGLE AUTHORLast Name, First Name and Initial (if given). Title. Location: Publisher, Year.

    Wilson, Frank R. The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain. New York: Pantheon, 1998.

    BOOK BY TWO OR MORE AUTHORSLast Name, First Name and Initial (if given), and First Name Last Name. Title. Location: Publisher, Year.

    Welsch, Roger L., and Linda K. Welsch. Cather's Kitchens. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P. 1987.

    NOTE: If a reference has more than three authors, give the first author's name and "et al." Example: Jones, Bob, et al.

    TEXT IN AN ANTHOLOGY OR EDITED BOOKLast Name, First Name (of author of the article). Article Title.Anthology Title. Ed. First Name Last Name (of

    editor). Location: Publisher, Year. pages.Gomez, Isabel. From Within. Stories from the South. Ed. Thomas Nitsche. New York: Plume, 1992. 82-92.

    ARTICLE IN A REFERENCE BOOKArticle Title. Book Title. Edition Number. Publication Year.

    Noon. The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989.

    ARTICLE IN A MAGAZINELast Name, First Name. Article Title.Magazine Title Day Month Year: pages.

    Mehta, Pratap Bhanu. Exploding Myths. New Republic 6 June 1998: 17-19.

    ARTICLE IN AJOURNALLast Name, First Name. Article Title.Journal Title Volume Number (Year): pages.

    Craner, Paul M. New Tool for an Ancient Art. Computers and the Humanities 25 (1991): 303-13.


    Last Name, First Name. Article Title. Newspaper Title (omit beginning articles) [Location (if newspaper is notnational and the location is not named in the title)] Day Month Year, Edition Information: pages.Jones, Anna. Deadly Change. Daily Post [Billings] 1 June 2002: B3+.

    PERSONAL INTERVIEW OR COMMUNICATIONLast Name, First Name (person being interviewed). Interview type (Personal, Telephone, E-mail). Day Month Year.

    Takyrbashev, Lewis P. E-mail interview. 8-12 June 2003.

    DOCUMENT FROM AN INTERNET SITE(Include all information that is available and applicable.)Last Name, First Name. Document Title. If applicable, information about print source that the document comes

    from, following the format for that specific source type (see above examples). Site Title. Editors name. Versionor edition number. Date of electronic publication or last update. Name of sponsoring organization. Day MonthYear (of access) .

    Orphaned Cossacks. 1 July 2002. Association for the Worldwide Advancement of Humanities. 1 May2003 .

    WORK FROM LIBRARY SUBSCRIPTION SERVICE(The first part of the citation will vary, depending on whether the work comes originally from an online book, periodical article, etc.[See MLA Handbook, pages 216-224]. For works from print sources, give all standard information for such a source that is provided.)

    Specific source information (see above). Database Name (if known). Name of Service. Library Name. Date of Access.

    Wakefield, Lawrence. Cooling Trend in Antarctica. Futurist May-June 2002: 15.Academic Search Premier.EBSCO. City U of New York, Graduate Center Lib. 22 May 2002 .

    Source: Gibaldi, Joseph.MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2003.