MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS (MSDs). Outline. MSDs Definition Parts of body at risk Impact of MSDs on industry Risk factors Low back disorders Risk management WRULD Definition Risk Factors Injury mechanisms Risk management. Introduction & Definition. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Text of MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS (MSDs)
OutlineMSDsDefinitionParts of body at riskImpact of MSDs on industryRisk factorsLow back disordersRisk managementWRULDDefinitionRisk FactorsInjury mechanismsRisk management
Introduction & DefinitionAny activity requiring the use of force exerted by a person to lift, lower, push, pull, carry, or otherwise move, hold or restrain an object. (ISO 1128-1:2003).
Note that the object may be an item or an animal or person.
Parts of body at riskLow backNeckShoulderElbowHandKneeAnkle
Source: Bluescope Steel
Impact of MSDsEU: 30-46% all work-related injuriesFigure consistent across developed worldContributing factors:PsychosocialPsychophysicalPersonal physical factors
Characteristics of Tasks?RepetitiveHeavyLight intermittent
Examples of work tasksConstructionManufacturingHealth careMining Others?
Nature & Causes of Manual Handling Disorders
4 key physical risk factors:RepetitionForcePostureVibrationCombination of factorsCumulative damage
Discussion of body parts at risk; link back with anatomy section; discuss types of joints & structuresAsk participants for jobs/tasks from their workplaces that may involve one or more of these body parts.Discussion of figures/statistics.Surprised?Is this an accurate reflection of participants workplace experiences?Break into pairs and discuss work tasks that fit into these physical risk factors Feedback to large group.