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  • a MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS PREVENTION SERIES | Part 3A: MSD Prevention Toolbox Getting Started

    Occupational Health and Safety Council of Ontario (OHSCO)

    MSD Musculoskeletal Disorders

    Occupational Health and Safety Council of Ontario (OHSCO)

    MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS PREVENTION SERIES

    PREV

    ENTI

    ON

    TO

    OLB

    OX

    A

    PART 3A:

    MSD Prevention ToolboxGetting Started

  • Disclaimer

    The material contained in this Toolbox is for information and reference purposes only and not intended as legal or professional advice. The adoption and/or use of the tools, information, and/or practices described in this Toolbox may not meet the needs, requirements or obligations of individual workplaces.

    The guidance in this Toolbox does not, in any way, limit or reduce the obliga-tions that workplace parties have under Occupational Health and Safety Act (R.S.O. 1990, Chapter O.1, as amended), or any of its regulations. The Occupa-tional Health and Safety Act (OHSA) requires employers to provide information, instruction and supervision to workers and to take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of workers. MSD hazards that are present in the workplace must be recognized and precautions put in place to fulfi ll requirements under the OHSA.

    Workers also have duties under the OHSA, including the duty to use equip-ment and protective devices provided to them to reduce their MSD risk, and to report defects and hazards of which they are aware to their supervisor. The OHSA also gives workers the right to participate, the right to know, and the right to refuse work that they believe is dangerous to either their own health and safety or that of another worker.

    Use, reproduction and/or duplication of this document is recommended and encouraged.

    5159A (02/08)

  • i MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS PREVENTION SERIES | Part 3A: MSD Prevention Toolbox Getting Started

    Occupational Health and Safety Council of Ontario (OHSCO)

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Acknowledgements ........................................................................................................iiScope of the MSD Prevention Toolbox Getting started ......................................... iii

    MSD Prevention: Getting Started Flowchart ..................................................1

    Getting started with MSD prevention ..............................................................2

    Understand MSD hazards ...................................................................................4

    MSD hazard summary sheet ..............................................................................6

    MSD prevention getting started checksheet .................................................7

    Description of MSD Hazard Identifi cation Tools ...........................................9MSD Hazard Identifi cation Tool Option 1 .............................................................12MSD Hazard Identifi cation Tool Option 2 .............................................................17MSD Hazard Identifi cation Tool Computer workstation ......................................21

    Prioritizing jobs and tasks for simple risk assessment ................................25

    Assessing MSD hazards Determining Root Cause Worksheet .................27

    Questions to consider when selecting MSD hazard controls ....................28

    Tips for eliminating and controlling MSD hazards .....................................29

    MSD Hazards and solutions information sheets:Force ............................................................................................................................34Posture ..........................................................................................................................37Repetition .....................................................................................................................39Other ............................................................................................................................42

    Eliminating/controlling MSD risks: Developing Solutions Worksheet ....................................................................45

    One-Minute Employee Feedback Survey ........................................................46

    Things to consider when selecting a person to help you with MSD Prevention .....................................................48

    Occupational Health and Safety Council of Ontario (OHSCO) MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS PREVENTION SERIES

    MSD Musculoskeletal Disorders

    PART 3A: MSD Prevention ToolboxGetting Started

  • Occupational Health and Safety Council of Ontario (OHSCO)

    Acknowledgements

    This document, Part 3A: MSD Prevention Toolbox Getting Started, is part of the Occupational Health and Safety Council of Ontarios Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) Prevention Series. It was developed in partnership with the members of the Occupational Health and Safety Council of Ontario (OHSCO), with the support of the Centre of Research Expertise for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders (CRE-MSD), and in consultation with representatives from Ontarios labour organizations, employer associations, and individual employers and workers.

    Supporting organizations include:

    Construction Safety Association of Ontario

    Education Safety Association of Ontario

    Electrical & Utilities Safety Association

    Farm Safety Association

    Industrial Accident Prevention Association

    Institute for Work & Health

    Mines and Aggregates Safety and Health Association

    Municipal Health & Safety Association

    Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers

    Ontario Forestry Safe Workplace Association

    Ontario Ministry of Labour

    Ontario Safety Association for Community & Healthcare

    Ontario Service Safety Alliance

    Pulp and Paper Health and Safety Association

    Transportation Health & Safety Association of Ontario

    Workers Health & Safety Centre

    Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (Ontario)

    The support and participation of everyone who contributed to the development of the MSD Prevention Guideline for Ontario and its related documents is greatly appreciated

    ii MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS PREVENTION SERIES | Part 3A: MSD Prevention Toolbox Getting Started

  • Occupational Health and Safety Council of Ontario (OHSCO)

    Scope of the MSD Prevention Toolbox: Getting startedPart 3A: MSD Prevention Toolbox Getting Started is available through the partners of the Ontario health and safety system. The primary purpose of this document is to provide Ontario workplace parties with a set of basic and simple to use tools and worksheets to help them with their MSD prevention eff orts.

    This document is provided as a support document for the MSD Prevention Guideline for Ontario and the Resource Manual for the MSD Prevention Guideline for Ontario.

    In this document you will fi nd an overview of the MSD prevention framework, and some basic information about MSD hazards. This is followed by tools that can be used, as part of a participative process, to recognize jobs with MSD hazards, conduct a simple MSD risk assessment, and, if required, identify and select MSD hazard controls.

    If you are interested in additional tools and information sheets to help you enhance and improve your MSD prevention process, please see Part 3B: MSD Prevention Toolbox Beyond the Basics. The Beyond the Basics document contains a sample MSD prevention policy/procedure, a tool to help you review your MSD prevention process, some additional MSD hazard recognition tools, and an MSD risk assessment checklist.

    The tools in this document are examples of tools that can be useful when implementing an MSD prevention process. It is understood that this Toolbox only presents a small sample of the many diff erent types of tools that may be used to inform the MSD prevention process.

    There is no requirement for workplaces to use all or any of the tools presented in this Toolbox. Workplaces should select the tools, whether they are the ones in this Toolbox or others, which are best able to help them with their MSD prevention eff orts.

    Please contact your Health and Safety Association with any questions about MSD prevention.

    Health and Safety Associations Phone Website

    Construction Safety Association of Ontario (800) 781-2726 www.csao.orgEducation Safety Association of Ontario (416) 250-8005 www.esao.on.caElectrical & Utilities Safety Association (905) 625-0100 www.eusa.on.caFarm Safety Association (800) 361-8855 www.farmsafety.caIndustrial Accident Prevention Association (800) 406-4272 www.iapa.caMines and Aggregates Safety and Health Association (705) 474-7233 www.masha.on.caMunicipal Health & Safety Association (905) 890-2040 www.mhsao.comOccupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers (416) 510-8713 www.ohcow.on.caOntario Forestry Safe Workplace Association (705) 474-7233 www.ofswa.on.caOntario Safety Association for Community & Healthcare (416) 250-7444 www.osach.caOntario Service Safety Alliance (800) 525-2468 www.ossa.comPulp and Paper Health and Safety Association (705) 474-7233 www.pphsa.on.caTransportation Health & Safety Association of Ontario (800) 263-5016 www.thsao.on.caWorkers Health & Safety Centre (416) 441-1939 www.whsc.on.ca

    More information, including sector specifi c materials, can be found online at: www.PreventionPractices.com/msd.html.

    iii MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS PREVENTION SERIES | Part 3A: MSD Prevention Toolbox Getting Started