Take a look at this sample unit from our new resources for the SVQ & NVQ Level 1 Certificate in Beauty Therapy.This unit is about Identifying hazards and evaluating risks in the workplace.It covers:• Health and Safety laws• Workplace policies• Personal presentation and behaviour and• Safe working practices In addition to the explanatory sections, the candidate handbook contains sections of key terms, activities and top tips for NVQ Level 1 Beauty Therapy candidates.To find out more visit us now at http://www.pearsonschoolsandfecolleges.co.uk/FEAndVocational/HairBeautyAndHolisticTherapies/BeautyTherapy/Level1(NVQSVQ)CertificateinBeautyTherapy/Level1(NVQSVQ)CertificateinBeautyTherapy.aspx
UNIT G20Make sure your own actions reduce risks to health and safetyBeauty Therapy is a fun, people-oriented industry, but to stay safe when you are using electrical equipment and chemicals and when working with the public, you need to follow certain procedures. Continual training is essential to reduce accidents and the occurrence of poor health and environmental damage in the salon. With the necessary training, you will be a more effective and successful beauty therapist would you go back to a therapist who used dirty equipment in an untidy and neglected salon, no matter how brilliant the end result? Health and safety covers three key areas: your responsibility to your clients; your employers responsibilities to you, your colleagues, clients and visitors; and your responsibility to your colleagues and yourself. You need to be aware of the risks in your workplace and how to deal with them. This will help you ensure that your actions do not create any health and safety hazards and that you do not ignore hazards that present risks in your workplace. You must take responsible action to resolve things, including reporting situations which may present a danger to people in your workplace, and seeking advice.
In this unit you will learn about: Identifying the hazards and evaluating the risks in your workplace Health and safety laws Workplace policies Personal presentation and behaviour Safe working practices.
Here are some key terms you will meet in this unit:
Alert to be watchful for anything that needs to be attended to Equipment items such as nail files, make-up brushes, ultraviolet cabinet Personal presentation how you present yourself for your day-to-day work Safe working practices working practices which show your method of work is safe and without risk of harm Precautions preventative measures to safeguard your health and safety
Job description a detailed description of the specific duties you must carry out
Reporting a system for alerting other people to a situation
Cross-infection an infection which can be transferred from one person to another
Instructions a detailed explanation of how to carry out a treatment or how to use a product or piece of equipment
Products the products you use on an everyday basis, e.g. cleansers, toners, lotions
Controlling risks measures which are put into place to prevent a risk escalating
Environment the working environment must be a healthy and safe place to be
Workplace responsibilities rules and regulations you must abide by
Professional image the high standards of a professional place of work, e.g. current and relevant salon equipment with well trained staff
Additional assistance help from a colleague or other resource
G20 Make sure your own actions reduce risks to health and safety Identifying the hazards and evaluating the risks in your workplace (1)This unit covers the health and safety duties for everyone in the Beauty Therapy industry. Every employee and employer is required to behave safely and professionally. You must always be responsible for your own behaviour and make sure your actions do not create a health and safety risk. For example, if you see something in the salon which is potentially dangerous you must take sensible action towards putting things right. This may involve writing the risk down and/or reporting it to a more senior member of staff.
Hazards, risks and controlIt is extremely important you understand the terms hazard, risk and control. The Health & Safety Executive (HSE) is the body appointed to support and enforce health and safety laws. They have defined the terms listed above in the following ways: hazard something with potential to cause harm risk the likelihood of the hazards potential being realised control the means by which risks identified are eliminated or reduced to acceptable levels.
Top Tips!Evidence is important when creating your portfolio. You must provide examples of how you have taken steps to reduce health and safety risks.
Almost anything may be a hazard, but may or may not become a risk. You need to demonstrate you understand the health and safety requirements and policies in the salon. You should be constantly improving your own working practices and work areas, preventing any risk of you or others being harmed. You must be able to identify risks arising from any hazards you have identified. You must know which hazards you can deal with safely in accordance with workplace instructions and legal requirements. Work within the limits of your own authority and report any situation you feel needs the attention of a more senior member of staff.
A heavy box is a hazard. It can present a high risk to someone who lifts it incorrectly, as shown.
Identifying the hazards and evaluating the risks in your workplace
Understanding your responsibilitiesThe Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, (see page 14 for more information) covers everyone in the salon employees, self-employed people and visitors, such as technical reps and clients. You must be trained before you carry out any job within the salon, no matter how small or quick the task is. Failing to comply with correct working practices within the salon could harm you or your colleagues. Professional beauty therapists are legally bound to abide by manufacturers instructions, the salon policy and local bylaws.
Salon StoryEve welcomed her client into the treatment room. She took her coat and excess clothing and asked her to get onto the couch. Next, Eve explained that she was going to wash her hands and collect her tools from the steriliser. Eve collected her tools and placed them in the pocket of her uniform so that she could carry the towels. A pair of tweezers fell out of her pocket and as she bent down to pick them up she dropped the towels. Eve picked up the tweezers and placed them in the disinfectant solution and then collected some fresh clean towels from the cupboard and placed the dropped ones in the laundry basket. In the above situation, what did Eve do right and what did she do wrong? List the points and your reasons for them.
Get up and go!Correctly name the people responsible for health and safety in your workplace. Create a flow chart detailing their name and position within the salon along with their responsibilities e.g. Salon Manager Emma is responsible for Risk Assessment. Identify the person who is responsible for reporting any accidents to the Health and Safety Executive. Present this to your assessor when you have completed it.
Get aheadDesign a pack of playing cards to be used in the salon as a memory jogger and revision tool. Perhaps you could code the cards using the symbols hearts, spades, clubs and diamonds. For example, use diamonds as doing cards, hearts as thinking cards, clubs as discussion cards and spades as dig and research cards. Here are some ideas for the different kinds of activities. Diamonds: demonstrate how you would lift a product from a high shelf. Hearts: thinking about the psychology of colour and how different colours affect mood, why do salons choose the colours they do for their interiors, uniforms, etc.? Clubs: discuss which fire-fighting equipment can be used on electrical and non-electrical fires. Spades: find out what is meant by an infectious condition of the body, and why potentially infectious conditions should be reported.
G20 Make sure your own actions reduce risks to health and safety Carry out a facialStep-by-step Facial 1
1. Prepare client for her facial.
2. Gently rub some cleanser onto the lips to remove make-up.
3. Apply dots of cleanser over the entire face, and working from the neck upwards, use upward movements towards the jaw line.
4. Work from the jaw line; use alternate hand movements to cover the entire cheek area.
Identifying the hazards and evaluating the risks in your workplace
5. Using the index fingers, work into the nose, with small circular motions, without blocking the nostrils in! Use light pressure only.
6. Travel over the bridge of the nose, onto the forehead working out towards the temples areas. Using index fingers, apply a little pressure to the temples.
Explain what the following terms mean: hazard; risk; control. What does the word alert mean? How does stress present itself as a hazard? What may happen if there was a trailing wire across the salon floor? What can you do to reduce the risk on a slippery floor?