Text of Objective: To examine the development of the Dutch colony of New Netherlands. Painting by Johannes...
Objective: To examine the development of the Dutch colony of New Netherlands. Painting by Johannes Vingboons of New Amsterdam, Capitol city of New Netherlands, in 1664, the year it was conquered by the English. New York: A Documentary Film by Ric Burns New Amsterdam (14:28)
Dutch West India Company Trading company First settlements fur trading posts Owners controlled the settlement Welcomed all people Diversity Read the Articles on this company
The Dutch West India Company set up the colony of New Amsterdam in what is today New York City in 1624.
Originally settled by 110 Dutch laborers in 1624, the first eleven slaves were brought to New Amsterdam from Angola two years later. New Amsterdam slave auction, 1655
In what the Native Americans thought was a temporary arrangement, the Dutch bought the island of Manhattan for 60 gilders, or approximately $600. A 1909 postcard depicts the acquisition of Manhattan by the Dutch. The artifact was part of an exhibit at the Museum of the City of New York commemorating the 400th anniversary of Henry Hudsons voyage to modern-day New York.
New Amsterdam was set up as a business venture with the main industry being animal skins such as beaver, otter, and mink. beaver Fur Trade in New Amsterdam otter mink
The colony faced severe problems such as frequent drunkenness, low morale, a decreasing population, and crumbling buildings. Peter Stuyvesant was hired to help bring the colony back to prosperity and to help bring order back to the settlement.
Soon after taking control of New Amsterdam, Stuyvesant passed the following laws : - No drinking on Sunday. - No public knife fighting. - Fines were imposed for speeding on Broadway (on your horse and wagon) and for missing church services.
A wall was built from the East River to the Hudson River in order to protect the Dutch from the English and Native Americans.
This is the location where Wall Street is currently located in lower Manhattan.
Since there was a labor shortage, anyone able to work was allowed to settle in New Amsterdam. Settlers hailed from countries such as Holland, France, England, Germany, Spain, Portugal, and Poland. New Amsterdam to New York CityA Melting Pot From the Beginning! Astoria Queens Greek & Egyptian Bensonhurst Brooklyn - Italian Borough Park- Brooklyn- Chassidic Jews Brighton Beach Brooklyn - Russian Chinatown Manhattan - Chinese Flatbush Brooklyn - West Indian Flushing Queens Korean Gerritsen Beach Brooklyn - German Greenpoint Brooklyn - Polish Highbridge Bronx - Ghana Jackson Heights Queens - Colombian Major ethnicities of current New York city neighborhoods:New York city neighborhoods Morris Park Queens - Albanian Ridgewood Queens Romania & Yugoslavia Rockaway Park Queens - Irish Soundview Bronx - Puerto Rican Spanish Harlem Manhattan - Mexican Tremont Bronx - Ecuador University Heights Bronx - Vietnamese & Cambodian Wakefield Bronx - Jamaican & Caribbean Williamsburg Brooklyn - Israeli
Stuyvesant tried to have the Dutch West India Company kick the Jews out of the colony. However, the Company said that because of their dire need for labor, no one should be turned away and the Jews were allowed to remain. **** A few of the directors on the board of the company were Jewish and were not pleased with Stuyvesant. *** Congregation Shearith Israel in its current location on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. Originally founded in 1655 by Spanish and Portuguese Jews settling in New Amsterdam, the congregation worshipped in four other locations before settling down here in 1897. Shearith Israel is the oldest Jewish congregation in the United States.
The British navy arrived in 1664 and easily took control of New Amsterdam without a fight. Stuyvesant tried to motivate the settlers to fight back, but the British were much too powerful. Peter Stuyvesant, in 1664, standing among residents of New Amsterdam who are pleading with him to surrender to the British who have arrived in warships to claim the territory for England
In fact, many citizens, including Stuyvesants own son, signed a petition stating that they would not fight and asked Stuyvesant to surrender. In addition, since most of settlers were not Dutch citizens, they felt no obligation to fight to defend the colony. Stuyvesant tearing up the petition demanding surrender.
New Amsterdam was then renamed New York, after the Duke of York, who was the brother of King Charles. Governor Peter Stuyvesant surrendering New Amsterdam to the British, September 8, 1664: wood engraving, American, late 19th century.
English ships sailed into harbor to attack New Amsterdam New Amsterdam settlers were already mad at governor, Peter Stuyvesant Refuse to fight and petitioned Stuyvesant to surrender So he surrendered and then retired to a farm in the area now known as Greenwich Village Dutch colony becomes English colony Named the colony New York in honor of the Kings brother the Duke of York Citizens were offered safe passage back to Europe if they didnt want to be British citizens. No one left