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1.What kind of people favor the cloning science to proceed? Reference:Infertile people who cannot have babies otherwise, people suffering fatal diseases, and some religious people seeking immortality.
2.For what reasons do most governments prohibit cloning?Reference:Most governments prohibit cloning mainly because it is against nature and causes ethical problems. Besides, the failure rate of cloning is very high.
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Not Now, Dr. Miracle
And of course its created quite a stir, with other scientists rounding on Antinori as religious leaders line up to attack his cloning plan as an insult to human dignity. Yet its an ambition Antinori has expressed many times before. Whats new is that finally it seems to be building a head of steam. Like-minded scientists from the US have joined Antinori in his cloning adventure. At a conference in Rome last week they claimed hundreds of couples have already volunteered for the experiments.Antinori shot to fame seven years ago helping grandmothers give birth using donor eggs. Later he pioneered the use of mice to nurture the sperm of men with poor fertility. He is clearly no ordinary scientist but a showman who thrives on controversy and pushing reproductive biology to the limits. And that of course is one reason why hes seen as being so dangerous.
However, his idea of using cloning to combat infertility is not as mad as it sounds. Many people have a hard job seeing the point of reproductive cloning. But for some couples, cloning represents the only hope of having a child carrying their genes, and scientists like Antinori are probably right to say that much of our opposition to cloning as a fertility treatment is irrational. In future we may want to change our minds and allow it in special circumstances.But only when the science is ready. And thats the real problem. Five years on from Dolly, the science of cloning is still stuck in the dark ages. The failure rate is a shocking 97 per cent and deformed babies all too common. Even when cloning works, nobody understands why. So forget the complex moral arguments. To begin cloning people now, before even the most basic questions have been answered, is simply a waste of time and energy.
And its not just Antinori and his team who are eager to go. A religious group called the Raelians believes cloning is the key to achieving immortality, and it, too, claims to have the necessary egg donors and volunteers willing to be implanted with cloned embryos.So what about tougher laws? Implanting cloned human embryos is already illegal in many countries but it will never be prohibited everywhere. In any case, the prohibition of cloning is more likely to drive it underground than stamp it out. Secrecy is already a problem. Antinori and his team are refusing to name the country theyll be using as their base. Like it or not, the research is going ahead. Sooner or later we are going to have to decide whether regulation is safer than prohibition.
Antinori would go for regulation, of course. He believes it is only a matter of time before we lose our hang-ups about reproductive cloning and accept it as just another IVF technique. Once the first baby is born and it cries, he said last week, the world will embrace it.But the world will never embrace the first cloned baby if it is unhealthy or deformed or the sole survivor of hundreds of pregnancies. In jumping the gun, Dr Miracle and his colleagues are taking one hell of a risk. If their instincts are wrong, the backlash against cloning and indeed science as a whole could be catastrophic.(704 words)
ExamplesThe Great Wall is a miracle of architecture.A car ran over the child, but by a miracle, he was unhurt.miracle n. an unusual and mysterious event that cannot be explained by the laws of nature
string n. 1)a series of related or similar events2)(a) narrow cord used to tie, fasten, etc.ExamplesThe curious boy asked a string of questions.The red peppers were all threaded on strings and hung over the door of the house.
Yet the Vatican is no fan of his scienceMore to learnVatican is the residence of the pope at Rome. Since 1929, the Vatican City has been an independent state (108.7 acres/44 hectares), with the pope as its absolute ruler. Vatican
Yet the Vatican is no fan of his scienceYet the Roman Catholic Church opposes his practice.
ExamplesThe boy seems to have an opinion on every subject under the sun.You cannot detect all the sins under the sun.under the sun (used for giving force to an expression) on the earth; in the world TranslateKeyShe is the last person under the sun I expected to see there.
stir n. (public) excitementExamplesThe coming of the queen caused a great stir in the city.The news caused a stir of interest on the Stock Exchange.
line up to (cause to) move into a row, side by side or one behind the other ExamplesThe photographer lined up the family members for a picture.People were lining up there to get a sample of the new product.
conference n. a meeting for consultation or discussionExamplesIm attending a conference the whole next week.The press conferences was immediately held after the peace talk.
fame n. the condition of being well known and talked about; renownExamplesThe writers third novel was a hit and his fame soon spread all over the world.The young politician is anxious for fame, not for the benefits of those people he represents.
controversyn. (a) fierce argument or disagreement about something, esp. one that is carried on in publicExamplesThe first cloned sheep gives rise to much controversy.Its beyond controversy that the computers cant really think.TranslateThe lie detector tests have been the subject of much controversy.KeyMore to learn
controversyn. (a) fierce argument or disagreement about something, esp. one that is carried on in publiccontroversiala. causing much argument or disagreement ExampleThis is a controversial book.
Many people have a hard job seeing the point of reproductive cloning.Translate
representv. to act or speak officially for (another person or group of people)ExamplesThe stars in the flag of the United States represent the States.Women were poorly represented in the new government.More to learn
Fill in the blankA person who has been chosen to act in place of one or more others is called ________________.representv. to act or speak officially for (another person or group of people)representative
treatmentn. 1)medical attention; cure2)behavior towards somebodyExamplesNo effective treatment can cure AIDS so far.The old ladys treatment to her pet cat is just like the one to her family members.
ExamplesThe irrational reaction to the loss of the football game caused serious consequences.My wife is an irrational consumer she cannot resist cheap prices and always buys goods we do not need. irrationala. contrary or opposed to reason
Five years on from Dolly, the science of cloning is still stuck in the dark ages.Translate
deformv. to spoil the form or appearance ofExamplesIf the shoes are too tight, they will deform your feet.Sitting incorrectly for long periods of time can deform your spine.Can you translate the following words into Chinese?formreformtransformv. v. n. v. n. v.
ExamplesHe got into an argument with Jeff in the pub last night.A careful argument for extraterrestrial life has been presented.argumentn. disagreement; quarrel
excessivea. too much; too great; going beyond what is reasonable or rightExamplesExcessive drinking may cause damage on the brain.An excessive price may affect our market share.TranslateKeyHe takes an excessive interest in clothes.
keep at bay to prevent from coming nearExampleIm trying to keep my creditors at bay.
Raelian The Raelian Religion, founded by Rael (a French journalist formerly called Claude Vorilhon) in 1973, believes that life on earth was created by extraterrestrials, and supports human cloning.
implantv. to put something into a living body in a medical operation ExamplesIt can help a lot for the patients with heart disease to implant a pacemaker.An animal organ was implanted into the patients body.
illegala. prohibited by lawExamplesSome illegal immigrants risk their lives to get into developed countries.Its illegal for teenagers to drink in pubs.Can you find a word with the prefix il-??Referencesilliterateillogical
prohibitv. to forbid, to issue a law against somethingExamplesSmoking is strictly prohibited in public buildings.Children under 18 are prohibited from buying cigarettes.
ExamplesDo you think this new law will stamp out the illegal drugs trade?This country is making great efforts to stamp out terrorism. stamp out to put an end to (usu. something bad) completely
sooner or later at some time certainly; one day whether soon or (much) later TranslateKeyIf you cheat, youll be found out sooner or later.
go for to like or be attracted byExamplesMany of her readers go for romance and mystery.The young tend to go for adventures while the elderly prefer security.TranslateKeyDo you go for modern music?More to learn
go for to like or be attracted byExampleAll my hard work went for nothing.go for nothing to be wasted; have no resultMore to learn
go for to like or be attracted byExampleSeveral people went in for the race.go for nothing to be wasted; have no resultgo in for to take part in; enter