The Characteristics of Petroleum Fractions i. Fossil fuel are hydrocarbons (hydrogen and carbon)ii. Petroleum is a mixture of many types of hydrocarbons which need tobe separated before can be used.iii. The hydrocarbons in the petroleum have different boiling points. iv. Therefore, the petroleum can be separated into various componentsby fractional distillation.v. The components which are separated are called fractions or distillates.
The Uses of Petroleum Fractions
CHAPTER 6: Land And Its Resources
Creates more jobs Increase Malaysias export incomeEncourages transport industryEncourages petrochemical industryFacilitate better facilites in rural areasthe importance of petroleum to a nation's incomeEFFICIENT USES OF PETROLEUM AND OTHER NATURAL FUEL RESOURCESAllows a building to use less heating and cooling energy to achieve and maintain a comfortable temperature.Installingfluorescent lightsor naturalskylightsreduces the amount of energy required to attain the same level of illumination compared with using traditionalincandescent light bulbs.Reducing energy useIron as many clothes as possible at one time to save energyUse smaller cars with engines that burn petrol efficientlyAvoid unnecessary idling.Turn off your engine when you are stopped for more than 60 seconds, except when in traffic. The average vehicle with a three-litre engine wastes 300 millilitresmore than one cupof fuel for every 10 minutes it idles.Measure tire pressuremonthly.Operating a vehicle with its tires underinflated by 8 psi (56 kPa) can reduce the life of the tires by 10,000 kilometres and increase the vehicles fuel consumption by four percent..