Petunjuk Praktis Cloud Computing Menggunakan Open Source

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  • 8/2/2019 Petunjuk Praktis Cloud Computing Menggunakan Open Source

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    Ratqmkqg R~`gte|Lcjqd Ljorqtemf

    Oamfqm`g`m Jram \jq~la

    Jmmj V- Rq~nj

    jmmjBemdj-mat-edBjmmjvrq~nj

    Kqce >200

    Ratqmkqg R~`gte|; Lcjqd Ljorqtemf 0

    mailto:onno@indo.net.idmailto:onno@indo.net.id
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    T`nca ji Ljmtamt|

    G@T@ RAMF@MT@^---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1RAMD@HQCQ@M-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9

    Lcjqd Ljorqtemf @r`g`h Etq:--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9Lcjqd Ljorqtemf d`c`o N`h`|` H`lga~----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9

    Oag`me|oa @g|a| Lcjqd Ljorqtemf----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6Ra~`mfg`t Cqm`g Lcjqd Ljorqtemf------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6Lcjqd Ljorqtemf D`c`o Nqgq Eme-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6

    @^\ETAGTQ^ LCJQD----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5Aql`curtq|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5Qnqmtq Amta~r~e|a Lcjqd (QAL%-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5Gjorjmam d ~e Lcjqd Na~n`|e| Aql`curtq| (QAL%----------------------------------------------------------------------------02

    Mjda Ljmt~jcca~ (ML%---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------02Lcq|ta~ Ljmt~jcca~ (LL%------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------00V`c~q| \tj~`fa Ljmt~jcca~ (V\\AREMT@\ TAMT@MF QNQMTQ AMTA^R^E\A LCJQD-------------------------------------------------------------------00

    R~j|a| Em|t`c`|e R~ey`ta Lcjqd------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------->>GJMIEFQ^@\E R^JXOJX------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------>6

    Ratqmkqg R~`gte|; Lcjqd Ljorqtemf >

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    Ratqmkqg R~`gte|; Lcjqd Ljorqtemf 4

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    G@T@ RAMF@MT@^

    Nqgq eme denq`t ghq|q| qmtqg ET L@OR >200 t`mff`c 5/02 Kqce >200 de Fqmqmf Nqmda~ K`v` N`~`tu`mf de |acamff`~`g`m jcah Jma Da|tem`tejm Lamta~ (JDL% d`m Gacjorjg ^ao`k` Oacag ET(Ga~o-ET%-

    Nqgq eme na~e|e na~n`f`e ratqmkqg u`mf |ei`tmu` r~`gte| d`c`o oaonq`t emi~`|t~qgtq~ lcjqd ljorqtemf-Ta~q| ta~`mf# nqgq eme caneh n`mu`g oa~qr`g`m ljru r`|ta d`~e o`ta~e dehttr;**jram|jq~la-tacgjo|raadu-ljo*vege \raaduVege u`mf de c`ujqt oamk`de |anq`h nqgq- Ted`gha~`m keg`# |e|e taj~e d`~e lcjqd ljorqtemf `o`t |`mf`t de |ada~h`m`g`m-

    Nqgq eme oa~qr`g`m ~agj~ raonq`t`m nqgq |`u`# g`~am` nqgq eme denq`t d`c`o v`gtq >4 k`o! Nqgq emeoao`mf k`qh d`~e |aorq~m` g`~am` oamfak`~ `l`~` ET L@OR >200 tfc 5/02 Kqce >200 u`mf gq~`mf d`~e> oemffq c`fe-

    \aojf` d`r`t na~o`mi``t-

    K`g`~t`# 0 Kqce >200Jmmj V- Rq~njBjmmjvrq~nj

    Ratqmkqg R~`gte|; Lcjqd Ljorqtemf 1

    http://opensource.telkomspeedy.com/wikihttp://opensource.telkomspeedy.com/wikihttp://opensource.telkomspeedy.com/wiki
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    RAMD@HQCQ@M

    Lcjqd Ljorqtemf @r`g`h Etq:

    Lcjqd Ljorqtemf `d`c`h |anq`h ojdac gjorqt`|e * ljorqtemf# deo`m` |qona~ d`u` |ara~te

    r~jla||j~ * ljorqtemf rjva~# |tj~`fa# matvj~g# d`m |jitv`~a oamk`de `n|t~`g d`m dena~eg`m |an`f`ec`u`mm de k`~emf`m * emta~mat oamffqm`g`m rjc` `g|a| ~aojta- Ojdac neccemf d`~e c`u`m`m em qoqomu`oe~er damf`m ojdao c`u`m`m rqnceg- Gata~|ade``m jm/dao`md |a|q`e ganqtqhg`m# oqd`h qmtqg degjmt~jc# dem`oeg d`m |g`c`necet`| u`mf h`ore~ t`mr` ceoet `d`c`h nana~`r` `t~enqt ramtemf d`~e lcjqdljorqtemf-

    \anq`h |atqr emi~`|t~qgtq~ ojdac lcjqd ljorqtemf ne`|`mu` de gam`ce |an`f`e &Lcjqd&- Na~egqt `d`c`hnana~`r` g`tafj~e c`u`m`m u`mf ta~|ade` d`~e |anq`h &Lcjqd& |ara~te;

    Emi~`|t~qltq~a @| @ \a~yela| (E@@\%

    Rc`tij~o @| @ \a~yela (R@@\%

    \jitv`~a @| @ \a~yela (\@@\%

    Lcjqd eme ne`|`mu` ta~|ade` |an`f`e c`u`m`m gar`d` |e`r` |`k` de Emta~mat- @g`m tat`re# y`~e`m u`mf de|anqt R~ey`ta Lcjqd |ao`gem rjrqca~ qmtqg emi~`|t~qgtq~ r~en`de * r~ey`ta u`mf oaorqmu`e `t~enqt|ara~te &Lcjqd de `t`|-

    Lcjqd ljorqtemf na~nad` damf`m F~ed ljorqtemf `t`q R`~`cac Ljorqtemf# deo`m` F~ed ljorqtemfd`m R`~`cac ljorqtemf `d`c`h caneh oa~qr`g`m |anq`h n`fe`m d`~e r~`|`~`m` ie|eg n`fe ramuade``mgjm|ar Lcjqd ljorqtemf-

    Lcjqd Ljorqtemf d`c`o N`h`|` H`lga~

    \a~ya~ gjmyam|ejm`c `g`m de n`t`|e jcah kqoc`h lj~a r~jla||j~# h`~dde|g d`m oaoj~u- Damf`mgata~n`t`|`m ie|eg u`mf `d` o`g` get` ted`g oqmfgem oaonan`me |anq`h |a~ya~ gjmyam|ejm`c damf`mnan`m o`g|eo`c- Keg` ~a|jq~la * |qona~ d`u` h`ne|# o`g` ne`|`mu` get` h`~q| oamfem|t`cc qc`mf|acq~qh `rceg`|e d`m d`t` de |a~ya~ u`mf g`r`|et`|mu` caneh na|`~ d`m oaoef~`|e |aoq` `rceg`|e u`mf`d` ga |a~ya~ u`mf n`~q- Eme `g`m oaonqtqhg`m v`gtq 0/> h`~e qmtqg oamue`rg`m |anq`h |a~ya~ n`~q#etqrqm g`c`q ted`g `d` o`|`c`h-

    U`mf oam`~eg d`~e Lcjqd Ljorqtemf na~nad` damf`m |a~ya~ gjmyam|ejm`c ta~qt`o`;

    \al`~` ie|eg na~qr` gqorqc`m h`~dv`~a * |a~ya~ u`mf ta~|`onqmf d`c`o |anq`h k`~emf`m

    (C@M * V@M%- Tat`re d`~e |e|e# ramffqm` d`r`t oaceh`t |an`f`e |anq`h gjorqta~ na|`~- Eda`cmu` ted`g `d` n`t`|`m damf`m g`r`|et`| r~jla||j~# g`r`|et`| h`~dde|g d`m g`r`|et`|

    oaoj~u-

    Eda`cmu` ted`g `d` n`t`|`m damf`m na~`r` kqoc`h .hj|temf. |a~ya~ u`mf na~k`c`m denac`g`mfmu`-

    Oam`on`hg`m |anq`h .hj|temf. h`mu` oaonqtqhg`m v`gtq nana~`r` oamet |`k`-

    Keg` `d` gagq~`mf`m ~a|jq~la (|qona~ d`u`%# n`eg etq r~jla||j~# h`~dde|g o`qrqm oaoj~u# get`

    Ratqmkqg R~`gte|; Lcjqd Ljorqtemf 9

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    d`r`t damf`m oqd`h |ag`ce oam`on`hg`m |a~ya~ t`on`h`m d`m c`mf|qmf d`r`t na~emtaf~`|e gak`~emf`m lcjqd- Nqtqh v`gtq |aget ~ >2 oamet/`m qmtqg oamue`rg`m |a~ya~ gj|jmf * n`~q qmtqgd`r`t na~emtaf~`|e ga k`~emf`m lcjqd-

    Oag`me|oa @g|a| Lcjqd Ljorqtemf

    Oag`me|oa `g|a| ga lcjqd ljorqtemf .oqmfgem. d`r`t dek`c`mg`m |al`~` na~`mag` ~`f`o / oqc`e d`~e

    `g|a| |t`md`~ C@M o`qrqm emt~`mat damf`m |adeget `rceg`|e `fam `t`q gceam# |`or`e gar`d` `g|a|axt~`mat d`m emta~mat oac`cqe n~jv|a~ u`mf ta~hqnqmf ga |anq`h rj~t`c `rceg`|e d`~e ramuade` c`u`m`mlcjqd ljorqtemf- R~jtjgjc `rceg`|e u`mf defqm`g`m rqm d`r`t na~`f`o# tat`re h`c eme ted`gc`h ta~c`cq|efmeieg`m nec` deceh`t d`~e |e|e ramffqm` `ghe~ (n`l` ; t~`m|r`~`m%# deo`m` ramffqm` `ghe~ lqgqroamfat`hqe n`f`eo`m` l`~` oamf`g|a| d`m oaora~fqm`g`m k`|` c`u`m`m u`mf ta~d`r`t r`d` Lcjqdljorqtemf-

    Ra~`mfg`t Cqm`g Lcjqd Ljorqtemf

    Nac`g`mf`m eme degaon`mfg`m |anq`h namtqg mu`t` (`t`q |ated`gmu` |anq`h ljoojm rc`tij~o*namtqgqoqo% d`~e gjm|ar Lcjqd Ljorqtemf `f`~ d`r`t de/eorcaoamt`|eg`m |al`~` qoqo d`m caneh cq`|#

    |ara~te ljmtjh na~egqt ;

    Qnqmtq Amta~r~e|a Lcjqd (QAL%

    R~jxojx

    Jram\t`lg

    JramManqc`

    Aql`curtq|

    Amfema qt`o` d`c`o lcjqd ljorqtemf |anatqcmu` `d`c`h `rceg`|e ye~tq`ce|`|e de |e|e |a~ya~# |ara~te#

    GYO

    PAOQ

    Xam

    Lcjqd Ljorqtemf D`c`o Nqgq Eme

    D`c`o nqgq eme get` `g`m oaon`h`| tagmeg raonq`t`m d`m ramfjra~`|e`m lcjqd ljorqtemf ghq|q|/mu`u`mf get` gam`c |an`f`e Emi~`|t~qltq~ @| @ \a~yela (E@@\% deo`m` rac`mff`m lcjqd `g`moaora~jcah |a~ya~ |amde~e qmtqg o`|emf/o`|emf rac`mff`m- D`~e |eme |anatqcmu` get` d`r`toamfaon`mfg`m caneh c`mkqt c`u`m`m u`mf dena~eg`m `r`g`h etq na~qr` @rrcel`tejm @| @ \a~yela(E@@\% `t`q u`mf c`emmu`-

    \al`~` tagme| |anatqcmu` u`mf de ra~jcah |e rac`mff`m lcjqd h`mu`c`h |anq`h |a~ya~ ye~tq`c r`d`|a~ya~/|a~ya~ ie|eg u`mf deoecege ramuade` c`u`m`m-

    \atac`h \a~ya~ ye~tq`c ta~|ade` de lcjqd# ta~|a~`h r`d` |e q|a~ `r`g`h o`q oamfem|t`c`|e |an`f`e van|a~ya~# o`ec |a~ya~# DM\ |a~ya~ dcc dcc- Eme |qd`h |ara~te |a~ya~ ne`|` |`k` |anatqcmu`-

    Ratqmkqg R~`gte|; Lcjqd Ljorqtemf 6

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    @d` dq` (>% tagmjcjfe u`mf `g`m de fqm`g`m n`h`|# u`etq#

    Qnqmtq Amta~r~e|a Lcjqd (QAL%

    R~jxojx

    V`c`qrqm |anatqcmu` gadq`/mu` |`o`/|`o` oamffqm`g`m Aql`curtq| d`m GYO `t`q Xam de

    d`c`omu`-

    \al`~` qoqo QAL caneh oamfa~eg`m qmtqg defqm`g`m g`~am` |aoq` emta~i`la/mu` oamffqm`g`mLjoo`md Cema Emta~i`la (LCE% `ce`| taxt- K`de qmtqg raoqc` oqmfgem `g`m |`mf`t ted`g mu`o`m-V`c`qrqm n`fe u`mf ne`|` oamffqm`g`m taxt |anatqcmu` am`g |ag`ce oamffqm`g`m QAL eme- QALoaonqtqhg`m oemeo`c dq` (>% \a~ya~ qmtqg ne|` jra~`|ejm`c- \`c`h |`tq \a~ya~/mu` h`~q|oamffqm`g`m r~jla||j~ gac`| Xajm-

    R~jxojx nq`t`m Ka~o`m oamffqm`g`m F~`ieg Q|a~ Emta~i`la (FQE% oac`cqe Van |ahemff` |`mf`toqd`h qmtqg de jra~`|eg`m- L`mtegmu` R~jxojx oemeo`c oamffqm`g`m \@TQ |a~ya~ gac`| Xajm-N`fe `md` u`mf ted`g o`q rq|emf gar`c` |`mf`t de |`~`mg`m qmtqg oamffqm`g`m R~jxojx-

    Ratqmkqg R~`gte|; Lcjqd Ljorqtemf 8

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    @^\ETAGTQ^ LCJQD

    Lcjqd Ljorqtemf `d`c`h |anq`h ojdac gjorqt`|e * ljorqtemf# deo`m` |qona~ d`u` |ara~ter~jla||j~ * ljorqtemf rjva~# |tj~`fa# matvj~g# d`m |jitv`~a oamk`de `n|t~`g d`m dena~eg`m |an`f`ec`u`mm de k`~emf`m * emta~mat oamffqm`g`m rjc` `g|a| ~aojta- Ojdac neccemf d`~e c`u`m`m em qoqomu`

    oe~er damf`m ojdao c`u`m`m rqnceg- Gata~|ade``m jm/dao`md |a|q`e ganqtqhg`m# oqd`h qmtqg degjmt~jc# dem`oeg d`m |g`c`necet`| u`mf h`ore~ t`mr` ceoet `d`c`h nana~`r` `t~enqt ramtemf d`~e lcjqdljorqtemf-

    \anq`h |atqr emi~`|t~qgtq~ ojdac lcjqd ljorqtemf ne`|`mu` de gam`ce |an`f`e &Lcjqd&- Na~egqt `d`c`hnana~`r` g`tafj~e c`u`m`m u`mf ta~|ade` d`~e |anq`h &Lcjqd& |ara~te;

    0- Emi~ |t~qltq~a @| @ \a~yela| (E@@\%>- Rc tij~o @| @ \a~yela (R@@\%% c`u`m`m u`mf |`mf`t rjrqca~ / Ac`|tel Ljorqta Lcjqd (AL>% d`m \eorca \tj~`fa\a~yela (\d`m \< @RE qmtqg na~gjoqmeg`|e damf`m c`u`m`m eme- Garjrqca~`m @RE eme de dj~jmf jcah na~n`f`er~jdqg Lcjqd u`mf oaona~eg`m dqgqmf`m gar`d` oa~ag` kqf`-

    Aql`curtq|Aql`curtq| `d`c`h |jitv`~a u`mf ta~|ade` de n`v`h FRC u`mf d`r`t oamjcjmf qmtqg oaonq`t d`moamf`tq~ r~ey`ta Lcjqd o`qrqm rqncel Lcjqd- Aql`curtq| oamk`de |`mf`t rjrqca~ d`m t`or`gmu` tac`hoamk`de |`c`h |`tq gqmle rc`tij~o lcjqd jram |jq~la- G`~am` Aql`curtq| oaoqmfgemg`m c`u`m`mta~|ade` oac`cqe @RE u`mf ljor`tenca damf`m c`u`m`m AL> * \

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    Gjorjmam d`~e Lcjqd Na~n`|e| Aql`curtq| (QAL%

    Mjda Ljmt~jcca~ (ML%

    \anq`h mjda QAL `d`c`h |anq`h |a~ya~ damf`m r~j|a|j~ u`mf oaorqmu`e gao`orq`m Ye~tq`ce{`tejmTalhmjcjfu (YT% u`mf |qd`h de `gteig`m u`mf o`orq qmtqg oamk`c`mg`m hura~ye|j~ |ara~te GYO-QAL `g`m |al`~` `qtjo`te| oamfem|t`c|e GYO keg` ramffqm` oaoeceh qmtqg oamfem|t`c`|e mjda QAL-Ye~tq`c O`lhema (YO% u`mf dek`c`mg`m r`d` hura~ye|j~ d`m de gjmt~jc jcah QAL ne`|`mu` de |anqt|an`f`e em|t`mla- \ac`em GYO# Aql`curtq| kqf` oamdqgqmf hura~ye|j~ c`em |ara~te Xam- @g`m tat`reL`mjmel`c caneh oaoeceh GYO |an`f`e hura~ye|j~ qmtqg QAL-

    Mjda Ljmt~jcca~ u`mf de k`c`mg`m de |ate`r mjda `g`m oamf`tq~ |egcq| gahedqr`m d`~e em|t`mla u`mfk`c`m de mjda- De |`tq |e|e# ML na~emta~`g|e damf`m |e|tao jra~`|e d`m hura~ye|j~ u`mf k`c`m de mjda- De|e|e c`em# ML `g`m na~emta~`g|e damf`m LL-

    ML `g`m oam`mu`g`m |e|tao jra~`|e u`mf k`c`m de mjda qmtqg oamfat`hqe |qona~ d`u` ie|eg u`mfdefqm`g`m mjda# |ara~te# kqoc`h lj~a# na|`~ oaoj~u# gata~|ade``m de|g d`m kqf` oamlag |t`tq| d`~e YO

    Ratqmkqg R~`gte|; Lcjqd Ljorqtemf 02

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    em|t`mla u`mf k`c`m de mjda d`m oaona~eg`m emij~o`|e ta~|anqt ga LL-

    Iqmf|e;

    0- Oamfqorqcg`m d`t` u`mf ta~g`et damf`m gata~|ade``m d`m ramffqm``m |qona~ d`u` de mjdad`m oac`rj~g`m ga LL-

    >- O`m kaoam |egcq| gahedqr`m d ~e em|t`mla-

    Lcq|ta~ Ljmt~jcca~ (LL%

    LL oao`m`fa |`tq `t`q caneh Mjla Ljmt~jcca~ (ML% d`m oamk`c`mg`m * oao`m`ka em|t`mla r`d` ML-LL kqf` oao`m`fa matvj~gemf qmtqg em|t`mla u`mf k`c`m de Mjda |a|q`e damf`m ra~oemt``m ojdak`~emf`m d`~e Aql`curtq|-

    LL na~gjoqmeg`|e damf`m LCL de |`tq |e|e d`m n`mu`g ML de |e|e c`em-

    Iqmf|e;

    0- Oama~eo` ra~oemt``m d ~e LCL qmtqg oamk c`mg`m em|t`mla->- Oaoqtq|g`m ML u`mf o`m` u`mf defqm`g`m qmtqg oamk`c`mg`m em|t`mla ta~|anqt-

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    * \< ga lceamt de |`tq |e|e- De |e|e c`em# LCL na~emta~`g|e

    damf`m |acq~qh gjorjmam emi~`|t~qgtq~ Aql`curtq|- LCL oaona~eg`m `mt`~ oqg` van ga q|a~ qmtqgoac`gqg`m o`m`kaoam nana~`r` `|rag d`~e emi~`t~qgtq~ QAL-

    Iqmf|e;

    0- Oaojmetj~ gata~|ade `m |qona~ d`~e de na~n`f`e gjorjmam emi~`|t~qgtq~ lcjqd# ta~o`|qghura~ye|j~ r`d` mjda u`mf defqm`g`m qmtqg oac`gqg`m o`m`kaoam em|t`mla d`m lcq|ta~ljmt~jcca~ qmtqg oac`gqgqg`m o`m`kaoam r`d` mjda hura~ye|j~-

    >- @~net~`|e \qona~ D`u` / oamamtqg`m lcq|ta~ o`m` u`mf `g`m defqm`g`m qmtqg na~t`mffqmfk`v`n |anq`h em|t`mla-

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    \AREMT@\ TAMT@MF QNQMTQ AMTA^R^E\A LCJQD

    Lcjqd ljorqtemf de Qnqmtq

    Qnqmtq oamuada~h`m`g`m gjorcaxet`| lcjqd ljorqtemf- Lcjqd d`r`t denq`t qmtqg d`r`t deemtaf~`|eg`m damf`m @o`{jm AL> `t`q oaonq`t r~ey`ta lcjqd damf`m h`~dv`~a |amde~e- Ade|e \a~ya~Qnqmtq oamjcjmf get` qmtqg oaonq`t d`m oamfjmt~jc ga dq`/mu`-

    \ara~temu` t`~fat Aql`curtq| oaonq`t |e|tao |ara~te @o`{jm AL># Aql`curtq| |amde~e oamffqm`g`mCenye~t- Gacaneh`mmu` de lcq|ta~emf d`m gjor`tenac damf`m @o`{jm AL>-

    G`c`q ted`g ra~cq lcq|ta~emf m`f`/m`f`mu` ye~|h d`m ye~t/o`m`fa~ o`|eh caneh ~emf`m d`m oqd`h# |`o`/|`o` ne|` gjmt~jc Xam d`m Paoq*GYO# r`d` `ghe~mu` |aoq` ta~f`mtqmf ganqtqh`m u`mf `d` kqf`-

    Gam`r` Qnqmtq:Qnqmtq `d`c`h c`mfg`h ta~lar`t qmtqg oaonq`t ~ace`nca lcjqd qmtqg q|`h` `md`- Qnqmtq `d`c`h |`tq/|`tq/mu` de|t~enq|e Cemqx u`mf oamua~t`g`m |aoq` gjorjmam u`mf `md` nqtqhg`m qmtqg oaonq`tlcjqd |al`~` c`mf|qmf-

    R~ey`ta lcjqd

    R~ey`ta lcjqd oaona~eg`m get` gao`orq`m d`~e lcjqd ljorqtemf oamffqm`g`m emi~`|t~qgtq~ ET u`mfget` oecege- \ahemff` get` `g`m oaora~jcah gaqmtqmf`m lcjqd ljorqtemf denac`g`mf ga`o`m`m d`~eie~av`cc get`- Oamk`c`mg`m nan`m d`m c`mf|qmf k`c`m- Oamfaon`mfg`m d`m oamfalecg`m g`r`|et`|gjorqt`|e oamua|q`eg`m damf`m `rceg`|e u`mf get` nqtqhg`m-

    Ratqmkqg R~`gte|; Lcjqd Ljorqtemf 0

  • 8/2/2019 Petunjuk Praktis Cloud Computing Menggunakan Open Source

    14/48

    EM\T@C@\E LCJQD

    Oaora~jcah E\J Em|t`cca~

    E\J em|t`cca~ d`r`t de `onec de

    Qnqmtq Amta~r~e|a Lcjqd

    httr;**vvv-qnqmtq-ljo*djvmcj`d*|a~ya~*djvmcj`d

    R~jxojx

    httr;**vvv-r~jxojx-ljo*djvmcj`d|*r~jxojx/ya*06/e|j/eo`fa|

    httr;**vvv-r~jxojx-ljo*djvmcj`d|*r~jxojx/ya*

    Ra~|e`r`m E...

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