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  • Pronouns

    https://www.schooltube.com/video/4096ecea7a363a6cd9f1/Grammar Rock Pronoun

  • Terms

    *pronoun

    *antecedent

    personal pronouns

    reflexive pronouns

    Intensive pronouns

    reciprocal pronouns

    *demonstrative pronouns

    *relative pronouns

    *indefinite pronouns

    *These are significant as they apply to your writing. You will need to understand how to use these in a sentence.

  • Definitions

    Pronouns are words that stand for nouns or for

    words that take the place of nouns.

    They help writers and speakers avoid awkward

    repetition of nouns.

    Antecedents are nouns to which pronouns refer.

    Pronouns take their meaning from these words.

  • *Pronouns & Antecedents

    Michael said he lost his watch at the fair.

    When the Lees moved, they gave their pets to me.

    Attending the state fair is tiring, but it is fun.

    Because of its carnival, Rottwell, Germany is my

    favorite city.

  • Personal Pronouns

    Personal pronouns refer to the person speaking

    (first person), the person spoken to (second

    person), or the person, place, or thing spoken

    about (third person).

    Personal Pronouns

    Singular Plural

    First Person I me my mine

    we, us our, ours

    Second Person you your, yours

    you your, yours

    Third Person he, him, his she, her, hers It its

    they, them their, theirs

  • Reflexive & Intensive Pronouns

    A reflexive pronoun ends in –self or –selves and

    indicates that someone or something in the

    sentence acts for or on itself.

    A reflexive pronoun is essential to the meaning of

    the sentence.

    An intensive pronoun ends in –self or –selves and

    simply adds emphasis to a noun or pronoun in the

    sentence.

  • Reflexive & Intensive Pronouns

    singular plural

    first person myself ourselves

    second person yourself yourselves

    third person himself, herself, itself themselves

    < Reflexive or Intensive?

  • Examples

    Reflexive The settlers prepared themselves for the

    approaching winter.

    …acting as a direct object: The settlers prepared

    who or what? The settlers prepared themselves.

    Intensive John Smith himself wrote an account of the

    meeting.

    In the second example, you can omit the pronoun and

    retain the meaning of the sentence. In the first, you can

    not.

  • Reciprocal Pronouns

    Reciprocal pronouns show a mutual action or

    relationship.

    Each other and one another refer to a plural

    antecedent. They express a mutual action or

    relationship.

    The two dogs shook water all over each other.

    The class collected autographs from one another.

  • Interrogative Pronouns

    Interrogative pronouns are used to ask a question.

    Sometimes the antecedent is not known.

    what, which, who,

    whom, & whose

    Who let the dogs out?

  • *Demonstrative Pronouns

    Demonstrative Pronouns are used to point out

    one or more nouns. They direct attention to a

    specific person, place, or thing.

    There are only four!!

    Demonstrative Pronouns

    singular plural

    this, that these, those

  • Examples

    Demonstrative pronouns may come before or

    after their antecedents.

    Before That is the ranch I would like to own.

    After I hope to visit Butte and Helena. Those

    are my first choices.

  • *This, That, These, Those: Pronoun or Determiner?

    As you learned, this, that, these, and those can

    all be determiners in a noun phrase. So, how do

    you know if they are acting as determiners or as

    a pronoun?

    Determiner: A noun will directly follow, and it

    answers the question, “Which one(s)?”

    EX: this potato, these strange Freshman

    Pronoun: It will act as a subject or object

    EX: That was easy! I would never buy those.

  • *Relative Pronouns

    Relative pronouns are used to relate one idea in a sentence to another. These pronouns introduce an adjective clause and connect the clause to the word that the clause modifies.

    Sound familiar? You learned about these as one way to fix fragment sentences that lack a subject by affixing predicates onto another sentence.

    relative pronouns

    that which who whom whose

  • Examples

    We read a book that contained an account of

    the settler’s experiences.

    The settlers who had written it described their

    hardships.

    The winter, which they knew would be harsh, was

    fast approaching.

  • *Comma Use: that v. which

    Do not use commas with “that”.

    “That” introduces restrictive clauses that give you more specific

    information about a noun (Which noun?), so the clause is

    necessary and does not take a comma.

    EX: The blouse that I bought yesterday already ripped!

    The relative clause gives you more specific information about

    which blouse is being discussed.

    Do use commas with “which”

    “Which” introduces a non-restrictive clauses that give more

    information about an already specified noun.

    EX: This blouse, which I just bought yesterday, already ripped!

    It is already clear which blouse is being discussed (this blouse),

    so the clause is just giving extra, unnecessary information.

  • *Indefinite Pronouns

    Indefinite pronouns sometimes lack a specific antecedent and refer to a person, place, or thing that may or may not be specifically named.

    It’s important to know which are singular or plural so your pronouns and antecedent agree!

    Indefinite Pronouns

    singular plural both

    another everyone nothing both all

    anybody everything one few any

    anything much somebody many more

    each neither someone others most

    either nobody something several none

    everybody no one some

  • Indefinite Pronouns

    Sometimes have antecedents: no specific antecedent Many have visited Gettysburg. specific antecedent One of the students sang. Can also function as adjectives: adjective Few orchestras are famous.

  • *Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

    Pronouns must agree with their antecedents in both gender and number.

    Correct the following sentences if needed. Be aware of indefinite pronouns!

    1. The student must complete the project, then they have to evaluate it.

    2. All of the baseball players ran their hardest at practice.

    3. Everyone for themselves!

  • Pronoun Practice

    Complete Exercises

    1.1C, 1.1D, 1.1E, 1.1F

    on pages 10 & 11

    Prentice Hall Grammar Handbook

    Complete Exercises

    1.1 G, 1.1H

    on page 13

    Prentice Hall Grammar Handbook