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Personal Pronouns: Subject, Object, Possessive Reflexive & Intensive Pronouns Interrogative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns

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Text of Personal Pronouns: Subject, Object, Possessive Reflexive & Intensive Pronouns Interrogative Pronouns...

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  • Personal Pronouns: Subject, Object, Possessive Reflexive & Intensive Pronouns Interrogative Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns
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  • A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun or another pronoun. Antecedent the word to which the pronoun refers or replaces Examples: Tessa left her favorite hoody on the bus. Robbie went to lunch, but he forgot his money. John and I walked to Joes Drive-in. We bought strawberry milkshakes with our money. Alicia, have you seen the movie Twilight yet?
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  • Personal pronouns have a variety of forms to indicate different persons, numbers, and cases. Person = first person (I, we) = second person (you) = third person (he, she, it, they)
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  • Number = singular or plural Cases = Subject, Object, and Possessive Which case to use depends upon the pronouns function in the sentence.
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  • SubjectObjectPossessive I memy, mine youyouyour, yours he, she, ithim, her, ithis, her, hers, its we usour, ours you youyour, yours theythem their, theirs
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  • A subject pronoun is used as a subject in a sentence or as the predicate pronoun following a linking verb. (as a subject complement) Examples: Has Tom read Old Yeller? It is a good story! (S) I loaned my copy to Betsy. She read the entire book in one night! (S) The winner of the contest is she. (pred. pro.)
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  • SingularPlural I we you you he, she, it they
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  • An object pronoun is used as a direct object, an indirect object, or as an object of a preposition. Examples: Maddi asked me to go to a movie tonight. (DO) Tim gave her a pink rose. (IO) Ryan sent the flowers to them. (Obj. of Prep.)
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  • SingularPlural me us youyou him, her, itthem
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  • A possessive pronoun is a personal pronoun used to show ownership or relationship. The possessive pronouns my, your, her, his, its, our, their come before nouns. Examples: My best friend is my dog Simon. The boys lost their way in the woods. Our family reunion is this summer. Has Kayla met her new teacher yet?
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  • The possessive pronouns mine, yours, hers, his, its, ours, theirs can stand alone in a sentence. Examples: That pizza is ours! Dont touch it! The yellow lab in the backyard is mine. Those library books are theirs. The shoes on the front porch must be yours or his.
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  • SingularPlural my, mineour, oursyour, yours her, hers, his, itstheir, theirs
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  • Possessive pronouns never have apostrophes. Contractions always have apostrophes. Possessive Pronoun Contraction itsits (it is or it has) The cat moved its kittens. Its time for lunch. Its been fun! your youre (you are) Where are your books? Youre in so much trouble! their theyre (they are) Were their books found? Theyre going to the movies tonight.
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  • Singular Plural (1 st ) myselfourselves (2 nd ) yourselfyourselves (3 rd ) herself themselves himself itself
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  • Refers to the subject & directs the action of the verb back to the subject. EXAMPLES: Darin let himself believe that he was the winner of the race. Casey gave herself five minutes to study for the test in science. Brycen and I helped ourselves to the chocolate chip cookies on the table.
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  • Emphasizes a noun or another pronoun in the same sentence EXAMPLES: Devyn himself gave the speech during the assembly. We ourselves are responsible for our actions. We saw Jewel herself at the mall before her concert. I myself will always be dependable.
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  • INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNUSE who, whomrefers to people whatrefers to things whichrefers to people/things whoseindicates ownership or relationship
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  • An interrogative pronoun is used to introduce a question. Examples: What is the correct answer to the question? Whose dog is running down the street? To whom did you give my books? Who is always used as a subject or a predicate pronoun. Who is going to the movie tonight? (subject) Your favorite singer is who? (predicate pronoun)
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  • Whom is always used as an object direct object, indirect object, or the object of a preposition. Whom did you see at the mall? (direct object) You sent whom the flowers? (indirect object) To whom should I send the bill? (object of the preposition to)
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  • Whose is an interrogative pronoun. Example: Whose coats are on the floor? Whose mouth never stops running? Whos is a contraction that means who is/who has. Whos going to pass the English test? Whos been at the cafeteria already?
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  • A pronoun that points out a person, place, thing, or idea this, that, these, those Examples: This is the correct answer choice. That was not what you should have said. These are the color choices for the flowers. Those belong to the track coach.
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  • Antecedent the noun or pronoun that a pronoun replaces or refers to Number singular or plural Person 1 st, 2 nd, 3 rd Gender masculine, feminine, neuter
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  • An indefinite pronoun does not refer to a specific person, place, thing, or idea. Indefinite pronouns often do not have antecedents. Some indefinite pronouns are always singular, some are always plural, and some can be either singular or plural. Any pronoun containing one, thing, or body will always be singular.
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  • Singular Indefinite Pronouns anotherneither anybodynobody anyoneno one anythingnothing eachone eithersomebody everybodysomeone everyonesomething everything
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  • Plural Indefinite Pronouns both few many several
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  • Singular or Plural Indefinite Pronouns all any most none some
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  • Use a singular personal pronoun to refer to a singular indefinite pronoun. Examples: Anybody can leave his or her materials on the desk for me to review. Somebody left her jacket on the floor. No one brought his or her library book to the cafeteria today.
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  • Use a plural personal pronoun to refer to a plural indefinite pronoun. Example: Many could not believe their eyes when the tornado hit our town! Several left their books in the auditorium after the assembly.
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  • Singular or Plural Indefinite Pronouns: the phrase that follows the indefinite pronoun will often tell you whether the pronoun is singular or plural. Examples: All of the cake has been eaten. All of the books are on the shelves. None of the boys did their homework. None of the group brought his or her project to science class today.