Samurai Soldier’s

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Samurai Soldier’s. Minamoto Yoritomo. Took title of Shogun (Commander in Chief & head of Military) Who’s place is the Shogun taking? Samurai (Professional Warrior’s) became Japan’s ruling class. Rise of the Samurai. Girls & Boys were trained in the arts of War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Samurai Soldier’s

Samurai Soldiers

Samurai SoldiersMinamoto YoritomoTook title of Shogun (Commander in Chief & head of Military)Whos place is the Shogun taking?Samurai (Professional Warriors) became Japans ruling class

Rise of the SamuraiGirls & Boys were trained in the arts of War

Daimyos: Warrior-Lords in JapanBegan treating their land like independent kingdoms

Tokugawa Ieyasu became Shogun and established Edo as capital

ArmorStrong, yet flexibleBoxlike panels of armor covered: chest, back & hipsMetal Guards on legs & armsIron Masks

WeaponsBows & ArrowsSpears Swords-Finest in the worldLong -used for fightingShorter- cutting off heads

Military TrainingFencing/Swordsmanship was most intense trainingMartial Arts- Using your opponents strength against him

BattlePre-arranged Time & DateShouted out names, ancestors, heroic deeds & reasons for fightingFought 1 on 1 duels1. knock opponent off horse 2. wrestle to the ground 3.slit throat

Training in Self ControlLearned to endure pain and suffering Overcome the Fear of DeathMeditation on Inevitable Death should be performed daily. Everyday when ones mind & body are at peace, one should meditate upon being ripped apart by arrows, rifles, spears and swords, being carried away by surging waves, being thrown into the midst of a great fire, being struck by lightening, being shaken to death by a great earthquake, falling from thousand foot cliffs, dying of disease or committing suicide at the death of ones master.Training in Preparedness:Must have a Sixth Sense about danger

Training in Writing & LiteratureCalligraphyPoetryHaikus- using images to suggest a mood

Tea CeremonyWay to form Political Alliances among SamuraiTea Rooms were simple- engaged in discussions

Amida BuddhismFounded by HonanBelievers could enter the Pure Land by prayerTraining in Spiritual StrengthZen BuddhismEmphasis on Effort & disciplineAchieved Enlightenment through meditationKoans-puzzling questions

Code of Bushido & Samurai ValuesLoyalty & Personal Honor-Loyalty to your LordGuard Personal HonorRitual Suicide-Seppuku- ritual suicidePreserving personal honor, avoiding capture in battle, death of lord, punishment for a crime, atone for a crime and many more

I have no parents: I make the heavens and Earth my parents.I have no home: I make awareness my home.I have no life or death: I make the tides of breathing my life and death.I have no divine power: I make honesty my divine power.I have no means: I make understanding my means.I have no magic secrets: I make character my magic secret.I have no body: I make endurance my body.I have no eyes: I make the flash of lightning my eyes. I have no ears: I make sensibility my ears.I have no limbs: I make promptness my limbs.I have no strategy: I make unshadowed by thought my strategy.I have no design: I make seizing opportunity by the forelock my design.I have no miracles: I make right action my miracles. I have no principles: I make adaptability to all circumstances my principles.I have no tactics: I make emptiness and fullness my tactics.I have no talents: I make ready wit my talent.I have no friends: I make my mind my friend.I have no enemy: I make carelessness my enemy.I have no armor: I make benevolence and righteousness my armor.I have no castle: I make immovable mind my castle.I have no sword: I make absence of mind my sword.

12th CenturyTomoe Gozen- fought in battles-killed enemy leaderKoman- Saved Clans banner

Women 17th Centurywhen young, women should obey their fathers; when grown, their husbands; when old, their sonsArranged Marriages

JapanMilitary Chief rose to Power (Shogun)Loyalty & Obligations tied lords & vassals DaimyosSamuraiCode of Bushido (more strict)Japan Vs. EuropeEuropeMilitary Chief rose to Power (King)Loyalty & Obligations tied lords & vassals Landholding LordsKnightsCode of Chivalry (less strict)Influence on Modern times1868- Restored the Power of the Emperor1940s- stayed true to Warrior CodeMany killed themselvesKamikazesMartial Arts/Judo- reflect Samurai DisciplineHaiku/ Calligraphy