Seven Years War & The Battle of the Plains of Abraham

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Seven Years War & The Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Canadian History 11. The War of Austrian Succession ended with the Peace of Aix-La-Chapelle. An uneasy peace held for almost eight years. Austria and France had been ancient enemies—now they were on the same side!. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Seven Years War & The Battle of the Plains of Abraham

  • Seven Years War & The Battle of the Plains of Abraham Canadian History 11

  • The War of Austrian Succession ended with the Peace of Aix-La-Chapelle.

  • An uneasy peace held for almost eight years.

  • Austria and France had been ancient enemiesnow they were on the same side!

  • They wanted to keep Prussia from expanding in the East.

  • In the new world, the French were successful in seeking the alliance of the Indian leadershence, this war is called the French Indian War in North America.

  • In 1758, Louisburg, the great fort that had been captured and returned by the English during the War of Austrian Succession, was captured once again.

  • BackgroundSeven Years War both Europe and North America (1756-1763)In Canada, early French success, more manpower and fortsLater (1758-1759), British success more money, men are allotted, power of Royal Navy1759 New France faced odds of nearly 3 to 1in terms of ships, 4 to 1 in terms of regular soldiers.10 to 1 in money

  • Main PlayersJames Wolfe commander of British invasion fleet sent to take QuebecInvasion force = 13,500 men, 4000 in strike force (mostly regular soldiers)

  • Main PlayersFrance Marquis de MontcalmApproximately 4500 men (mostly militiamen)

  • Problems with French DefenseWalls facing the Plains of Abraham had no gun reinforcementsUnder cover of fire, Royal Navy could transport its ships up the river without counterattackFrench failed to establish a password for a French convoy expected to bring supplies on the night of September 12The British attack was a complete surprise French sentries on the shore thought that the boats gliding past them were part of the French convoy.

  • The Plains of AbrahamWolfe deployed 4500 troops on the Plains of Abraham, the grassy field near the unarmed western walls of the fort

    Montcalm makes a fatal error- Instead of waiting for Colonel de Bougainville to arrive with 3000 regulars stationed at Cap Rouge, 15 km upstream, he impulsively attacks

  • The Battle UnfoldsBritish strategies Three quarters of men deployed in one line in a concentration of firepower When the French army was only 40m away, the command to fire was given and the French were devastated, their lines in chaosRetreated up the St. Lawrence RiverBattle lasted less than 30 minutesThe two forces were numerically equal, however, the British force was well trainedFrench, poorly trained militiamen

  • Wolfe Dies on the Battle Field

  • In 1759, French Canada (Quebec) falls to the English in the great battle called the Plains of Abraham.

  • British Gains in North America