SIXTEENTH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW ARBITRATION ...· SIXTEENTH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MARITIME

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  • SIXTEENTH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW ARBITRATION MOOT

    COMPETITION 2015

    IN THE MATTER OF AN ARBITRATION HELD IN MELBOURNE

    Claimant Respondent

    Western Tankers Inc Less Dependable Traders Pte

    MEMORANDUM FOR THE CLAIMANT

    TEAM NO. 2

    Emily Bell

    Rebecca Cain

    Kala Campbell

    Zia Van Aswegen

  • CONTENTS

    List of Authorities: Books & Journals ...................................................................................................... i

    List of Authorities: Cases & Arbitral Awards ........................................................................................ iv

    List of Authorities: Legislation & Conventions ...................................................................................... x

    List Of Authorities: Other......................................................................................................................... x

    List of Abbreviations ............................................................................................................................... xi

    Statement of Facts ..................................................................................................................................... 1

    Part One: Jurisdiction ............................................................................................................................ 3

    I. There is a valid arbitration agreement .......................................................................................... 3

    II. The Charterparty is Subject to English Law ................................................................................ 4

    II. The Arbitration Agreement covers all the Contractual and Tortious Issues in Dispute ........... 4

    Part Two: Entitlements .......................................................................................................................... 5

    I. The Charterparty was in force for the entire charter period ....................................................... 5

    A. The pirate attack did not frustrate the Charterparty ............................................................. 5

    B. The Claimants deviation did not terminate the Charterparty............................................. 7

    II. The loss arose from the Masters compliance with the Respondents instructions................. 12

    A. The Respondents instructions to proceed to STS Area 1 related to employment of the

    Vessel .............................................................................................................................................. 12

    B. No valid exceptions applied ................................................................................................ 14

    C. The instructions were an effective cause of the loss.......................................................... 14

    D. The loss was not too remote ................................................................................................ 15

    III. The Claimant is entitled to hire for the entire charter period.................................................... 16

    A. The Respondents hire payments were due and payable monthly and in advance .......... 16

    B. A pirate attack is not an off-hire event ............................................................................... 17

    C. The Respondent is not entitled to equitable set-off ........................................................... 19

    Part Three: Liabilities .......................................................................................................................... 20

    II. The Claimant is entitled to rely on the exemptions in art IV r 2 of the Hague-Visby Rules .. 21

    A. Act of public enemies .......................................................................................................... 21

    B. Any other cause arising without the actual fault or privity of the carrier ........................ 22

    II. The Claimant Did Not Breach Its Duties in Bailment .............................................................. 23

  • A. The Claimant took reasonable care of the goods ............................................................... 23

    B. The Claimant did not convert the Cargo ............................................................................ 24

    PRAYER FOR RELIEF ...................................................................................................................... 25

  • i

    LIST OF AUTHORITIES: BOOKS & JOURNALS

    A

    Ambrose, Clare, Karen Maxwell and Angharad Parry, London Maritime Arbitration (Informa,

    3rd ed, 2009) ......................................................................................................................................... 3

    B

    Basijokas, Saunas, Is the Doctrine of Deviation only a Historical Record Today? (2012) UCL

    Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 114 ............................................................................................... 8

    Born, Gary B, International Commercial Arbitration (Kluwer Law International, 2nd ed, 2014)

    vol I .................................................................................................................................................... 3, 4

    Born, Gary B, International Commercial Arbitration (Kluwer Law International, 2nd ed, 2014)

    vol II ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

    Boyd, Stewart C, et al, Scrutton on Charterparties and Bills of Lading (Sweet & Maxwell, 21st

    ed, 2008) .............................................................................................................................................. 21

    C

    Collins, Michael, Masters Right to Say No to Charterers Orders (1979) Scandinavian

    Institute of Maritime Law Review 1 ................................................................................................... 14

    D

    Dockray, Martin, Cases & Materials on the Carriage of Goods by Sea (Cavendish, 3rd ed, 2004)

    .................................................................................................................................................... 8, 13, 14

    E

    Edelman, James, Estoppel in John McGhee (ed), Snells Equity (Thomson Reuters, 32nd ed,

    2010) .................................................................................................................................................... 10

    G

    Girvin, Stephen, Carriage of Goods by Sea (Oxford University Press, 2nd ed, 2011) .............. 8, 17

    Guest, A G, Arbitration in H G Beale (ed), Chitty on Contracts (Sweet & Maxwell, 29th ed,

    2004) vol 2......................................................................................................................................... 4, 5

    H

    Hamblen, Nicolas, and Susannah Jones, Charterers Orders - To Obey or Not to Obey

    (2001) 26(1) Tulane Maritime Law Journal 105 ........................................................................ 13, 14

    Heilbron, Hilary, A Practical Guide to International Arbitration in London (Informa, 2008) ....... 3

    M

    McKendrick, E G, Bailment in H G Beale (ed), Chitty on Contracts (Sweet and Maxwell, 30th

    ed, 2008) vol 2..................................................................................................................................... 24

  • ii

    McKendrick, E G, Discharge by Breach in H G Beale (ed), Chitty on Contracts (Sweet &

    Maxwell, 30th ed, 2008) ....................................................................................................................... 9

    McKendrick, E G, Discharge by Frustration in H G Beale (ed), Chitty on Contracts (Sweet &

    Maxwell, 30th ed, 2004) vol 1 ............................................................................................................. 7

    N

    Note, Deviation in the Law of Shipping The United States, United Kingdom and Australia, A

    Comparative Study (1977) 11 Journal of International Law and Economics 147 ......................... 8

    P

    Palmer, Norman, Palmer on Bailment (Sweet & Maxwell, 3rd ed, 2009) ..................................... 23

    Peel, Edwin, The Law of Contract (Sweet and Maxwell, 13th ed, 2011) ................................... 9, 10

    Pristrom, Sascha, et al, A Study Of Maritime Security and Piracy (2013) 40(7) Maritime Policy

    and Management 675 ................................................................................................................... 15, 16

    Psarros, George Ad, et al On the Success Rates of Maritime Piracy Attacks (2011) 4(4) Journal

    of Transportation Security 309 .................................................................................................... 15, 16

    R

    Redfern, Alan, et al, Redfern and Hunter on International Arbitration (Oxford University Press,

    5th ed, 2009) .......................................................................................................................................... 4

    S

    Shambaugh, George, Alyssa Huberts and Aaron Zlotnick, Know Your Enemy: The Changing

    Sophistication and Success of Maritime Piracy (2014) 15(2) Seton Hall Journal of Diplomacy