Standards for Technological Literacy (ITEA) and National Educational Technology Standards (ISTE): Compare and Contrast Standards for Technological Literacy

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Standards for Technological Literacy (ITEA) and National Educational Technology Standards (ISTE): Compare and Contrast Standards for Technological Literacy (ITEA) and National Educational Technology Standards (ISTE): Compare and Contrast New Mexico Technology in Education Conference New Mexico Technology in Education Conference Ruidoso, NM October 3-5, 2007 Slide 2 Overview of this presentation Background of Ed. Standards in U. S. Confusion about technology by the public Some basic definitions Standards for Technological Literacy (STL)(ITEA) National Educational Technology Standards (NETSS)(ISTE) The importance of NETSS and STL in todays education Summary Slide 3 Background of Educational Standards in the U. S. Slide 4 Educational Standards Late 1970s and 1980s 1989 - Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics (NCTM) (Revised in 2000) 1993 - Benchmarks for Science Literacy (AAAS) 1996 - National Science Education Standards (NRC) Almost all of the other subject areas in schools developed national standards in the 1990s Slide 5 Confusion about technology by the public in the U. S. Slide 6 Technology is not understood Gallup poll (ITEA) Slide 7 Confusion about Technology in U.S. The ITEA Gallup Poll findings on What Americans Think About Technology are in the in the March 2002 and September, 2004 issues of The Technology Teacher (www.iteaconnect.org) www.iteaconnect.org Slide 8 Technology is not understood Gallup poll (ITEA) Technology is Science Technology is Engineering Technology is computers Technology is digital stuff Technology affects people, society, the environment, history Technology solves problems technology creates problems Slide 9 Some basic definitions Slide 10 What is Technology? In the broadest sense, technology extends our abilities to change the world: to cut, shape, or put together materials; to move things from one place to another; to reach farther with our hands, voices, and senses. (Benchmarks for Science Literacy, AAAS, 1993) The goal of technology is to make modifications in the world to meet human needs. (National Science Education Standards, NRC, 1996) It is the innovation, change, or modification of the natural environment in order to satisfy perceived human wants and needs. (Standards for Technological Literacy, ITEA, 2000) Technology is the process by which humans modify nature to meet their needs and wants. (Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology, NAE/NRC, 2002) Slide 11 What is Science? Science deals with understanding the natural world. (National Science Education Standards, 1996) Slide 12 What is Engineering? Engineering is design under constraint William Wulf Past President National Academy of Engineering Slide 13 What is Technological Literacy? ITEAs Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology defines technological literacy as the ability to use, manage, evaluate, and understand technology. Technological literacy, like other forms of literacy, is what every person needs in order to be an informed and contributing citizen for the world of today and tomorrow. Technological literacy is more a capacity to understand the broader technological world rather than an ability to work with specific processes of it. (NAE/NRC, 2002) Slide 14 Technological Literacy (Cont.) To achieve technological literacy, students must develop a broad sense of technological knowledge and abilities. Technological literacy is NOT the same as technical competency. Technical competency is what some people need to be successful in a technical career. (ITEA, 2003) Slide 15 Standards for Technological Literacy International Technology Education Association (ITEA)(2000/2002/2008) (Funded by NSF & NASA) Slide 16 STL presents the content for what every student should know and be able to do in order to be technologically literate. www.iteaconnect.org Slide 17 Standards Standards are written statements about what is valued that can be used for making a judgment of quality. Standards represent fundamental concepts. The goal is to meet all of the standards in Grades K-12. Slide 18 Nature of Technology 1.Students will develop an understanding of the characteristics and scope of technology. 2.Students will develop an understanding of the core concepts of technology. 3.Students will develop an understanding of the relationships among technologies and the connection between technology and other fields of study. Slide 19 Technology and Society 4.Students will develop an understanding of the cultural, social, economic, and political effects of technology. 5.Students will develop an understanding of the effects of technology on the environment. 6.Students will develop an understanding of the role of society in the development and use of technology. 7.Students will develop an understanding of the influence of technology on history. Slide 20 Design Students will develop an understanding of the attributes of design. Students will develop an understanding of engineering design. Students will develop an understanding of the role of troubleshooting, research and development, invention and innovation, and experimentation in problem solving. Slide 21 Abilities for a Technological World Students will develop the abilities to apply the design process. Students will develop the abilities to use and maintain technological products and systems. Students will develop the abilities to assess the impact of products and systems. Slide 22 The Designed World Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use medical technologies. Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use agricultural and related biotechnologies. Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use energy and power technologies. Slide 23 The Designed World (Cont.) Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use information and communication technologies. Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use transportation technologies. Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use manufacturing technologies. Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use construction technologies. Slide 24 Benchmarks Slide 25 Features of Nationally-Developed Standards Emphasize a comprehensive, focused, and coherent approach to education. Emphasize content more than curriculum. Recognize the need to define more than what students should know and be able to do. Summarized from Rodger Bybee, BSCS Slide 26 Advancing Excellence in Technological Literacy: Student Assessment, Professional Development, and Program Standards (ITEA, 2003) (www.iteaconnect.org) Slide 27 National Educational Technology Standards International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) (1998 & 2007) Slide 28 Ready or Not... The World is Different ! Work is different... Tools are different... Communication is different... Information is different... Kids are different...... And Learning Must Be Different, Too ! Slide 29 Defining Learning Technology Standards for the Digital Generation Slide 30 Then... And... Now The World is Different ! Then Now telecommunications audio tapes video tapes simulationsemail web projects problem-solvingmultimediahypermedia mobile access mobile access GIS/GPS systems GIS/GPS systems instant messaging instant messagingblogs Wikis Wikis MUVEs MUVEs laptops (1:1 access) Cell Phones Cell Phones Virtual reality Virtual reality Slide 31 Resources to Support Learning Technology Standards 1998 - ISTE NETS for Students were released 1999 - ISTE NETS Connecting Curriculum and Technology (Lessons and Units) 2000 - ISTE NETS for Teachers 2001 - Preparing Teachers To Use Technology 2002 - NETST: Resources for Assessment 2003 - ISTE NETS for Administrators 2005 - NETSS: Resources for Assessment Slide 32 Consensus Building Feedback ForumsFeedback Forums Online SurveysOnline Surveys Advisory GroupsAdvisory Groups Accreditation and Standards CommitteeAccreditation and Standards Committee ISTE Leadership TeamISTE Leadership Team NETSS Refresh Process Slide 33 Revision Guidelines... Incorporate feedback from the field Consider multiple audiences Preserve backward compatibility Include standards statements for each category Align numbering of items with other NETS Preserve roughly similar length Update language Lead with student learning rather than tools Consolidate where needed Expand to include new needs Add assessment resources to package Slide 34 ISTE NETS for Students Standards Categories...Transition 1. Basic Operations and Concepts 2. Social, Ethical, and Human Issues 3. Technology Productivity Tools 4. Technology Communications Tools 5. Technology Research Tools 6. Technology Problem- solving and Decision- making Tools 1. Creativity and Innovation (3,4,6) 2. Communication and Collaboration (4) 3. Critical Thinking, Problem-solving and Decision-making (6,3) 4. Research & Information Retrieval (5) 5. Digital Citizenship (2) 6. Technology Operations and Concepts (1) 1. Creativity and Innovation (3,4,6) 2. Communication and Collaboration (4) 3. Critical Thinking, Problem-solving and Decision-making (6,3) 4. Research & Information Retrieval (5) 5. Digital Citizenship (2) 6. Technology Operations and Concepts (1) 19982007 Slide 35 ISTENETSSRefreshDigital Citizenship Technology Operations & Concepts Critical Thinking, Problem Solving & Decision Making Creativity & Innovation Research & InformationFluency Communication & Collaboration Draft of Refreshed ISTE National Educational Technology Standards for Students Copyright ISTE 2007 Slide 36 ISTE NETS for Students Performance Profiles Pre-Kindergarten - Grade 2 Grades 3-5 Grades 6-8 Grades 9-12 Profiles include performance indicators for each of four grade ranges: Profiles include performance indicators for each of four grade ranges: Slide 37 The importance of NETSS and STL in todays education Slide 38 Why NETSS & STL Wide acceptance: NETSS is used in 49 states and STL in used in 42 states NETSS focuses on what students should know and be able to do to live productively in an increasingly digital world STL focuses on what students should know and be able to do in order to be technologically literate Slide 39 Why NETSS & STL (Continued) The next generation of NETSS targets skills and expertise and less on tools NETSS addresses: Creativity and innovation Communication and collaboration Research and information fluency Critical thinking Problem-solving and decision making Digital citizenship Technology operations and concepts Slide 40 Why NETSS & STL (Continued) At the Student Profile levels (Pre K-2, 3-5, 6-8, & 9-12), NETSS is concerned with content and experiences that includes: Information technology and digital resources Digital tools Media-rich resources Virtual environments (such as electronic books, simulation software, and websites) Digital instruments and measurement devices Hardware and software Media (videos, animations, presentations, etc.) Slide 41 Why NETSS & STL (Continued) NETSS received support from: Level one: Adobe Systems Apple Intel Pearson Education Level two: Microsoft Promethean Inc. Smart Technologies Slide 42 Why NETSS & STL (Continued) STL focuses on content and experiences that includes: What is technology (broadly speaking) and how does it relate to technological literacy How does technology affect society and vice- versa Design and problem solving Abilities for a technological world Slide 43 Why NETSS & STL (Continued) STL is concerned with content and experiences that includes: Major technologies found in the designed world today: Information and communication technology Medical technology Agriculture and related biotechnology Energy and Power technology Transportation technology Manufacturing technology Construction technology Slide 44 Why NETSS & STL (Continued) ITEA & STL received support from: National Science Foundation (NSF) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) STL was successfully reviewed by the National Research Council and the National Academy of Engineering STL was given formal support by the National Academy of Engineering Slide 45 Why NETSS & STL (Continued) Each set of standards (NETSS & STL) is designed to provide quite different knowledge and skills of what each student needs in their education to prepare them for the future NETSS should not be used as the basis to educate students on what to know and be able to do to be technologically literate Likewise, STL should not be used as the basis to educate students on what to know and be able to do to learn effectively and live productively in an increasingly digital world Slide 46 Summary Slide 47 Thank You! William E. Dugger, Jr. Senior Fellow International Technology Education Association wdugger@iteaconnect.org www.iteaconnect.org This PowerPoint: www.iteaconnect.org/Resources/PressRoom.pressroom.htm www.iteaconnect.org/Resources/PressRoom.pressroom.htm And look under Presentations Slide 48